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Nohiyai Baljuvon

Baljuvon yake az nohiyai quhii Tojikiston bo masohati  1 325 kilometri murabba, 16-umi marti 1938-um sol dar tobei viloyati Kulobi Jumhurii Tojikiston tashkil yoftaast. Imruzho dar nohiyai Baljuvon ziyoda az 30 hazor nafar aholi dar 5 jamoati on zindagoni menamoyand. Nohiya Baljuvonro ba zaboni rusi Baldjuvan va dar zamoni anglisi Baljuvan (Baljuvon) nomgiri menamoyand, vale inchunin bo nomi Balkhuvan niz malum ast.

Jamoathoi nohiyaho az inho iboratand: shahraki Baljuvon -4,5 hazor Dektur -5,5 hazor, Sari Hosor -5,4 hazor, Satalmush -4,1 hazor, va jamoati Tojikiston 3,9 hazor nafar aholi dorad. Masofai bayni Baljuvon to Dushanbeshahr qarib 200 km  va az Dangara to Baljuvon qarib 60 kilometr meboshad.

Jugrofiya: Baljuvon dar balandii az 1100 to 3000 metr joygir buda dar kharita koordinathoyash 38 *31 shimoli va 69*49 janubi ast. Dar shimol va garb bo nohiyahoi Fayzobod, Rogun, Nurobod va Tavildara az nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri, dar janub va sharq — bo nohiyahoi Norak, Hovaling va Temurmalik az nohiyahoi viloyati Hatlon hammarz meboshad. YAke az zebotrin joyho dar Nohiyai Baljuvon in dehai Sari Hosor meboshad, ki dar on jo SHarsharai zebotarini Tojikiston mavjud ast va baroi hamin ham in mavzero baroi tamoshoi mardumi dokhilu khorij, ki metavaonand sayoh boshand, tavsiya karda meshavad.

Umuman Sari Hosorro hamchun bogi tabii masohatash 3,8 hazor gektardoshtaro bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az  25-umi oktyabryai soli 2003 etirof karda shudaast. Dar tabiati nohiya chunin hayvonhoi vahshi az jumla Hirs, Huk, Buzi shokhkaloni yoboi,  Rubahi sangi (Martes foina), Sagmush (Lutra),  Palangpishak (Felis lynx), Palangi barfi (Uncia uncia), Kabk, Jayra, SHagol, Horpusht, Mor va gayraho zindagoni menamoyand.

Tobistoni Baljuvon nisbatan salqintar buda harorati havo to +35 garm va zimiston to – 32 selsiya khunuk meshavad. Borishot gayr az mohi avgust digar moho qarib ki doimo mvjud buda sathi  on to 600 mm dar yak solro tashkil menamoyad. Az sababi borishoti paydarpay bahoron mardumi Baljuvon baroi hijrat dushvorihoi ziyodero dorand.

Az dokhili nohiyai Baljuvon du daryo meguzarad, ki yake Obi mazor  va digare Surkhob meboshad. Baljvon asosan dar sarshavii vodii Vakhsh joygir buda az sarzamin khoki surkhbuda tashkil menamoyad. Kuhho 99,9% — i nohiyaro tashkil namuda dar on asosan archaho, pista, dulona, chormagz, harguna darakhtoni bemeva va rastanihoi shifobakhsh az jumla siyohalaf, chukuri, shibit, pudina, bargi zulf va digaron meruyand.

Iqtisodiyot va tamaddun: Bo nazardoshti Baljuvon nohiyai kuhi budanash dar on asosan zaminhoi lalmi mavjud ast, ki dar on asosan jangalho, bogho, charogohho va dashtho mavjud buda masohatash 132 hazor gektarro tashkil menamoyad. Zaminhoi obi hamagi 100 gektarro tashkil medihad ki dar on mardum asosan obchakori menamoyan. Daromadi asosii aholii in mintaqa az chorvodori meboshad. Namudhoi faoliyati bartariyatdoshta dar sohahoi iqtisodiyot ba gayr az kishovarzi digar mavjud nest.

SHakhsoni marufi nohiyai Baljuvon inhoyand: Hamrokhon Zarifi – Vaziri korhoi khoriji (solhoi 2006-2013 um); Hudoynazar Asozoda – professor va Rektori Donishgohi omuzgori shahri Dushanbe (1941-2014).

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