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PROGRAMMAI SISTEMAVII «KOMPYUTERI MAN»

CHunon ki peshtar dida baromadem, dar Mizi korii sistemai Windows nishonai papkai Moy kompyuter (Kompyuteri man) joygir shudaast (Rasmi 2). Vaqte ki mo in nishonaro intikhob menamoem va du marotiba pay dar pay tugmai chapi mushro pakhsh mekunem, dar ekran ravzanai on (Rasmi 19) kushoda meshavad. Az rasm dida meshavad, ki dar dokhili ravzanai papkai Moy kompyuter (Kompyuteri man) nishonahoi hasht papkai digar joygir shudaand. Az onho chortoyashon nishonahoi diskho buda, chortoi digarashon ba papkahoi makhsus dakhl dorand. Bo yorii nishonahoi diskho, mo metavonem mundarijai papkaho va hujjathoi dar onho sabtyoftaro ba ekran barorem, informatsiyai lozimiro kofta yobem va programmahoi zaruriro ba kor darorem. Nishonai Panel upravleniya (Paneli idorakuni) imkoniyat medihad, ki baze parametrhoi sistemai Windows-ro tagyir dihem. Bo yorii nishonai Printeri (Printerho) boshad, mo metavonem ba sistemai Windows printerhoi navro payvast namoem.

komputer-windows-znak

Menyui papkai Moy kompyuter (Kompyuteri man) ba misli menyui digar papkaho istifoda burda meshavad. Boyad qayd kard, ki papkai Moy kompyuter (Kompyuteri man) papkai oddi nabuda, balki programmai makhsus meboshad. In programma metavonad informatsiyai dokhili har yak papkaro dar ravzanai alohida nishon dihad. Ijroi in amal az rejai korii programmai Moy kompyuter (Kompyuteri man) vobasta meboshad. Bo maqsadi jori namudani in rejai kori, dar menyui Moy kompyuter (Kompyuteri man) bandi Vid (Namud) va dar zermenyui paydoshuda satri Svoystva papki (Hosiyathoi papka)-ro intikhob menamoem. Dar ekran ravzanae (Rasmi 20) paydo meshavad, ki on Svoystva papki (Hosiyathoi papka) nom dorad.

CHunonki az rasm dida meshavad, dar dokhili doirachai satri Na osnove vibrannoy nastroyki (Dar asosi shakli tanzimi intikhobkardashuda) alomati nuqta guzoshta shudaast. Baroi informatsiyai papkahoi kushodashavandaro dar ravzanahoi alohida nishon dodan lozim ast, ki nishondihandai mushro ba doirachai satri Obichniy vid (Namudi muqarrari) guzoshta, tugmai chapro pakhsh kunem. Pas az in programmai Moy kompyuter (Kompyuteri man) informatsiyai dokhili har yak papkaero, ki dar ravzanai on nishon doda meshavad, dar ravzanahoi khususii alohida dar ekran inikos menamoyad.

Ravzanahoi kushodashavanda dar Mizi korii sistemai Windows joygir meshavand. Onhoro dar rui miz bo tarzhoi gunogun joygir kardan mumkin ast. Bo maqsadi intikhobi tarzi joygirkunii ravzanahoi kushodashuda, nishondihandai mushro ba joyi dilkhohi kholii satri Paneli masalaho guzoshta, tugmai rosti onro pakhsh mekunem. Dar natija, dar ekran menyui ravzanai dinamikii robitavi (Rasmi 21) paydo meshavad.

Satri avvalai in menyu, ki Paneli instrumentov (Panelhoi asbobho) nom dorad, baroi idorakunii Paneli masalaho istifoda burda shuda, se satri minbada boshand, se tarzi joygirkunii ravzanahoro dar Mizi kori muayyan menamoyand: pay dar pay (dar shakli silsila), az bolo ba poyon va az chap ba rost. Dar vaqti intikhob kardani satri Svernut vse okna (Hamai ravzanaho gun karda shavand) kulli ravzanahoi kushodashuda ba nishona tabdil yofta, ba Paneli masalaho kuchonida meshavand. Baraks, baroi az nav hamai ravzanahoro kushodan, nishondihandai mushro ba yagon joyi kholii Paneli masalaho guzoshta, tugmai rosti onro pakhsh mekunem va dar menyui ravzanai robitavii paydoshuda satri Otmenit svernut vse (Gunkuni bekor karda shavad)-ro intikhob mekunem.

