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Obi nushoki va tamini on

QONUNI JUMHURII tojikiston

Dar borai obi nushoki va tamini on  

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqi va tashkilii munosibathoro oid ba obi nushoki va tamini on muayyan namuda, kafolati davlatii tamini aholiro bo obi nushoki muqarrar mekunad.

BOBI 1. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

– obi nushoki – obe, ki dar holati tabii yo badi korkard (toza kardan, bezarar gardondan, ilova namudani moddahoi zaruri) az rui sifati khud ba talaboti meyorii muqarrarshuda javobgu buda, baroi nushidan va qone gardonidani ehtiyojoti maishii inson, inchunin baroi istehsoli ozuqa va mavodi tibbi istifoda meshavad;

– meyorhoi sifati obi nushoki (talaboti meyori) majmui nishondihandahoi imkonpaziri kimiyovi, tarkibi mikrobiologi va khususiyathoi organoleptikii obi nushoki (mazza, rang, buy, harorat), ki tibqi usulhoi ilmiyu tadqiqoti muqarrar va bo qoidahoi sanitari murattab shuda, baroi salomatii inson bekhatar va bezarar budani onro kafolat medihand;

obi-nushoki

– tamini obi nushoki – faoliyate, ki bo on talaboti shakhsoni voqei va huquqi ba obi nushoki tamin megardad;

– manbai tamini obi nushoki – obhoi tabii (ruizamini va zerizamini), ki badi korkardi dakhldor va yo be korkard baroi tamini obi nushoki istifoda meshavand;

shabakai mutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki (quburhoi obguzari istifodai umum) – majmui tajhizotu inshoot baroi giriftan, tayyor namudan, nigoh doshtan va ba mahali istemol rasonidani obi nushoki, ki baroi istifodai ommavii shakhsoni voqei va (yo) huquqi dastras meboshad;

– shabakai gayrimutamarkazi tamini obi nushokii istifodai umum – inshootu tajhizot baroi giriftan va tayyor kardani (yo khud be tayyor kardani)  obi nushoki,  be  rasonidani on ba mahali istemol, ki baroi istifodai ommavii shakhsoni voqei va (yo) huquqi dastras meboshand;

– shabakahoi mukhtori tamini obi nushoki – tajhizotu inshoot baroi giriftani obi nushoki va rasonidani (yo narasonidani) on ba joyhoi istemolshavi, ki dar istifodai fardi qaror dorand (binoi alohida, khojagii fermeri, bustonsaroy yo obekti alohidai digar);

– shabakai tamini obi nushoki dar vositahoi naqliyot – tajhizotu dastgohhoe, ki dar vositahoi naqliyot baroi bo obi nushoki tamin namudani musofiron, hayati idorakunandai naqliyot va khizmatrason dar samti harakati vositahoi naqliyoti musofirkash yo tainoti digar joygir karda shudaand;

– shabakai tamini obi nushoki – hama namudi shabakaho (mutamarkaz, gayrimutamarkaz, mukhtor va shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki dar vositahoi naqliyot) hangomi mavjud budani meyorhoi umumi;

– etimodnokii shabakai tamini obi nushoki – khususiyati shabakaho, ki nizomi muayyani (muntazam, az rui naqsha, soatbayi) intiqoli obi nushokiro ba istemolkunandagon mutobiqi meyorhoi muqarrargardidai tamini obi nushoki va talaboti meyori nisbat ba sifati obi nushoki tamin menamoyad;

– mintaqahoi hifzi sanitarii manbahoi tamini obi nushoki va shabakahoi on – hududho va akvatoriyahoe, ki dar onho nizomi makhsusi khojagidori va digar faoliyat baroi peshgirii bad shudani sifati ob va hifzi on muqarrar karda meshavand;

– meyorhoi istemoli obi nushoki – miqdori obi nushoki, ki baroi qone gardonidani ehtiyojoti fiziologi va maishii yak odam dar davomi yak shabonaruz dar mahalli mushakhkhas, obekti alohida yo vositai naqliyot hangomi mutadil kor kardani shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki, khalaldor shudani kori mutadili onho va dar holathoi favqulodda zarur meboshad;

– tashkilothoi tamini obi nushoki – shakhsoni huquqie, ki shabakai mutamarkaz yo gayrimutamarkazi tamini obi nushokiro idora menamoyand;

– istemolkunandagoni obi nushoki – shakhsoni voqei va huquqie,  ki obi nushokiro baroi ehtiyojoti khud istifoda mebarand.

