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Oilai piyozgulon

Ba in oila avlodi vasepahnshudai piyoz dokhil meshavad, ki qarib 500 namudro darbar megirad. Piyoz dar dashtu nimbiyobonho, domanakuhho va miyonakuhho pahn shudaast. Namudhoi gunoguni piyoz dar nishebihoi sersangu regi, dar teppaho, dashtu margzorho, zeri darakhtu buttaho az balandii 450 m to balandii 4500 m az sathi bahr vomekhurand.

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Alomati khosi piyoz doshtani bui tezi makhsus ast, ki on ba mav-: chudiyati ravgani efir vobasta ast.

Piyoz doroi poyai kutoh buda, reshahoyash dar qabati na on qadar chuquri khok voqe ast. Piyozaki piyoz pahn, girdai darozruya, gird buda, rangash safed, zard, bunafsh meshavad.

Bargi piyoz boriki naychamonand yo pahni tasmashakli rangash sabz yo sabzi khirarang buda, bo mumparda pushida shudaast. Darozii bargi on az 20 to 50 (60) sm merasad. Gulpoya dar soli duyumi parvarish ba vujud omada, shaklash dukmonand meboshad va to 1,5 m qad mekashad.

Sokhti guli piyoz ba guli digar namoyandagoni oilai zanbaqiho monand ast. Gulhoi khurdi (maydai) piyoz dar khushaguli chatrshakli oddi joygir shudaand. Hushagul to davrai gulshukuftash bo gilofi az 1 yo 2 bargi pushish tarkibyofta ihota shudaast. Gulpushi guli piyoz az 6 gulbargi rangash safed, sabztob, bunafsh yo gulobi iborat ast. Gardbargho niz 6-to buda, asosi poyachai onho vase gardida, qisman bo ham payvastand. Gardoludshavii guli piyoz ba tufayli hasharot amali megardad. Mevai on guzai seqirra yo sepalla ast, ki az 4 to 6 tukhm dorad. Tukhmho seqirrai siyoh meboshand.

Piyoz rastanii ba sarmo tobovar buda, tukhmash dar kharorati 3— 5°S nesh mezanad va dar harorati 19—25°S nagz sabzida, piyozakash ba voya merasad.

Piyoz dar davrai nashunamoyash ba nami va’ nurihoi madani ehtiyoji kalon dorad. Dar Tojikiston navhoi gunoguni piyoz, az qabili piyozi ispani 313, kulchapiyozi leninobodi, margiloni, sa-marqandii surkh va

Piyoz az vitaminhoi A, Vr V,, V,, RR, E va khususan az vitamini S. ki baroi tabobati kasalii zangila (singa) nihoyat muhim ast, khele boy meboshad. Inchunin piyozro dar taom khele farovon isti- foda mekunand.

Dar Tojikiston ziyoda az 80 namudi piyozi khudruy meruyad. Soki- noni vatanamon az qadimulayyom piyozakbekhu bargpoyai sabzi onho (masalan, kuhpiyoz, model, modelak, siyohalaf, kamch, khuryok, gushi buzak, siri dashti va gayraho)-ro chi dar shakli taru toza yo khushkonidashuda baroi tayyor kardani taomho istifoda mebarand. Husuan, piyozi ansal (piyozi anzur yo ansul) ahamiyati kalon dorad.

  1. Sokhti guli piyoz chi guna ast?
  2. Bui tundi piyoz ba chi vobasta ast?
  3. Dar Tojikiston kadom navhoi piyoz beshtar parvarish karda meshavand?
  4. Alomathoi khosi rastanihoi oilai piyozro nombar kuned.
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In rastanii gulkunanda az piyozash meruyad va ranghoi gunoguni gulash hast az jumla Nargisi zard …