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Namunahoi sanoati

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 Dar borai namunahoi sanoat

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston s. 2004, №2, mod. 48; 2012 s., №7, mod. 706; s. 2015, №12, q. 1, mod. 1116; Qonuni JT az 14.11.2016 s., №1371)

Qonuni mazkurmunosibathoi molumulki va munosibathoi shakhsii gayrimolumulkii ba onho aloqamandro, ki binobar ofarinish, hifzi huquqi va istifodabarii namunahoi sanoati dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba miyon meoyand, tanzim mekunad.

BOBI 1.

MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

(QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

– Konvensiyai Parij– Konvensiyai Parij oid ba hifzi obekthoi molikiyati sanoati az 20 marti soli 1883 bo tagyiru ilovahoi minbada;    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

– skhemai ergonomi – skhemae ki tanosubi andozahoi obekti namunai sanoatiro dar sistemai «inson – moshin» inikos mekunad;

– kharitai konfeksioni – namunai matohoi boftayu trikotaji, charm, mavodi oroishi va gayra, ki baroi tayyor namudani mahsulot tavsiya karda meshavand (dar surati peshnihodi ariza oid ba namunai sanoatie, ki ba sanoati sabuk dakhl dorad, tartib doda meshavad);    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

– khabarnomai rasmi –  nashriyai rasmii davrii maqomi davlati oid ba hifzi obekthoi molikiyati sanoati;    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

– sharthoi patentpaziri – sharthoi bo Qonuni mazkur muqarrarshudai dodani hifzi huquqi ba namunai sanoati.

 

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai namunahoi sanoati

 

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai namunahoi sanoati ba Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof namudaast, iborat ast.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1371)

 

Moddai 3. Maqomi davlati oid ba hifzi obekthoi molikiyati sanoati

 

Maqomi davlati oid ba hifzi obekthoi molikiyati sanoati (minbad – Idorai patenti) amaligardonii siyosati yagonai davlatiro dar sohai hifzi huquqii obekthoi molikiyati sanoati, az jumla  namunahoi sanoati, tamin mekunad, arizahoro oid ba giriftani patent baroi namunai sanoati qabul mekunad, az rui onho ekspertiza meguzaronad, baqaydgirii davlati va nashri rasmii malumotro dar borai namunahoi sanoati ba amal mebarorad, patenthoro baroi namunahoi sanoati medihad, hamchunin vazifahoi digari ba zimmaash guzoshtashudaro ijro mekunad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Dar nazdi Idorai patenti SHuroi shikoyati amal mekunad, ki on maqomi hatmii avvalini mamuri buda, masalahoi bahstalabi marbut ba  hifzi huquqii obekthoi molikiyati sanoatiro hal menamoyad. SHuroi shikoyati vakolathoi khudro dar asosi qonunguzorii jori va Nizomnomai SHuroi shikoyati, ki onro rohbari Idorai patenti tasdiq mekunad, ba amal mebarorad.

 

Moddai 4. Namoyandagi

 

SHakhsoni voqei, ki ba tavri doimi berun az qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat mekunand va shakhsoni huquqii khoriji yo namoyandagoni onho  korro bo Idorai patenti ba vositai namoyandagoni patentii dar Idorai patenti baqaydgiriftashuda va vakolatashon bo vakolatnomai tasdiqshuda pesh mebarand.

Ba sifati namoyandai patenti shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki ba tavri doimi dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat mekunad va darajai takhassusiash ba talaboti muqarrargardida javobguy ast, faoliyat karda metavonad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Talabotro nisbati darajai takhassusi namoyandagoni patenti, tartibi attestatsiya va baqaydgirii onhoro dar Fehristi davlatii namoyandagoni patenti Idorai patenti muqarrar mekunad.

 

BOBI 2.

NAMUNAI SANOATI VA HIFZI HUQUQII ON

 

Moddai 5. SHarthoi patentpazirii namunai sanoati

 

Muvofiqi hamin Qonun ba sifati namunai sanoati tarhi badeiyu konstruktorii mahsulot, ki namudi zohirii onro muayyan menamoyad, hifz karda meshavad. Zimnan dar zeri mafhumi mahsulot ashyohoi (predmethoi) istehsoloti sanoati va kosibi dar nazar doshta meshavand.

Agar namunai sanoati nav va asli (originali)  boshad, ba on hifzi huquqi doda meshavad.

Namunai sanoati nav hisobida meshavad, agar majmui alomathoi asosii dar tasvirhoi mahsulot ifodayofta az malumote, ki to sanai avvaliyati namunai sanoati dar jahon dastrasi umum gardidaand, malum  naboshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1371)

Hangomi muqarrar kardani navii namunai sanoati, inchunin hamai namunahoi sanoatii dar Jumhurii Tojikiston patentnokkardashuda, arizaho ba namunahoi sanoatie, ki baroi giriftani patenti Jumhurii Tojikiston az jonibi shakhsoni digar peshnihod karda shudaand (gayr az arizahoi bozkhondashuda),  ba hisob girifta meshavand, ba sharte ki avvaliyati  onho peshtar boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1371)

Namunai sanoati hamon vaqt originali hisob karda meshavad, ki agar alomathoi asosii on jihathoi ejodkoronai khususiyathoi zavqii (estetikii) mahsulotro muayyan namoyand.

Alomathoe, ki khususiyathoi estetiki va (yo) ergonomii namudi zohirii mahsulot, tarhu shakli on, naqshu nigor va tanosubi ranghoro muayyan mekunand, ba alomathoi asosii namunai sanoati dokhil meshavand.

