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OMORI DAVLATI

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON DAR BORAI OMORI DAVLATI

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 2010, №1, mod. 12; №7, mod.562; QJT az 22.07.2013s. №996)

Qonuni mazkur munosibathoi huquqiro dar sohai faoliyati omori ba tanzim darovarda, vazifaho, huququ uhdadorihoi maqomoti omori davlati, inchunin tartibi tashkil, jamovari, korkard, istifoda, pahn va hifz namudani malumoti omori rasmi va peshburdi bahisobgirii omori rasmiro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad.

BOBI 1. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Maqsad va doirai amali Qonuni mazkur

  1. Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqi va mekhanizmhoi tanzimkunandaro baroi tatbiqi siyosati yagonai davlati dar sohai bahisobgirii omori rasmi va pahn namudani malumoti omori davlati, ki talaboti davlat va jomearo dar borai ittilooti omorii purra, etimodnok, ilman asosnok va sarivaqti oid ba ravandhoi ijtimoi, iqtisodi, demografi, ekologi va digari jamiyatiro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston tamin menamoyad, muayyan menamoyad.
  2. Amali Qonuni mazkur ba hamai vohidhoi omori va subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi, ki faoliyati khudro dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba amal mebarorand,  tadbiq megardad.

              Moddai 2. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

– omor –  majmui malumoti miqdori oid ba jami zuhurot  yo ravandho;

-omori davlati – nizomi yagonai omorii ittilooti davlati ast, ki az jonibi maqomoti omori davlati tashakkul meyobad;

-nizomi omori davlati – qismi asosii tarkibii nizomi ittilooti davlati meboshad, ki dar khud majmui malumoti omorii avvaliya, jambastshuda va mamuriro ifoda menamoyad;

-bahisobgirii omori rasmi – faoliyate , ki tibqi metodologiyai omori rasmi baroi guzaronidani mushohidahoi omori va korkardi malumote , ki dar natijai onho girifta meshavand, ravona karda shuda bo maqsadi tashakkuli ittilooti omori rasmi andeshida meshavad;

-subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi – maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot” ivaz karda shavand, ki tashakkulyobii ittilooti omori rasmiro dar sohai faoliyati muqarrarshuda mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba amal mebarorand; (QJT az 22.07.13s. №996)

-vohidi omori – shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, sohibkoroni infirodi, filialho va namoyandagihoi shakhsoni huquqii khoriji, sarfi nazar az shakli tashkiliyu huquqi, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston amal mekunand;

-hisobothoi omori davlati – malumote , ki az jonibi vohidhoi omori va subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ba maqomoti omori davlati peshnihod megardand;

-ittilooti omori rasmi- ittilooti jambastii hujjatishuda oid ba tarafhoi miqdorii ravandhoi ijtimoi, iqtisodi, demografi, ekologi va ravandhoi digari jamiyati dar Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki mutobiqi barnomahoi korhoi omori va digar mushohidaho tashakkul meyoband; (QJT az 22.07.13s. №996)

– metodologiyai omori – majmui qoidahoi umumi va usulhoi makhsusi mushohidahoi omori;

– mushohidahoi omori – jamovarii munazzami ilman asosnoki malumot dar borai zuhurot va ravandhoi faoliyati ijtimoiyu iqtisodii vohidhoi omori, ki maqomoti omori davlati va subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi ba amal mebarorand;

– mushohidahoi omorii idoravi – mushohidahoe meboshand, ki subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi az rui namudhoi mushakhkhasi faoliyat ba amal mebarorand;

– nizomi yagonai tasnifot va ramzguzorii tekhniki-iqtisodi va ijtimoi-ittilooti nizomi guruhbandii  ittiloot oid ba vohidhoi omori az rui namudi faoliyat, shakli molikiyat, mahalli joygirshavi va gayraho ;

registri omori davlati – khazinai jambastii malumoti vohidhoi omori meboshad, ki aloqamandiro bo registr va khazinahoi malumoti ittilootii idoravi dar asosi nizomi yagonai tasnifot va ramzguzorii tekhniki-iqtisodi va ijtimoi-ittilooti tamin menamoyad; (QJT az 22.07.13 №996)

– malumoti avvaliyai omori – ittilooti omori dar borai vohidi mushakhkhasi omori, sarfi nazar az shakli molikiyat va namudi faoliyat;

– malumoti mamuri – malumothoe, ki subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi hangomi amali namudani vazifahoi mamuriashon giriftaand va ba maqomoti omori davlati baroi istehsol va bahisobgirii omori rasmi peshnihod karda meshavand;

malumoti jambastshudakalon kardani nishondihandahoi iqtisodi ba vositai muttahid kardani onho ba guruhi yagona;

