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OROMII NISBI

Silohdoroni mukholifon ba samti Romitu Rasht aqibnishini kardand, ki yak-du mohi digar paygirii onho va jang dar on mintaqa idoma yoft. Nihoyat quvvahoi mukholifon va aksari mardumi Rashtu qaroteginiasli sokini viloyati Qurgonteppa ba Afgoniston panoh burdand. Jangiyoni onho ba marzhoi Tojikiston hamlaho mekardand va to solhoi 1997 marzhoi kishvar bo Afgoniston, ki az sui marzbononi rus himoyat meshud, noorom bud.

daq-atavmhi

Bo berun ronda shudani mukholifon dar kishvar oromii nisbi hukmfarmo shuda boshad ham, yak guruh jangsolorone arzi vujud kardand, ki to avvali solhoi 2000 tokhtutoz va be- dod mekardand. In guruhho qudrat va nufuz doshtand va az besalohiyatii rohbaroni maqomoti qudrati istifoda karda, kishvarro ba mintaqahoi nufuzi khud taqsim karda budand va tibqi maqoli «khudam shohu tabam vazir» amal mekardand. Dar on mahalho ba toroji amvoli mardum dast mezadand, dar rohho gavchub guzoshta, darkoru nodarkor mardumro taftish mekar- dand, ozoru aziyat mekardand, ba zanonu dukhtaron dastdarozi mekardand, khulosa, bedodgariro ba avj rasonda budand.

Dar Ittihodi shuravi, chi tavre ki qablan qayd kardam, dar bayni mardumi tojik serfarzandi roij bud. In serfarzandi sababgori bekorii javonon meshud. Javononi mahalli, ki qis- mi ziyodi aholii kishvarro tashkil mekardand, imkoni amali kardani potensiali khudro nadoshtand va az in sabab ba guruhhoi jinoi megaravidand. Solhoi haftod – hashtodum, dar Dushanbe guruhhoi jinoii khususiyati mahaldoshta arzi vujud karda bu- dand. In guruhhoi jinoi rohbarhoi khudro dosht, ki az bayni javononi boetibori on mahal barguzida meshudand. Beshtar javononi beboku notars yo varzishkoroni namoyon, martabai rohbariro sohib meshudand.

Dar Ittihodi shuravi qonuni nonavishtai «olami jinoi» amal mekard, ki ba tafakkuri in javonon tasir meguzosht va jurmu jinoyat va khilofkoriro targib mekard. Hatto sobiqai zindoni doshtan niz imtiyoz hisob meshud. Tarafhoi jangi shahrvandi baroi muboriza ziddi hamdigar az hamin guruhhoi jinoi istifoda kardand va aksaran rohbaroni in guruhho farmondehoni tarafho shudand. Vaqte in guruhhoi jinoimaslak yaku yakbora siloh ba dast ovardand va ijozai qonunii istifoda az on baroyashon doda shud, tabiist, ki ba qatlu kushtor va duzdivu gorat va digar jinoyatho dast meza- dand. Baroi misol, man dar poyon du hikoyaro dar borai Hikmat va SHukha meoram, ki ba khonanda tarzi tafakkur va shakhsiyati in toifai javononi kishvarro kame ham boshad, kushoda medihad.

Gayr az in, dar tuli tamomi on solho dar mintaqahoi ku- histoni atrofi Dushanbe va darahoi Romitu vodii Qarotegin dastahoi musallahi goratgar amal mekardand. Onho niz vaz- ro noorom mekardand, ba jonu moli mardum dast mezadand. Quvvahoi hukumati bo onho mejangidand. Hatto dar kanorhoi Dushanbe zud-zud in dargiriho ittifoq meuftod.

Bore, okhiri solhoi navad, raisi yak shirkati khoriji, ki mo boyad baroyash bor sodir mekardem, bo khavotir ba man zang zada pursid:

  • Hozir dar akhbor didam, ki dar Dushanbe jang ast?

