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Muflisshavi chist?

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai muflisshavi

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston  soli 2003, №12, mod.674; soli 2008, №10, mod.813;

soli 2009, №5, mod.317)

Majlisi namoyandagon 25 iyuni soli 2003 qabul kardaast

Majlisi milli 21 noyabri soli 2003 jonibdori kardaast  

BOBI 1.

MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Munosibathoe, ki Qonuni mazkur tanzim menamoyad

muflisMutobiqi Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston Qonuni mazkur asos va tartibi az tarafi sud muflis etirof namudani sohibkori infirodi va yo az tarafi khudi onho muflis elon  gardidanashon, asosi az tarafi sud  muflis etirof namudani shakhsi huquqi, yo in ki az tarafi khudi onho muflis elon namudanashon, inchunin tartibi barham dodani chunin shakhsi huquqi, yo khud yakjoya bo kreditoron qabul kardani qaror dar borai muflisshavi va ikhtiyoran barhamdihii onhoro muqarrar menamoyad.  

Moddai 2. Doirai amali Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur nisbat ba hamai shakhsoni huquqi (ba istisnoi korkhonahoi davlatie, ki dar moddai 127 Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini karda shudaand), az jumla shakhsoni huquqii khorijii bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai  qonun ba qayd giriftashuda va hamchunin sohibkoroni infirodi amal mekunad.

Agar shartnomahoi baynalmilalii etirofnamudai Jumhurii Tojikiston qoidahoi digarero, ki az  qoidahoi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur farq kunand, muqarrar karda boshand, qoidahoi shartnomahoi baynalmilalii etirofnamudai Jumhurii Tojikiston mavridi istifoda qaror megirand.

Nisbati munosibathoe, ki Qonuni mazkur ishtiroki shakhsoni khorijiro ba sifati kreditoron  tanzim menamoyad, muqarraroti hamin Qonun tatbiq karda meshavad, agar shartnomahoi baynalmilalii etirofnamudai Jumhurii Tojikiston tartibi digarero peshbini nakarda boshand.  

Moddai 3. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai muflisshavi

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai muflisshavi ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az   hamin Qonun, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof namudaast, iborat meboshad. 

Moddai 4. Mafhumhoi asosii dar Qonuni mazkur istifodashavanda

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi  asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

– muflisshavi – az tarafi qarzdor dar hajmi purra qone karda natavonistani talabi kreditoron oid ba uhdadorihoi puli va (yo) ijro karda natavonistani uhdadorihoi vorid namudani pardokhthoi  hatmi, ki az jonibi sud  etirof shudaand yo qarzdor  qodir nabudanashro elon namudaast;

– qarzdor – sohibkori infirodi yo shakhsi huquqi, ki baroi qonegardonii talabhoi kreditoron oid ba uhdadorihoi puli va (yo) ijroi uhdadorihoi pardokhthoi  hatmi  dar muhlati muqarrarnamudai  Qonuni mazkur qodir nest;

– uhdadorihoi puli – uhdadorii qarzdor dar borai ba kreditor pardokht namudani mablagi muayyani puli, az rui shartnomai grajdaniyu huquqi va digar  asoshoe, ki Kodeksi grajdanii  Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini menamoyad;

– pardokhthoi hatmi – andozho, bojho va digar pardokhthoi hatmie, ki ba bujeti sathi dakhldor  bo tartib va  sharthoi bo qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyanshavanda  vorid megardand;

– rohbari qarzdor – maqomi yakkai ijroiyai shakhsi huquqi va inchunin shakhsoni digar, ki  mutobiqi qonunguzori faoliyati  kheshro az nomi shakhsi huquqi be bovarinoma  amali megardonand;

– kreditoroni ozmuni – kreditoron az rui  uhdadorihoi puli, ba istisnoi shahrvandone, ki qarzdor dar nazdi onho baroi rasonidani  ziyon ba  hayot va salomatiashon javobgar ast, inchunin muassisoni (ishtirokchiyoni) qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi az rui uhdadorihoe, ki az chunin ishtirok paydo meshavand;

– sanatsiyai tosudi –  chorahoi barqarorsozii qobiliyati pardokhtii qarzdor, ki az tarafi moliki amvoli qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi, muassisoni (ishtirokchiyoni) qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi va shakhsoni digar bo maqsadi peshgiri kardani muflisshavi qabul karda meshavand;

– mushohida – rasmiyati muflisshavi, ki nisbati qarzdor az lahzai az tarafi sud qabul kardani ariza  dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor to lahzae, ki mutobiqi  hamin Qonun  bo maqsadi tamin namudani nigohdorii amvoli qarzdor va guzaronidani  tahlili  holati moliyavii on muayyan shudaast, tatbiq karda meshavad;

– idorakunii  beruni (sanatsiyai sudi) – rasmiyati muflisshavi, ki nisbati qarzdor bo maqsadi barqarorsozii qobiliyati pardokhtii vay bo voguzoshtani vakolathoi  idorakunii  amvoli qarzdor ba mudiri beruna tatbiq karda meshavad;

– istehsoloti ozmuni – rasmiyati muflisshavi, ki nisbati qarzdori muflis etirofgardida bo maqsadi mutanosiban qone namudani talabhoi kreditoron  tatbiq karda meshavad;

– mudir (mudiri muvaqqati, mudiri beruna, mudiri ozmuni) – shakhse, ki az jonibi sud baroi guzaronidani rasmiyathoi muflisshavi va amali namudani vakolathoi digar, ki Qonuni mazkur muqarrar namudaast, tain karda meshavad;

– moratoriya – bozdoshtani amalhoi qarzdor oid ba ijroi uhdadorihoi puli va vorid namudani pardokhthoi  hatmi;

– namoyandai kormandoni qarzdor – shakhse, ki az tarafi kormandon vakolatdor shudaast va hangomi guzaronidani rasmiyathoi muflisshavi manfiathoi onhoro ifoda mekunad

– qarzdori goyib – qarzdore, ki mahalli joygirshavii maqomoti  doimi, inchunin muassison  va shakhsoni mansabdor, ki onro muqarrar kardan mumkin nest va  be onho shakhsi huquqi faoliyati khudro dar davomi shash mohi okhir ijro karda natavonist;

– mudiri  muvaqqati – shakhsi voqeie, ki az jonibi sud baroi guzaronidani rasmiyoti mushohida tain karda meshavad;

– mudiri beruna – shakhsi voqeie, ki az jonibi sud baroi guzaronidani rasmiyoti  idorakunii beruna tain karda meshavad;»

– mudiri ozmuni – shakhsi voqeie, ki az jonibi sud baroi guzaronidani rasmiyoti  istehsoloti ozmuni tain karda meshavad. (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)  

Moddai 5. Alomathoi muflisshavi

SHakhsoni huquqi, sohibkoroni infirodi va hamchunin shakhsoni huquqii khoriji baroi qone namudani talabhoi  kreditoron az rui uhdadorihoi puli va hamchunin ijroi pardokhthoi hatmii ba bujet az hisobi amvoli onho voridshavanda qodirnabuda hisobida meshavand, agar chunin uhdadoriho az tarafi onho dar davomi se moh az lahzai etibor paydo kardanashon ijro karda nashavand va agar mablagi umumii uhdadorihoyashon az arzishi amvoli ba onho taalluqdoshta ziyod boshad.  

Moddai 6. Tarkib va hajmi uhdadorihoi puli va pardokhthoi  hatmi

Tarkib va hajmi uhdadorihoi puli va pardokhthoi hatmi ba vaqti peshnihodi ariza ba sud dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor muayyan karda meshavand.

Baroi muayyan namudani mavjudiyati alomathoi muflisshavii  qarzdor hajmi uhdadorihoi puli, az jumla hajmi qarz baroi molhoi tahvilgardida, korhoi ijroshuda va khizmatrasoni, mablagi qarzho bo nazardoshti foizho, ki onhoro qarzdor boyad pardokht namoyad, ba istisnoi uhdadoriho dar nazdi shahrvandone, ki qarzdor baroi rasonidani ziyon ba hayot va salomatiashon javobgar ast, uhdadoriho oidi pardokhti podoshi muallifi va hamchunin uhdadoriho dar nazdi muassisoni (ishtirokchiyoni) qarzdor – shakhsoni huquqi, ki az chunin ishtirok barmeoyand, mavridi tavajjuh qaror megirad.

hajmi uhdadorihoi puli az rui talabhoi kreditoron dar on  holat muqarrarshuda hisobida meshavad, ki agar  on bo halnomai sud yo hujjathoi shahodatdihandae, ki dar onho qarzdor in talabhoro etirof namudaast, tasdiq shuda boshad va hamchunin dar  holathoi digare, ki hamin Qonun peshbini namudaast. 

Moddai 7. Qarzdor

Qarzdor huquq dorad bo arizai khud dar khususi peshaki muqarrar namudani muflisshavi dar surati mavjud budani holathoi beshubha shahodatdihanda dar borai on ki vay nametavonad uhdadorihoi puli va (yo)  vazifahoyashro oid ba vorid namudani pardokhthoi hatmi dar muhlathoi muqarrarshuda ijro namoyad, ba sud murojiat kunad.

Qarzdor dar hamon holat metavonad ba sud ariza dihad, ki   amvoli mavjudbudai u baroi pardokhti kharojoti sud kifoya boshad, agar  Qonuni mazkur tartibi digarero peshbini nakarda boshad.

Moddai 71.  Qarzdori goyib

DarasosiarizaishakhsimanfiatdorsudtibqiqonunguzoriiJumhuriiTojikistonqarzdorigoyibromuayyanmenamoyad. (QJT az 19.05.09, №509) 

Moddai 8. Uhdadoriho  baroi dodani arizai qarzdor ba sud

Rohbari qarzdor yo sohibkori infirodi uhdador ast, ki dar mavridhoi zerin bo arizai qarzdor ba sud murojiat kunad:

– agar qonegardonii talabhoi yak kreditor yo yakchand kreditoron sababgori gayriimkon gashtani ijroi purrai uhdadorihoi pulii qarzdor dar nazdi digar kreditoron gardad;

– agar maqomoti qarzdor, ki mutobiqi hujjathoi tasisii qarzdor baroi barhamdihii on vakolatdor gardidaast, baroi murojiati qarzdor bo ariza ba sud qaror qabul karda boshad;

– agar maqomoti vakolatdori moliki amvoli qarzdor – korkhonai vohidi davlati dar borai murojiat namudan bo arizai qarzdor ba sud qaror qabul karda boshad;

– dar digar holathoe, ki Qonuni mazkur peshbini namudaast.

Dar mavridhoi peshbininamudai qismi yakumi hamin modda  arizai qarzdor novobasta az mavjudiyati holathoi muqarrarkardai qismi duyumi moddai 7 Qonuni mazkur ba sud peshnihod karda meshavad.

Agar dar vaqti barhamdihii shakhsi huquqi ijroi talabhoi kreditoron dar hajmi purra gayriimkon muqarrar shuda boshad, rohbari qarzdor, komissiyai barhamdihi (barhamdihanda) vazifadorand bo arizai qarzdor ba sud murojiat namoyand.

Arizai qarzdor dar holathoi peshbininamudai moddai mazkur boyad na dertar az yak mohi pesh omadani zarurati dakhldor ba sud peshnihod karda shavad. 

Moddai 9. Masuliyati rohbari qarzdor baroi ijro nakardani vazifaho oid ba dodani arizai qarzdor ba sud

Az tarafi qarzdor peshnihod nagardidani ariza ba sud dar holathoe, ki moddai 8 Qonuni mazkur peshbini namudaast,  boisi ba javobgarii subsidiari kashidani rohbari qarzdor  va azoi komissiyai barhamdihi  az rui uhdadorihoi qarzdor, ki  dar nazdi kreditoron badi guzashtani muhlati peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur  ba vujud meoyand, megardad. 

Moddai 10. Muflisshavii sokhta va barqasd

Agar arizai qarzdor oid ba muflis etirof namudanash ba sud dar holati mavjud budani imkoniyati qonegardonii purrai talabhoi kreditoron peshnihod shuda boshad (muflisshavii sokhta), qarzdor, ki hamin arizaro peshnihod namudaast, dar nazdi kreditoron baroi zarari bo dodani hamin ariza rasonidaash javobgar meboshad.

