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Nazariyai nisbiyati Eynshteyn

Nazariyai olimi buzurgi nemis A. Eynshteyn dar borai nisbiyat yake az kashfiyothoi muhimtarini ogozi asri XX meboshad. U soli 1905 dar maqolai khud “Oid ba elektrodinamikai jismhoi harakatkunanda” dar borai aloqamandi va ba hamdigar vobasta budani fazo, vaqt va modda (materiya) fikr bayon karda, isbot namud, ki dar joi behavo (vakuum) surati rushnoi az har manba ki boshad, ba samti surati harakati in sarchashma va mushohidachii on vobasta nest.

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Dar fizikai klassiki tasavvurote hukmron bud, ki muvofiqi on vaqt hamchun yak chizi ustuvori betagniri mutlaqi ba hej guna protsesshoi moddi vobastanabuda hisobida meshud. Vale nazariyai nav fikri baroi hamai sistemaho yagona budani hisobi vaqtro rad kard.

Peshtar fazo hamchun joe hisob karda meshud, ki guyo on “makoni kholi” va mutlaq betagyir boshad. Vale az rui nazariyai nisbiyat malum gardid, ki khosiyati makon va zamon ba harakati obekthoi moddi vobasta ast va har sei onho bo hamdigar aloqai judonopazir dorand.

Ba joi qonuni nyutonii jozibai jahoni Eynshteyn hodisai jozibai baynihamdigarii obekthoi moddiro peshnihod kard. U isbot namud, ki hamai moddaho quvvai jozibai hamdigarro ba tarafi khud kashidan dorand. Dar zeri tasiri modda makon va zamon tagyir meyoband. Masalan, samti rafti nur dar hamon surate tagyir meyobad, ki dar nazdikihoi on obekt moddi mavjud boshad.

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