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NAFT VA GAZ – QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON  DAR BORAI NAFT VA GAZ

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 2015, №3, mod. 212)

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqi, iqtisodi, tashkili va siyosati davlatiro dar sohai naft va gaz muqarrar namuda, ba rushdi  sohai mazkur dar Jumhurii Tojikiston  nigaronida shudaast.

BOBI 1.
MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

naft – moei ravganii suzanda, ki dar qabati takshini  zamin pahn shuda,  az omekhtai murakkabi karbogidridho, baze  namudhoi  siklanho, arenho va payvastagihoi oksigendor, nitrogendor va sulfurdor iborat meboshad  va madani  foidanok  ba hisob meravad;

gazi tabii – karbogidridhoe, ki dar  harorati muayyan va fishori mutadili atmosferi dar  holati omekhtai gazmonand qaror doshta,  pas az judo shudani karbogidridhoi moe hamchun gazi  kholis boqi memonand;

– inshooti quburhoi intiqoli naft va gaz – majmui quburho, ki tavassuti onho naft va gaz  ba istifodabarandagon  intiqol  doda meshavad;

– hamlu naqli naft va gaz – intiqoli naft va gaz ba inshoot va vositahoi makhsusgardonidashuda bo maqsadi korkard va istifodabarii minbadai onho;

– iktishof – hama guna namudhoi  tahqiqoti geologiyu geofiziki, parmakunii sokhtori va parametrii  bo justuju va kashfi konhoi naft va gaz aloqamand;

– iktishofi seysmiki – tahqiqoti geofizikii qari zamin  baroi  muayyan namudani  tarkib va hajmi naft va gaz;

– hududi shartnomavi – hududi geologiyu kuhii ba qita judokardashuda, ki dar on shakhsi doroi ijozatnoma baroi  guzaronidani korhoi justujui, sokhtmoni va istikhrojii naft va gaz tibqi shartnoma  huquq dorad;

– maydonhoi oyandador – maydonhoe, ki sokhtori geologiashon  dar natijai omuzishi geologi, iktishofi seysmiki va arzyobii tahqiqoti guzaronidashuda muayyan karda meshavad;

– inshooti quburi magistralii naft va gaz – inshooti muhandisie, ki az qismi  khatti qubur, tajhizoti ruizaminii ba on aloqamand baroi hamlu naqli naftu gaz, inchunin quburho to nuqtai bor kardani naft va gaz  iborat ast;

– amaliyoti naftugazi – majmui korhoi loihakashi, iktishofi seysmiki va geologi doir ba istikhroj, sokhtmon va istifodabarii konho;

– istikhroji naft va gaz – majmui korhoe, ki ba istikhroji naft va gaz  az qari zamin, korkardi onho, az jumla ashyoi mineralii dar   joyhoi nigohdorii muvaqqatii naft va gaz aloqamand meboshand;

– maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai naft va gaz – maqomi ijroiyai  hokimiyati davlatie, ki tanzimi davlatii loihakashi, justuju, iktishof, istikhroj, korkard, nigohdori va  intiqoli mahsuloti naft va gazro  amali mesozad.

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar  borai naft va gaz

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai naft va gaz ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, iborat meboshad.

Moddai 3. Doirai amali Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur faoliyati shakhsoni voqei va huquqiro vobasta ba loihakashi, justuju, iktishof, istikhroj, korkard, hamlu naql, nigohdori, khizmatrasonii sadamaviyu najotdihi, az jumla nazorati davlati oid ba tamini bekhatari  dar sohai naft va gaz faro megirad.

BOBI 2.
TANZIMI DAVLATI  DAR SOHAI NAFT VA GAZ

Moddai 4. Huquq ba molu mulk

  1. Konhoi naft va gaz molikiyati istisnoii davlat meboshand. Naft va gazi istikhrojshuda vobasta ba sharthoi ijozatnoma metavonand molikiyati shakhsoni huquqi, az jumla molikiyati mushtaraki shakhsoni voqei va huquqii khoriji boshand.
  2. Molu mulke, ki tibqi sharthoi ijozatnoma arzishi onro davlat dar namudi  naft va gazi istikhrojshuda pardokht namudaast, molu mulki davlati hisobida meshavad. Ijozatnomador huquqi istisnoii istifodabarii in molu mulkro doshta, dar davomi muhlati amali ijozatnoma baroi nigohdori va istifodabarii maqsadnoki on masul ast.