Patentpazirii namunai sanoatiro oshkor gardonidani malumote, ki dar natijai on mohiyati namunai sanoati dastrasi umum gardidaast, kohish namedihad, agar in amal az jonibi arizadihanda, muallif yo shakhsi digare, ki az onho mustaqiman yo ba tariqi gayrimustaqim malumoti ba namunai sanoati dakhldorro ba dast ovardaast, ijro shuda boshad va agar ariza baroi namunai sanoati na dertar az  shash mohi badi sanai oshkor shudani in malumot ba Idorai patenti peshnihod shuda boshad. Zimnan vazifai isbot kardani in holat bar zimmai arizadihanda guzoshta meshavad.

Tarhhoi zerin namunahoi sanoatii patentpazir hisob karda nameshavand:

– tarhhoe ki tanho az tainoti tekhnikii mahsul barmeoyand;

– tarhi obekthoi memori (gayr az shaklhoi khurdi memori), inshooti sanoati, gidrotekhniki va inshooti digari sobit;

– mahsuloti chopi dar navi khudash;

– tarhi obekthoi shaklashon noustuvori az moddahoi moe, gazmonand, poshkhuranda va amsoli onho sokhtashuda;

– tarhi mahsulote ki khilofi manfiathoi jamiyati, prinsiphoi insondusti va akhloq meboshad.

 

Moddai 6. Hifzi huquqii namunai sanoati

 

Huquq ba namunai sanoati az jonibi davlat hifz karda shuda, bo patent tasdiq karda meshavad.

Patent baroi namunai sanoati (minbad – patent) avvaliyati namunai sanoati, muallifi ba on va huquqi istisnoii  istifodai namunai sanoatiro tasdiq mekunad.

Hajmi hifzi huquqie, ki onro patent medihad, az rui majmui alomathoi asosii  namunai sanoati, ki dar tasvirhoi on (maket, surat) ifoda yoftaand, muayyan karda meshavad. Tavsifi namunai sanoati tanho ba maqsadi manidod kardani alomatho khizmat mekunad.

Patent az sanai ba Idorai patenti peshnihod shudani ariza baroi giriftani patent dar muddati panj sol amal mekunad. Muhlati amali patent bo darkhosti dorandai patent az jonibi Idorai patenti du marotiba ba muddati panjsoli daroz karda meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1371)

Az rui darkhosti dorandai patent dar surati suporidani pardokhti hatmii dakhldor ba u baroi tamdid kardani muhlati amali patent muhlati shashmohai ilovagi pas az anjomi muhlati amali patent doda meshavad. (QJT az 03.07.12s., №856)

 

Bobi 3.

Subekthoi huquq BA NAMUNAI SANOATI

 

Moddai 7. Muallifi namunai sanoati

 

SHakhsi voqeie, ki bo mehnati ejodii vay namunai sanoati ofarida shudaast, muallifi namunai sanoati hisobida meshavad.

Agar dar ofaridani namunai sanoati yakchand shakhsi voqei ishtirok karda boshad, pas  hamai onho muallifoni namunai sanoati hisobida meshavand. Tartibi istifodai huquqhoi ba muallifon taalluqdoshtaro sozishnomai bayni onho muayyan mekunad.

SHakhsone, ki dar ofaridani namunai sanoati hissai shakhsii ejodi naguzoshta, ba muallif(on) tanho yorii tekhniki, tashkili va moddi rasonidaand yo in ki tanho baroi ba rasmiyat darovardani huquq ba namunai sanoati va istifodai on musoidat namudaand, muallifoni namunai sanoati hisob nameshavand.

Huquqi muallifi huquqi shakhsii musodiranashavanda buda, be muhlat hifz karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 8. Arizadihanda

 

Huquqi peshnihodi arizaro oid ba dodani patent baroi namunai sanoati inho dorand:

– muallif(on)-i namunai sanoati;

– korfarmo, dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi duyumi moddai 9  Qonuni mazkur;

– voris(on)-i huquqii muallif(on) va yo korfarmo.

 

Moddai 9. Dorandai patent

 

Patent  ba shakhse, ki uro arizadihanda dar ariza oid ba dodani patent zikr namudaast va yo ba shakhse, ki huquqi dakhldorro bo tartibi guzashtkuni ba dast ovardaast, doda meshavad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Huquqi giriftani patent baroi namunai sanoatie, ki onro kormand vobasta ba ijroi vazifahoi khizmatiash yo suporishi mushakhkhasi az korfarmo giriftaash ofaridaast, ba korfarmo taalluq dorad, agar shartnomai bayni onho holati digarero muayyan nakarda boshad.

Agar korfarmo dar davomi chor mohi badi sanai az jonibi muallif dar borai ofaridani namunai sanoati khabardor karda shudanash ba Idorai patenti ariza nadihad, huquqi peshnihodi arizaro ba shakhsi digar voguzor nakunad va yo muallifro dar borai makhfi nigoh doshtani namunai sanoati ogoh nanamoyad, pas huquqi peshnihodi ariza va giriftani patent ba muallif meguzarad. Korfarmo dar in holat huquq dorad ba dorandai patent  jubroni dar asosi shartnoma muayyanshudaro pardokhta, namunai sanoatiro dar istehsoloti khud istifoda barad.