Dar holati muflisshavii qarzdor bo aybi muassisoni (ishtirokchiyoni) vay yo digar shakhsoni mansabdor, az jumla bo aybi rohbari qarzdor, ki baroi ba qarzdor huquqi dodani suporishhoi hatman ijroshavandaro dorad va yo har guna imkoniyati muayyansozii amali uro dorad (muflisshavii barqasd), muassison (ishtirokchiyon) – shakhsoni huquqi yo digar shakhsoni mansabdor ba javobgarii subsidiari kashida meshavand. 

Moddai 11. Kreditoron oid ba uhdadorihoi puli

Kreditoron oid ba uhdadorihoi puli (minbad-kreditoron) shakhsoni voqeiyu huquqii dokhili va khoriji, hamchunin davlat va vohidhoi  mamuriyu hududi meboshand.

Huquqi dodani arizai kreditorro dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor (minbad – arizai kreditor) shakhsone dorand, ki mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur kreditoroni ozmuni etirof karda meshavand.

Kreditor az rui uhdadorihoi dar natijai rasonidani  zarar va oid ba pardokhti  aliment  ba vujudomada on kreditorone hisobida meshavand, ki talabhoi onho bo halnomai sud sobit shudaand yo qarzdor onhoro etirof namudaast.

Ba maqomoti andoz va  digar maqomoti vakolatdor  meyorhoi baroi kreditoron   muayyanshuda tatbiq   karda meshavand, agar Qonuni mazkur tartibi digarero peshbini nakarda boshad.

hangomi guzaronidani  rasmiyati muflisshavi manfiati hamai kreditoronro majlisi kreditoron va kumitai kreditoron, ki mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur tashkil karda meshavand, ifoda mekunad. Az lahzai az tarafi sud baroi barrasi qabul gardidani ariza dar borai muflis elon namudani  qarzdor kreditoron huquq nadorand, ki bo maqsadi qone gardonidani talabhoi khud bo tartibi infirodi ba qarzdor murojiat namoyand.

Hamai amalho dar munosibat bo qarzdor az nomi kreditoron ba vositai majlisi kreditoron va kumitai kreditoron anjom doda meshavad. 

Moddai 12.  Majlisi kreditoron va tartibi davati on

Kreditoroni ozmuni  va dar holathoi  peshbininamudai  Qonuni mazkur dar qismati  talabho  oid ba pardokhthoi hatmi maqomoti andoz va digar maqomoti vakolatdor ishtirokchiyoni majlisi kreditoron bo huquqi ovozdihi shuda metavonand.  Dar majlisi kreditoron namoyandai kormandoni qarzdor ishtirok menamoyad.

Tashkil va guzaronidani majlisi kreditoronro mudir anjom medihad.

Vakolathoi majlisi kreditoron:

qabuli qaror dar borai jori va daroz namudani idorakunii beruna va dar borai murojiat  namudan bo  iltimosnomai dakhldor ba sud;

qabuli qaror dar borai bastani sozishnomai musoliha;

qabuli qaror dar borai murojiat namudan  ba sud bo iltimosnoma dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor  va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni;

qabuli qaror dar borai intikhobi azoi kumitai kreditoron, muayyan namudani shumorai  hayati kumitai kreditoron va dar borai pesh az muhlat qat namudani vakolathoi kumitai kreditoron;

hallu fasli  digar masalahoe, ki Qonuni mazkur peshbini  menamoyad.

Dar majlisi kreditoron kreditori ozmuni, dar holathoi peshbininamudai  Qonuni mazkur maqomoti andoz va digar maqomoti vakolatdor dar qismati talabho oid ba pardokhthoi  hatmi sohibi shumorai ovozhoi mutanosiban  barobar ba  mablagi talabhoi kreditoroni ozmuni, maqomoti andoz yo maqomoti digari vakolatdor az rui uhdadorihoi puli (yo) pardokhthoi hatmi ba qarzdor, ki mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur etirof va ba ruzi guzaronidani majlisi kreditoron  muqarrar  karda  shudaast, meboshand.

Majlisi kreditoron bo tashabbusi  mudir,  darkhosti  kumitai kreditoron, kreditoroni ozmuni  va (yo) maqomoti andoz va  maqomoti vakolatdori digare, ki talabhoi onho oid ba uhdadorihoi puli va (yo) pardokhthoi hatmi na kamtar az seyaki jami mablagi talabshudai ba ruykhati talabhoi kreditoron dokhilshudaro tashkil medihad, yo bo tashabbusi az se yak hissai kreditoroni ozmuni  davat karda meshavad.

Majlisi kreditoron bo darkhosti kumitai kreditoron yo kreditoroni ozmuni  az jonibi mudir,  dar muhlati du hafta az lahzai bo darkhosti dakhldor murojiat  namudani kumitai kreditoron yo kreditoroni ozmuni ba  unvoni mudir  davat karda meshavad.

Majlisi kreditoron dar mahalli joygirshavii qarzdor guzaronida meshavad, agar tartibi digare dar majlisi kreditoron yo kumitai kreditoron muqarrar nashuda boshad.

Dar holati nabudani kvorumi kreditoron dar muhlati dah ruz majlisi  takrorii  kreditoron davat karda  meshavad, ki sarfi nazar az shumorai kreditoroni dar on ishtirokkunanda  salohiyatdor meboshad,  ba sharte  ki az  vaqt  va  joi  guzaronidani majlisi kreditoron onho ba tavri  darkori ogoh   gardida boshand. 

Moddai 13. Tartibi qabuli qarorho  az tarafi majlisi  kreditoron

Qarori majlisi kreditoron oidi masalahoi ba ovozdihi guzoshtashuda bo aksari ovozhoi kreditoroni ozmuni, ki dar majlisi kreditoron ishtirok  dorand, qabul karda meshavand, agar tartibi digare dar Qonuni mazkur peshbini nashuda boshad.

Majlisi kreditoron qarorhoi zerinro bo aksari ovozho az miqdori umumii kreditoroni ozmuni qabul menamoyad:

oidi jori va daroz namudani idorakunii beruna yo dar borai murojiat namudan bo  iltimosnoma  ba sud dar borai  muflis etirof   namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni;

dar borai  bo iltimosnoma  murojiat namudan ba sud  oidi  az vazifa ozod namudani  mudir.

Dar holate  ki agar dar majlisi kreditoron, ki baroi halli masalahoi dar qismi duyumi moddai mazkur peshbinishuda  davat karda shudaast va miqdori ovozhoi baroi qabuli qarorhoi mazkur zarurii kreditoroni ozmuni jam nashuda boshand, majlisi  takrorii kreditoron davat karda meshavad, ki baroi qabuli  chunin qarorho bo aksari ovozhoi kreditoroni ozmunii dar majlis  ishtirokkunanda  salohiyatdor meboshad,  ba sharte  ki kreditoroni  ozmuni az  vaqt va joi  guzaronidani  majlis  ba tarzi  darkori ogoh gardida boshand. 

Moddai 14. Kumitai kreditoron, intikhobi kumitai kreditoron

Kumitai kreditoron manfiathoi kreditoroni ozmuniro ifoda namuda, ba faoliyati mudiri beruna va  mudiri ozmuni bo tartibi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur nazorat menamoyad.

Agar miqdori kreditoroni ozmuni az panjoh nafar kamtar boshad, bo qarori majlisi kreditoron vazifai kumitai kreditoronro ba majlisi kreditoron voguzor kardan  mumkin ast.

Kumitai kreditoron baroi tatbiqi vazifahoi ba zimmaash guzoshtashuda huquq dorad:

az mudiri beruna peshnihodi malumotro oid ba holati moliyavii qarzdor va jarayoni idorakunii beruna talab namoyad;

az mudiri ozmuni peshnihodi malumotro oid ba jarayoni istehsoloti ozmuni talab namoyad;

oidi faoliyati mudiri beruna va mudiri ozmuni dar  holathoi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur ba sud shikoyat kunad.

Ba hayati kumitai kreditoron mumkin ast namoyandagoni kreditoroni ozmuni ba miqdori muayyannamudai majlisi kreditoron, vale  na beshtar az 11 nafar dokhil karda  shavand.

Qarori kumitai kreditoron bo aksari ovozhoi  shumorai umumii azoi kumitai kreditoron qabul karda meshavad.

Azoi kumitai kreditoronro majlisi kreditoron ba muddati  guzaronidani idorakunii beruna va istehsoloti ozmuni intikhob  menamoyad.

Bo qarori majlisi kreditoron mumkin ast vakolathoi hamai azoi kumitai kreditoron pesh az muhlat qat gardonida shavand.

Talabi kreditor oid  ba uhdadorihoi puli va  (yo) uhdadorihoi hatmi dar hajmi panjsad andozai nishondihanda baroi hisobho ba kreditor  huquqi doshtani shumorai  ovozhoi barobar ba shumorai azoi kumitai kreditoronro medihad, agar bo qarori majlisi kreditoron tartibi digare muqarrar nashuda boshad. Kreditor huquq dorad, ki  ovozhoi  ba vay taalluqdoshtaro ba yak nomzad dihad yo onhoro bayni  chand nomzadho ba azogii kumitai kreditoron taqsim namoyad.

Ba hayati kumitai kreditoron nomzadhoe intikhobshuda hisob meshavand, ki beshtari ovozhoro giriftaand.

Azoyoni kumitai kreditoron metavonand az hayati khud  raisi kumitai kreditoronro intikhob namoyand.

Agar hayati kumitai kreditoron az panj nafar ziyod boshad,  raisi kumitai kreditoron ba tavri  hatmi intikhob karda meshavad. 

Moddai 15. SHakhsoni manfiatdor

Dar munosibat bo qarzdor inho  shakhsoni manfiatdor donista meshavand:

shakhsi huquqi, ki mutobiqi qonunguzorii grajdanii  Jumhurii Tojikiston nisbat ba  qarzdor  korkhonai fari yo  tobe meboshad;

rohbari qarzdor, inchunin shakhsone, ki ba shuroi direktoroni qarzdor (shuroi mushohidavi), maqomoti ijroiyai mashvaratii qarzdor, sarmuhosibi (muhosibi) qarzdor, az jumla shakhsoni dar davomi  yak sol to zamoni ogozshavii parvandaho oid ba muflisshavi az in vazifaho ozodshuda  dokhil meshavand.

Baroi maqsadhoi Qonuni mazkur tahti mafhumi shakhsoni manfiatdor nisbat ba shahrvand shavharash (zavjaash), farzandon, barodaron, khoharon, padaru modar va barodaronu hoharoni onho, padaru modar, khoharon va barodaroni shavharash (zavjaash) dokhil meshavand.

Dar holathoi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur  shakhsoni manfiatdor nisbat ba  mudir  va kreditoron mutobiqi tartibe, ki bandhoi yakum va duyumi moddai mazkur peshbini namudaast, muayyan karda meshavad. 

Moddai 16. Mudir

Agar dar Qonuni mazkur tartibi digare peshbini nashuda boshad, sud metavonad shakhsi voqeii  ba sifati sohibkori infirodi ba qayd giriftashudaro, ki doroi donishhoi makhsus buda, nisbat ba qarzdor va kreditoron shakhsi manfiatdor  nest,  mudir (mudiri muvaqqati, mudiri beruna, mudiri ozmuni) tain namoyad.

SHakhsoni zerinro mudir tain namudan mumkin  nest:

shakhsone, ki  qablan idorakunii korhoi qarzdor – shakhsi huquqiro anjom medodand, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki az lahzai sabukdush gardidani  chunin shakhson az idorakunii korhoi qarzdor na kamtar az se sol guzashta boshad;

shakhsone, ki nisbatashon  bahri tatbiqi faoliyati idorakunii korho va (yo) amvoli shakhsoni digar  mahdudiyat vujud doshta boshad (shakhsoni mahrumshuda);

shakhsone, ki dogi sudi dorand. 

Moddai 17. huquq  va vazifahoi mudir

Mudir huquq dorad:

majlisi kreditoron va kumitai  kreditoronro davat namoyad;

dar holathoi dar Qonuni mazkur peshbinishuda ba sud murojiat namoyad;

ba andoza va tartibe, ki Qonuni mazkur  peshbini namudaast, podosh  girad;

baroi  tamini amali namudani vakolathoi khud shakhsoni digarro dar asosi shartnoma ba kor jalb namuda, haqqi khizmati onhoro az hisobi qarzdor bipardozad, agar  Qonuni mazkur yo sozishnoma bo  kreditoron tartibi digarero muqarrar nakarda boshad;

dar borai pesh az muhlat qat namudani ijroi  vazifahoi khud ba sud ariza peshnihod namoyad.