Moddai 5. Salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai naft va  gaz

Salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai naft va gaz:

– muayyan namudani siyosati yagonai davlati dar sohai naft va gaz;

– tasdiq namudani sanadhoi meyorii huquqi doir ba sohai loihakashi,justuju, iktishof, istikhroj, korkard, intiqol, nigohdori va muomiloti mahsuloti naft va gaz;

– muayyan namudani  maqomi  vakolatdori davlati dar sohai naft va gaz;

– tasisi Fondi jumhuriyavii zakhiravii konhoi naft va gaz;

– tasdiqi hayati komissiya va Nizomnoma oid ba tartibi guzaronidani ozmun baroi dodani huquqi istifodabarii maydonhoi oyandadori konhoi naft va gaz;

– tasdiqi qoidahoi istifodabarii malumoti geologi va geofizikie, ki molikiyati davlati meboshand, baroi maqsadhoi talimi, ilmi, tijorati va jihati guzaronidani tahqiqoti minbada baroi barovardani onho az qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– muqarrar namudani tartibi ba tavozuni davlati dokhil kardani zakhirahoi naft va gaz va az tavozuni davlati khorij kardani onho;

– tasdiq namudani  khatti  sokhtmoni     quburhoi magistrali;

– digar salohiyate, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston man nakardaast.

Moddai 6. Vakolathoi maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai naft va gaz

Vakolathoi maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai naft va gaz (minbad – maqomi vakolatdori davlati) az inho iboratand:

– ba Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi tasdiq peshnihod  namudani  loihai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi doir ba loihakashi, justuju, iktishof, istikhroj, korkard, intiqol, nigohdori, muomiloti mahsuloti naft va gaz;

– ikhtiyordori namudani Fondi jumhuriyavii zakhiravii konhoi naft va gaz;

– dodani ijozatnoma  baroi istehsol, korkard, istikhroji naft va gaz tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ijozatnomadihi ba baze namudhoi faoliyat»;

– muayyan namudani mahdudiyathoi miqdorii (kvotahoi) hamlu naqli naft va gaz tavassuti namudhoi naqliyot;

– muayyan namudani tarzi hisobkunii meyor va hajmi gazi tabii hangomi istikhroji naft va gaz;

– muayyan namudani mablagi zarare, ki dar natijai rioya nakardani talabot oid ba  istifodabarii  maqsadnoki konhoi naft va gaz rasonida shudaast;

– muayyan namudani tartibi peshnihodi huquqi istifodabarii maydonho, konhoi naft va gaz baroi sokhtmoni chohhoi iktishofiyu justujui va  istikhroju korkardi naft va inshooti  ruizaminii vobasta ba  anjomyobii  korhoi  sokhtmoni;

– muqarrar namudani tartibi  anjomdihii korhoi tahqiqotiyu geologi, geofiziki va ilmii maydonhoi oyandador va konhoi naft va gaz;

– tahiya va tasdiq namudani qoidahoi barhamdihi va bozdoshti faoliyati chohhoi konhoi naft va gaz;

– muayyan namudani tartibi hisobotdihii geologi va parmakunii chohho,  oid ba sokhtor va zakhirahoi naft va gaz;

– tashkili nizomi nazorati rioyai  talaboti bekhatari nisbat ba  ravandhoi tekhnologii istikhroj, nigohdori va  muomiloti  naft va gaz;

– amali namudani siyosati yagonai davlati dar sohai naft va gaz;

– tashkil va guzaronidani tashkhisi loihahoi hujjathoi shartnomavi va baqaydgirii onho;

– ba Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihod namudani hisoboti solona oid ba rafti ijroi shartnomaho, nomguyi maydonho, konhoi naft va gaz, ruykhati ishtirokkunandagoni ozmun baroi ba dast ovardani huquqi istifodabarii qari zamin, inchunin hayati komissiya va Nizomnoma  oid ba tartibi guzaronidani ozmun baroi dodani huquqi istifodabarii maydonhoi oyandadori konhoi naft va gaz;

– guzaronidani monitoring va nazorati rioyai ijroi sharthoi  shartnomaho oid ba amaliyoti naftugazi;

– muayyan namudani hajm va miqdori tahvili nafti khom baroi korkard jihati tamini talaboti bozori dokhili ba mavodi suzishvori va tasdiq namudani hujjathoi meyoriyu  tekhniki doir  ba sohai naft va gaz;

– muvofiqa namudani barnomai ijroi choraho baroi guzaronidani korhoi iktishofi  seysmiki va justujui bo maqomoti davlatii dakhldor;

– muvofiqa kardani tagyirot ba barnomai solonai korho, ki az tarafi  ijozatnomadoron  peshnihod  gardidaast;

– ba Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihod namudani nomguyi qitahoi qari zamini doroi ahamiyati strategi  (naft ziyoda az 2 million tonna va gaz ziyoda az 1 milliard metri mukaab);

– tamini istifodabarii maqsadnok va samaranoki qitai qari zamini  ahamiyati strategidoshta;

– digar vakolate, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini namudaast.