Huquqi giriftani patent baroi namunai sanoatie, ki kormand tajriba, vositahoi moddi, tekhniki va digar vositahoi korfarmoro istifoda burda, lekin na dar aloqamandi bo ijroi vazifahoi khizmati yo suporishi muayyani korfarmo ofaridaast, ba kormand taalluq dorad, agar shartnomai bayni onho holati digarero peshbini nakarda boshad. Korfarmo dar in holat huquq dorad ba dorandai patent  jubroni dar asosi shartnoma muayyanshudaro pardokhta, namunai sanoatiro dar istehsoloti khud istifoda barad.

 

Moddai 10. Huquqi muallifi namunai sanoatie, ki vobasta ba ijroi vazifahoi khizmati

                       ofarida shudaast

 

Kormande, ki dar qismi duyumi moddai 9 zikr shudaast, dar holathoi zerin huquq dorad az korfarmo mutanosiban ba foidai badastovardai korfarmo va yo foidae, ki korfarmo metavonist az namunai sanoati ba tavri lozimi istifoda burda, ba dast darorad, podosh girad:

– patent giriftani korfarmo;

– huquqi giriftani patentro ba shakhsi digar voguzor kardani korfarmo;

– az jonibi korfarmo qabul namudani qaror dar borai makhfi nigoh doshtani namunai sanoati;

– bo sababhoi az korfarmo vobasta nagiriftani patent az rui arizai az jonibi korfarmo peshnihodshuda.

Andozai podosh va sharthoi pardokhti on dar asosi shartnomai bayni muallif va korfarmo muayyan karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 4.

ARIZA DAR BORAI DODANI PATENT

 

Moddai 11. Peshnihodi ariza

 

Arizaro dar borai dodani patent (minbad–ariza) arizadihanda ba Idorai patenti peshnihod mekunad.

Ariza ba vositai namoyandai arizadihanda va yo namoyandai patentie, ki dar Idorai patenti ba qayd girifta shudaast, peshnihod shuda metavonad.

Ariza boyad ba yak namunai sanoati dakhl doshta boshad va metavonad varianthoi in namunaro dar bar girad (talaboti yagonagii namunai sanoati).

Ariza  boyad hujjathoi zerinro dar bar girad:

– arznoma (ba zaboni davlati) dar borai dodani patent bo nishon dodani nomi namunai sanoati, muallif(on)i namunai sanoati va shakhs(on)e, ki ba nomi u (onho) patent darkhost karda meshavad, inchunin joi istiqomat va yo mahalli joygirshavii onho;

– majmui tasvirho ki dar borai namudi zohirii mahsulot tasavvuroti purrayu mukammal medihand;

– tavsifi namunai sanoati;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1371)

– naqshai namudi umumii mahsulot, skhemai ergonomi, kharitai konfeksioni, agar onho baroi oshkor namudani mohiyati namunai sanoati zarur boshand.

Ba ariza  hujjati tasdiqkunandai pardokhti boj baroi peshnihodi ariza va hujjati tasdiqkunandai asosho baroi nasupurdani boj yo kam kardani andozai on ilova karda meshavad. Hujjathoi mazkurro yakjoya bo ariza va yo  dar muddati se mohi bad az sanai peshnihodi ariza ba Idorai patenti suporidan mumkin ast.

Qoidahoi peshnihod va barrasii ariza baroi dodani patent ba namunai sanoatiro Idorai patenti muqarrar menamoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1371)

 

Moddai 12. Sanai peshnihodi ariza

 

Sanai peshnihodi ariza  az rui sanai ba Idorai patenti vorid shudani majmui  hujjathoe, ki dar sarkhathoi yakum, duyum va seyumi  qismi chorumi moddai 11 hamin Qonun nombar shudaand, muqarrar karda meshavad.   (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

(Kismi 2 khorich shud bo QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1371)

Dar holati vayron namudani talaboti moddai 11 in Qonun ariza peshnihodnashuda hisob karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 13. Bo tashabbusi arizadihanda isloh namudani hujjathoi ariza

 

Arizadihanda dar davomi se mohi badi sanai peshnihodi ariza huquq dorad, ki be tagyir dodani mohiyati namunai sanoatii arzshuda ba mavodhoi on islohu tasheh dokhil namoyad.

Islohot va tashehotro dar surati pardokhtani boji dakhldor badi guzashtani muhlati semoha, lekin na dertar az barovardani qaror az rui natijahoi ekspertizaimohiyati, niz dokhil kardan mumkin ast.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Moddai 14. Bozkhondani ariza

 

Arizadihanda huquq dorad, ki arizaro  to sanai baqaydgirii namunai sanoati dar Fehristi davlatii namunahoi sanoatii Jumhurii Tojikiston bozkhonad.   (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Moddai 15. Makhfi budani korguzori az rui ariza

 

Idorai patenti dar doirai korguzori az rui ariza to nashr shudani malumot dar borai patent baroi namunai sanoati, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki dar in bora khohish va yo ijozati arizadihanda  boshad, ba hej kadom shakhs ijozati dastras namudani arizaro namedihad. Har yak amale, az jumla khabari shakhsi, ki dar natijai on shakhsoni seyum metavonand dar borai ariza malumot girand, dastras namudani ariza ba hisob meravad.

 

BOBI 5.

AVVALIYATI NAMUNAI SANOATI

 

Moddai 16. SHarthoi muqarrar namudani avvaliyat

 

Avvaliyati namunai sanoati az rui sanai peshnihodi ariza, ki muvofiqi moddai 12  Qonuni mazkur muayyan megardad, muqarrar karda meshavad.

