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Mustaqiliyat (diskret)

 Kalimai diskret az lotinii diskretum girifta shuda, manoyash fosila, judo shudan ast.

Mustaqiliyat khosiyati umumii materiya meboshad. Az fanhoi khimiya va fizika ba shumo malum ast, ki har yak atom az zarrachahoi nisbatan khurdtar iborat buda, atomho boshand, molekulahoro hosil mekunand.

Hayot niz dar zamin dar shakli mustaqil vomekhurad. In chunin mano dorad, ki organizmho yo sistemahoi biologi (namud, biosenoz va gayraho) dar biosenoz az yakdigar judo meboshand, vale bo vujudi in hamai onho ba hamdigar zich vobasta buda, az jihati tarkib va vazifa yagonaand.

Masalan, har yak namud az fardhoi alohida iborat ast. Jismi fardhoi olitashakkul az uzvho iboratand, uzvho boshand, dar navbati khud az hujayrahoi alohida tashkil yoftaand. Dastgohi neruofari hujayra, mitokhondriya, dastgohi sintezi safeda – ribo-somaho va makromolekulaho faqat dar fazo az hamdigar judoyand, vale dar asl bo hamdigar vobastagi dorand.

Mustaqiliyati organizm asosi tanzimi sokhtori on meboshad. Vay imkon medihad, ki biduni qat kardani vazifa bo rohi ivaz sokhtori elementhoi «kuhnashuda» (molekula, fermentho), organoidhoi hujayra, hujayrai butun nav karda shavand.

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