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PROGRAMMAHOI KOMPYUTERI

Tavre ki zikr karda shud, holo dar jahon namudhoi gunogun va miqdori khele ziyodi moshinhoi elektronii hisobbaror mavjudand. Kompyuter az majmui qismhoi ba ham aloqamandi tekhniki va programmavi iborat buda, baroi ijro namudani amalhoi elementarii arifmetiki, mantiqi va umuman amalhoi tabiati gunogun doshta peshbini karda shudaast.

barnomaBa chunin amalho, masalan, jam yo zarb namudani du adad, muqoisa namudani qimati du buzurgi, az yak joyi khotirai kompyuter ba joyi digari on ravon kardani informatsiya, dokhilkuni, tahrirkuni va formatkunii (qolibbandi) matnho, kashidan va oroishi rasmu grafikho va umuman korkardi hama guna informatsiyae, ki imruz inson dar in yo on sohai faoliyati khud istifoda mebarad, dokhil meshavand. MEH yak amalro ijro namuda, bo tavri avtomati ba ijrokunii amali digar shuru menamoyad. Va hamin tariq, vay metavonad paydarpayii khele darozi amalhoro be dakholati inson ijro namoyad.

  • Paydarpayii amaliyoti (dasturho) baroi kompyuter fahmo budaro programma meguyand.
  • Mohiyati prinsipi idorakunii programavii kori MEH az on iborat ast, ki on bo yorii programma kor mekunad.
  • Ravandi navishtani programmaro baroi kompyuter programmasozi menomand.

Kompyuter aslan bo programmahoi dar zaboni moshini navishtashuda kor mekunad. In guna programmaho khele yakrang va dilgirkunandaand. Binobar hamin ham, imruzho qarib hamai programmaho dar zabonhoi programmasozi yo khud algoritmi navishta meshavand. Har yak kompyuter dar tarkibi programmavii khud programma-tarxumonhoero dorad, ki onho programmai koriro az zaboni algoritmi bo tavri avtomati ba zaboni moshini tarxuma menamoyand va pas az hisobu kitob matni programma va natixahoro boz ba zaboni muqarrari (algoritmi) barmegardonand. CHunin programmahoro traslyator (tqanslatoq -tarxumon) meguyand.

Savolho:

  1. Kompyuter kadom namudi amalhoro ijro karda metavonad?
  2. Programma chist?
  3. Mohiyati prinsipi idorakunii programmavii kompyuter az chi iborat ast?
  4. Kompyuter aslan bo kadom namudi programmaho kor mekunad?
  5. Translyator chist?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned va onro naql kuned.
  2. Namudi amaliyothoero nombar kuned, ki kompyuter onhoro ijro karda metavonad.
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