Avvaliyat az rui sanai voridshavii mavodhoi ilovagi niz muqarrar shudanash mumkin ast, agar in mavodhoro arizadihanda to guzashtani muhlati semoha az sanai giriftani ogohinomai Idorai patenti dar borai imkonnopazirii baetiborgirii mavodhoi ilovagi, binobar mohiyati namunai sanoatii arzshudaro tagyirdihanda donista shudanashon, ba sifati arizai mustaqil peshnihod karda boshad.

Avvaliyat az rui sanai ba Idorai patenti peshnihod shudani arizai qablii khudi hamin arizadihanda, ki dar on namunai sanoatii peshnihodshavanda manidod shudaast,  muqarrar karda shudanash mumkin ast, agar arizae, ki az rui on in guna avvaliyat darkhost meshavad, na dertar az shash mohi badi sanai peshnihodi arizai qabli vorid shuda boshad. Dar in hol arizai qabli bozkhondashuda hisobida meshavad.

Avvaliyat dar asosi yakchand arizai qabli, ki baroi har kadomi onho  sharthoi dar qismi seyumi hamin modda ovardashuda rioya megardand, metavonad  muqarrar shavad.

Muqarrar namudani avvaliyat az rui sanai peshnihodi arizae, ki az rui on  allakay muvofiqi qismhoi seyum va chorumi in modda avvaliyati peshtar darkhost shudaast,  mumkin nest.

Avvaliyati namunai sanoati az rui arizai judokardashuda az rui sanai ba Idorai patenti vorid shudani arizai nakhustini oshkorkunandai namunai sanoatii hamon yak arizadihanda muqarrar karda meshavad, agar arizai judokardashuda to az rui arizai nakhustin qabul shudani qaror dar borai nadodani patent, ki imkoniyati shikoyat az boloi on az dast raftaast, vorid shuda boshad va dar holati giriftani qaror oid ba dodani patent az rui arizai zikrshuda, agar  arizai judokardashuda to sanai dar Fehristi davlatii namunahoi sanoatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba qayd girifta shudani namunai sanoati vorid shuda boshad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Agar dar rafti ekspertizamuqarrar karda shavad, ki namunahoi sanoatii hammonand  sanai avvaliyati yakkhela dorand, pas patent az rui arizae, ki ba Idorai patenti peshtar firistoda shudani on isbot karda shudaast, doda meshavad. Hangomi muvofiq omadani in sanaho  (agar sozishnomai bayni arizadihandagon holati digarero dar nazar nadoshta boshad), patent az rui arizae doda meshavad, ki on raqami baqaydgirii peshtar dodashudai  Idorai patentiro dorad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Moddai 17. Avvaliyati konvensioni

    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Avvaliyat az rui sanai dar davlati ishtirokchii Konvensiyai Parij peshnihod shudani arizai yakum baroi namunai sanoati muqarrar shudanash mumkin ast (avvaliyati konvensioni) , agar ariza oid ba hamin namunai sanoati  ba Idorai patenti dar davomi shash moh az sanai  zikrshuda vorid shuda boshad. Agar bo sababhoi az arizadihanda novobasta ariza bo darkhosti avvaliyati konvensioni dar muhlati zikrshuda peshnihod nashuda boshad, in muhlat bo darkhosti arizadihanda ba muddati na ziyoda az du moh daroz karda shudanash mumkin ast.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Arizadihandae, ki khohishi istifoda namudani huquqi avvaliyati konvensioniro dorad, boyad in khohishashro hangomi peshnihodi ariza va yo dar davomi du mohi badi sanai ba Idorai patenti vorid shudani ariza izhor namoyad va nuskhai arizai yakumro ilova kunad va yo onro na dertar az se mohi badi sanai ba Idorai patenti peshnihod kardani ariza ba Idorai patenti firistonad.

Avvaliyati namunai sanoati az rui sanai dar namoishgohi rasmi va yo rasman shinokhtashudai baynalmilali guzoshta shudani namunai sanoati muqarrar karda shudanash mumkin ast, agar arizae, ki avvaliyat az rui on darkhost karda meshavad, ba Idorai patenti dar davomi shash mohi badi sanai dar namoishgoh joygironidani namunai sanoati vorid shuda boshad.

 

BOBI 6.

EKSPERTIZAIARIZA VA GIRIFTANI PATENT

(QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Moddai 18. Ekspertizai rasmii ariza

(QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Idorai patenti badi guzashtani se moh az sanai peshnihodi ariza  az rui on ekspertizairasmi meguzaronad. Muvofiqi darkhosti khattii arizadihanda  ekspertizairasmi to guzashtani muhlati zikrshuda ogoz shuda metavonad. Dar in holat arizadihanda az lahzai peshnihod kardani darkhost az huquqi be pardokhti boj bo tashabbusi khud isloh va saheh kardani hujjathoi ariza, ki moddai 13  hamin Qonun peshbini namudaast, mahrum meshavad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Dar rafti guzaronidani ekspertizai rasmii ariza muvofiqi moddai 11  Qonuni mazkur mavjud budani hujjathoi zaruri va rioyai talaboti nisbati onho muqarrarshuda taftish karda shuda, masala dar borai on ki tarhi badeiyu konstruktorii arzshuda ba namunahoi sanoatii ba onho muvofiqi moddai 5 hamin Qonun hifzi huquqi dodashavanda dakhl dorad yo ne, barrasi meshavad.