Moddai 7. Tartib, shartho, muhlati ijro va hududi  shartnomavi

  1. Tartibi ba imzo rasonidan, ijro  namudan, tagyir dodan yo qat kardani shartnomaho oid ba istifodabarii qari zamin tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  ba tanzim darovarda meshavad.
  2. SHartnoma oid ba guzaronidani korhoi iktishofi ba muhlati to 5 sol ba imzo rasonida shuda, dar holathoi zaruri  tamdid  megardad.
  3. Ijozatnomadoron baroi tamdid namudani muhlati ijroi shartnoma huquqi afzaliyatnok dorand, ba sharte ki az tarafi onho uhdadorihoi dar shartnoma  muayyangardida ijro shuda boshand.
  4. Dar holati muayyan shudani zakhirai naft va gaz  ijozatnomador huquq dorad, ki baroi tamdidi muhlati ijroi shartnoma to arzyobii tijoratii naft va  gazi  kashfshuda  ba maqomoti  dakhldor murojiat namoyad.
  5. Hududi shartnomavi metavonad yak va yo yakchand maydonro dar bar girad. Maydoni ba sifati hududi shartnomavi  judokardashuda bo maydon va chuqurii muayyankardashuda mahdud karda meshavad.
  6. Agar dar rafti amaliyoti  naftugazi malum gardad, ki sarhadi jugrofii kon az hududi shartnomavi  berun mebaroyad, masalai  mazkur az tarafi maqomi vakolatdori davlati hal karda  meshavad.
  7. SHarthoi bargardonidani hududi shartnomavi ba holati avvala dar shartnoma muayyan karda meshavand.
  8. Bargardonidani qismhoi hududi shartnomavi  bo rohi az nav barasmiyatdarorii qitai geologii judokardashuda bo ikhtisor kardani qismhoi bargardonidashuda az hududi shartnomavi  va shartnoma amali karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 3.
TARTIBI PESHBURDI KORHO OID BA OMUZISHI ZAHIRAHO VA ISTIHROJI NAFT VA GAZ

Moddai 8. Hususiyathoi peshburdi korho oid ba omuzishi zakhiraho va  istikhroji naft va gaz

Ijozatnomador  oid ba omuzishi  zakhiraho va istikhroji naft va gaz dar hududi  qitai zamini judoshuda uhdador ast:

– peshburdi korhoro dar asosi loihahoi tasdiqshuda tibqi standartho, qoidaho va meyorhoi tasdiqgardida amali namoyad;

– nishondihandahoi kuhiyu tekhniki va  geologiyu fizikii qari zamini naft va gazdoshta, tarkibi naft, gaz, kondensati gaz va omekhtahoi ba on hamrohro muayyan namoyad;

– tarzu usulhoi omuzishi geologii sarvathoi zerizaminiro, ki talafshavi va pastshavii sifati naft va gazro dar qari zamin peshgiri mekunand, jori  namoyad;

– muvofiqi dasturamalhoi sohavi korhoro dar chohho va digar inshoot, ki istifodai minbadaashon  samaranok nameboshad,  qat namoyad;

– korhoi bekhatariro pesh barad;

– zaminhoi dar natijai amaliyoti  naftugazi zarardidaro barqaror namoyad;

– hangomi kashfi konhoi naft va gaz maqomi vakolatdori  davlatiro  betakhir ogoh namoyad;

– sarvathoi  zerizamini va muhiti zistro hifz kunad;

– loihai sokhtmoni anborhoi naft va gazro bo maqomi vakolatdori davlati  muvofiqa namoyad;

– bad az muayyan gardidani hajmi zakhirahoi naft va gaz loihai tarzi istifodabarii konhoro tahiya karda, baroi muvofiqa ba maqomi vakolatdor dar sohai bekhatarii sanoat peshnihod namoyad;

– baroi istifodabarii sarvathoi zerizamini bo maqsadi justuju va bahodihi pas az  anjomi korhoi geologiyu iktishofi seysmiki malumothoro oid ba taqsimi mahsulot dar sozishnoma nishon dihand.