Mudir vazifador ast:

oid ba hifzi  molikiyati qarzdor tadbirho andeshad;

holati moliyavii qarzdorro tahlil kunad;

faoliyati moliyavi, khojagi va investitsionii qarzdor va  mavqei onro dar bozori mol tahlil namoyad;

talabi arznamudai kreditoronro barrasi namoyad;

peshburdi ruykhati talabhoi kreditoronro anjom dihad;

vazifahoi digarro, ki Qonuni mazkur muqarrar namudaast, ijro namoyad.

hangomi tatbiqi huququ vazifahoi khud mudir vazifador ast, ki bo nazardoshti manfiathoi  qarzdor va kreditoron amal namoyad. 

Moddai 18. Masuliyati mudir

Ijro nakardan yo ijroi nomatlubi  uhdadorihoe, ki  mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur ba zimmai mudir guzoshta shudaand,  mumkin ast baroi  az jonibi sud ozod namudani  u  az ijroi vazifahoyash asos gardad.

Qarzdor va kreditoroni on huquq dorand az mudir, ki  qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikistonro vayron kardaast, bargardonidani ziyoni az faoliyati (befaoliyatii) mudir rasonidashudaro talab namoyand.

 

Moddai 19. Podoshi mudir

Tartib va andozai podoshi mudirro majlisi kreditoron muayyan mekunad va (yo) sud tasdiq menamoyad va on boyad na kamtar az duvozdah nishondihanda baroi hisobho dar yak moh boshad. (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)

Dar holathoi  peshbininamudai  qonunho va  digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii   Jumhurii Tojikiston ba  mudir az rui natijahoi faoliyatash podoshi ilovagi muqarrar karda meshavad.

 

 

 

 

Moddai 20. Rasmiyathoi muflisshavi

Hangomi barrasii parvandahoi muflisshavii qarzdor – shakhsi huquqii subekti sohibkorii khurdu miyona va digar shakhsoni huquqi (tashkilothoi gayritijorati) rasmiyoti zerini muflisshavi tatbiq karda meshavand:

– mushohida;

– istehsoloti ozmuni;

– sozishnomai musoliha.

Hangomi barrasii parvandahoi muflisshavii qarzdor – shakhsi huquqii subekti sohibkorii kalon rasmiyoti zerini muflisshavi tatbiq karda meshavand:

– mushohida;

– idorakunii beruna;

– istehsoloti ozmuni;

– sozishnomai musoliha.

Hangomi barrasii parvandahoi muflisshavii qarzdor – sohibkori infirodi  rasmiyoti zerini muflisshavi tatbiq karda meshavand:

– istehsoloti ozmuni;

– sozishnomai musoliha. (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)

 

Moddai 21.  Hudro muflis elon namudani qarzdor

Dar surati mavjud nabudani etiroz az jonibi kreditoron qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi metavonad dar borai muflisshavii khudva ikhtiyoran barham khurdanash mutobiqi tartibote, ki Qonuni mazkur peshbini   kardaast,  elon namoyad.

 

BOBI II

PESHGIRII  MUFLISSHAVI

 

Moddai 22. Tadbirho oid ba  peshgirii muflisshavii tashkilotho

Muassisoni (ishtirokchiyoni) qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi, moliki amvoli qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi va maqomoti ijroiyai hokimiyati  davlati vazifadorand,  ki oid ba  peshgirii muflisshavii tashkilotho tadbirhoi sarivaqti andeshand.

Bo maqsadi peshgirii muflisshavii tashkilotho muassisoni (ishtirokchiyoni) qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi, moliki amvoli qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi to  zamoni ba sud dodani ariza oid ba   muflis etirof namudani qarzdor  tadbirhoe meandeshand, ki ba behbudii moliyavii qarzdor nigaronida shuda boshand. Tadbirhoi baroi behbudii moliyavii qarzdor nigaronidashudaro  kreditoron yo  shakhsoni digar  niz metavonand dar asosi sozishnoma bo qarzdor peshbini namoyand.

 

Moddai 23. Sanatsiyai tosudi

Moliki amvoli qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi, muassisoni (ishtirokchiyoni) qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi, kreditoroni qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi va shakhsoni digar dar doirai tadbirho oid ba peshgirii  muflisshavi metavonand ba qarzdor dar hajme, ki  baroi pardokht namudani uhdadorihoi puli, pardokhthoi hatmi va  barqarorsozii qobiliyati pardokhtii qarzdor (sanatsiyai tosudi) kifoyagi mekunad,  kumaki moliyavi rasonand.

Rasonidani kumakhoi moliyaviro  hamzamon qabuli uhdadoriho az  tarafi qarzdor yo shakhsoni digar ba manfiati shakhsoni kumaki moliyavi rasonida hisobidan mumkin ast.

Guzaronidani sanatsiyai tosudiro az  hisobi bujeti davlati qonun dar borai bujeti davlati baroi soli dakhldor muqarrar menamoyad. Guzaronidani sanatsiyai tosudiro az hisobi bujethoi mahalli maqomoti  hokimiyati mahalli mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar mekunad.

 

BOBI III

BARRASII PARVANDAHOI MUFLISSHAVI DAR SUD

 

Moddai 24. Tartibi barrasii parvandaho  dar borai muflisshavi

Parvandaho  dar borai  muflisshavii shakhsoni huquqi va sohibkoroni infirodi dar sudho az rui qoidahoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai murofiai sudii iqtisodi bo  khususiyathoi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni mazkur barrasi karda meshavand.

Parvanda oid ba muflisshavi az jonibi sud metavonad dar holate ogoz karda shavad, ki agar talabot nisbat ba qarzdoron – subekthoi sohibkorii khurdu miyona va digar shakhsoni huquqi (tashkilothoi gayritijorati) dar majmu na kamtar az 500 (panjsad) nishondihanda baroi hisobho va nisbat ba subekthoi sohibkorii kalon 2000 (du hazor) nishondihanda baroi hisobhoro tashkil namoyad.    (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)

 

Moddai 25. Mansubiyati idoravi va sudii parvandahoi  muflisshavi

Parvandahoi muflisshavii shakhsoni huquqi va sohibkoroni infirodiro sudi iqtisodii (minbad – sudi) mahalli voqegardidai qarzdor – shakhsi hukuqi yo mahalli istiqomati shahrvand – sohibkori infirodi barrasi menamoyad.

 

Moddai 26. huquqi murojiat  namudan ba sud

Qarzdor, kreditor, prokuror va dar holathoe  ki  hamin Qonun  peshbini namudaast, shakhsoni digar niz huquqi bo ariza ba sud murojiat namudan  dar khususi muflis etirof namudani qarzdor  bo sababi ijro nakardani uhdadorihoi puliro dorand.

Qarzdor, prokuror, maqomoti andoz, maqomot oid ba idorakunii amvoli davlati va digar maqomoti vakolatdor dar khususi muflisshavii qarzdor  bo sababi  ijro nakardani  voridoti  pardokhthoi hatmi huquqi bo ariza ba sud murojiat namudanro dorand.

 

Moddai 27. SHakhsone, ki dar barrasii parvandai  muflisshavi  ishtirok menamoyand

SHakhsoni  zerin dar barrasii parvandai muflisshavi ishtirok menamoyand:

qarzdor;

mudir;

kreditoroni  ozmuni;

maqomoti andoz va maqomoti digari vakolatdor az rui talabho  oidi pardokhthoi hatmi;

prokuror, dar holati  bo arizai u   barrasi  namudani  parvandahoi muflisshavi.

 

Moddai 28. Asosi ogoz namudani parvanda  dar borai muflisshavi

Parvanda oid ba muflisshavi dar asosi ariza dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor, ki az tarafi shakhsoni dar moddai 26 Qonuni mazkur nombarshuda peshnihod gardidaand, ogoz karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 29.  YAkjoyasozii talabhoi kreditoron

Arizai kreditor mumkin ast  ba yakjoyasozii qarzho az rui  uhdadorihoi gunogun asos yobad.

Kreditoron huquq dorand, ki talabhoi khudro nisbati qarzdor yakjoya namuda, bo yak arizai kreditor ba sud murojiat namoyand.Ba chunin ariza kreditorone, ki talabhoi khudro yakjoya namudaand, imzo meguzorand.

 

Moddai 30. Rad kardani qabuli ariza  oid ba muflis etirof namudani qarzdor

Agar yake  az sharthoi peshbinigardidai qismi duyumi moddai 24 Qonuni mazkur  rioya nashuda  boshad, sud qabuli arizaro oid ba muflis etirof namudani qarzdor rad mekunad.

 

Moddai 31. CHorahoi himoya namudani talabhoi kreditoron

Sud huquq  dorad dar asosi  arizai shakhsone, ki dar parvandai muflisshavi ishtirok mekunand, mutobiqi Kodeksi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai murofiai sudii iqtisodi oid ba himoyai talabhoi kreditoron choraho andeshad.

Ba gayr az chorahoe, ki Kodeksi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai murofiai sudii iqtisodi  peshbini menamoyad, sud metavonad  be rozigii mudir amali namudani  dodugirifthoero,  ki qismi duyumi moddai 44 Qonuni mazkur peshbini nakardast,  man namoyad, qarzdorro uhdador namoyad, ki kogazhoi qimmatnok, arzishhoi asori va amvoli digari qarzdorro baroi nigoh doshtan ba shakhsi seyum dihad va baroi tamini nigohdorii amvoli qarzdor chorahoi digar andeshad.

CHoraho oid ba himoyai talabhoi kreditoron mutobiqan to zamoni jori namudani idorakunii  beruna va taini mudiri beruna yo to zamoni qabul shudani halnomai sud dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va dar borai kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni va taini mudiri ozmuni yo to zamoni  az tarafi sud tasdiq namudani sozishnomai musoliha yo to zamoni az  tarafi sud qabul shudani halnoma dar borai  rad namudani muflis etirof  kardani qarzdor amal mekunand.

Sud huquq dorad  chorahoi himoyai talabhoi kreditoronro to ba miyon omadani holathoe, ki qismi seyumi moddai mazkur peshbini namudaast, bekor kunad.

 

Moddai 32. Izhori nazari qarzdor ba ariza dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor

Qarzdor dar muhlati 5 ruz az sanai giriftani tainot dar borai qabuli arizai kreditor, arizai  maqomoti andoz yo maqomoti digari vakolatdor dar khususi muflis etirof namudani qarzdor yo arizai prokuror dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor uhdador ast, ki ba sud, arizadihanda va shakhsoni digari dar parvandai muflisshavi ishtirokkunanda doir ba chunin ariza izhori nazarashro firistad va hamchunin hamai kreditoronro, ki dar in ariza nombar nashudaand, dar borai nisbati vay ogoz gardidani parvandai muflisshavi ogoh namoyad. Ba  izhori nazari qarzdor, ki ba sud firistoda meshavad, boyad dalelhoi  isboti dar borai  az tarafi qarzdor  ba arizadihanda va shakhsoni digari dar parvandai muflisshavi ishtirokkunanda  firistoda shudani nuskhahoi izhori nazar ilova karda shavand.

Ba gayr az malumothoe, ki dar Kodeksi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai murofiai sudii iqtisodi peshbini shudaand, dar izhori nazari qarzdor  malumothoi zerin nishon doda meshavand:

etirozi  qarzdor ba talabhoi  arizadihanda;

mablagi umumii qarzi qarzdor oid ba uhdadoriho dar nazdi kreditoron, muzdi mehnati kormandoni qarzdor va pardokhthoi hatmi;

malumot dar borai amvoli mavjudbudai qarzdor, az jumla mablaghoi pulie, ki dar  surathisobhoi  bonki va tashkilothoi  digari krediti dorad, raqami surathisobhoi nombarshudai bonki, tashkilothoi digari krediti va surogai pochtavii bonku tashkilothoi krediti;

dalelhoi qone karda tavonistani talabhoi arizadihanda dar holate, ki qarzdor onhoro etirof  namoyad;

– ruykhati kreditoron va qarzdoron bo muayyansozii qarzhoi kreditori va debitori, bo nishon dodani surogai kreditoron va qarzdoron. (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)

Nabudani izhori nazari qarzdor naboyad baroi barrasii parvandai muflisshavi mone  shavad.