– makhfi budani omor – tamin namudani hifzi malumoti omori, ki oshkor namudani onho tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston man ast;

baruykhatgiri – yake az usulhoi mushohidai bahisobgirii sartosarii vohidhoi omori, ki dar tamomi qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar vaqtu zamoni muayyan guzaronida meshavad; (QJT az 22.07.13 №996)

– tadqiqot – tashakkul dodani malumote meboshand, ki bo rohi pursish az vohidhoi judogonai intikhobshudai majmui vohidhoi bahisobgirii omori jamovari karda shudaand;

– intikhob – usulho va rasmiyoti intikhobi vohidi obekti omukhtashavanda meboshad, ki ba tadqiqot taalluq dorad;

– pahn namudan – baroi hamai istifodabarandagon dastras budani ittilooti omori, ki makhfi nestand;

– bahoi omori – buzurgii ba haqiqat nazdikshudai ittilooti omori;

– metamalumot – ittiloot dar borai malumothoi miqdorii omori meboshad, ki bo usulhoi jamovari, korkard, pahnkuni, sharhho va mulohizoti metodologi oid ba sifati malumot taalluq dorand;

 

                Moddai 3. qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai omori davlati

qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai omori davlati ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro  etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad.

 

               Moddai 4. Siyosati davlati dar sohai omor

Siyosati davlati dar sohai omor ba tashkil, jamovari, korkard , istifoda,  pahn  va hifz namudani malumoti omori rasmi dar asosi mustaqiliyat, metodologiyai ilman asosnok va meyorhoi baynalmilali ravona karda shudaast.

 

              Moddai 5. Prinsiphoi asosii tashakkuli omori davlati

Bo maqsadi tamin namudani sifati omori davlati, omor muvofiqi prinsiphoi zerin tashakkul doda meshavad:

– ruzmarra, voqei, ilman asosnok, sarivaqti va etimodnok budani  omori rasmi;

– kholisona va makhfi budani omori rasmi;

– shaffof, oshkor va dastras budani omori rasmi;

– muvofiqatpazir budani  omori rasmi.

 

BOBI 2. MAQOMOTI OMORI DAVLATI, VAZIFA, HUQUQ VA UHDADORIHOI ONHO

 

              Moddai 6. Maqomoti omori davlati

  1. Maqomoti omori davlati maqomi markazii hokimiyati ijroiyai vakolatdornamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston (minbad maqomi vakolatdor) meboshad, ki tashkil, jamovari, korkard, tahlil, umumigardoni, pahn namudan, va hifzi ittilooti omori rasmiro amali menamoyad.
  2. Maqomi vakolatdor siyosati davlatiro dar sohai omor amali namuda, faoliyati omoriro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston takmil medihad va ba vohidhoi sokhtori rohbari mekunad.

 

Moddai 7. Vazifahoi maqomi vakolatdor

Bo maqsadi tatbiqi siyosati davlati dar sohai omor maqomi vakolatdor vazifador ast:

– faoliyati omorii subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi va vohidhoi omoriro hamohang va nazorat namoyad;

– faoliyati omori dokhilii idoraviro amali namoyad;

– meyorhoi omori, az jumla metodologiya, tasnifotro baroi istehsoli omori rasmi tahiya namoyad;

– oid ba tashakkuli SHuroi bayniidoravii omori, nizomnoma va hayati on ba Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston taklifho peshnihod namuda;

– hamkoriro bo digar davlatho va tashkilothoi baynalmilali amali menamoyad, bo onho mutobiqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston shartnoma va sozishnomaho bandad;

digar vakolathoero, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  peshbini namudaast, amali namoyad. (QJT az 22.07.13 №996)

– digar vakolathoero, ki dar  qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini gardidaand, ba amal barorad.

 

              Moddai 8. Huquqhoi maqomi vakolatdor

Maqomi vakolatdor huquq dorad:

– az vohidhoi omori va subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi dar hajmi nishondodashuda va muhlathoi muqarrarnamudai maqomoti omori malumoti omori, az jumla malumoti doroi sirri davlati va tijoratiro bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii  Jumhurii Tojikiston roygon girad;

– az hamai namudhoi manbaho, az jumla az registrhoi idoravi va khazinahoi ittilooti malumot talab kunad, va dar asosi ittilooti mavjuda bahoi omori dihad;

– dar bayni aholi  mushohidahoi omori guzaronad;

– durustii malumoti omoriro sanjida, dar mavridhoi oshkor shudani tahrif, bartaraf kardani onhoro talab kunad;

– ba hisoboti subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi dastrasi doshta  boshad;

– istifodai nodurust va tafsiri malumoti omoriro sharh dihad;

– usuli guzaronidani mushohidahoi omoriro muayyan namoyad;

– mutobiqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, dar asosi shartnoma korhoi omori, tahlili, ittilootiyu hisobbarori va digar korhoro oid ba mavzui kasbi ba amal barorad;

– mutobiqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmiro baroi guzaronidani mushohidahoi omori jalb namoyad;

dar doirai vakolati khud sanadhoi meyorii huquqi tahiya va qabul namoyad;

– digar huquqhoero, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  muqarrar namudaast, amali namoyad. (QJT az 22.07.13 №996)

 

Moddai 9. Uhdadorihoi maqomi vakolatdor

Maqomi vakolatdor uhdador ast:

– muvofiqi barnomayu metodologiyahoi qabulshuda mushohidahoi omori davlatiro tashkil namoyad;

– baroi doirai vasei istifodabarandagon dastras budani ittilooti omoriro tamin namoyad;

– muvofiqi tartibi muqarrarshuda ittilooti omoriro mutobiqi uhdadorihoi qabulkardashuda az rui shartnomai baynalmilalii imzoshuda peshnihod namoyad;

– muhimiyat, jamovari va muhofizati zarurii ittilooti omoriro tamin namoyad;

– pesh burdani registri omori davlatiro tamin namoyad;

– dar borai tagyiroti umumi dar omori davlati ba vositahoi akhbori omma ittiloot va sharhi mukhtasari zaruri peshnihod namoyad;

– vohidhoi omoriro bo varaqahoi hisoboti omori va dasturhoi metodi (dasturamalho)    tamin namoyad;

– rioyai sirri davlati , tijorati va makhfiyati omorro oid ba vohidhoi omori mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tamin namoyad.

 

 

               Moddai 10. SHuroi bayniidoravii omori

  1. SHuroi bayniidoravii omori dar nazdi maqomi vakolatdor tasis doda meshavad.
  2. SHuroi bayniidoravii omori samthoi afzaliyatnoki siyosati davlatiro dar sohai omor, jori namudani usulhoi innovatsioni va tekhnologi, takmil dodani metodologiya va peshnihodi tavsiyahoro oid ba masalahoi asosii faoliyati omori kor karda mebaroyad.

 

 

BOBI 3. TASHKIL VA PESHBURDI BAHISOBGIRII OMORI RASMI

 

              Moddai 11. Barnomahoi omori davlati

1.Bo maqsadi tamini samaranokii faoliyati omori va rushdi minbadai omori davlati barnomai yagonai bisyorsolai omor , ba muhlati na kamtar az 5 sol va barnomai solonai korhoi omori, ki ruykhati shaklhoi bahisobgirii omoriro bo nishon dodani muhlati peshnihodi onho dar bar megirand, tahiya karda meshavand.

  1. Barnomahoi omori davlati, az jonibi maqomi vakolatdor tahiya karda shuda, az tarafi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq karda meshavand.

 

              Moddai 12. Bahisobgirii omori rasmi

  1. Bahisobgirii omori rasmiro maqomi vakolatdor mutobiqi barnomai solonai korhoi omori, dar asosi mushohidahoi omorii hujjatishuda, az jumla mamuloti avvaliyai omori va malumoti mamuri ba amal mebarorad.
  2. Vohidhoi omori vazifadorand, ki malumotro ba maqomi vakolatdor dar shakli muqarrargardida, sarivaqt, purrayu daqiq va roygon peshnihod namoyand.                                                                      3. Subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi ba maqomi vakolatdor, ba hamai khazinahoi malumot, registrho va ba digar malumot imkoniyati dastrasiro peshnihod menamoyand.

 

 

              Moddai 13. Metodologiyai omori

1.Metodologiyai omori usuli jamovari va guruhbandii malumoti avvaliyai omori va malumoti mamuri, bahodihii daqiqiyati ittilooti omori rasmi, ba tanzim darovardani onro, ki baroi omukhtani zuhuroti miqdori dar ravandhoi ijtimoi, iqtisodi ravona karda shudaand, tashakkul medihad.

  1. Unsurhoi tarkibii metodologiyai omori mushohidahoi omori, istifodai nishondihandahoi omorii jambasti va tahlili onho meboshand. (QJT az 22.07.2013s. №996)

 