Moddai 9. Judo namudani qitahoi zamin bo maqsadi istikhroji naft va gaz

  1. Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston hangomi judo namudani qitahoi zamin bo maqsadi peshburdi korhoi geologi, omuzishi, loihakashi, korkard va istifodabarii qari zamini naft va gazdoshta dar  maddi avval sharthoi zerinro meguzorad:

– afzaliyati istifodabarii  qitai zamini baroi  namudi muayyani faoliyat judoshuda;

– tamini bekhatarii  ekologi  va hifzi muhiti zist;

– afzaliyatnokii zaminhoi tainoti kishovarzi va tainoti digar, ki tibqi Kodeksi zamini Jumhurii Tojikiston istifodabarii onho ba digar maqsadho ijozat doda nameshavad va yo mahdud karda shudaast.

  1. Munosibathoe, ki bayni sohibmulk va istifodabarandagoni qitahoi zamin oid ba korkard va istifodabarii qari zamini naft va gazdoshta ba miyon meoyand, muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba tanzim darovarda meshavand.

Moddai 10. Barqaror kardani qitahoi zamine, ki baroi peshburdi korhoi geologi oid ba  omuzishi zakhirahoi naft va gaz judo karda shudaand

  1. Ijozatnomador uhdador ast, ki qitai zamini baroi istikhroji naft va gaz istifodashudaro ba holati avvala bargardonad, inchunin jubroni talafi mahsuloti kishovarziro tibqi talaboti  Kodeksi zamini Jumhurii Tojikiston pardokht namoyad.
  2. Pesh az muhlat dast kashidani shakhsi ijozatnomador az istifodabarii qitai zamini ba u baroi peshburdi korhoi iktishofi qari zamin judokardashuda,  haddi aqalli hatmii korhoi  iktishofiro kam namekunad.

Moddai 11. Talaboti asosi oid ba istifodabarii konhoi naft va gaz

  1. Talaboti asosi oid ba istifodabarii konhoi naft va gaz az inho iborat meboshand:

– tamini bekhatarii ekologi va hifzi muhiti zist;

– bunyodi sokhtori choh, ki hifzi boetimodi qabathoi naftdihandai zaminro tamin mekunad;

– tamini bekhatarii peshburdi korho va  nazorati sokhtmon va istifodabarii chohho;

– peshgiri  va bartarafsozii favvoraho;

– tamini bekhatarii quburhoi intiqolii  bayni konhoi naft va gaz;

– jori namudani nizomi jamovarii naft va gaz va nigohdorii fishori  qabathoi naftdihanda;

– istifodabarii tekhnika, tekhnologiya va usulhoi muosiri  istifodabarii qabathoi naftdihandai zamin baroi vusat bakhshidan ba istikhroji naft va gaz.

  1. Dar yak inshoot yakjoya istifoda burdani mavodi geologie, ki judokunii tekhniki va tekhnologii onho be tashkili nizomi boetimodi chenkunii nishondihandahoi tekhnologi dar alohidagi gayriimkon ast, man meboshad.

 

BOBI 4.
INSHOOTI QUBURHOI MAGISTRALII INTIQOLI  NAFT VA GAZ

 

Moddai 12. Munosibathoi shakhsoni huquqi – istifodabarandagoni quburhoi magistralii  intiqoli naft va gaz bo istehsolkunandagon

Munosibathoi  shakhsoni huquqi – istifodabarandagoni  quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz bo istehsolkunandagon dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar asosi shartnoma tanzim karda meshavand.

Moddai 13. Loihakashii inshooti quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz

  1. Loihakashii inshooti quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gazro tashkilothoe, ki ijozatnoma dorand, ijro menamoyand.
  2. Ekspertizahoi ekologi, iqtisodiyu tekhnikii hujjathoi loihavi baroi sokhtmon va tajdidi inshooti quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai maqomi davlatii dakhldor muayyan  va guzaronida meshavand.

