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Natyurmorti «Gulho»

YAkumi sentyabr – «Ruzi donish». Dar in ruz dar tamomi maktabhoi jumhurii mo zangi avval sado medihad va soli navi tahsil ogoz megardad. In ruzi faromushnashavanda dar dili har yak nafar boqi memonad: hama gulhoi zeboi tiramohi dar dast meravand, zang sado medihad va dar ruyi hama tabassumi zebo huvaydost. Idhoro biduni gulho tasavvur kardan mumkin nest, mo tainoti har yak namudi gulro boyad donem. Mo boyad donishhoi andukhtaamonro oid ba fanni sanati tasviriyu badei – kompo- zitsiya, usul, hajm, rang va monandi inho faromush nasozem.

* Hangomi tahiyai dastagul az gulhoi jamovarishuda ba chi boyad tavajjuh namud?

Gulhoro baroi dastagul mamulan tarze intikhob menamoyand, to in ki onho muvofiqati kholhoi ranga va nizomi shaklro tashkil dihand. Ba khotiri on ki har yak guldasta zebo, nafis, nachandon ka- lon boshad, gulhoi sahroi hamchunin muvofiqand.

Gulho boyad az yak nav boshand, masalan, sadbarg, pio­na, guli qashqari va gayra, on goh dastagul munosib meoyad. In guldastahoro az chunin rastanihoe, ki dar rasm nishon doda shuda- and- asparagushoi ravshan, nafis, latif, gipsofilho, paporotnik va gayraho oro dodan mumkin. On goh guldasta zebo va khushnamo megardad.

Rang yake az khususiyathoi ashyohoest, ki onhoro mo mebinem va ta- vassuti ehsosoti binish dark menamoem. Inchunin rang ba kayfiyat va hissiyot, darki atrof tasir merasonad.

Asparagus Gipsofila Paporotnik
Asparagus Gipsofila Paporotnik

Doirai ranghoro mamulan ba du qism – garm va sard taqsim mekunand.

Har yak namudi rang se khususiyati asosi dorad: tobishi rang, durakhshoni va seri.

02

Ba khotiri hosil namudani tobishhoi navi har yak rang ba on ilo- va kardani mikdori gunoguni safed yo siyoh zarur ast.

  • Rangi surkh – ramzi oftob, otash, hayot. Vay mamulan bo khushbakhti, zebogi, khubi, garmi robita dorad.
  • Rangi kabud – sard, narm, orom, holati khayolangezro ifoda me- namoyad. Rangi mazkur bo ranghoi zard, gulobi, noranji tamos gi- rifta metavonad.
  • Rangi bunafsh ehsosoti baland va noumediro ifoda menamo- yad, onro bo ranghoi surkh va kabud omekhta menamoyand. Vay bo tamo- mi rangho yakjoya meshavad.
  • Rangi safedro bo tamomi rangho omekhta kardan mumkin, vay mutobiqati zebogiro ba vujud meorad.
  • Rangi sabz orom ast, az vay taassuroti kayfiyati khub boqi me- monad. Tamomi tobishhoi rangi sabz ba kabudizor zebogii tabiat va baroi tasviri ranghoi dastagulho kompozitsiyai khube ilova me- namoyad.

Dastaguli tahiyashuda boyad bo guldon mutanosib boshad. Guldonho shishagi, buluri, fakhfuri, safoli, filizi va chubi meshavand.

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