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Nasikhat kardan va amri maruf va nahyi munkar

Nasikhat kardan va amri maruf va nahyi munkar

Rasuli akram (s) farmudand, ki har kase bipushad va pinhon dorad ilmero, ki u doshta boshad va ba mardumon pandu nasihat nakunad, ruzi qiyomat lajome az otashi duzakh bar sari vay kunand.

Agar yak inson ba ilmi tu yo ba nasihati tu rohi rost yobad, behtar buvad mar turo az on ki hama shuturoni surkhmui dunyo turo boshand. Ammo nosih boyad, ki avval nafsi khudro nasihat kunad va pand dihad, agar az vay( qabul kunad, on goh ba nasihati digaron mashgul gardad.

Olimon va nosihon se guruhand. YAk guruh oftobsifatand va guruhe shamsifat va yak guruh monandi chubi tuti tarand bar otash, ki na khud mesuzandu na kase az sukhtani onho istifoda mebarad.

Onon, ki oftobsifatand onhoeand, ki maqsadi onho shuhrat paydo kardan va ovozai mardum naboshad. Maqsadi onho on buvad, ki bandagoni Hudoi taolo az sukhanoni onho rohi rost yoband va ba rohi rost boshand, inchunin olimon oftobsifatand, ki olame az onkho nuroni megardad va onho kamyoband. Ammo onho, ki shamsifatand, onhoeand, ki maqsadi onho az vaz guftan etikodi ommaro ba sui khud jam kardan va mansab talabidanand va ba on shodmon va khurram meboshand. Agar in zumra az tu hurmat nayoband, dilgir va malul megardand. Onho chun sham dar sukhtanand, ki digaron az ravshanii on istifoda mebarand. Va onho az ilmi khud bebahra memonandu gayr az mashaqqatu zahmat kashidan foidae namebinand.

Onhoe, ki bar misli chubi tuti tarand, onhoeand, ki na ilm dorand va na niyati neku.

On johilnamoyone, ki rohzani khalq hastandu dushmani Hudoy, zohiri khudro mushobehi ulamo sokhta, az kamhimmati ba tahsili ilm napardokhta, az markabi ilm va amal piyoda mondaand. Onon dalel bar kitobi forsi ronda, kalimoti harkhelaro dastras sokhta, khatovu savob az yakdigar nashinokhta. asosi kor baroi tamau talabi dunyo mekunand. Inchunin olimonro tashbeh ba chubi tuti tar kardaand, ki chun bar otash nihi, dud kunad va bad suzad. Onho niz khud dar sukhtanand va mardum az dasti tamai onhr dar zahmatand. Onhoro istihqoqi on nest, ki sukhani Hudovand va Rasuli u guyand, zero ki kasbi ulum nakardaand va ba hilla donishmand shudaand. Durust guftaand, ki olimi beamal chun darakhti bebar ast va zohidi beilm chun khonai be dar.

Rasuli akram (s) farmudand, ki ruzi qiyomat mardero biyorand, farmon shavad, to uro ba duzakh andozand. Rudaho az shikami vay berun oyad. Ahli duzakh uro guyand: – ey faloni, chi shudaast turo? On nabudi, ki amri maruf va nahyi munkar mekardi? CHi chiz turo bad-in hol giriftor kard?

U guyad: – Bale, on budam, ki mardumonro ba nekui mefarmudam, ammo khud namekardam va az badi man mekardam va khud mekardam.

Pas ehtiyot boyad kard az haq guftan va az haq rasonidan khomush naboyad bud, magar ba uzri shari, ki donad az vay qabul nakhohand kard. Agar donand, ki amri marufro az vay qabul mekunand, vojib ast, ki amri maruf va nahyi munkar kunad va agar donad, ki amri maruf va nahyi munkarro qabul namekunand, vojib ast, ki naguyad.

Hikoyat. Naql ast, ki Haq Taolo amr kard farishtaero ba haloki ahli shahre, ki fasod dar miyoni onho zohir shuda bud. On farishta dar miyoni onho yak dusti Haq did Munojot kard, ki Hudovando, tu donotari, ki yak bandan shoista ast turo dar miyoni onho. CHi farmoi, bo vay chi kunam?

Farmon rasad, ki avval uro halok kun, on goh digaronro, ki hargiz yak bor bar onho gazab nagirift az baron man, onhoro amri maruf va nahyi munkar nakard va ba onho shishtu khez  mekard.

Rasuli akram (s) farmudand, ki misli kasone, ki amri maruf va nahyi munkar mekunand va kasone, ki tarki amri maruf va nahyi munkar mekunand, hamchun masali qavme ast, ki mekhohand dar kishti savor shavand va az daryo guzarand. Dar kishti daromada, bazeashon dar oshyonai poyon joy megirand va bazeashon dar oshyonai bolo. Onhoe, ki dar oshyonai poyonand, meguyand, ki har bore, ki moro ob darkor shavad, boyad, ki ba oshyonai bolo ravem va az daryo ob girem. Meboyad kishtiro surokh kunem va az hamin jo ob girem.

Onhoe, ki dar oshyonai boloand, agar dasti onhoro nagirand va onkhoro man nakunand, ham inho va ham onho hama halok shavand. Va agar onhoro man kunand va naguzorand, ki kishtiro surokh kunand, hama az halokat birahand. Pas naboyad  tanho dar khalosii khud, balki dar khalos va najoti bandagoni Haq boyad kushid. Haq Taolo ummati hazrati Muhammadi Mustafo (s)-ro behtarin ummaton gardonid ba sababi amri maruf va nahyi munkar.

Rasuli akram (s) farmudaid, ki ahli bihisht sadu bist saf boshand. Haftod safi on az ummatoni man boshad va chihil saf az ummatoni Paygambaroni digar.

Dar tafsir meorad, ki Hudovandi taolo qalamro biofarid, pas farmon kard, ki, ey qalam, binavis hamai malumotro dar lavhi mahfuz. Qalam dar kor daromad va menavisht muqaddarot va malumotro. Farmon omad, ki, ey qalam, binavis, ki ummatone Paygambari khudro duruggu shumorand, onhoro ba bodi sard va sakht khalok gardonam. Va ummatone Paygambari khudro itoat nakunand, ba onho sang boronam. Va hamchunin yak-yak ummatonro farmon meomad, to menavisht. Bad az on farmon rasid, ki, ey qalam, binavis, ki ummatone boshand bo umrhoi kutoh, bo vujudi kutohii umr gunohoni bisyor kunand va moro ba khilofi farmon biyozorand va ummati Paygambari okhiruzzamon boshand. Qalam tarson gasht, ki to chi azobi sakht dar haqqi onho farmon rasad. Hitob omad, ki, ey qalam, binavis, ki onho bandai gunahgor va man Parvardigori omurzgoram. Qalam chun in khitob bishunid, az hayrat shak shud, yane kafid va shaki qalam az on jost.

Iloho, ba hurmati dustoni khud moro az khorii dunyo va okhirat nigoh dor.

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