Moddai 14. Tartibi  istifodabarii inshooti quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz

  1. Sohibmulkoni inshooti quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz dar muvofiqa ba Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston metavonand inshooti quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gazro az istifodabari barorand yo samti istifodaashonro tagyir dihand. Dar surati dastras namudani chunin rozigii Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston onho huquq paydo mekunand, ki inshooti mazkurro furushand, tainoti istifodabariashonro ivaz yo tajziya namoyand.
  2. Sohibmulkoni inshooti quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz huquq dorand inshooti khudro mustaqilona va yo dar asosi shartnomahoi intiqoli naft va gaz baroi peshburdi khojagidori  istifoda barand.
  3. Istifodabarii  quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz dar asosi  ijozatnoma amali  karda meshavad.
  4. Istifodabarandagoni quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz uhdadorand korhoi zerinro ba anjom rasonand:

– guzaronidani nazorati tashkhisii holati tekhnikii quburhoi magistralii  intiqoli naft va gaz tibqi qoidahoi tekhniki;

– bahisobgirii hajmi naft va gazi tavassuti quburhoi magistrali intiqolshavanda.

 

BOBI  5.
TAMINI BEHATARII ISTIFODABARII INSHOOTI ISTIHROJ  VA QUBURHOI MAGISTRALII INTIQOLI NAFT VA GAZ

Moddai 15. Talabot oid ba bekhatarii istifodabarii inshooti istikhroj va quburhoi   magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz

Talaboti asosi oid ba tamini bekhatarii inshooti istikhroj va  quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz inho meboshand:

– istifodabarii inshooti  istikhroj va  quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naftu gaz va tamini nigohdorii vositahoi bekhatarii onho mutobiqi loiha, meyorho, qoidaho va sharthoi tekhniki;

– ba loiha vorid namudani meyorho, sharthoi tekhniki, qoidaho va chorabinihoi makhsus oid ba tamini bekhatarii faoliyat;

– peshgiri  namudani  oqibathoi  holathoi sadamavii ehtimoli;

– man kardani dakholati shakhsi begona ba faoliyati inshooti istikhroj va quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naftu gaz, ki ba ehtimoli  khalaldorshavii bekhatarii kori onho ovarda merasonad;

– guzaronidani ekspertizai davlati oid ba arzyobii darajai bekhatarii inshooti istikhroj va  quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naftu gaz dar davrai loihakashi va ba istifoda suporidani on;

– tamini nazorati istifodai bekhatarii inshooti istikhroj va quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naftu gaz va holati tekhnikii  onho;

– tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida guzaronidani sanjishi  malakayu donishi korgaroni khizmatrason dar qitahoi khatarnokiashon baland;

– guzaronidani ekspertizai ekologii davlatii hujjatho oid ba arzyobii darajai tasirrasonii inshooti istikhroj va quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naftu gaz  ba muhiti zist.

Moddai 16. Tashkili korho doir ba bartarafsozii oqibathoi sadama

  1. Ijozatnomadoron baroi istifodabarii quburhoi magistrali uhdadorand baroi bartaraf namudani oqibathoi sadamae, ki sababi vayronshavii inshooti mazkur megardad, boyad chorahoi betakhiru samaranok andeshida, oid ba in holat maqomi davlatii dakhldorro khabardor namoyand.
  2. Ijozatnomadoron baroi istifodabarii quburhoi magistrali kharojoti zarari ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi rasonidashudaro tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston jubron menamoyand.

Moddai 17. Tartibi istifodabarii qitai zamin az tarafi shakhsoni huquqii doroi  quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz

  1. SHakhsoni huquqii doroi quburhoi magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz dar hududi qitai zamini judoshuda bo nazardoshti mintaqai muhofizati huquq dorand, korhoi khizmatrasoni va tamiri asosii tajhizot, peshgirii sadamaho va bartarafsozii oqibathoi onhoro tibqi  qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston amali namoyand.
  2. Loihahoi ahamiyati jumhuriyavidoshta baroi judo namudani qitai zamin  doroi huquqhoi afzaliyatnok meboshand. Qitahoi zamin baroi sokhtmoni inshooti  quburhoi  magistralii intiqoli naft va gaz tibqi talaboti Kodeksi zamini Jumhurii Tojikiston judo karda meshavand.

 

BOBI  6.
MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

 

Moddai  18. Tartibi halli bahsho

Bahsho az tarafi sud tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston hal karda meshavand.

Moddai 19. Javobgari baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

Moddai 20. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                         Emomali Rahmon

 

sh. Dushanbe, 18 marti soli 2015,

№ 1190

 

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