 

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai obi nushoki va tamini on

 

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai obi nushoki va tamini on ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, iborat meboshad.

 

Moddai 3. Vazifahoi Qonuni mazkur

 

Vazifahoi Qonuni mazkur az inho iboratand:

– muqarrar namudani kafolathoi huquqi va qone gardonidani talaboti shakhsoni voqei va huquqi bo obi nushoki;

– muqarrar namudani asoshoi khojagiyu iqtisodii tamini obi nushoki;

– muqarrar namudani kafolathoi davlatii etimodnokii tamini obi nushoki, inchunin asoshoi ba javobgari kashidan baroi huquqvayronkuni oid ba tamini obi nushoki.

Moddai 4. Prinsiphoi asosii tamini obi nushoki

 

Prinsiphoi asosii tamini obi nushoki az inho iborat meboshand:

– kafolathoi davlati dar navbati avval bo obi nushoki tamin namudani shakhsoni voqei va huquqi bo maqsadi qone gardonidani talabot va hifzi salomati;

– nazorati davlati va tanzimi davlatii masalahoi tamini obi nushoki;

– hisobotdihii shakhsoni voqei va huquqii masuli tamini obi nushoki ba maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, ki faoliyati oid ba istifoda va hifzi obro nazorat mekunand, inchunin ba maqomoti holathoi favqulodda va mudofiai grajdani dar doirai salohiyati onho;

– tamini bekhatari, boetimodi va idorashavandagii shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki bo nazardoshti khususiyathoi tekhnologii onho va intikhobi manbai ob mutobiqi standartu meyorhoi yagonae, ki dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston amal mekunand;

– bahisobgiri dar tamini obi nushoki;

– muzdnok budani tamini obi nushoki;

– dastgirii davlatii rushdi shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki, istehsolu tamini onho bo dastgohu mavodhoi zaruri, az jumla vositahoi kimiyovi baroi toza va bezarar gardonidani obi nushoki.

 

Moddai 5. Salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba tamini obi nushoki

 

Ba salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba tamini obi nushoki dokhil meshavad:

– muayyan va tatbiq namudani siyosati yagonai davlati;

– qabuli barnomahoi davlatii rushdi shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– qabuli sanadhoi meyorii huquqi doir ba masalahoi tamini obi nushoki;

– muayyan kardani tartibi bahisobgiri va hisobotdihi;

– muayyan namudani tartibi nazorati davlati;

– judo kardani mablag az bujet va digar manbaho baroi barqaror namudani shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki dar mahalhoe, ki bar asari holathoi favqulodda zarar didaand;

– muayyan namudani maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba tamini obi nushoki;

– hamkorii baynalmilali oid ba masalahoi tamini obi nushoki.

 

Moddai 6. Salohiyati maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba tamini obi nushoki

 

Ba salohiyati maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba tamini obi nushoki dokhil meshavad:

– tahiya va tashkili tatbiqi samthoi asosii siyosati davlati;

– amaligardonii siyosati yagonai davlatii ilmiyu tekhniki jihati tamin kardani istemolkunandagon bo obi nushoki muvofiqi meyorhoi sifati istemoli ob;

– hamohangsozii tadqiqothoi ilmi doir ba tamini obi nushoki, istehsoli mavod baroi toza va bezarargardonii obi nushoki va tamini mablagguzorii onho;