Agar arizadihanda muvofiqi moddai 13 hamin Qonun az rui ariza mavodi ilovagi peshnihod namoyad, dar rafti ekspertizamohiyati namunai sanoatii arzshudaro tagyir nadodani onho taftish karda meshavad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Mavodi ilovagi mohiyati namunai sanoatii arzshudaro tagyir medihand, agar onho alomathoi dar mavodhoi ibtidoii arznoma mavjud nabudaro dar bar girand. Mavodi ilovagi dar qismi tagyirdihandai mohiyati namunai sanoatii arzshuda hangomi barrasii ariza ba etibor girifta nameshavand va metavonand az jonibi arizadihanda ba sifati arizai mustaqil ba rasmiyat darovarda shavand.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1371)

Agar ariza bo rioyai hamai talaboti muqarrarshuda peshnihod shuda boshad, arizadihanda dar borai natijai musbii ekspertizairasmi khabardor karda meshavad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Az rui arizae, ki bo vayron namudani talabot ba hujjathoi on tartib doda shudaast, ba arizadihanda darkhost firistoda meshavad, ki dar muddati se mohi badi giriftani darkhost hujjathoi islohshuda yo nabudaro peshnihod kunad. Agar arizadihanda dar muhlati zikrgardida mavodi darkhostshuda va yo darkhostro dar borai daroz kardani muhlati muqarrarshuda peshnihod nakunad, ariza bozkhondashuda hisob  megardad.

Az rui arizai bo vayron namudani talaboti yagonagii namunai sanoati peshnihodshuda ba arizadihanda peshnihod karda meshavad, ki dar davomi se mohi badi sanai giriftani ogohinomai dakhldor khabar dihad, ki kadome az taklifho boyad barrasi shavand va dar holati zaruri ba hujjathoi ariza tasheh darorad. Baroi namunahoi sanoatii digari, ba mavodi arizai nakhustin dokhilshuda, arizadihanda huquqi ba rasmiyat darovardani arizahoi judo kardashudaro dorad.

Agar arizadihanda dar davomi se mohi badi giriftani ogohinoma oid ba vayron shudani talaboti yagonagii namunai sanoati dar borai on ki kadome az tarhhoi badeiyu konstruktori boyad barrasi shavand, khabar nadihad va hujjathoi tashehshudaro peshnihod nakunad, barrasii tarhi badeiyu konstruktorii yakume, ki dar ariza nishon doda shudaast, hamchunin varianthoi on, agar in guna variantho boshand, guzaronida meshavad.

Arizadihanda hangomi bo qarori ekspertizanorozi budanash huquq dorad, ki dar muddati chor mohi badi sanai barovardani qaror ba SHuroi shikoyati etiroz peshnihod namoyad. Etiroz boyad dar davomi shash moh barrasi shavad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Moddai 19. Ekspertizai mohiyatii ariza

(QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Ekspertizai mohiyatii ariza dar natijai musbat anjom yoftani ekspertizai rasmi pas az pardokhti korbarii dakhldor guzaronida meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1371)

(Kismi 2 khorich shud bo QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1371)

Dar rafti ekspertizaimohiyatii ariza avvaliyati namunai sanoati muqarrar karda shuda, sharthoi patentpazirii namunai sanoati muvofiqi moddai 5  Qonuni mazkur taftish karda meshavand.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Idorai patenti hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai mohiyatii ariza huquq dorad az arizadihanda mavodi ilovagi darkhost namoyad. Mavodhoi ilovagie, ki majmui alomathoi asosii namunai sanoatiro tagyir medihand, baroi barrasi qabul karda nameshavand. Onho metavonand az jonibi arizadihanda hamchun arizai mustaqil, ki avvaliyatash az sanai voridshavii mavodi ilovagi muqarrar megardad, peshnihod shavand.

Agar Idorai patenti dar natijai guzaronidani ekspertizaimohiyatii ariza  muqarrar namoyad, ki namunai sanoatii arzshuda dar hajmi az jonibi arizadihanda darkhostshudai hifzi huquqi ba sharthoi patentpazirii namunai sanoati, ki moddai 5 Qonuni mazkur muayyan namudaaand, muvofiqat mekunad, dar borai dodani patent qaror mebarorad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Agar muqarrar karda shavad, ki namunai sanoatii arzshuda dar hajmi darkhostshudai hifzi huquqi ba sharthoi patentpaziri muvofiqat namekunad, dar borai rad shudani dodani patent qaror barovarda meshavad.

Arizadihanda huquq dorad bo mavodhoi dar darkhosti ekspertiza, dar qarori ekspertizava yo dar hisobot oid ba justuju nishondodashuda shinos gardad. Nuskhahoi mavodhoi patentii darkhostshudaro Idorai patenti dar davomi du moh, az ruzi giriftani darkhost ba arizadihanda, mefiristad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Hangomi norozi budan bo qaror dar borai raddi dodani patent arizadihanda huquq dorad, ki dar davomi chor mohi badi sanai firistonidani qaror ba SHuroi shikoyati etirozi dakhldorro peshnihod namoyad. SHuroi shikoyati etirozro boyad dar muddati shash moh az ruzi vorid shudani on dida baroyad.

Agar arizadihanda bo qarori SHuroi shikoyati rozi naboshad, metavonad dar muddati shash moh az ruzi giriftani qaror ba sud murojiat namoyad.

