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Oshpaz – Taomi tojiki

Taom baroi afzoishi qadi odam niz lozim ast. Ba tarkibi on moddahoi shifobakhshi az rastani va az hayvon istifodashuda safedaho, ravgan, angishtobho va boz moddahoi mineralii ba organizm zarur ob, vitaminho va g dokhil meshavad. Baroi on ki taom mufid boshad, boyad rejimi taomro rioya kard va miqdori muayyani taomro dar vaqti muayyan tanovul namud. Dar kabinethoi tekhnologiya (dukhtarona) korhoi tabbokhi dar mizi kori bo istifodai asbobhoi garmkunanda, shustushuy asbobho dar joi muayyan ba roh monda meshavad.oshpaz Tashkili joi kori ba namudi kor va intikhobi tahjizoti muayyan vobasta ast. Ba masolehi khurokvori boehtiyot va sarfakorona munosibat kardan lozim ast. Misol, az noni boqimonda bisyor taomho tayyor mekunad. YO aqallan onro mahin reza karda dar dukhovka khushk kuned, bo taomhoi duyum va yo shakar poshida bo choy istemol kardan mumkin ast.

Vazifai taompaziro oshpazho ijro mekunand. Onho taomi khunuk, yakum, duyum, qannodi, garnirho, nushokihoi garm, masolehi nimtayyor baroi taom korkardi avvali sabzavot, gusht, mohi, murg va oroishi taomhoi tayyorro ijro mekunand.

Baroi hamai in korro tavonistan donistan in qoidaho lozim ast:

Tarkibi masoleh, taomhoi nimtayyor, meyor va vazifai asosii tayyor kardani taomhoi harkhela, rioyai qoidahoi rejimi tekhnologiya korkard, qismhoi tajhizote, ki dar istehsolot hast va tarzi istifoda burdani on, malakai kor bo tajhizoti oshkhona va g. Agar hamai in talabothoro ijro namoed kasbi oshpaziro az khud mekuned va taomhoyaton bolazzatu foidabakhsh megardad.

Kasbi peshkhizmat ham ba vazifahoi taompazi dokhil meshavad. Kasbi peshkhizmat va vazifahoi on iborat ast: – taomro bo mahorat ba rui miz guzoshta tabi taomkhurandaro khush megardonad. 

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Sarpushi oshpaz dar Angliya paydo shudaast. Dar soli 1727 podshoh Georg II farmon barovardaast, ki oshpazho bo sarpush taom pazand. Az hama taome, ki vitaminhoi bisyor va ba organizmi odam ahamiyati kalon dorad in jigar ast.

Jigar – az gusfand, gov v a gusola taomi gunogun biryon va yakhni tayyor mekunand. Dar tarkibi jigar vitaminhoi A, V, V2, V12, K, RR, E, kalstsiy va gayra mavjud ast.

 

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