– tashkili meyorguzori va bahisobgirii istemoli ob;

– tasdiq kardani barnomahoi maqsadnoki mintaqavi va naqshahoi chorabiniho baroi tashkil, nigohdori va rushdi shabakahoi obrasoni;

– muayyan namudani chorahoi hifzi manba va shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki;

– tashkili sanjishhoi auditi tekhnologiyu ekologii shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki;

– tashkili talim, bozomuzii kormandon va takmili ikhtisosi onho;

– muayyan namudani tartibi sertifikatsiyai meyorhoi sifati obi nushoki;

– bo tartibi muqarrarshuda ba Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihod kardani loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi;

– tahiya va tasdiqi tarifhoi khizmati obrasoni, meyor va qoidahoi istifodabarii shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki dar muvofiqa bo maqomoti dakhldor.

 

Moddai 7. Salohiyati maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati oid ba tamini obi nushoki

 

Ba salohiyati maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlatioid ba tamini obi nushoki dokhil meshavad:

– tasdiqi barnomahoi mahallii maqsadnok va naqshai chorabiniho jihati tashkil, nigohdori va rushdi shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki;

– andeshidani choraho oid ba behtar namudani sifati obi nushoki va istifodai oqilonai on, hifzi zakhiraho va manbahoi tamini obi nushoki az iflosshavi, oludashavi va kamobshavi;

– anjomi korhoi tashkili jihati tamini shakhsoni voqei va huquqi bo obi nushoki muvofiqi meyorhoi istemoli ob.

 

Moddai 8. SHaklhoi molikiyat ba shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki

 

  1. SHabakahoi tamini obi nushoki metavonand molikiyati davlati (jumhuriyavi va kommunali) yo shakhsoni voqei va huquqi boshand.
  2. Ba digar shakhs guzashtani huquqi molikiyat yo tagyirdihii shakli molikiyati shabakahoi mutamarkaz yo gayrimutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki ba sharte roh doda meshavand, ki chunin guzarish yo tagyirot kori shabakahoro khalaldor nakunad.
  3. Fehristi shabakahoi hayotan muhimi tamini obi nushoki az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 9. SHabakahoi mutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki

 

  1. SHabakahoi mutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki asosi muttasil tamin namudani istemolkunandagon bo obi nushoki buda, obekthoi hayotan muhim donista meshavand.
  2. Ehtiyojoti ba tajhizot, mavod, reagentho doshtai tashkilothoe, ki shabakahoi mutamarkazi tamini obi nushokii shahrho va digar mahalhoi aholinishinro istifoda mebarand, ba nomgui mahsuloti zarurati ehtiyojoti davlati dokhil karda meshavand.
  3. Talaboti intikhobi manbai tamini obi nushokii shabakahoi mutamarkaz mutobiqi sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba tamini obi nushoki muqarrar karda meshavand.
  4. SHabakahoi mutamarkazi tamini obi nushokiro maqomoti vakolatdori davlati idora mekunand.
  5. Moliki shabakahoi mutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki metavonad idorakunii shabakahoro mustaqilona amali gardonad yo dar asosi shartnoma onhoro baroi istifodai khojagidori va yo baroi idorakunii operativi ba ikhtiyori shakhsoni huquqi dihad.

 

Moddai 10. SHabakahoi gayrimutamarkaz va mukhtori tamini obi nushoki

 

  1. SHabakahoi gayrimutamarkaz va mukhtori tamini obi nushoki baroi bo obi nushoki tamin namudani istemolkunandagon hangomi nabudani shabakahoi mutamarkazi obtaminkuni tashkil karda meshavand.
  2. Talabot doir ba intikhobi manbahoi tamini ob dar shabakahoi gayrimutamarkaz va mukhtori obtaminkuni mutobiqi sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba tamini obi nushoki muqarrar karda meshavand.
  3. Molikoni shabakahoi gayrimutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki va istemolkunandagoni obi nushoki obekthoi obro ba sifati manbahoi tamini obi nushoki az rui tartibe, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar namudaast, istifoda mebarand.
  4. SHabakahoi gayrimutamarkazi tamini obi nushokiro molikoni hamin shabakaho metavonand bevosita idora kunand, yo huquqi idorakuniro ba digar shakhsoni voqei va huquqi dihand.