Muhlathoi peshnihodkunii mavodhoro az rui darkhosti ekspertizava peshnihod kardani etirozro ba SHuroi shikoyati, ki arizadihanda  guzaronidaast, Idorai patenti metavonad az rui darkhosti peshnihodnamudai arizadihanda, ki na dertar az duvozdah moh az ruzi guzashtani muhlati guzaronidashuda firistoda shudaast, dar surati pardokhta shudani boji dakhldor barqaror namoyad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Moddai 20. Nashri malumot oid ba dodani patent

 

Idorai patenti dar muddati shash mohi badi qabuli qaror dar borai dodani patent dar khabarnomai rasmi oid ba patenti dodashuda malumot nashr mekunad, ki nomi muallif(on) (dar holati rozi budanashon) va doranda(gon)-i patent, nom, sanai avvaliyat, nomgui alomathoi asosi, tasviri  namunai sanoati va digar malumotero, ki Idorai patenti lozim medonad, darbar megirad.

 

Moddai 21. Baqaydgirii namunai sanoati va dodani patent

 

Idorai patenti dar muddati se mohi badi sanai giriftani hujjatho dar borai pardokhti boj baroi baqaydgiri va dodani patent namunai sanoatiro ba Fehristi davlatii namunahoi sanoatii Jumhurii Tojikiston dokhil mekunad va  patentro ba sohibi patent  medihad.

Tarkibi malumote, ki ba Fehristi davlatii namunahoi sanoatii Jumhurii Tojikiston dokhil karda meshavad va tarkibi malumote, ki dar  patent  nishon doda meshavad, az jonibi Idorai patenti muqarrar megardad.

Dar holati mavjud budani yakchand shakhse, ki ba nomashon patent darkhost karda meshavad, ba onho yak patent doda meshavad. Idorai patenti ba  muallif (muallifon)-i namunai sanoati shahodatnomai tasdiqkunandai muallifii onhoro medihad.

Hangomi muvofiqi tartibi muqarrarshuda, peshnihod nashudani hujjate, ki pardokhtani bojro baroi baqaydgiri va dodani patent tasdiq mekunad, baqaydgirii namunai sanoati va dodani patent ba amal barovarda nameshavad va arizai dakhldor bozkhondashuda ba hisob meravad.

 

BOBI 7.

HUQUQI ISTISNOII ISTIFODAI namunai sanoatI

 

Moddai 22. Huquqhoi dorandai patent

 

Ba dorandai patent huquqi istisnoii muvofiqi ikhtiyori khud istifoda burdani namunai sanoatii bo patent hifzshavanda, agar in istifodabari huquqhoi dorandagoni patenthoi digarro khalaldor nakunad, az jumla, huquqi man kardani istifodai namunai sanoati az jonibi digaron, gayr az holathoe, ki in guna istifodabari tibqi Qonuni mazkur vayronkunii huquqi dorandai patent mahsub nameshavad, taalluq dorad.

Munosibathoi tarafhoro oid ba istifodai namunai sanoati, ki patent baroi on ba yakchand shakhs taalluq dorad, shartnomai bayni onho muayyan mekunad. Hangomi nabudani in guna shartnoma har yak dorandai patent namunai sanoatii hifzshavandaro bo ikhtiyori khud istifoda burda metavonad, vale be rozigii dorandagoni digari patenti mazkur huquqi ba shakhsi digar dodani ijozatnoma (litsenziya) va yo guzasht kardani patentro nadorad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Agar dorandai patent namunai sanoatiro be vayronkunii huquqhoi dorandai patenti digar istifoda burda natavonad, u haq dorad az okhirin bastani shartnomaro dar borai dodani ijozatnoma (shartnomai litsenzioni) talab kunad.

Dorandai patent huquq dorad patenti giriftaashro ba shakhsi dilkhohi voqei  yo huquqi guzasht kunad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

SHartnoma dar borai ba shakhsi digar guzasht kardani patent boyad dar Idorai patenti ba qayd girifta shavad va be in guna baqaydgiri on beetibor donista meshavad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Huquqi istisnoii dorandai patent az sanai dar khabarnomai rasmi nashr shudani malumot oid ba dodani patent amal mekunad.

Patent ba namunai sanoati va huquqi giriftani on ba meros meguzarad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

 

Moddai 23. Dodani huquq ba istifodai namunai sanoati

 

Har yak shakhse, ki dorandai patent ba hisob nameravad, ba istifodai namunai sanoatii bo patent hifzshuda tanho bo ijozati dorandai patent dar asosi shartnomai litsenzioni huquq dorad.

Muvofiqi shartnomai litsenzioni dorandai patent (ijozatnomadeh) uhdador meshavad, ki huquqro baroi istifodai namunai sanoatii hifzshuda dar hajmi dar shartnoma peshbinishuda ba shakhsi digar (ijozatnomagir), ki u uhdadorii ijro namudani hamai amalhoi dar shartnoma peshbinishudaro ba zimmai khud megirad, dihad.

Dar holati dodani ijozatnomai istisnoi huquqi istisnoii istifodai namunai sanoati dar hududi dar shartnoma zikrshuda ba ijozatnomagir meguzarad. Huquqi istifodai namunai sanoati dar qismi ba ijozatnomagir dodanashavanda dar jonibi ijozatnomadeh memonad.

Dar holati dodani ijozatnomai gayriistisnoi ijozatnomadeh ba ijozatnomagir huquqi istifodai namunai sanoatiro doda, dar ayni zamon hamai huquqhoero, ki patent tasdiq mekunad, az jumla huquqi ba shakhsoni seyum dodani ijozatnomahoro, nigoh medorad.

SHartnomai litsenzioni boyad hatman dar Idorai patenti ba qayd girifta shavad va be chunin baqaydgiri on beetibor donista meshavad.