Dar in holat sud ba mudir suporish medihad, ki hamai kreditoronro muqarrar namuda, dar borai ogoz namudani parvandai muflisshavi ba onho az hisobi qarzdor ogohinoma firistad.

 

Moddai 33. halnoma dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor  va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni

Halnomai sud  dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni dar holathoi muqarrar gardidani alomathoi muflisshavii qarzdor, ki moddai 5 Qonuni mazkur  peshbini namudaast va inchunin nabudani asos baroi jori namudani idorakunii beruna qabul karda meshavad.

Dar halnomai sud oid ba muflis etirof namudani qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni boyad chunin nishondodho boshand:

dar borai muflis etirof  namudani qarzdor;

dar borai kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni;

dar borai taini mudiri ozmuni.

Dar halnomai sud oid ba muflis etirof namudani qarzdor – sohibkori infirodi dar borai beetibor shudani baqaydgirii davlatii qarzdor ba sifati sohibkori infirodi zikr karda meshavad.

halnomai sud dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani  istehsoloti ozmuni  boyad favran ijro gardad,  agar sud tartibi digarero muqarrar nakarda boshad.

 

Moddai 34. Az tarafi sud  nashr namudani khabari muflis  etirof gardidani qarzdor

Habari muflis etirof gardidani qarzdor az tarafi sude, ki dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va oidi kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni  halnoma qabul kardaast,  dar vositahoi akhbori umum az hisobi qarzdor va dar surati nabudani mablaghoi qarzdor az hisobi kreditore, ki bo ariza oid ba muflis etirof namudani qarzdor murojiat kardaast,   nashr karda meshavad.

Habari bekor kardani halnomai sud dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor niz ba hamin tartib boyad nashr karda shavad.

 

Moddai 35. halnomai sud dar borai rad  kardani muflis etirof  namudani  qarzdor

Halnomai  sud dar borai rad  kardani muflis etirof namudani qarzdor dar holathoi zerin qabul karda meshavad:

nabudani alomathoi muflisshavi, ki dar moddai 5 Qonuni mazkur peshbini shudaand;

qone gardidani  talabhoi arzshudai kreditoron to vaqti  az tarafi sud qabul namudani halnoma dar borai parvandai muflisshavi;

muqarrar  gardidani  muflisshavii  sokhta  va barqasd;

dar holathoi digare, ki Qonuni mazkur peshbini namudaast.

Agar dalelhoi malume boshand, ki onho oidi dar ikhtiyori qarzdor mavjud budani molikiyati bozorgir shahodat dihand, sud huquq dorad bo iltimosnomai qarzdor barrasii parvandai muflisshaviro mavquf guzoshta, ba qarzdor peshnihod namoyad, ki dar muhlati muqarrarnamudai sud talabhoi kreditoronro qone gardonad.

 

Moddai 36. Oqibati qabulshavii halnomai sud dar borai radkuni oid ba muflis etirof namudani qarzdor

Az tarafi sud qabul shudani  halnoma dar borai radkuni oid ba muflis etirof namudani qarzdor baroi  qat shudani amali holathoe, ki bar asari qabuli ariza dar borai muflis etirof  namudani qarzdor  pesh omada budand va (yo) jori namudani mushohida  asos meshavad.

 

Moddai 37. Asoshoi qat namudani parvandai muflisshavi

Sud parvandai muflisshaviro dar holathoi zerin qat menamoyad:

barqaror shudani qobiliyati mablagguzaronii qarzdor dar jarayoni  idorakunii beruna;

bastani sozishnomai musoliha.

 

Moddai 38. Taqsimi kharojoti sudi va kharojoti pardokhti podoshi mudir

Tamomi kharojoti sudi, az jumla kharojoti boji davlati, ki muhlati pardokhtashon daroz yo kutoh karda shuda budand va hamchunin kharojoti pardokhti podoshi mudir ba amvoli  qarzdor mansubiyat doshta, az hisobi in amvol be navbat  ruyonda  meshavad.

Bo sozishnomai musoliha tartibi digari taqsimi kharojoti mazkurro peshbini namudan mumkin ast.

Dar holati az tarafi sud binobar nabudani alomathoi muflisshavi qabul gardidani halnoma dar borai rad  kardani  muflis etirof namudani qarzdor kharojoti dar qismi yakumi moddai mazkur peshbinishuda ba lahzai ogoz namudani parvandai muflisshavi ba kreditoroni ba sud bo arizai kreditor murojiatkarda  mansubiyat doshta, dar bayni onho mutanosiban az rui  talabhoyashon taqsim karda meshavad.

Tartibi taqsimi kharojoti sudi va kharojoti pardokhti podoshi mudir dar halnomai sud yo tainoti sudi, ki az rui natijai barrasii parvandai muflisshavi qabul shudaast, muayyan karda meshavad.

 

BOBI IV

MUFLISSHAVII SOHIBKORI INFIRODI

 

Moddai 39. Asoshoi muflis etirof namudani sohibkori infirodi

Asosi muflis etirof namudani sohibkori infirodi  nadoshtani qobiliyati qone  kardani talabhoi kreditoron oid ba uhdadorihoi puli va (yo) ijroi vazifaho oid ba vorid  namudani pardokhthoi hatmi meboshad.

 

Moddai 40. Ariza dar borai muflis etirof namudani sohibkori infirodi

Ariza dar borai muflis etirof namudani sohibkori infirodi mumkin ast az jonibi qarzdor – sohibkori infirodi, kreditor az rui uhdadorihoi vobasta ba faoliyati sohibkori, maqomoti andoz va maqomoti digari vakolatdor az rui talabhoi pardokhthoi hatmi, hamchunin az jonibi prokuror doda shavad.

Hangomi tatbiqi rasmiyati muflisshavii sohibkori infirodi kreditoroni vay az rui uhdadorihoe, ki ba faoliyati sohibkori vobasta nestand, hamchunin kreditoron bo talabhoi khususiyati shakhsidoshta  niz huquq dorand talabhoi khudro peshnihod namoyand.

 

Moddai 41. Oqibathoi muflis etirof namudani sohibkori infirodi

Az lahzai az  jonibi sud qabul gardidani halnoma dar borai muflis etirof namudani sohibkori infirodi va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni, baqaydgirii davlatii  vay ba  sifati sohibkori infirodi beetibor gardida, hamchunin ijozatnomai (litsenziyai) ba vay dodashuda oidi anjom dodani faoliyati   muayyani  sohibkori bekor  donista   meshavad.

Sohibkori infirodiro, ki muflis etirof gardidaast, dar muhlati yak sol az lahzai muflis etirofshaviash ba sifati sohibkori infirodi ba qayd giriftan  mumkin nest.

Sud nuskhai halnomaro dar borai muflis etirof  namudani sohibkori infirodi va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni ba maqomote, ki shahrvandro ba sifati sohibkori infirodi ba qayd giriftaast, mefiristad.

 

BOBI V

MUSHOHIDA

 

Moddai  42.  Jori namudani mushohida

Rasmiyoti mushohida baroi subekthoi khurdu miyona va digar shakhsoni huquqi (tashkilothoi gayritijorati) – ba muhlati yak moh va baroi subekthoi sohibkorii kalon ba muhlati to du moh amali megardad. (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)

Moddai  43. Oqibathoi az tarafi sud  barovardani  tainot oidi qabuli ariza dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor

Az lahzai az jonibi sud  barovardani  tainot oidi qabuli ariza  dar borai  muflis etirof namudani qarzdor:

talabhoi amvoliro  nisbat ba qarzdor tanho bo rioyai tartibi  peshnihodi talabho ba qarzdor, ki Qonuni mazkur muqarrar kardaast, peshnihod namudan mumkin ast;

bo iltimosnomai kreditor peshburdi parvandahoi vobasta ba ruyonidani mablaghoi puli va digar amvol az qarzdor bozdoshta meshavad. Kreditor dar  chunin holat huquq dorad mutobiqi tartibi dar hamin Qonun muqarrarshuda talabhoi khudro ba qarzdor peshnihod namoyad;

ijroi  hujjathoi ijroiya oid ba sitonidani amvol, ba istisnoi ijroi hujjathoi ijroiya, ki onho dar asosi halnomai sud dar borai az qarzdor sitonidani qarzi muzdi mehnat, dodani podoshi az rui shartnomai muallifi, aliment, inchunin bargardonidani ziyoni ba hayotu salomati rasondashuda va ziyoni manavi, ki to lahzai az jonibi sud  qabul shudani ariza dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor  doda shudaand,  bozdoshta meshavad;

qone gardonidani talabhoi ishtirokchii qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi dar borai  judo karda dodani hissaash (pay) az amvoli qarzdor binobar az hayati ishtirokchiyon baromadanash man  ast.

Bo maqsadi tamin  namudani amali tadbirhoe, ki dar qismi yakumi moddai mazkur peshbini shudaand, tainoti sudi oidi qabuli ariza dar borai  muflis etirof namudani qarzdor ba bonk va digar muassisahoi krediti, ki dar onho qarzdor surathisobi  bonki dorad, inchunin ba digar sudhoi dakhldor, maqomoti andoz va maqomoti digari vakolatdor firistoda meshavad.

 

Moddai 44. Oqibathoi jori namudani mushohida

Jori namudani mushohida  baroi  az vazifa  dur namudani rohbari qarzdor yo  maqomoti digari idorakunii qarzdor asos nagardida, onho ijroi vakolathoi khudro bo mahdudiyathoi dar qismhoi duyum va seyumi moddai mazkur  muqarrarnamuda idoma medihand.

Maqomoti idorakunii qarzdor ahdhoi zerinro tanho bo rozigii mudiri muvaqqati anjom medihad:

ahdhoi vobasta ba ijora va garav dodani  amvoli gayrimanqul,  dodani  amvoli nombarshuda ba sifati hissa ba  sarmoyai oinnomavii jamiyatho  va shirkathoi  khojagidori  yo ikhtiyordorii   tarzi digari chunin molikiyat;

ahdhoi vobasta ba ikhtiyordorii amvoli digari qarzdor, ki arzishi balansiashon ziyoda az 10 foizi arzishi balansi  doroii  qarzdorro tashkil medihand;

ahdhoi vobasta  ba qabul va dodani qarzho (kreditho), dodani kafolat, guzasht namudani huquqi talabkuni, guzaronidani qarz, inchunin  ahdhoi vobasta ba tasisi idorakunii  boetimodi amvoli qarzdor.

Maqomoti idorakunii  qarzdor huquq nadorad qarorhoi zerin qabul namoyad:

dar borai aznavtashkilkuni (muttahid kardan, hamrohshavi, taqsimshavi, judoshavi,  tabdil dodan) va barhamdihii qarzdor;

dar borai tasisi shakhsoni  huquqi yo dar borai ishtirok namudan dar shakhsoni huquqii digar;

dar borai tasisi filialho va namoyandagiho;

dar borai pardokhti dividendho;

dar borai az  tarafi qarzdor pahn namudani vombargho va digar kogazhoi qimmatnoki   muomiloti;

dar borai baromadan az hayati ishtirokchiyoni qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi va  az sahhomon  kharidani sahmiyahoi qablan barovardashuda.

Maqomoti idorakunii qarzdor metavonad  bo rozigii mudiri muvaqqati dar borai ishtiroki  qarzdor dar ittihodiyahoi digari  shakhsoni huquqi qaror qabul namoyad.

Agar rohbari qarzdor baroi tamini  hifzi amvoli qarzdor  chorahoi zaruri naandeshad, ba mudiri muvaqqati hangomi ijroi uhdadorihoyash mone shavad yo digar talabhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii  Tojikistonro rioya nakunad, sud huquq dorad  vayro az ijroi vazifaash  dur namoyad. Dar chunin holatho ijroi vazifahoi rohbari qarzdor ba zimmai mudiri muvaqqati guzoshta meshavad.

Az lahzai  jori namudani mushohida habsi amvoli qarzdor va digar mahdudsozii qarzdor  oidi ikhtiyordorii amvoli ba vay mansubbuda tanho dar doirai ravandi muflisshavi boyad surat girad.