Man guftam:

  • Bale, in ham sadoyash, – va gushii telefonro nazdi tire- zai kushoda doshtam, ki sadoi tiru tupro bishnavad. On ruz dar samti sharqii shahr amaliyoti nizomi meraft va sadoyash az ofisi mo barmalo shunida meshud. U sadoi tarkishhoro shunida, yakbora ba tahluka uftod. Bechora fikr karda bud, ki peshpardokhti firistodaash sukht.
  • Pas, taqdiri bor chi meshavad? – noumed pursid u.
  • Imruz ravon mekunem, – guftam man.
  • Okhir, chi tavr? On jo ki jang ast? – nobovari izhor kard u.
  • Jang dar qismati sharqii shahr ast, istgohi borgiri dar qismati garbi, nigaron nabosh, begoh asnodi vagonhoro mefiristem, mebini, – guftam man. Badho u chandin bor az in suhbat yod karda mekhandid, ki Tojikiston kishvari bemisl ast, har kas ba kori khud mashgul, yak su jang, sui digar tijorat, ba ham khalal namerasonand. Albatta, man baroi orom kardani on hampaymoni khoriji chunin vonamud karda budam, vale dar asl mardumi kishvar az ogozi jang to avvali solhoi 2000 dar holi muhosira mezist. Joni mardum az dasti farmondehoni jinoyatpesha dar azob bud. In jo yak latifai voqeiero meoram, ki bozgui holi mardum bud:

Quvvahoi hukumati bo kadom guruhi mukholif mejangidand. Dehae dar tuli moh chand bor az dast ba dast guzasht. Honai pi- ramarde dar sari roh bud. Har guruhe, ki deharo zabt kunad, dar khonai u maskan megirift. Sarboz az piramard ba sui raftai mukholifon ishora karda pursid:

  • Bobo rostashro guy, mo nagzem yo onho?

Piramard guft:

  • SHumo ham nagzed, onho ham nagzand, lanat ba mo, ki dar sari roh khona kardaem.

In latifa maruf ast va bozgui holi mardum dar on sol- host. Hech kas az dasti in toifa dar amon nabud. Dar rohho har kujo, ki khohand, post meguzoshtand, ba rahguzaron khurda megiriftand, mardumro aziyat mekardand.

Pas az davrahoi ziyodi vokhuri va guftushunidho, 27 iyuni soli 1997 qarordodi sulhi bayni tarafho bo miyonjigarii Ru- siya, Eron va Sozmoni Milali Muttahid dar Maskav imzo shud. Qazoqiston, Turkmaniston, Pokiston niz dar in guftushunidho sahm doshtand, vale naqshi asosiro Rusiya az yak su va Eron az sui digar, mebozidand. Tibqi in qarordod, mukholifin ba kishvar bargashtand va si darsadi mansabhoro dar hukumat sohib shudand. Inchunin quvvahoi musallahi onon hamchun yak vohidi nizomi vorid shud, ki dar davomi du-se sol boyad ba safi quvvahoi kishvar pazirufta meshud. Farmondehoni onho dar in muddat, to ba safi maqomoti qudrati vorid shudan, hamchunon ba bedodgari va tokhtutoz mashgul shudand, ki ruzi be in ham siyohi mardumro ba shabi tor tabdil dodand. Vale poyoni har shabi siyohe subhi safed ast.

In bedodgariho to zamone davom kard, ki in jangsoloron on qadr purruy shudand, ki mohi fevrali soli 2000 moshini raisi Majlisi oliro tarkondand va dar in tarkish muovini raisi Kumitai amniyati kishvar halok va raisi Majlisi oli zakhmi shud. Pas az in hukumat ba tozakunii shahr az jangsoloron iqdom karda, dar yak yo du hafta dasti onhoro az tajovuz ba no- musu jonu moli mardum kutoh kard. Bo guzashti muddati na chandon ziyod, qismi in toifa yo az dasti hamdigar, yo az mutodi nobud shudand. Qismi digar ba muddathoi tuloni ba zindonho andokhta shudand, zero ba qavli Odamushshuaro:

CHun teg ba dast ori, mardum natavon kusht, Nazdiki khudovand badi nest faromusht.

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