 

Moddai 11. SHabakahoi tamini obi nushoki dar vositahoi naqliyot

 

SHabakahoi tamini obi nushoki dar vositahoi naqliyot juzi tarkibii in vositaho meboshand. Faoliyati mutadili shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki dar vositahoi naqliyot va nazorati muvofiqati sifati obi nushokiro ba talaboti meyori dar in shabakaho molikoni vositahoi naqliyot tamin menamoyand.

 

Moddai 12. Tanzimi davlatii tamini obi nushoki

 

  1. Rushdi obtaminkuni tavassuti tatbiqi barnomahoi davlati va mintaqavii bo obi nushoki tamin namudani aholi ba roh monda meshavad. Taminot bo obi nushoki boyad hatman ba naqshai mintaqavii taraqqiyoti ijtimoiyu iqtisodii vohidhoi mamuriyu hududi dokhil karda shavad.
  2. Loihakashi, sokhtmon va aznavsozii shabakahoi mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki mutobiqi nishondihandahoi ba hisob giriftashudai naqshahoi generalii rushdi hududho, meyoru qoidahoi memori, standarthoi davlati, meyoru qoidahoi sanitari, talaboti ekologi, ki bo maqomoti salohiyatdor muvofiqa shudaast, amali megardand. Hangomi ba naqsha giriftani loihaho va sokhtmoni shabakahoi mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkaz talaboti tamini etimodiyati in shabakaho dar holati ba onho tasir rasonidani omilhoi tabii va tekhnogeni ba nazar girifta meshavad.
  3. Faoliyati shakhsone, ki istemolkunandagoni obi nushokiro az shabakahoi mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkazi obrasoni tamin menamoyand, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tanzim karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 13. Mablagguzorii tamini obi nushoki

 

Manbahoi mablagguzorii tamini obi nushoki inho meboshand:

– mablaghoi bujeti baroi andeshidani chorahoi peshbininamudai barnomahoi davlatii rushd va behtar namudani kori shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki;

– mablaghoi istemolkunandagon va istifodabarandagoni obi nushoki;

– digar manbahoe, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston man nakardaast.

 

Moddai 14. Dastgiriii davlatii tamini obi nushoki

 

Imtiyozhoi andozbandi, krediti va namudhoi digari imtiyozho baroi tashkilothoi bakhshi tamini obi nushoki, novobasta ba shakli molikiyat, inchunin baroi istehsolkunandagoni tajhizot va mavodhoi taminkunandai faoliyati shabakaho va sarmoyaguzoron tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 2. KAFOLATHOI TAMINI OBI NuSHOKI

 

Moddai 15. Kafolathoi davlatii tamin kardani aholi bo obi nushoki

 

