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NISHONAHO VA YARLIKHO DAR KOMPYUTER

Nishona gufta, tasviri grafikii obekti Windows-ro menomand. Obekthoi asosii Windows-ro programmaho, faylho va papkaho tashkil medihand. Har on amaliyote, ki guyo bo nishonai obekt guzaronida meshavad, dar asl bo khudiobekt ijro karda meshavad. Masalan, nuskhabardori namudani nishona, dar asl nuskhabardorii obekt ast. Nishonaro nest namudan – in obektro nobud sokhtan ast.

Dar Windows obektho nishonahoi khudro dorand va onho mahz ba vositai nishonahoyashon idora va korkard meshavand. Nishonahoi obektho shaklan khele gunogunand. Baze nishonaho ba programmahoi sistemavi, qismi digarashon ba programmahoi amali, qismi seyumashon ba programmahoi khidmati, qismi chorumashon ba hujjathoi kori va gayra taalluq dorand.

yarlik

YArlik niz yak nav nishona ast, yane on niz guyo tasviri grafikii yagon obekti Windows ast. Vale farqi yarlik az nishona dar on ast, ki agar nishona khudi obektro tasvir kunad, on goh yarlik tanho soyai obekt yo khud surogai onrotasvir mekunad. YArlikhoro asosan baroi zud kushodani papkayu hujjatho va ba kor darovardani programmaho istifoda mebarand.

Baroi har yak obekt, bo nomhoi gunogun, yakchand yarlik sokhtan mumkin ast. Onhoro dar yak ravzana yo ravzanahoi gunogun joygir kardan mumkin ast. Hamin tariq, yarlikro nishondihandai surogai obekt niz nomidan mumkin ast. Agar mo yarlikro nest kunem, on goh dar asl na khudi obekt, balki nishondihandai surogai on nest karda meshavad. Aynan hamin tavr, nuskhabardorii yarlik na nuskha bardorii obekt, balki nuskhabardorii nishondihandai surogai on ast.

Az in nuqtai nazar, yarlikho dar khotirai kompyuter (disk) joi bisyorro band namekunand va istifodabarii onho dar papkahoi gunogun, az istifodabarii nishonahoi obektho samaranoktar ast.

Tarzi istifodabarii yarlikho az tarzi istifodabarii nishonaho yagon farqe nadorad. Hatto tasviri grafikii onho niz dar ekran yakkhela ast. Baroi yarlikro az nishonai obekt farq kardan Windows dar kunji chapi qismi poyonii yarlik alomati tircha – meguzorad.

Az nuqtai nazari programmavi, yarlik dar asl fayli idorakunandai khurdest, ki bo yorii on kushodani hujjatho va ba kor darovardani programmaho khele oson gardonida shudaast.

Savolho:

  1. Obekthoi asosii Windows kadomhoyand?
  2. Nishona gufta chiro mefahmed?
  3. YArlik az nishona yagon farqe dorad?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned va onro naql kuned.
  2. Mafhumhoi nishonavu yarlikro chi khele ki mefahmed, hamon tavr manidod kuned.
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