 

Moddai 45. Mudiri muvaqqati

Mudiri muvaqqati az jonibi sud az hisobi nomzadhoi peshnihodnamudai kreditoron va dar surati nabudani chunin peshnihodot az hisobi shakhsone, ki sud ba sifati  mudir ba qayd giriftaast, tain  karda  meshavad.

Mudiri muvaqqati az lahzai az jonibi sud tain shudanash to jori namudani idorakunii  beruna va taini mudiri  beruna yo to az jonibi sud qabul shudani halnoma dar borai  muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va dar borai kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni va taini mudiri ozmuni yo to az jonibi sud  tasdiq namudani sozishnomai musoliha, yo to az jonibi sud qabul namudani halnoma dar borai rad kardani muflis etirof namudani qarzdor faoliyat mekunad.

Dar holati muvaqqatan gayri qobili  mehnat budani mudiri muvaqqati sud huquq dorad, ki muovini mudiri muvaqqatiro ijrokunandai vazifai u tain namoyad.

Mudiri muvaqqati huquq dorad, ki dar surati mavjud budani sababhoi uzrnok bo  ariza ba sud dar borai  az ijroi vazifai mudiri muvaqqati ozod namudanash murojiat namoyad.

Dar holati  qone gardonidani  arizai mudiri muvaqqati oidi az  ijroi vazifai mudiri muvaqqati ozod namudani vay sud mudiri muvaqqatii navro tain menamoyad. To tainshavii mudiri muvaqqatii nav mudiri muvaqqati ijroi vazifahoyashro davom  medihad.

 

Moddai 46. huquq va  vazifahoi mudiri  muvaqqati

Mudiri muvaqqati huquq dorad:

az nomi khud oid ba  beetibor donistani ahdho, inchunin  dar borai  tatbiqi oqibathoi beetiborii  ahdhoi  kamarzishi az  tarafi qarzdor be rioyai talaboti muqarrarnamudai hamin  Qonun bastashuda  yo ijrogardida ba sud  talab peshnihod namoyad;

bo  ariza dar borai qabuli  chorahoi ilovagi oid ba tamini hifzi amvoli qarzdor, az jumla dar borai be rozigii mudiri  muvaqqati man namudani  bastani ahdhoi dar qismi duyumi moddai 44 Qonuni mazkur peshbinishuda,  hamchunin   dar borai dodani kogazhoi qimmatnok, arzishhoi asori va amvoli digari baroi nigohdori  ba  shakhsoni seyum dodashuda, inchunin dar borai bekor namudani hamin guna choraho  ba sud  murojiat namoyad;

dar borai   az vazifa dur kardani rohbari qarzdor bo  darkhostba sud murojiat namoyad;

hama guna ittiloot va hujjathoi ba faoliyati qarzdor vobastaro girad;

vakolathoi digari muqarrarnamudai hamin Qonunro anjom dihad.

Maqomoti idorakunii qarzdor vazifador ast, ki bo darkhosti mudiri muvaqqati ba vay hama guna malumothoi ba faoliyati qarzdor dakhldorro peshnihod namoyad.

Mudiri muvaqqati vazifador ast:

bahri tamini nigohdorii molikiyati qarzdor tadbirho andeshad;

holati moliyavii qarzdorro tahlil namoyad;

mavjudiyati alomathoi muflisshavii sokhta va barqasdro muayyan sozad;

kreditoroni qarzdorro muqarrar namuda, andozai talabhoi onhoro muayyan sozad,  ba kreditoron oidi  ogoz shudani parvanda  dar borai muflisshavi khabar dihad;

majlisi avvali kreditoronro davat namoyad.

Badi anjomi mushohida mudiri muvaqqati ba sud dar borai faoliyati khud hisobot, oid ba holati moliyavii qarzdor malumot va dar borai imkonpazir budan yo nabudani barqarorsozii qobiliyati  pardokhtii qarzdor taklifho peshnihod menamoyad.

 

Moddai 47. Tahlili  holati  moliyavii qarzdor

Tahlili holati moliyavii  qarzdor bo maqsadi muayyan namudani kifoyagii  amvoli ba qarzdor taalluqdoshta baroi pardokhti kharojoti sudi, kharojoti podoshi mudir va hamchunin imkonpazir budan yo nabudani barqarorsozii qobiliyati pardokhtii  qarzdor guzaronida meshavad.

Agar dar natijai tahlili holati  moliyavii qarzdor amvoli ba qarzdor  taalluqdoshta baroi pushonidani kharojoti sudi  nokifoya muqarrar  karda shavad, kreditoron huquq dorand dar borai jori namudani idorakunii beruna tanho dar surati muayyan sokhtani manbahoi pushonidani kharojoti sudi  qaror qabul namoyand.

Agar kreditoron manbai pushonidani  kharojoti sudiro muayyan nakarda boshand, kreditoroni ba tarafdorii jori namudani idorakunii beruna ovozdoda baroi pushonidani kharojoti zikrshuda  ba zimmai khud uhdadorihoi  yakjoya  megirand.

 

Moddai 48. Muqarrar namudani hajmi talabhoi kreditoron

Bo maqsadi ishtirok dar majlisi yakumi khud kreditoron  huquq dorand  talabhoyashonro dar muhlati 1 moh az ruzi giriftani ogohinomai mudiri muvaqqati dar bobati az  tarafi sud qabul kardani ariza dar borai muflis  etirof namudani qarzdor peshnihod namoyand. Talabhoi zikrshuda ba istisnoi holathoe, ki   mutobiqi hamin Qonun talabhoi  muqarrarshuda  hisobida  meshavand, ba sud  va qarzdor firistoda meshavand. Talabhoi kreditoron, ki mutobiqi hamin Qonun muqarrarshuda donista meshavand, bo ilovai hujjathoe, ki baroi muayyan namudani onho hamchun talabhoi muqarrarshuda shahodat medihand, ba mudiri muvaqqati firistoda meshavand.

Oid ba on talabhoi kreditoron, ki mutobiqi  hamin Qonun muqarrargardida etirof nashudaand, qarzdor  metavonad dar muhlati yak moh az ruzi giriftani talabi dakhldor ba  sud, kreditor va hamchunin mudiri muvaqqati  etiroz peshnihod  namoyad.

Talabi kreditor, ki az rui on dar muhlati peshbininamudai qismi duyumi hamin modda qarzdor etiroz peshnihod nakardaast, ba andozai  arznamudai  kreditor etirof karda meshavad.

Talabhoi kreditoron, ki az rui onho qarzdor etiroz peshnihod namudaast, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni mazkur barrasi karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 49. Davati majlisi  yakumi kreditoron va masalahoi dar on muhokimashavanda

Mudiri muvaqqati sanai guzaronidani majlisi yakumi kreditoronro muayyan karda, hamai kreditoronro  dar borai on ogoh mesozad. Majlisi yakumi  kreditoron boyad dar muhlati na  dertar az 10 ruz to sanai barguzorii majlisi sud, ki  bo tainoti sudi  oidi qabuli ariza dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor muqarrar gardidaast, barguzor shavad.

Ishtirokchiyoni majlisi  yakumi kreditoron bo huquqi ovozdihi kreditoroni ozmuni, maqomoti andoz  va maqomoti digari vakolatdor meboshand,  ki:

talabhoyashon mutobiqi hamin Qonun muqarrarshuda etirof gardida,  ba mudiri muvaqqati firistoda shudaand;

hajmi talabhoyashon az tarafi sud bo etirozi qarzdor ba  talabhoi kreditoron to guzaronidani majlisi yakumi kreditoron muqarrar  shudaast.

Dar majlisi yakumi kreditoron be huquqi ovozdihi mudiri muvaqqati, rohbari qarzdor va namoyandai kormandoni qarzdor ishtirok mekunand.

Salohiyati majlisi yakumi kreditoron:

qabuli qaror oid ba jori kardani idorakunii beruna va bo  iltimosnomai dakhldor ba sud  murojiat namudan;

qabuli qaror dar borai  bo iltimosnoma ba sud murojiat namudan oidi muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti  ozmuni;

muayyan namudani shumorai hayati kumitai kreditoron va intikhobi  azoi on;

hallu fasli masalahoi digar, ki hamin Qonun peshbini  namudaast.

Mudiri muvaqqati protokoli  majlisi yakumi  kreditoronro  dar muhlati na dertar az yak  haftai  ruzi barguzorii majlisi  yakumi kreditoron ba sud  peshnihod menamoyad.

 

Moddai 50. Qarori majlisi yakumi kreditoron dar borai jori namudani idorakunii beruna

Qarori majlisi yakumi kreditoron dar borai jori namudani idorakunii beruna boyad  muhlati peshnihodshudai idorakunii beruna, nomzad ba mudiri beruna va  hamchunin  malumotro dar borai vay  dar bar girad.

BOBI VI

IDORAKUNII BERUNA

 

Moddai 51. Tartibi jori namudani idorakunii beruna

Idorakunii beruna az tarafi sud dar asosi qarori majlisi kreditoron ba istisnoi holathoe, ki Qonuni mazkur peshbini namudaast,  jori karda meshavad.

Tainoti sudi dar khususi jori namudani  idorakunii beruna boyad betakhir   ba ijro rasonda shavad.

Az boloi tainoti sudi dar khususi jori namudani idorakunii beruna shikoyat kardan  mumkin ast.

Idorakunii beruna ba muddati na beshtar az 10 moh, ki mumkin ast na beshtar az 1 mohi digar daroz karda shavad,  jori karda meshavad, agar Qonuni mazkur tartibi digarero peshbini nakarda boshad. (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)

Bo iltimosnomai majlisi kreditoron yo mudiri beruna muhlati idorakunii beruna az  tarafi sud mumkin ast dar doirai muhlathoe, ki qismi chorumi hamin modda muqarrar namudaast, kam yo ziyod karda shavad.

 

Moddai 52. Oqibathoi jori namudani idorakunii beruna

Az ruzi  jori namudani idorakunii beruna:

rohbari qarzdor az  ijroi vazifaash  dur karda shuda, idorakunii korhoi qarzdor ba mudiri beruna voguzor  karda meshavad;

vakolathoi maqomoti  idorakunii qarzdor va moliki amvoli qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi qat gardida, vakolathoi rohbari qarzdor va maqomoti digari idorakunii qarzdor ba istisnoi vakolathoe, ki mutobiqi hamin Qonun ba  shakhsoni (maqomoti) digar  meguzarand,  ba mudiri beruna  voguzor megardand. Maqomoti idorakunii qarzdor dar muddati 3 ruz az ruzi tain shudani mudiri beruna vazifador ast, ki hujjathoi muhosibi va digar hujjathoi shakhsi  huquqi, muhr, shtamp, arzishhoi moddi va arzishhoi digarro ba mudiri beruna suporad;

chorahoi qablan andeshidashuda oidi himoyai talabhoi kreditoron bekor karda meshavand;

ba qonegardonii  talabhoi kreditoron oid ba uhdadorihoi puli va pardokhthoi hatmii qarzdor, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki hamin Qonun peshbini namudaast,  moratoriya jori karda meshavad.

Dar intihoi idorakunii beruna mablaghoi noustuvorona   (jarimaho, penyaho)  va hamchunin mablaghoi zarari rasondashuda, ki qarzdor vazifador ast az rui uhdadorihoi puli va pardokhthoi hatmi  ba kreditoron pardokht namoyad, mumkin ast baroi pardokht  namudan dar hamon hajme,  ki dar ruzi jori namudani  idorakunii  beruna mavjud budaand, peshnihod karda shavand.

 

Moddai 53. Moratoriya  ba qonegardonii talabhoi kreditoron

Moratoriya  ba qonegardonii  talabhoi kreditoron   ba hamon uhdadorihoi puli va pardokhthoi hatmie, ki muhlati ijroyashon to jori namudani idorakunii beruna rasidaast, dakhl dorad.