Dorandai patent metavonad ba Idorai patenti dar borai ba shakhsi dilkhoh doda shudani huquq baroi istifodai namunai sanoati ariza (ijozatnomai kushoda)  dihad. Dar in holat boj baroi nigoh doshtani etibori patent az soli badi nashri malumot oid ba mavjudiyati chunin ariza 50 foiz kam karda meshavad.

Hangomi bozkhondani ijozatnomai kushoda boj baroi nigoh doshtani etibori patent dar davomi vaqti amali ijozatnomai kushoda pardokhta nashuda, minbad in boj ba andozai purraash pardokhta meshavad.

SHakhse, ki khohishi giriftani ijozatnomai kushodaro dorad, boyad bo dorandai patent oid ba pardokhtho shartnoma bandad.

Moddai 24. Vayronkunii huquqi istisnoi

 

Har yak shakhsi voqei va yo huquqie, ki namunai sanoatiro bar khilofi   Qonuni mazkur istifoda mebarad, vayronkunandai huquqi istisnoii dorandai patent (vayronkunandai patent) hisobida meshavad.

Be ijozati dorandai patent sokhtan, tatbiq namudan, ovardan, nigoh doshtan, furukhtan, bo rohi digar ba gardishi khojagi darovardan va yo bo in maqsad nigoh doshtani mahsulote, ki  namunai sanoatii patentnokshudaro dar bar megirad, vayronkunii huquqi istisnoii dorandai patent (vayronkunii patent) hisobida meshavad.

Agar masnuot hamai alomathoi asosii namunai sanoatiro, ki dar naqshaho tasvir yoftaand va dar tavsifi namunai sanoati ovarda shudaand, dar bar girad, on goh in masnuot hamchun darbargirandai namunai sanoatii hifzshavanda etirof megardad.

Dorandai patent huquqi talabhoi zerinro dorad:

– qat namudani vayronkunii patent;

– az jonibi shakhsi ba vayronkunii patent aybdorkardashuda dodani podoshi zararhoi rasonidashuda, az jumla foidai az dast dodashuda va jubroni zarari manavi;

– sitonidani foidae, ki az istifodai gayriqonunii namunai sanoati ba dast omadaast;

– ba foidai khud musodira namudani mahsulote, ki ba gardishi khojagidori darovarda meshavad va yo bo in maqsad nigoh doshta meshavadu vayronkunandai patent mahsub megardad, hamchunin musodirai vositahoi baroi vayron kardani patent peshbinishuda;

– bo maqsadi barqaror namudani obrui korii khud dar nashriyahoi rasmii Idorai patenti nashr namudani qarori sud.

Talabotro ba vayronkunandai patent dorandai litsenziyai istisnoi, agar dar shartnomai litsenzioni holati digare peshbini nashuda boshad va yo dorandai litsenziyai gayriistisnoi, agar in dar shartnomai litsenzioni peshbini shuda boshad, niz arz karda metavonad.

 

Moddai 25. Amalhoe ki  vayronkunii huquqi istisnoi hisob nameshavand

 

Amalhoi zerin vayronkunii huquqi istisnoii dorandai patent hisob nameshavand:

– dar sokhtor va yo hangomi istifodai vositahoi naqliyoti (ruizamini, havoi va obi) mamlakathoi digar tatbiq namudani vasilahoe, ki namunahoi sanoatii patentnokshudaro dar bar megirand, ba sharte ki vositahoi naqliyoti nombarshuda muvaqqatan va yo tasodufan dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston boshand va baroi ehtiyojoti naqliyot istifoda burda shavand. In guna amalho dar on surat vayronkunii huquqi istisnoii dorandai patent hisob nameshavand, ki agar vositahoi naqliyot ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqii mamlakathoe, ki ba dorandagoni vositahoi naqliyoti Jumhurii Tojikiston hamin guna huquqhoro medihand, taalluq doshta boshand;

– guzaronidani tadqiqotu tajribai ilmi az boloi vositahoe, ki  namunahoi sanoatii patentnokshudaro dar bar megirand;

– hangomi ruy dodani hodisahoi favqulodda (ofathoi tabii, falokatho, sadamahoi kalon) istifoda namudani vositahoe, ki namunahoi sanoatii bo patent hifzshavandaro dar bar megirand, bo pardokhtani jubroni   andozaash muvofiq ba dorandai patent;

– na baroi ba dast ovardani foida istifoda namudani vositahoi namunahoi sanoatiro darbargiranda;

– tatbiq namudan, baroi furush peshnihod namudan, furukhtan, vorid kardan va bo hamin maqsadho nigoh doshtani mahsulote, ki namunahoi sanoatii bo patent hifzshudaro dar bar megirad, agar in mahsulot bo rohi qonuni ba gardishi khojagi darovarda shuda boshad.

 

Moddai 26. Huquqi istifodai peshina

 

Har kadom shakhsi voqei va huquqie, ki to sanai avvaliyati namunai sanoati, novobasta az muallifi on, dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston namunai sanoatii hammonandro ofarida, istifoda burda boshad va yo baroi istifodai on tayyorihoi zaruri dida boshad, huquqi minbad roygon istifoda burdani namunai sanoatiro be vase kardani hajmi in guna istifodabari  nigoh medorad.

Huquqi istifodai peshin ba shakhsi digar tanho yakjoya bo istehsolote, ki dar on istifodai namunai sanoatii hammonand joy dosht va yo tayyorihoi zaruri baroi on dida shudaand, doda shudanash mumkin ast.

 

BOBI 8.

