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Ogozi Osiyoi Markaziro ishgol kardani Rusiya

Baroi Rusiya niyati ishgol kardani Osiyoi Markazi hanuz dar ahdi Pyotri I ba vujud omada boshad ham, in marhala tanho dar miyonahoi asri XIX faro rasid. Soli 1847 artishi Rusiya az Orenburg to ba sohilhoi Bahri Aral omada, dar in jo bo nomi Raim istehkomi harbie bunyod kard. Badtar in istehkom nomi qalai Aralro megirad. Qalai Aral va istehkomu qalahoi digari harbii Rusiya dar sarhadhoi Osiyoi Markazi baroi on sokhta shudand, ki harakati bemamoniati korvonhoi tijoratii Rusiyaro ba daruntari Osiyoi Markazi tamin namoyand.

Soli 1853 dastahoi artishi Rusiya ba Osiyoi Markazi az tarafi Sibir ham harakat karda, ba Haftrud omada rasidand. Neruhoi harbii rusho ba Osiyoi Markazi az du samt ba roh baromadand: az Orenburg va az Omsk. Dar nazdi onho vazifai avvalnndaracha ishgoli zaminhoi ayloqi qazoq va qirgiznishin meistod. Rusho in korro ijro namuda, ba khonii Quqand nazdik shudand.

Soli 1853 artishi Rusiya dar zeri rohbarii general- gubernatori Orenburg V. A. Perovskiy qalai Oq-Masjidi Quqandro ishgol kard. On avval nomi istehkomi Perovskiy va bad Qizil Urdaro megirad. Ishgoli Oq-Masjid dar rohi harakati minbadai artishi Rusiya ba Osiyoi Markazi iqdomi muhim gardid. Hudi hamon sol rohi obii Rusiya ba Osiyoi Markazi kushoda shud. Kishtihoi Rusiya dar Bahri Aral va daryohoi ba on rezandai Amu va Sir shino mekardagi shudand. Rusho bo maqsadi zabti oyandai Osiyoi Markazi dar qad-qadi in daryoho nuqtahoi takyagohi artishi khudro bunyod menamudand.

1507-01

Jangi Qrim muhlathoi ishgoli Osiyoi Markaziro muvaqqatan mavquf guzosht. Badi anjomi in jang hukumati Rusiya kushid ba davlathoi in jo bo rohi diplomati cap darovarad. In bud, ki soli 1858 Rusiya bo sardorii polkovnik N. P. Ignatov ba amorati Bukhoro va khonii Heva namoyandagoni diplomatii khudro firistod. Muzokiroti onho bo Heva benatija baromadand. In vaqt Bukhoro bo Quqand dar holati jang bud. Bo niyati on, ki dar in jang Rusiya ba Amorati Bukhoro yori merasonad, hayati saforati Rusiyaro dar Bukhoro bo khushi paziruftand. Sarfi nazar az muvaffaqiyati nochizi saforati N. P. Ignatev imperializmi Rusiya ba khulosa omad, ki baroi ba maqsadhoi iqtisodi va siyosi rasidan hatman ba Osiyoi Markazi lashkar kashidan lozim ast.

Jangi Qrim nishon dod, ki Rusiya mamlakati zaif ast va baroi sanoati vay manbahoi boyi ashyoi khomi Osiyoi Markazi zarur meboshand. Badi islohoti krepostnoyii soli 1861, ki on Rusiyaro ba rohi sarmoyadori vorid sokht, in zarurat boz ham baralotar ayon gardid. Sababi digar dar sharoite, ki dar IMA jangi mulki (1861 – 1865) idoma dosht, Rusiya az in davlat nakhi pakhta kharida nametavonist, chunki istehsoli on dar IMA kam shud. Az in ru, ba bozorhoi evropavi voridshavii pakhtai Amerika muvaqqatan qat gardid. In holat Rusiyaro majbur sokht, ki istiloi Osiyoi Markaziro tezonad.

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