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NISHONAHOI PAPKAHO VA PROGRAMMAHO DAR WINDOWS

Hamai papkahoi Windows-ro ba du guruh judo kardan mum- kin ast:

  1. papkahoi makhsusi Mizi kori;
  2.  papkahoi sistemavi, programmavi va khususii istifodabarandagoni MEH.

Dar ekran ba har kadomi onho nishonae vobasta karda shudaast. Ba papkahoi guruhi yakum – papkahoi Moy kompyuter (Kompyuteri man), Portfel (Portfel), Korzina (Sabad), Moi dokumenti (Hujjathoi man), Setevoe okrujenie (Muhiti shabakavi) va az qabili inho dokhil meshavand.

Nishonahoi in papkaho az hamdigar farqi jiddi dorand (Rasmi 3). Ba gayr az in papkaho, dar Windows boz papkahoi Rabochiy stol (Mizi kori) va Glavnoe menyu (Menyui asosi) amal mekunand, ki baroi onho nishonai makhsus muayyan karda nashudaast.

SHakli papkahoi guruhi duyum yakkhela ast (Rasmi 4). Ba papkahoi sistemavi hamai papkahoi faylhoi sistemahoi operatsioni dokhil meshavand. Masalan, papkai Windows hamai faylhoi sistemai operatsionii Windows-ro dar bar giriftaast.

Ba papkahoi programmavi papkahoi programmahoi amali dokhil meshavand, ki ba vositai onho in yo on hujjat tayyor karda meshavad. Papkai Excel, ki hamai faylhoi programmai amalii tablitsai elektronii Excel-ro dar bar giriftaast,

Rasmi 3. Nishonahoi papkahoi makhsus Rasmi 4. Nishonahoi papkahoi guruhi duyum az qabili chunin papkaho ba hisob meravad.

Ba papkahoi khususi, hamai papkahoi istifodabaranda- goni kompyuter dokhil meshavand. Dar chunin papkaho istifodabarandagoni MEH faylhoi khudro joygir menamoyand, ki onhoro ba vositai yagon programmai amali tayyor namudaand.

Hangomi kushodani papkai dilkhoh dar ekran ravzanai on paydo meshavad, ki dar dokhili on yagon miqdori muayyani nishonaho mavjud ast. Har yak nishona, dar navbati khud, boz ba yagon papkai digar (zerpapka) yo programmae dakhl dorad.

Nishonahoi programmaho ba misli khudi programmaho khele gunogunand. Hamai nishonahoi programmahoro niz shartan ba du namud judo mekunand:

  • 1) programmahoe, ki bevosita dar muhiti sistemai Windows kor mekunand va onho mahz baroi hamin sistema sokhta shudaand;
  • 2) programmahoe, ki to paydoshavii sistemai Windows sokhta shudaand.

Ba programmahoi namudi yakum programmahoi amalii Excel, Word, Paint va gayra marbutand. Ba programmahoi namudi duyum boshand, programmaho az qabili Lotus 1-2-3, Supersalc, Chiwriter, Leksikon va gayra dokhil meshavand (Rasmi 5).

CHi tavre ki az rasm ayyon ast, har yak Windows-programma (Winword, Msaccess, Powerpnt, Excel va digarho) nishonai ba Lotus 1-2-3 Supersalc Rasmi 5. Nishonahoi programmaho va yarlikhoi onho khud khosro sohib meboshad. Nishonahoi hujjathoe, ki bo yorii in programmaho sokhta meshavand, bo nishonahoi in programmaho hamrangand. YArlikhoi in programmaho niz ba nishonahoyashon monand meboshand. Nishonahoi Dos programmaho (Lotus1-2-3, Supersalc va gayra) ba hamdigar monand buda, az nishonahoi Windows-programmaho ba kulli farq mekunand.

Savolho:

  1. CHand guruhi papkaho dar Windows istifoda burda meshavand?
  2. SHakli nishonahoi papkahoi Windows dar borai chi malumot medihand?
  3. Papkahoi programmavi chi guna papkahoyand?
  4. Oyo dar dokhili papka digar papkahoro joygir kardan mumkin ast?
  5. Nishonahoi programmahoi MS DOS az Windows chi farq dorand?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned va onro naql kuned.
  2. Nishonai papkai Moy kompyuter-ro kushoed va: dar ravzanai papkai Moy kompyuter nishonai papkai diski S: -ro judo namoed va bad onro faol gardoned;

dar ravzanai papkai diski S: nishonai papkai Windows-ro faol gardoned;

bined, ki dar dokhili ravzanai pakai Windows nishonai chand papka va faylhoi alohida mavjudand;

bo navbat ravzanahoi papkahoro pushed.

 

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