              Moddai 14. Mushohidahoi omori

  1. 1. Mushohidahoi omori az tarafi maqomi vakolatdor nisbati vohidhoi omori va subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi guzaronida meshavand. Mushohidahoi omori vobasta ba usuli guzaronidan, metavonad sartosari va intikhobi boshad. (QJT az 22.07.2013s. №996)
  2. Mushohidahoi omorii sartosari in tashakkulyobii malumot meboshad, ki az hamai vohidhoi omori baroi tashkili omori rasmi girifta shudaand.
  3. Mushohidahoi omorii intikhobi in tashakkulyobii malumot meboshad, ki az qismi muayyani vohidhoi  omori az rui namudhoi judogonai faoliyat, muvofiqi metodologiyai makhsus girifta shudaast.
  4. Tarzi guzaronidani mushohidahoi omori az tarafi maqomi vakolatdor va subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi muayyan karda meshavad, agar tartibi digar  dar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini nashuda boshad.
  5. Jamovarii malumoti avvaliyai omori az rui shaklhoi mushohidahoi omori ba amal barovarda shuda, peshnihodi in malumot az tarafi vohidhoi omori yo bo rohi pursishi onho va qaydi dalelho surat megirand.
  6. SHaklhoi mushohidahoi omori va dasturamalho oid ba pur kardani onho, ki subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi tahiya kardaand, az tarafi maqomi vakolatdor tasdiq karda meshavand.

 

              Moddai 15. Registri omori davlati

  1. Registri omori davlati vositai bahisobgirii omori rasmi meboshad va ruykhati hatmii nishondihandahoi mamuri va avvaliyai omoriero dar bar megirad, ki faoliyati vohidhoi omoriro muvofiqi nizomi yagonai tasnifot va ramzguzorii tekhniki – iqtisodi va  ijtimoi – ittilooti tavsif menamoyad.
  2. Peshburdi registri omori davlati az tarafi maqomi vakolatdor amali megardad.
  3. Subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi, ki registri va khazinai malumoti ittilootiro dar borai vohidhoi omori tasis medihand va pesh mebarand, baroi tashakkul dodan va aktuali gardonidani registri omori davlati ba maqomi vakolatdor ittilooti zaruriro roygon peshnihod menamoyand.(QJT az 21.07.10. №630)

 

              Moddai 16. Pahn namudani ittilooti omori rasmi

  1. Pahn namudani ittilooti omori rasmi az tarafi subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi tavassuti nashriyahoi rasmi, joygir namudan dar shabakahoi ittilootii dastrasi umum va telekommunikatsioni, barandahoi elektroni, inchunin bo peshnihod namudani malumot ba vositahoi akhbori omma   amali  karda meshavad.
  2. Maqomi vakolatdor sari vaqt va peshaki dar borai sanai chopi nashriyaho va metamalumot ittiloot pahn mekunad.
  3. Tamomi istifodabarandagon huquqi dastrasii barobar va dar yak vaqt ba malumoti omori rasmiro dorand, ba istisnoi malumoti makhfii doroi ittilooti infirodi dar borai vohidhoi judogonai omori.
  4. Pahn namudani malumoti avvaliyai omori metavonad tanho bo rozigii vohidhoi omori, ki ittilootro peshnihod kardaand, surat girad.
  5. Subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi muhofizati malumoti makhfiro az dastrasi va oshkorkunii gayriqonuni bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tamin menamoyand.

 

              Moddai 16. Taminoti tashkili, moliyavi va moddi-tekhnikii korhoi omori

  1. Korhoi omori davlati, ki muvofiqi barnomahoi tasdiqkardai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston ijro meshavad, az bujeti davlat mablagguzori karda meshavand.
  2. Harojot baroi amali namudani korhoi ilovagii omori az hisobi farmoishgari in korho mablagguzori karda meshavad va  mablaghoi badastovardashuda bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, baroi mustahkam namudani zaminai moddi-tekhnikii maqomi vakolatdor istifoda megardand.

 

Bobi 4. Muqarraroti khotimavi

 

              Moddai 17. Kafolathoi huquqii vohidhoi omori va subekthoi bahisobgirii omori rasmi

  1. Maqomi vakolatdor ba vohidhoi omori va ba subekthoi  bahisobgirii omori rasmi makhfi nigoh doshtani malumoti avvaliyai omoriro kafolat medihad.
  2. Maqomi vakolatdor korkard, nigoh doshtan va hifzi malumoti avvaliyai omoriro dar sharoithoi kafolatdihandai  peshgiri kardani onho az duzdi, talafot yo tahrifot tamin menamoyad.

 

              Moddai 18. Javobgari baroi vayron  kardani Qonuni mazkur

 

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

             Moddai 19. Dar borai az etibor soqit donistani Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai omori davlati»

 

Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston az 15 mayi soli 1997 «Dar borai omori davlati» (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 1997, № 10, mod. 127, s. 2003, № 4 mod.136, s. 2006, № 3, mod.161, s. 2008, № 12, qismi 2, mod. 998) az etibor soqit donista shavad.

 

Moddai 20. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani  Qonuni mazkur

 

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

          Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                               Emomali Rahmon

 

sh. Dushanbe, 12 yanvari soli 2010,

№588

 

 

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