Dar davomi amali moratoriyai qonegardonii talabhoi kreditoron  oid ba uhdadorihoi puli va pardokhthoi hatmi, ki dar qismi yakumi hamin modda peshbini gardidaast:

ba ruyonda giriftan az rui hujjathoi ijroishi  va digar hujjatho, hamchunin ba sitonidanhoi bebahs amalishavanda roh doda nameshavad;

ijroi hujjathoi ijroishi oid ba jarimahoi amvoli,  ba istisnoi ijroi hujjathoi ijroishi, ki dar asosi  halnomai sud dar khususi sitonidani qarzdorii muzdi kor, dodani podoshi az rui shartnomahoi muallifi, alimentho va hamchunin bargardonidani zarari ba hayot va  salomati rasonidashuda va zarari manavi, ki to lahzai az tarafi sud qabul gardidani  ariza dar borai  muflis etirof  namudani qarzdor etibori qonuni paydo kardaand, bozdoshta meshavad;

mablagi noustuvorona, (jarimaho, penyaho)  va mujozoti moliyavii  (iqtisodii)  digari ijro nakardan yo ijroi  nomatlubi  uhdadorihoi puli va pardokhthoi hatmi va hamchunin foizhoi pardokhtshavanda hisob karda nameshavand.

Moratoriyai  qonegardonii  talabhoi kreditoron hamchunin ba  talabhoi kreditoron dar khususi jubroni zarare, ki bo sababi az tarafi mudiri beruna rad karda shudani ijroi shartnomahoi qarzdor ba miyon omadaand, dakhl mekunad.

Qoidahoe, ki dar qismhoi duyum va seyumi hamin modda peshbini shudaand, ba uhdadorihoi puli va pardokhthoi hatmie, ki muhlati ijroyashon badi jori namudani idorakunii beruna rasidaand, tatbiq nameshavand.

Moratoriyai qonegardonii  talabhoi kreditoron ba talabho oidi sitonidani qarzi muzdi mehnat, pardokhti podoshi  shartnomahoi muallifi, alimentho va hamchunin jubroni zarari ba hayotu salomati rasondashuda dakhl namekunad.

 

Moddai 54. huquq va vazifahoi mudiri beruna

Mudiri beruna huquq dorad:

amvoli qarzdorro mustaqilona bo mahdudiyathoi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur ikhtiyordori namoyad;

az nomi qarzdor sozishnomai musoliha bandad;

oid ba  rad namudani  ijroi shartnomahoi qarzdor  arz kunad;

majlisi kreditoronro davat namoyad.

Mudiri beruna vazifador ast:

amvoli qarzdorro baroi ikhtiyordori qabul namuda, inventarizatsiyai onro guzaronad;

baroi idorakunii beruna va hisobi namudan bo kreditoron surathisobi makhsus kushoyad;

naqshai idorakunii berunaro tahiya namuda, baroi tasdiq ba majlisi kreditoron peshnihod namoyad;

korhoi muhosibi, moliyavi va  omoriro  anjom dihad;

oid ba talabhoi peshnihodnamudai kreditoron ba qarzdor bo tartibi muqarrargardida etiroz bayon namoyad;

baroi sitonidani qarzhoi dar nazdi  qarzdorbuda choraho andeshad;

talabhoi kreditoronro barrasi namoyad;

ruykhati talabhoi kreditoronro barad;

ba majlisi kreditoron oid ba  natijahoi ijroi naqshai idorakunii beruna hisobot peshnihod namoyad;

vakolathoi digarero, ki Qonuni mazkur peshbini menamoyad, ba jo orad.

 

Moddai 55. Muqarrar namudani hajmi talabhoi kreditoron

Kreditoron huquq dorand, ki talabhoi khudro ba qarzdor  dar har lahzai jarayoni  idorakunii  beruna peshnihod namoyand. Talabhoi zikrshuda ba mudiri beruna bo surogai pochtavii qarzdor firistoda meshavand. Talabhoi kreditoron,  ki mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur muqarrargashta etirof  shudaand, bo zamimai hujjathoe, ki   imkoniyati  muqarrarshavii in talabhoro muayyan mesozad, ba mudiri beruna  firistoda meshavand.

Mudiri beruna talabhoi peshnihodnamudai kreditoronro barrasi namuda, az rui natijahoi barrasii onho dar  ruykhati talabhoi kreditoron na dertar az du haftai badi qabuli talabi dakhldor sabt meguzorad. Oidi natijahoi barrasii talabi kreditor mudiri beruna kreditori dakhldorro dar muhlati na  beshtar az yak mohi  badi qabuli talabi zikrshuda ogoh menamoyad.

Kreditoron etirozhoi  khudro az rui natijahoi barrasii  talabhoyashon, ki az tarafi mudiri beruna  anjom doda shudaast, metavonand ba sude, ki parvandai muflisshaviro barrasi menamoyad, dar muhlati yak moh az ruzi giriftani   onho  peshnihod namoyand.

Talabhoi kreditoron, ki az rui onho dar muhlati peshbininamudai qismi seyumi hamin modda etiroz peshnihod  nagardidaast, ba andoza, tarkib va navbati qonegardonie, ki  mudiri beruna  muayyan namudaast,  muqarrargashta hisob meyoband.

Talabhoi kreditoron, ki nisbati onho etiroz peshnihod shudaast, az tarafi sud bo tartibi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur barrasi meshavand.

 

Moddai 56. Ikhtiyordorii molikiyati qarzdor

Moliki amvoli qarzdor yo maqomi idorakunii qarzdor  huquq nadorad, ki vakolathoi mudiri berunaro oid ba ikhtiyordorii amvoli qarzdor   bo rohi qabuli qaror yo tarzi digar  mahdud sozad.

Ahdhoi kalon va ahdhoe, ki dar basta shudani onho manfiatho  dida meshavand, onhoro mudiri beruna tanho bo rozigii majlisi kreditoron yo kumitai kreditoron mebandad, agar hamin Qonun va naqshai   idorakunii beruna tartibi digarero peshbini nakarda boshad.

Ba ahdhoi kalon ahdhoe dokhil meshavand, ki bastani onho sababgori ikhtiyordorii amvoli gayrimanqul yo amvoli digari qarzdor, ki arzishi balansiashon dar lahzai bastani  chunin ahdho ziyoda az 20 foizi arzishi balansii aktivhoi  qarzdorro tashkil medihad, megardad.

Ahdhoi dar bastanashon manfiatjui mavjudbuda on ahdhoe  donista meshavand,  ki  yake az tarafi onho dar munosibat ba mudiri beruna yo kreditoroni ozmuni  shakhsi manfiatdor ast.

 

Moddai 57. Rad namudani ijroi shartnomai qarzdor

Mudiri beruna dar muddati se moh az ruzi jorishavii idorakunii beruna huquq dorad ijroi shartnomahoi qarzdorro rad namoyad.

Radkunii ijroishi shartnomahoi qarzdorro tanho nisbati  hamon shartnomahoe arz namudan mumkin ast, ki onho az jonibi tarafho purra yo qisman ijro nashudaand va yake az holathoi zerin mavjud boshad:

agar ijroshavii shartnomai qarzdor dar muqoisa bo hamin guna shartnomahoi dar holathoi muqoisavi bastashuda  baroi qarzdor zarar ovarad;

agar shartnoma darozmuhlat boshad (ba muhlati ziyoda az yak sol basta shuda boshad) yo  dar on giriftani natijahoi musbi baroi qarzdor dar oyandai darozmuddat ba naqsha girifta shuda boshad;

agar holathoi digare boshand, ki ba barqarorsozii qobiliyati pardokhtii qarzdor mone  shavand.

Tarafi digari shartnomai  qarzdor huquq dorad az qarzdor jubroni zarari voqeiro, ki az rad  kardani ijroi shartnomai qarzdor paydo shudaast, talab namoyad.

 

Moddai 58. Vakolathoi kumitai kreditoron

Kumitai kreditoron huquq dorad qarorhoi zerin qabul namoyad:

dar borai  davati majlisi kreditoron;

dar borai tavsiyaho ba majlisi kreditoron oid ba ozod namudani mudiri beruna az ijroi vazifahoi idorakunii beruna;

dar borai tasdiq yo rad namudani ahdhoi kaloni qarzdor   va ahdhoe, ki dar   bastani onho manfiatjui mavjud meboshad;

dar borai  ba sud peshnihod namudani nomzad ba vazifai muovini mudiri beruna.

 

Moddai 59. Daroz namudani muhlati idorakunii beruna

Dar holate, ki agar majlisi kreditoron   dar borai tasdiqi naqshai idorakunii beruna qaror qabul  karda  boshad, ki dar on muhlati idorakunii beruna az muhlati dar ibtido muqarrarshuda ziyod boshad  va hamchunin  mavjud budani asoshoi kofi, ki daroz kardani  muhlati idorakunii beruna yo ijroi naqshai tasdiqshudai idorakuni ba barqaror  namudani qobiliyati pardokhtii qarzdor musoidat mekunad, sud muhlati idorakunii berunaro  daroz  menamoyad.

 

Moddai 60. Tadbirhoi barqarorsozii qobiliyati pardokhtii qarzdor

Tadbirhoi barqarorsozii qobiliyati pardokhtii qarzdor inho  shuda  metavonand:

tagyir dodani faoliyati istehsoli;

bastani istehsoloti  foidanoovar;

pushondani qarzhoi debitori;

furushi qismi amvoli qarzdor;

guzasht kardan az huquqi talabi qarzdor;

ijroi uhdadorihoi qarzdor az jonibi moliki amvoli  qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi yo shakhsi (shakhsoni) seyum;

vositahoi  digari barqaror namudani  qobiliyati pardokhtii qarzdor.

 

Moddai 61. Furushi qismi amvoli qarzdor

Badi inventarizatsiya va narkhguzorii amvoli qarzdor  mudiri beruna  huquq dorad amvoli qarzdorro dar savdoi ozod ba  furush monad, agar  naqshai idorakunii  beruna tartibi digarero peshbini nakarda boshad.

Savdo, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki hamin Qonun peshbini namudaast, dar shakli muzoyada guzaronida meshavad.

Amvoli qarzdor, ki ba  amvoli qobiliyati muomilotiash mahdudkardashuda  mansub meboshad,  mumkin ast dar savdoi pushida furukhta shavad.

Dar savdoi pushida shakhsone ishtirok mekunand, ki mutobiqi qonun metavonand dar ikhtiyori khud yo tibqi digar huquqhoi amvoli chunin amvolro doshta boshand.

Mudiri beruna metavonad ba sifati sozmondihandai savdo amal namoyad yo guzaronidani savdoro dar asosi shartnoma ba  tashkiloti makhsusgardonidashuda voguzor namoyad. Tashkiloti makhsusgardonidashuda, ki savdo meguzaronad, nametavonad nisbati qarzdor va mudiri  beruna shakhsi manfiatdor boshad.

Narkhi ibtidoii amvoli qarzdor, ki ba savdo guzoshta meshavad, az  tarafi mudiri beruna muayyan karda meshavad, agar naqshai idorakunii beruna tartibi digarero peshbini nakarda boshad.

Golibi savdo vazifador ast, ki narkhi furushi amvoli qarzdorro dar muhlati peshbininamudai protokol yo shartnomai kharidu furush, ki az rui natijahoi ozmun basta shudaand,   vale  na dertar  az yak moh az ruzi guzaronidani savdo pardokht namoyad.

Amvoli qarzdor, ki  dar savdoi avval furukhta nashudaast, ba savdoi takrori barovarda meshavad, agar naqshai idorakunii  beruna tartibi  digarero   peshbini nakarda boshad.

Amvoli qarzdor, ki dar savdoi takrori furukhta nashudaast,  mumkin ast az tarafi mudiri beruna dar asosi shartnomai kharidu  furush be guzaronidani savdo furukhta shavad.

 

Moddai 62. Guzasht namudani huquqi talabi qarzdor

Guzasht namudani huquqi talabi qarzdor mumkin ast az  tarafi mudiri beruna bo rohi furushi talab dar savdoi kushod bo rozigii kumitai kreditoron yo majlisi kreditoron anjom doda shavad, agar naqshai idorakunii beruna  tartibi digarero  peshbini nakarda boshad.

 

Moddai 63. Ijroi uhdadorihoi qarzdor az jonibi moliki  amvoli qarzdor yo shakhsi (shakhsoni) seyum

Moliki amvoli qarzdor huquq dorad, ki har   zamon  to anjomyobii idorakunii beruna talabhoi hamai kreditoroni ozmuniro muvofiqi  ruykhati  talabhoi kreditoron yaku yakbora  qone gardonad.

Ba ijroi uhdadorihoi qarzdor az tarafi shakhsi  (shakhsoni) seyum ba sharte ijozat doda meshavad, ki agar chunin amal yakbora  talabhoi hamai kreditoroni ozmuniro mutobiqi  ruykhati  talabhoi kreditoron  qone gardonad.