  1. Davlat tamini har yak shakhsro bo obi nushokii ba meyorhoi muqarrarshudai sifat va miqdor javobgu kafolat medihad.
  2. Ehtiyojoti aholi ba obi nushoki dar mahalli zist bo tadbiru chorahoi rushdi afzaliyatnoki shabakahoi mutamarkaz yo gayrimutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki, inchunin ba dastgirii davlatii obtaminkuni qone gardonida meshavad.
  3. Kafolati huquqi shahrvandon ba obi nushoki dar joyhoi jamiyati dar vokzalho, furudgohho, boghoi farogati, muassisahoi varzishi va tabobati, joyhoi obbozikuni (plyajho) va digar), inchunin hangomi harakat dar vositahoi naqliyot az tarafi molikoni in obektho tamin karda meshavad.
  4. Dar holati khalal yoftani kori shabakahoi mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkazi obtaminkuni, ki boisi khalaldor shudani meyorhoi muqarrargardidai tamini istemolkunandagon bo obi nushoki va (yo) nomuvofiqatii sifati ob ba talaboti muqarrarshudai meyori megardad, maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot, molikoni shabakaho va tashkilothoi obtaminkuni dar doirai salohiyati khud vazifadorand, ki baroi tamini istemolkunandagon bo obi nushoki ba miqdori muqarrarnamudai meyorhoi obtaminkuni choraho andeshida, az manbaho va shabakahoi ehtiyotii tamini obi nushoki, vositahoi tekhnikii maishi va dastajamii tozayu bezarargardoni baroi istifodai umum obi nushokiro dar zarfho rasonand.
  5. Nomgui chorabinihoe, ki dar holathoi khalaldorshavii kori shabakahoi mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki andeshida meshavand, dar naqshai korhoi tajilii tamin namudani istemolkunandagoni in yo on mahal bo obi nushoki muayyan megardand.

 

Moddai 16. Tamini sifati obi nushoki

 

Sifati obi nushoki, ki ba istemolkunandagon peshnihod meshavad, boyad ba talaboti meyorho mutobiq buda, on bo chorahoi zerin tamin karda shavad:

– intikhobi manbai tamini obi nushoki va tekhnologiyai muvofiqi toza kardani ob;

– nazorati muntazami sifati ob dar shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki;

– dar shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki istifoda namudani tajhizot, mavod, reagenthoe, ki bezarar budani onhoro sertifikati dakhldor tasdiq mekunad;

– muqarrar namudan va har 5 sol az nav barrasi kardani talaboti meyori nisbat ba obi nushoki va manbahoi obtaminkuni mutobiqi dastovardhoi ilmii muosir;

– hifzi manbaho va shabakahoi tamini obi nushokii mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkaz (muqarrar kardani mintaqahoi hifzi sanitari va digar chorahoi muhofizati obi nushoki az iflosshavi binobar amalhoi tasodufi yo qasdona);

– tahiyai barnomahoi namunavii istifoda va nazorati sifati obi nushokii shabakahoi obtaminkunii mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkaz bo nazardoshti sharoiti mahal;

– muqarrar namudani chorahoi qatii nazorati davra ba davrai sifati obi nushoki az jonibi maqomoti nazorati davlatii sanitariyu epidemiologi hangomi tahdidi khatar ba salomatii odamon bo sababi bad gashtani sifati obi nushoki.

 

Moddai 17. Nazorat va bahisobgirii davlati dar bakhshi tamini obi nushoki

 

  1. Nazorati davlatiro dar bakhshi tamini obi nushoki maqomoti nazorati davlatii sanitariyu epidemiologi yakjoya bo maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba hifzi muhiti zist va maqomi vakolatdori davlati oid ba istifoda va hifzi zakhirahoi ob tamin mekunand.
  2. Bahisobgirii manbahoi obtaminkuniro maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba istifoda va hifzi zakhirahoi ob bo ishtiroki maqomoti obuhavoshinosi (obhoi ruizamini), maqomi geologiya (obhoi zerizamini) va maqomoti nazorati davlatii sanitariyu epidemiologi anjom medihand.
  3. Maqomoti nazorati davlatii sanitariyu epidemiologi sifati obi nushoki istemolshavandaro muayyan mesozad va muvofiqati onro ba meyorhoi muqarrargardida nazorat mekunad.
  4. Miqdori obi istifodashavandai shabakahoi mutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki az tarafi molikoni in shabakaho ba hisob girifta meshavad.
  5. Nazorati rioyai talaboti standarthoi davlati oid ba obi nushoki, inchunin tarzu usulhoi nazoratro, ki dar tamini obi nushoki ba aholi istifoda meshavand, maqomoti vakolatdor oid ba standartoni amali megardonand.
  6. Nazorati davlatii rioyai meyoru qoidahoi sokhtmon hangomi loihakashi va sokhtmoni obekthoi tamini obi nushokiro maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba sokhtmon va memori amali mekunad.
  7. Nazorati davlati va bahisobgirii tamini obi nushoki tibqi tartibi muqararnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 18. Hifzi manbaho va shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki

 

  1. Hifzi manbahoi tamini obi nushoki az iflosshavi, kamobu khushkshavi va hifzi shabakahoi obtaminkuni az osebu vayronshavi sharti hatmii tamini bekhatariyu bezararii obi nushoki buda, on dar natijai ijroi talaboti sanitariyu ekologi va tadbirhoi peshgirii iflosshavi, khushku kamobshavii obekthoi ob, inchunin muqarrar namudani mintaqahoi hifzi sanitarii manbaho va shabakahoi obtaminkuni (gayr az shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki dar vositahoi naqliyot) va rioya namudani nizomi baroi in mintaqaho peshbinishuda amali megardad.
  2. Mintaqahoi hifzi sanitari baroi tamomi manbaho, inchunin baroi shabakahoi mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkazi tamini obi nushoki novobasta ba shaklhoi molikiyat bo maqsadi peshgiri namudani iflosshavii tasodufi va barqasdonai ob muqarrar karda meshavand.
  3. Dar hududhoi yakum va duyumi mintaqahoi hifzi sanitarii manbahoi tamini obi nushoki partoftani pasobho man meboshad.
  4. Dar hududi seyumi mintaqahoi hifzi sanitari partoftani pasobhoi shahrho, korkhonahoi sanoatiyu kishovarzi, ki dar tarkibashon moddahoi ifloskunanda va unsurhoi biologii az meyorhoi dar hujjathoi ijozatdihanda muqarrarshuda ziyod dorand, qatiyan man ast.
  5. Tashkili mintaqahoi hifzi sanitari, tartibi loihakashi, istifoda va muqarrar namudani andozaho va meyorhoi ba onho mutobiqi hifzi ob, muayyan namudani majmui tadbirhoi hifzi sanitari, az jumla nomgui namudhoi faoliyati man va mahdudshavanda mutobiqi talaboti qoidavu meyorhoi sanitari anjom doda meshavad.
  6. Ijroi majmui chorabinihoi hifzi sanitari va ekologi ba zimmai inho voguzor karda meshavad:

– tashkilothoi obtaminkuni;

– maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati;

– shakhsone, ki dar hududi in obektho faoliyati khojagidoriro anjom medihand.

  1. Nazorati ijroi majmui chorabiniho va rioyai talaboti mintaqahoi hifzi sanitari ba zimmai maqomoti nazorati davlatii sanitariyu epidemiologi va maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba hifzi muhiti zist voguzor karda meshavad.
  2. Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlatimetavonand baroi peshgiri namudani qasdan iflos namudan va oseb rasonidan ba manbayu shabakahoi obtaminkuni chorahoi ilovagi andeshand.

 

Moddai 19. Sertifikatsiyakunoni dar bakhshi tamini obi nushoki

 

Dar bakhshi tamini obi nushoki inho sertifikatsiya meshavand:

– obi nushokii shabakahoi obtaminkuni;

– obi nushokii ba zarfho rekhtae, ki baroi istemolkunandagon furukhta meshavand;

– jarayonhoi tekhnologi, tajhizot, vositaho, mavod va moddahoi kimiyovi baroi toza va bezarargardonii ob.