CHunon ki az rasmi 20 dida meshavad, dar qatori tugmai qabatii Obshie (Umumiho) boz du tugmai qabatii digar joygir shudaand: Vid (Namud) va Tipi faylov (Tipi faylho). Hangomi pakhsh kardani tugmai qabatii Vid (Na- mud) dar ekran ravzanai dar rasmi 23 ovardashuda, paydo meshavad, ki ba vositai imkoniyathoi on ba parametrhoi tarzhoi inikoskunii obekthoi ravzana tagyirot vorid Rasmi 21. Menyui dinamikii robitavii joygirkunii ravzanaho dar Mizi kori 55 namudan mumkin ast. Masalan, agar dar doirachai satri Otobrajat vse fayli (Hamai faylho inikos karda shavand) alomati nuqta guzoshta shavad, on goh hamai obekthoi dokhili papkaro ba ekran barovardan mumkin ast. Agar lozim boshad, ki faylhoi makhfi va sistemavii dokhili papka nishon doda nashavand, on goh dar doirachai satri Ne pokazivat skritie i sistemnie fayli guzoshtani alomati nuqta kifoya ast.

Baroi dar qismi boloii ravzanahoi sistemai Windows ba misli MS DOS nishon dodani rohi purrai yoftani papkaho yo faylho lozim ast, ki dar kvadratchai satri Vivodit polniy put v stroke zagolovka alomati bayraqcha guRasmi 22. Tarzi joygirkunii ravzanaho dar namudi silsila zoshta shavad.

Pas az pakhsh kardani tugmai qabatii Tipi faylov (Tiphoi faylho) boshad, dar ekran ravzanai dar rasmi 24 ovardashuda, paydo meshavad. Dar in ravzana hamai namudhoi faylhoe, ki dar sistemai Windows ba qayd girifta shudaand, nishon doda meshavand. Ba vositai imkoniyathoi in ravzana aniq kardan mumkin ast, ki kadom namudi faylho bo kadom programmaho aloqamandand. Baroi muayyankunii aloqamandii namudi faylho va programmaho kifoya ast, ki nishondihandai mushro ba nishonai yagon namudi fayl guzorem va tugmai chapi onro pakhsh namoem. Dar qismi poyonii ravzana namudi obekti intikhob kardashuda va programmai ba on aloqamand nishon doda meshavad. Masalan, agar fayli namudi XLC intikhob karda shavad, on goh ba sifati programmai ba on aloqamandbuda, tablitsai elektronii Excel nishon doda meshavad.

Dar ravzanai Svoystva papki (Hosiyathoi papka) hangomi intikhobi tugmai qabatii Tipi faylov (Tipi faylho) se tugmai yorirasoni digar paydo meshavand. Tugmai Noviy tip… (Tipi nav…) baroi ba sistema ilova namudani yagon namudi navi obektho (Rasmi 24) khizmat merasonad. Bo yorii tugmai Udalit (Horijkuni)

obekthoi namudi dar ayni hol nolozimro az sistemai Windows khorij namudan mumkin ast. Tugmai Izmenit (Tagyirdihi) boshad, imkoniyat medihad, ki aloqamandii namudi fayl va programma digar karda shavad.

Savolho:

  1. Programmai sistemavii Kompyuteri man baroi ijroi kadom amaliyot peshbini karda shudaast?
  2. Bo yorii kadom nishonai Mizi kori programmai sistemavii Kompyuteri manro ba kor darovardan mumkin ast?
  3. Dar ravzanai papkai Kompyuteri man nishonahoi kadom papkaho joygir shudaand?

Ravzanai Svoystva papki hangomi faol budani tugmai qabatii Tipi faylov

  1. Hosiyathoi ravzanahoi papkahoro bo yorii imkoniyathoi kadom ravzana tagyir dodan mumkin?
  2. Ravzanahoi papkahoro dar Mizi kori bo chand tarz joygir kardan mumkin ast?
  3. Ravzanai Svoystva papki (Hosiyathoi papka) az chand tugmai qabati iborat ast va onho baroi ijroi halli kadom masalaho peshbini karda shudaand?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned, mazmuni mukhtasari onro dar daftar navised va onro naql kuned.
  2. Ravzanai papkai Kompyuteri manro kushoed va nishonahoi papkahoi dokhili onro muoina namoed.
  3. Ba vositai ravzanai papkai Kompyuteri man ravzanahoi yakchand papkahoro kushoed va onhoro dar Mizi kori bo tarzhoi gunogun joygir namoed.
  4. Tugmahoi qabatii ravzanai Svoystva papki-ro bo navbat pakhsh namuda bined, ki in ravzana kadom shaklhoro qabul menamoyad va dar onho kadom tugmahoi idorakuni yo komandavi paydo meshavand.
  5. Tugmai qabatii Vid-i ravzanai Svoystva papki-ro pakhsh namoed va bo yorii imkoniyathoi on ravzanahoi papkahoro az nav tanzim namoed.
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