 

Moddai 64. Hisoboti mudiri beruna az rui natijahoi  idorakunii beruna va barrasii on

Na dertar az panj ruzi kori to anjomyobii muhlati muqarrargardidai idorakunii beruna va hamchunin hangomi mavjudiyati asosho baroi pesh az muhlat qat namudani on mudiri beruna vazifador ast, ki ba majlisi kreditoron hisoboti mudiri berunaro peshnihod namoyad. (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)

Hisoboti  mudiri beruna boyad  inhoro dar bar girad:

balansi qarzdorro ba sanai okhirini hisoboti;

hisobi  foida va zarari qarzdorro;

malumotro dar  borai mablaghoi ozodi pulii qarzdor, ki mumkin ast baroi  qone gardonidani talabhoi kreditoron oid ba uhdadorihoi puli va pardokhthoi hatmii qarzdor ravona karda shavand;

sharhi qarzhoi  boqimondai  debitorii qarzdor va malumotro dar borai on  huquqhoi istifodanashudai talabhoi qarzdor,  ki boqi mondaand;

malumoti digarro oid ba imkoniyathoi pushonidani qarzhoi kreditorii qarzdor.

Ba hisoboti mudiri  beruna boyad  ruykhati  talabhoi kreditoron zamima karda shavad.

Dar barobari peshnihod kardani hisoboti zikrshuda mudiri  beruna ba majlisi kreditoron yake az masalahoi zerinro peshnihod  menamoyad:

dar borai qat kardani idorakunii beruna bo sababi  barqaror gardidani  qobiliyati pardokhtii qarzdor;

dar borai imzoi sozishnomai musoliha;

dar bobati daroz kardani muhlati muqarrarshudai  idorakunii  beruna;

dar borai qat namudani  idorakunii beruna va bo iltimosnoma ba sud oidi muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni murojiat kardan.

Hisoboti mudiri berunaro majlisi kreditoron, ki dar muhlati na dertar az dah ruzi guzashtani muhlati muayyanshudai  idorakunii beruna yo na dertar az yak moh pas az paydo shudani asos baroi pesh az muhlat qat namudani idorakunii  beruna davat karda meshavad, barrasi menamoyad.

Mudiri beruna na dertar az ponzdah ruz to anjomyobii muhlati muqarrargardidai idorakunii beruna vazifador ast ba hamai kreditoron dar bobati guzaronidani majlisi kreditoron ogohinoma  firistad.

Ogohinomai guzaronidani majlisi  kreditoron boyad malumothoro dar borai  vaqt, sana va joi guzaronidani majlisi  kreditoron, hamchunin tartibi shinos shudanro bo hisoboti mudiri beruna  dar bar girad.

Az rui natijahoi barrasii hisoboti mudiri  beruna majlisi kreditoron huquq dorad yake az  chunin qarorhoro qabul namoyad:

dar borai qat namudani  idorakunii beruna bo sababi barqaror  shudani qobiliyati pardokhtii qarzdor va guzashtan ba  hisobbarobarkuni bo kreditoron;

dar borai bo iltimosnoma ba sud dar khususi daroz  namudani  muhlati muqarrarshudai   idorakunii beruna murojiat namudan;

dar borai bo iltimosnoma ba sud dar khususi muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni murojiat namudan;

dar borai imzoi sozishnomai musoliha.

Dar holate, ki majlisi kreditoron yake az qarorhoi dar qismi hashtumi  hamin modda peshbinishudaro qabul nakunad, yo hamin guna qaror dar muhlati 15 ruz az lahzai guzashtani muhlathoi dar qismi  panjumi hamin modda peshbinishuda ba sud peshnihod nagardad,  sud dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni halnoma mebarorad.

 

Moddai 65. Tasdiqi hisoboti mudiri beruna  az tarafi sud

Hisoboti dar majlisi kreditoron barrasishudai  mudiri beruna va protokoli majlisi kreditoron dar muhlati na dertar az panj ruzi badi barguzorii majlisi kreditoron ba sud firistoda meshavad.

Ba  hisoboti mudiri beruna boyad  ruykhati  talabho va shikoyathoi kreditorone, ki dar majlisi kreditoron muqobili qabuli qarori  majlisi kreditoron ovoz dodaand yo dar ovozdihi ishtirok nakardaand, zamima  karda shavad.

Hisoboti mudiri beruna va shikoyathoi kreditoron dar majlisi  sud  barrasi karda meshavand.

Dar borai  vaqt, sana va joi barguzorii majlisi sud mudiri beruna va kreditorone, ki  shikoyat kardaand,  ogoh karda meshavand.

Agar majlisi kreditoron dar bobati qat namudani  idorakunii beruna bo sababi barqaror gardidani qobiliyati  pardokhtii qarzdor va guzashtan ba  hisobbarobarkuni bo kreditoron qaror  qabul namuda  boshad, on goh hisoboti mudiri beruna, ba istisnoi  holathoi dar hamin Qonun peshbinishuda, az  tarafi sud tasdiq karda meshavad.

Agar sud asosnok budani shikoyathoi kreditoron yo mavjud nabudani alomathoi barqarorgardii qobiliyati pardokhtii qarzdorro muqarrar kunad, tasdiqi hisoboti mudiri berunaro rad  menamoyad.

Dar borai tasdiqi hisoboti mudiri beruna va yo  rad kardani tasdiqi hisoboti mazkur, yo daroz kardani muhlati  idorakunii  beruna yo oidi tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha tainoti  sudi barovarda meshavad, ki  az boloi vay  shikoyat  kardan mumkin ast.

Hangomi mavjud budani iltimosnomai majlisi kreditoron oid ba muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni, hamchunin dar holati az  tarafi sud rad gardidani tasdiqi hisoboti mudiri beruna yo peshnihod nakardani hamin hisobot dar muhlati yak moh az ruzi ba okhirrasii muhlati muqarrarshudai  idorakunii beruna sud metavonad dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni halnoma qabul namoyad.

 

Moddai 66. Oqibathoi tasdiqi hisoboti mudiri beruna

Az tarafi sud tasdiq shudani hisoboti mudiri  beruna asosi qat namudani parvandai muflisshavi  megardad.

Hangomi mavjud budani iltimosnomai  qabulkardai majlisi kreditoron sud huquq dorad muhlati anjomdihii  hisobbarobarkuniro  bo kreditoron muqarrar namoyad.

Sud dar borai tasdiqi hisoboti mudiri  beruna tainot  barovarda,  muhlati ba okhirrasonii hisobbarobarkuniro   bo kreditoron muqarrar menamoyad, ki on naboyad az ruzi  barovardani  tainoti mazkur az shash moh ziyod boshad. Dar  chunin holat parvandai muflisshavi badi  ba okhir rasidani  hisobbarobarkuni bo kreditoron qat karda meshavad.

Agar dar muhlati muqarrarnamudai sud hisobbarobarkuni bo kreditoron  ba anjom rasonida  nashavad, sud dar borai  muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni halnoma qabul  menamoyad.

 

Moddai 67. hisobbarobarkuni  bo kreditoron

Dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi panjumi moddai 65 Qonuni mazkur  mudiri beruna  hisobbarobarkuniro bo kreditoron mutobiqi ruykhati talabhoi kreditoron az ruzi tasdiqshavii hisoboti mudiri  beruna az tarafi sud  ogoz menamoyad.

Hisobbarobarkuni bo kreditoron bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddai 78 Qonuni mazkur anjom doda meshavad. Az lahzai ijroshavii uhdadorihoi qarzdor  mudiri beruna ba ruykhati talabhoi kreditoron qaydi dakhldor  meguzorad.

 

Moddai 68. Pardokhti talabhoi kreditoron

Baroi maqsadhoi Qonuni mazkur hamon talabhoi qonekardai kreditoron talabhoi pardokhtshuda hisobida meshavand, ki oidi dast kashidan az onho yo ijroshaviyashon sozish ba dast omadaast yo tarzi digari qatgardii uhdadoriho, ki on mutobiqi hamin Qonun pardokhtshuda donista meshavad.

 

Moddai 69. Tartibi qat  gardidani vakolathoi mudiri beruna

Qat namudani idorakunii beruna  boisi qatshavii  vakolathoi mudiri beruna  megardad.

Agar idorakunii beruna bo sozishnomai musoliha yo pardokhti talabhoi kreditoron ba anjom rasad, mudiri  beruna  ijroi vazifai khudro dar doirai huquqhoi  rohbari qarzdor to ruzi taini (intikhobi) rohbari navi qarzdor  davom medihad.

Vakolathoi maqomoti digari idorakunii qarzdor va  moliki amvoli qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi barqaror karda meshavand.

Agar sud dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni qaror qabul  namoyad va mudiri ozmuni shakhsi digar tain shuda boshad,  mudiri beruna ijroi vazifahoyashro to ruzi suporidani  hujjatho  ba mudiri ozmuni davom medihad.

 

BOBI VII

ISTEhSOLOTI OZMUNI

 

Moddai 70. Muqarraroti umumi

Az jonibi sud  qabul  gardidani halnoma dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor boisi kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni megardad.

Muhlati istehsoloti ozmuni baroi subekthoi sohibkorii khurdu miyona va digar shakhsoni huquqi (tashkilothoi gayritijorati) to panj moh va baroi subekthoi sohibkorii kalon to 12 moh buda metavonad. (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)

Hangomi zarurat muhlati istehsoloti ozmuniro sud metavonad az muhlati dar qismi duyumi moddai mazkur peshbinishuda ba muhlati na ziyoda az yak moh tamdid namoyad. Az boloi tainoti sudi dar borai  az muhlati peshbinishudai  qismi duyumi moddai mazkur ziyodtar  daroz kardani  muhlati istehsoloti ozmuni shikoyat kardan   mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 71. Oqibathoi kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni

Az lahzai az jonibi sud qabul gardidani halnoma dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni:

muhlati ijroi hamai uhdadorihoi pulii qarzdor, hamchunin pardokhthoi  hatmii muhlatashon guzashtai qarzdor farorasida hisob meshavad;

hisob kardani  noustuvorona (jarimaho, penyaho), foizho va digar namudi mujozoti moliyavi (iqtisodi) nisbati hamai namudhoi qarzdorihoi qarzdor qat megardad;

mansubiyati malumot dar borai vazi moliyavii qarzdor, ki barobari kategoriyahoi malumoti  sirri tijorati hisob meshudand, qat megardad;

ba amalbarorii ahdhoe, ki ba  judo karda dodani amvoli qarzdor yo dodani amvoli qarzdor baroi istifoda ba  shakhsoni seyum vobastaand, tanho bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai  hamin bobi Qonun ijozat doda meshavad;

habshoi peshtar ba amvoli qarzdor guzoshta va digar mahdudiyatho  oid ba ikhtiyordorii amvoli qarzdor bardoshta meshavand. Guzoshtani habshoi nav ba amvoli qarzdor va jori namudani mahdudiyatho oid ba ikhtiyordorii amvoli qarzdor ijozat doda nameshavad;

hama guna talabho nisbati qarzdor tanho dar doirai istehsoloti ozmuni peshnihod megardand;

ijroi uhdadorihoi qarzdor dar  holatho va bo tartibe, ki hamin bobi Qonun muqarrar namudaast, ijozat doda meshavad.

Az ruzi az jonibi sud  qabul gardidani  halnoma dar borai muflis etirof  namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni maqomoti idorakunii qarzdor az ijroi vazifahoyashon oid ba idorakuni va ikhtiyordorii amvoli qarzdor  dar holate dur karda meshavand, ki agar qablan in guna  dur kardan joy nadoshta boshad va hamchunin vakolathoi moliki amvoli qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi qat megardand.

 

Moddai 72. Mudiri ozmuni

Hangomi qabuli halnoma dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni sud bo tartibi baroi taini mudiri beruna peshbinishuda mudiri ozmuniro tain mekunad.

Bo iltimosnomai mudiri ozmuni, ki majlisi kreditoron yo kumitai kreditoron maqul donistaast, sud metavonad yakchand mudironi ozmuniro tain namoyad. Sud  vazifahoro  bayni   mudironi  ozmuni vobasta ba murakkabii vazifahoi ijroshavanda, khususiyat va miqdori amvoli qarzdor taqsim mekunad va doirai masuliyati har kadomi onhoro muayyan  mesozad.