 

Moddai 20. Kafolati bo obi nushoki tamin namudan dar holathoi favqulodda

 

  1. Aholi dar holathoi favqulodda (sadamayu falokatho, ofati tabii, ki dar natijai on manbahoi tamini obi nushoki iflos meshavand, shabakahoi tozakuni, bezarargardoni va tamini obi nushoki oseb mebinand va aholii in mahal beshtar az yak shabonaruz be ob memonad) az tarafi maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti holathoi favqulodda va mudofiai grajdani, inchunin maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot bo obi nushoki tamin karda meshavad.
  2. Holathoi favquloddaro dar bakhshi tamini obi nushoki maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati yakjoya bo maqomoti holathoi favqulodda va mudofiai grajdani va tashkilothoi obtaminkuni peshgui namuda, baroi az rui meyor bo obi nushoki tamin namudani istemolkunandagon va bartaraf namudani oqibathoi holathoi favqulodda choraho meandeshand.

 

Moddai 21. Huquq va uhdadorihoi molikoni shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki va tashkilothoi obtaminkuni

 

  1. Molikoni shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki va tashkilothoi obtaminkuni huquq dorand:

– mutobiqi shartnomai dujoniba az istemolkunandagoni obi nushoki baroi obi voqean dodashuda mablag talab namoyand;

– oid ba bargardonidani tovoni zarar az shakhsoni voqei, ki dar natijai iflosshavi va (yo) kamobshavii manbahoi ob, inchunin vayron namudani shabakahoi tamini ob rasonida shudaast, mutobiqi qonunguzori davo peshnihod namoyand.

  1. Tashkilothoi taminkunandai ob va molikoni shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki, ki onro bevosita istifoda mebarand, uhdadorand:

– sharthoi tekhnologiro, ki ba talaboti meyorhoi obi nushoki javobgu meboshand, rioya namoyand;

– meyori muttasil dodani obi nushokiro dar navbati avval baroi qone gardonidani ehtiyojoti shakhsoni voqei va korkhonahoi sanoati khurokvori va muassisahoi tibbi tamin kunand;

– tajhizot, mavod va moddahoi kimiyovii baroi istifoda dar  faoliyati obtaminkuni ijozat dodashuda va doroi sertifikati mutobiqat ba talaboti muqarrargardidaro istifoda barand;

– obi nushokii istifodashudaro ba hisob girand;

– ba istifodai obi nushoki baroi ehtiyojoti istehsolii korkhonahoe, ki jarayoni tekhnologiashon istifodai obi nushokiro talab namekunand, roh nadihand, ba sharte, ki bo obi nushoki tamin namudani aholiro bevosita khalaldor namoyad;

– nazorati sifati obi nushokiro mutobiq va dar asosi usulhoi sanjidashudai laboratori yo standartishuda tashkil namoyand va istemolkunandagonro az past shudani sifati obi nushoki sarivaqt ogoh kunand;

– maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba hifzi muhiti zist va maqomoti nazorati davlatii sanitariyu epidemiologiro az sar zadani falokat va digar holathoi favquloddae, ki ba vazi manbaho va shabakahoi obtaminkuni tasir merasonand, inchunin hangomi ba talaboti qoidavu meyorhoi sanitari muvofiqat nakardani sifati obi nushoki, sarivaqt ogoh namoyand;

– namoyandagoni maqomoti nazorati davlatii sanitariyu epidemiologi, maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba istifoda va hifzi zakhirahoi ob va hifzi muhiti zistro baroi sanjishi obektho va inshooti obtaminkuni bemamoniat roh dihand;

– meyorhoi khojagidori va digar faoliyati baroi mintaqahoi hifzi sanitarii manbahoi ob va shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki muqarrargardidaro rioya namoyand;

– ba vayron namudani huquqhoi digar istifodabarandagoni ob va rasonidani ziyon ba muhiti zist roh nadihand;

– baroi tamiri jori va asosii shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki mablag judo kunand;

– manbahoi tamini obi nushokiro az iflosshavi, khushku kamobshavi va shabakahoi obrasoniro az vayronshavi muhofizat namoyand.

  1. Molikoni shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki, ki huquqi idora kardani in shabakahoro ba tashkilothoi obtaminkuni voguzor namudaand, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi in shabakaho javobgar meboshand.