QAT NAMUDANI AMALI PATENT

 

Moddai 27.  Mavridi bahs qaror giriftani patent

 

Muvofiqi etiroznomai shakhsi dilkhoh patent dar davomi amali khud dar mavridhoi zerin metavonad purra yo qisman beetibor donista shavad:

– oshkor kardani nomuvofiqatii namunai sanoati ba sharthoi patentpazirii muqarrarnamudai Qonuni mazkur;

– mavjud budani alomathoi asosie ki dar mavodhoi peshinai arznoma vujud nadoshtand;

– dar patent nodurust nishon doda shudani muallif(on) va yo doranda(gon) – i patent.

Etiroznomae, ki dar asosi sharthoi dar sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi qismi yakumi moddai mazkur zikrshuda ziddi dodani patent ba SHuroi shikoyati doda meshavad, boyad dar davomi shash mohi badi sanai vorid gardidani on barrasi shavad. Dar in surat dorandai patent boyad bo etiroznoma shinos karda shavad.    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1270)

Dar holati norozi budan bo qarori SHuroi shikoyati nisbati etiroznoma har yak taraf metavonad dar muddati shash moh az sanai qabul karda shudani qaror ba sud murojiat namoyad.

 

Moddai 28. Pesh az muhlat qat namudani amali patent

 

Amali patent dar holathoi zerin pesh az muhlat qat karda meshavad:

– hangomi purra beetibor donistani patent muvofiqi moddai 27 Qonuni mazkur;

– dar asosi arizai ba Idorai patenti dodai dorandai patent;

– hangomi dar muddati muqarrarshuda napardokhtani boj baroi nigahdorii etibori patent.

Idorai patenti dar khabarnomai rasmi dar borai pesh az muhlat qat gardidani amali patent malumot nashr menamoyad.

 

Moddai 29. Barqaror kardani amali patent. Huquqi istifodai badi

 

Amali patent, ki dar asosi sarkhati seyumi qismi yakumi moddai 28  Qonuni mazkur qat gardidast, az rui darkhosti dorandai patent, dar davomi hajdah moh az ruzi ba okhir rasidani muhlati pardokhti boj, baroi nigahdorii etibori patent dar surati mavjud budani sababhoi uzrnok va peshnihodi hujjat dar borai pardokhta shudani boji barqarorkunii amali patent, barqaror karda shudanash mumkin ast. (QJT az 03.07.2012g., №856)

Idorai patenti dar khabarnomai rasmi malumotro oid ba barqaror karda shudani amali patent  nashr mekunad.

SHakhse, ki dar davrai bayni sanai qat gardidan va sanai barqaror karda shudani amali patent dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba istifodai namunai sanoatii hifzshavanda sar kardaast va yo baroi on tayyorii zaruri didaast, huquqi minbad roygon istifoda namudani onro, be vasekunii hajmi istifodabari, nigoh medorad (huquqi istifodai badi).

Huquqi istifodai badi ba shakhsi digar tanho yakjoya bo istehsolote, ki dar on istifodai namunai sanoati joy dosht va yo baroi on tayyorii zaruri dida shuda bud, doda shudanash mumkin ast.

 

BOBI 9.

HIMOYAI  HUQUQHOI DORANDAGONI  PATENT  VA MUALLIFON

 

Moddai 30. Ba tariqi sudi barrasi namudani bahsho

 

Ba tariqi sudi bahshoi zerin barrasi meshavand:

– oid ba muallifii namunai sanoati;

– oid ba muqarrar namudani dorandai patent;

– oid ba vayron karda shudani huquqi istisnoi ba namunai sanoati;

– oid ba bastan va ijroi shartnomahoi voguzorii huquq va shartnomahoi litsenzioni dar borai istifodai namunai sanoati;

– oid ba huquqi istifodai peshin va badi;

– oid ba andoza, muhlat va tartibi pardokhti podoshe, ki boyad ba muallifi namunai sanoati tibqi  Qonuni mazkur doda shavad;

– oid ba andoza, muhlat va tartibi pardokhti jubronhoe, ki  Qonuni mazkur muqarrar kardaast;

– bahshoi digare ki ba hifzi huquqhoi bo patent tasdiqshavanda vobastaand.

 

Moddai 31. Masuliyat baroi vayronkunii  Qonuni mazkur

 

Baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, vayronkunandai on ba javobgarii huquqi-grajdani, mamuri yo jinoi kashida meshavad.

 

BOBI 10.

MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

 

Moddai 32. Bojho va pardokhthoi korbari

 

Baroi ijroi amalhoi ahamiyati huquqi doshtai marbut ba patent bojho va pardokhthoi korbari sitonida meshavand. Nomgui amalhoe, ki baroi ijroyashon bojho yo pardokhthoi korbari peshbini shudaand, andoza, tartib va muhlathoi pardokhti onho, inchunin asosho baroi ozod namudan az pardokht, kam kardani andozai pardokht va yo bozgardonidani pardokht bo tartibe, ki qonunguzori muayyan namudaast,  muqarrar karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 33. Huquqi shakhsoni voqei va huquqii khoriji

 

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqii khoriji az hamai huquqhoe, ki dar hamin Qonun peshbini shudaand, dar asosi shartnomahoi baynalmilali, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof kardaast yo dar asosi prinsipi muomilai mutaqobil barobari shakhsoni voqei va huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston istifoda mebarand.

 

Moddai 34. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani  Qonuni mazkur

 

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

 

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                             E.Rahmonov

 

sh. Dushanbe, 28 fevrali soli 2004

№ 16

 

 

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