 

Moddai 22. Huquq va uhdadorihoi istemolkunandagoni obi nushoki

 

  1. Istemolkunandagoni obi nushoki huquq dorand:

– mutobiqi meyorhoi sifat va istemoli obi nushoki az shabakahoi mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkaz bo obi nushoki tamin boshand;

– nazorati sifati obi nushokiro, ki az shabakahoi mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkaz rasonida meshavad, talab namoyand;

– tibqi tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai sifati obi nushoki va ehtimoliyati tavaqquf dar obtaminkuni sarivaqt va malumoti purra girand;

– bo tartibi muqarrargardida baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai sanitariyu epidemiologi va jamiyatii ekologi tashabbuskor boshand va natijai onro ba maqomoti dakhldori davlati peshnihod namoyand;

– podoshi zarar, ki dar natijai tamini obi nushokii ba talaboti meyorho nomuvofiq ba onho rasidaast, talab namoyand.

  1. SHakhsoni voqei huquq dorand, ki dar navbati avval az shabakahoi mutamarkaz va gayrimutamarkaz muvofiq bo meyorhoi sifat va istemoli bo obi nushoki tamin karda shavand.
  2. Istemolkunandagoni obi nushoki uhdadorand:

– meyoru qoidahoi sanitari va digar qoidahoro doir ba tamini obi nushoki rioya namoyand, inchunin talaboti bo Qonuni mazkur muqarrarshudaro ijro kunand;

– ba iflosshavi va kamobshavii manbahoi tamini obi nushoki, inchunin oseb didani shabakahoi on roh nadihand;

– obi nushokiro dar ruzgor va istehsolot samaranok va oqilona istifoda barand;

– haqqi khizmati obrasoniro tibqi tarifhoi muqarrargardida sarivaqt pardokht namoyand;

– ba maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, nazorati davlatii sanitariyu epidemiologi, hifzi muhiti zist va tashkilothoi obtaminkuni az niyatu amalhoi shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki metavonand manbahoi obtaminkuniro iflos namoyand, sarivaqt khabar dihand;

– ba tashkilothoi obtaminkuni dar borai holati gayriqanoatbakhshi shabakahoi zikrshuda khabar dihand.

 

Moddai 23. Ittiloot oid ba masalahoi tamini obi nushoki

 

  1. Ittiloot dar borai sifati obi nushoki ba darkhostkunanda roygon meboshad. Oid ba sifati obi nushoki ba istemolkunandagon tavassuti vositahoi akhbori omma ittilo doda meshavad.
  2. Dar surati nomuvofiqatii sifati obi nushoki ba talaboti meyorho, ki metavonad ba salomatii odamon tahdid namoyad, molikoni shabakahoi tamini obi nushoki, tashkilothoi obtaminkuni va maqomote, ki muvofiqati sifati obi nushokiro ba talaboti meyori nazorat mekunand, vazifadorand istemolkunandagoni obi nushokiro dar borai muhlati barham dodani in nomuvofiqati, inchunin chorahoi ehtiyoti (chorahoi ilovagii korkardi ob) yo khud az mahalu vaqti dodani obi nushokie, ki ba talaboti meyorho javobgu meboshad, betakhir khabardor namoyand.
  3. Ittilo oid ba tavaqqufhoi ehtimoli hangomi tamini obi nushoki az jonibi tashkilot va maqomoti taminkunandai obi nushoki ba istemolkunandagon bo tavri hatmi, peshaki, tavassuti vositahoi akhbori omma yo digar vositaho rasonida meshavad.
  4. Tashkil va nazorati tamin namudani istemolkunandagon bo ittilooti sarivaqti oid ba sifati obi nushoki va nomurattab dodani on ba zimmai maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlatiguzoshta meshavad.

 

BOBI 3. MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

 

Moddai 24. Javobgari baroi rioya nakardani Qonuni mazkur

 

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 25. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

 

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                     Emomali Rahmon

 

sh. Dushanbe

29 dekabri soli 2010

№670

 

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