Mudiri ozmuni to ruzi ba okhir rasidani istehsoloti ozmuni faoliyat mekunad.

 

Moddai 73.  Nashr kardani malumot dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni

Malumotro dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni mudiri ozmuni az hisobi mablaghoi qarzdor dar vositahoi akhbori omma nashr menamoyad.

Malumoti nashrshavanda  dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni boyad  inhoro dar bar girad:

nom va digar rekvizithoi qarzdor, ki muflis etirof shudaast;

nomi sude, ki peshburdi parvandai muflisshavi dar ikhtiyori on meboshad;

sanai qabul gardidani halnomai sud dar borai muflis etirof namudani  qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni;

muhlati muqarrarshuda baroi peshnihodi talabhoi kreditoron, ki az ruzi  nashri   in malumot naboyad az du moh kam boshad;

malumot dar borai mudiri ozmuni.

Malumot dar borai muflis etirof namudani  qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni  ba mudironi ozmuni na dertar az panj ruzi tain shudanashon firistoda meshavad.

 

Moddai 74. Vakolathoi mudiri ozmuni

Az ruzi tain shudani mudiri ozmuni hamai vakolatho oid ba idorakunii korhoi qarzdor, az jumla vakolati ikhtiyordorii amvoli qarzdor ba u voguzor  megardad.

Dar holate, ki agar halnoma dar borai muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni badi ba okhir rasidani mushohida qabul karda shavad, vakolathoi maqomoti idorakunii qarzdor va moliki amvoli qarzdor az ruzi tain shudani mudiri ozmuni  qat megardand. Maqomoti  idorakunii qarzdor dar davomi se ruzi badi tain shudani mudiri ozmuni suporidani hujjathoi muhosibi va hujjathoi digari qarzdor, muhr, shtamp, arzishhoi moddi va digar arzishhoi qarzdorro ba mudiri ozmuni tamin menamoyand. Dar holati az vazifahoi zikrshuda sarkashi namudan maqomoti  idorakunii qarzdor, az jumla rohbari qarzdor mutobiqi  qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

Mudiri ozmuni az ruzi tain shudanash vazifahoi zerinro ijro menamoyad:

amvoli qarzdorro ba ikhtiyordori qabul mekunad, inventarizatsiya namuda, arzishi amvoli qarzdorro muayyan mekunad va  oid ba nigohdorii onho tadbirho  meandeshad;

holati moliyavii qarzdorro bevosita tahlil menamoyad va agar doroi donishhoi makhsus naboshad, baroi in amal bo muvofiqai kreditoron mutakhassis – tahlilgarro jalb menamoyad; (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)

ba shakhsoni seyume, ki  az qarzdor qarzdorand, oidi ruyonidani on mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston talab peshnihod mekunad;

kormandoni qarzdorro dar borai az kor ozodshavii dar   peshistoda  mutobiqi qonunguzorii mehnati Jumhurii Tojikiston khabardor mekunad;

mutobiqi  tartibi muqarrarshuda ba talabhoi  peshnihodshudai  kreditoron ba qarzdor  etiroz menamoyad;

dar borai rad namudani ijroi  shartnomahoi qarzdor  arz menamoyad. Rad namudani ijroi   shartnomahoi  qarzdor bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddai 57 hamin Qonun arz karda meshavad;

dar borai justuju, paydo namudan va bargardonidani amvoli qarzdor, ki dar ikhtiyori  shakhsoni seyum hastand, choraho meandeshad;

hujjathoi qarzdorro, ki mutobiqi  qonunguzori va digar  sanadhoi huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston boyad hatman nigohdori shavand, baroi nigohdori mesuporad;

tadbirhoi digarero, ki hamin Qonun peshbini  kardaast, meandeshad.

Hangomi ijroi vakolathoi khud mudiri ozmuni dar borai etirof nakardani ahdhoi bastai qarzdor, talab kardani amvoli  qarzdor az shakhsoni seyum va bekor kardani  shartnomahoi bastai qarzdor  davo peshnihod karda, amalhoi digari peshbininamudai  qonunho va digar sanadhoi huquqii Jumhurii Tojikistonro, ki ba bargardonidani amvoli qarzdor nigaronida shudaand, anjom medihad.

Mudiri ozmuni hangomi  ijroi  vakolathoi khud huquq dorad ba shakhsoni seyum, ki mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  az rui uhdadorihoi qarzdor binobar  ovarda rasonidani qarzdor to  holati muflisshavi masuliyati subsidiari dorand, talabho peshnihod namoyad.

Hajmi talabhoi nombarshuda bo nazardoshti  farqiyati bayni mablagi  umumii talabhoi kreditoron va molu mulki ozmuni muayyan  karda meshavad.

Mablaghoi ruyondashuda ba  molu mulki ozmuni hamroh karda  meshavand  va  mumkin ast  tanho baroi qone gardonidani talabhoi kreditoron az rui navbat, ki hamin Qonun peshbini  namudaast, istifoda burda shavand.

 

Moddai 75. Muayyan kardani narkhi amvoli qarzdor

Mudiri ozmuni dar jarayoni istehsoloti ozmuni amvoli qarzdorro inventarizatsiya namuda, narkhi onro muayyan mekunad.

Baroi anjom dodani in kor  mudiri ozmuni huquq dorad narkhguzoron va digar mutakhassisonro bo pardokhti muzdi mehnatashon az hisobi amvoli qarzdor ba kor jalb namoyad,  agar tartibi digarero majlisi kreditoron yo kumitai kreditoron muqarrar nakarda boshad.

Dar holathoe, ki  agar amvoli ba furushmondai qarzdor dar jarayoni  istehsoloti ozmuni amvoli gayrimanqul boshad, on goh amvoli nombarshuda to  furush, bo jalbi narkhguzoroni mustaqil narkhguzori karda meshavad, agar majlisi kreditoron yo kumitai kreditoron tartibi digarero muqarrar  nakarda boshad.

 

Moddai 76. Molu mulki ozmuni

Hamai amvoli dar lahzai kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni  mavjudbuda va dar jarayoni istehsoloti ozmuni oshkorshudai qarzdor molu  mulki  ozmuniro tashkil medihad.

Az  amvoli qarzdor, ki  molu mulki  ozmuniro tashkil dodaast, amvoli az muomilot barovardashuda, huquqhoi amvolii ba shakhsiyati qarzdor aloqamandbuda, az jumla huquqhoi  bo ijozatnoma (litsenziya) mashgul shudan ba namudhoi  muayyani faoliyat asosyofta, hamchunin amvoli digari  dar hamin Qonun peshbinishuda  barovarda meshavand.

Bo maqsadi durust ba roh mondani bahisobgirii amvoli qarzdor, ki molu mulki ozmuniro tashkil medihad, mudiri ozmuni huquq dorad muhosibon, auditorho va digar mutakhassisonro jalb namoyad.

 

Moddai 77. Amvoli qarzdor, ki ba molu mulki ozmuni  dokhil karda nameshavad

Hangomi dar  tarkibi amvoli qarzdor mavjud budani amvole, ki az muomilot barovarda shudaast, mudiri ozmuni moliki amvoli nombarshudaro  dar in bora ogoh menamoyad.

Moliki amvoli az muomilot barovardashuda vazifador ast, ki dar davomi yak moh az ruzi giriftani ogohinomai  mudiri ozmuni in amvolro qabul namoyad yo onro ba shakhsi digar vobasta kunad.

Dar holati az jonibi moliki amvoli az muomilot barovarda –  shuda ijro nakardani vazifahoi dar qismi duyumi hamin modda peshbinishuda dar muddati  yak moh az ruzi giriftani ogohinomai mudiri ozmuni hamai  kharojoti nigohdorii amvoli az muomilot barovardashuda ba  zimmai moliki amvoli nombarshuda guzoshta meshavad.

Fondi manzilii tainoti ijtimoidoshta, muassisahoi bachagonai tomaktabi va inshoothoi molikiyati kommunalii baroi mintaqa  hayotan zarurbuda boyad ba maqomoti ijroiyai hokimiyati  mahallii  dakhldor  bo tartibi peshbininamudai qismhoi yakum, duyum va seyumi hamin modda suporida shavand. Vazifaho  oidi  nigohdori va tamini faoliyati  inshoothoi nombarshuda va istifodai maqsadnoki onho pas az  yak mohi giriftani ogohinomai mudiri ozmuni ba zimmai maqomoti ijroiyai hokimiyati  mahalli guzoshta meshavand.

Inshoothoi dar qismi chorumi hamin modda nombarshuda ba maqomoti ijroiyai  hokimiyati  mahalli  dar holathoi voqeiyashon biduni hej guna sharthoi ilovagi suporida meshavand. Manbai mablagguzori  baroi nigohdorii inshoothoi zerin bujethoi dakhldor meboshand.

SHakhsoni mansabdori maqomoti ijroiyai  hokimiyati mahalli baroi ijro nakardani muqarraroti bandhoi chorum va  panjumi hamin modda mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikistion ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 78.  Az rui  navbat qonegardonii  talabhoi kreditoron

Talabhoi kreditoron  az rui navbati zayl qone gardonida meshavand:

dar navbati avval talabi shahrvandone, ki shakhsi huquqii barhamdodashavanda dar nazdi onho baroi rasonidani zarar ba hayot va salomatiashon masuliyat dorad,  qone gardonida meshavand;

dar navbati  duyum   pardokhti kumakpulii az kor raftan va muzdi kori shakhsone, ki  tibqi shartnomai mehnati, az jumla tibqi qarordod kor mekunand va  pardokhti podosh az rui shartnomahoi muallifi hisobi karda meshavand.

dar navbati seyum – qonegardonii talabhoi kreditoron az rui  uhdadorihoe, ki baroi onho amvoli qarzdor ba garav  guzoshta shudaast;

dar navbati chorum –  pushonidani  qarz az rui pardokhthoi hatmii ba bujet voridshavanda va fondhoi gayribujeti;

dar navbati panjum – hisobi namudani  talabhoi digar  kreditoron.

 

Moddai 79. Furushi amvoli qarzdor

Badi guzaronidani inventarizatsiya va narkhguzorii amvoli qarzdor  mudiri  ozmuni ba  furukhtani amvoli nombarshuda dar  savdoi ozod shuru mekunad, agar majlisi kreditoron yo kumitai kreditoron tartibi digari furushi amvoli qarzdorro muqarrar nakarda boshad.

Tartib va muhlati furushi amvoli qarzdor boyad az tarafi majlisi kreditoron yo kumitai kreditoron maqul donista shavad.

Amvoli qarzdor, ki ba  amvoli qobiliyati muomilotiash mahdudshuda  mansub  ast, tanho dar savdoi pushida furukhta meshavad.

Mudiri ozmuni metavonad ba sifati sozmondihandai savdo baromad namoyad yo guzaronidani savdoro dar asosi shartnoma ba  tashkiloti makhsusgardonidashuda suporad. Tashkiloti makhsusgardonidashuda, ki  savdoro ba roh memonad, nametavonad  nisbati qarzdor yo mudiri ozmuni  shakhsi manfiatdor boshad.

Amvoli qarzdor, ki dar savdoi avval furukhta nashudaast, dar savdohoi minbada guzoshta meshavad yo az tarafi mudiri ozmuni dar asosi shartnomai kharidu furush, ki be guzaronidani savdo basta meshavad,  furukhta meshavad.

 

Moddai 80. Guzasht namudan az  huquqi talabi qarzdor

Mudiri ozmuni huquqdorad huquqi talabhoi  qarzdorro dar savdoi ozod guzorad, agar majlisi kreditoron yo kumitai kreditoron tartibi digari furushi (guzasht namudani) talabhoi qarzdorro muqarrar nakarda boshad.

Furushi (guzasht namudani) huquqhoi talabhoi qarzdor dar savdoi ozod bo rioyai qoidahoi dar moddai 62 Qonuni mazkur peshbinigardida ba amal barovarda meshavad, agar qonunhoi digar tartibi digarero muqarrar nakarda boshand yo az mohiyati talabho tartibi digare barnaoyad.

 

Moddai 81. Hisobbarobarkuni bo kreditoron

Hisobbarobarkuniro bo kreditoron mudiri ozmuni mutobiqi ruykhati talabhoi kreditoron  amali menamoyad.

Talabhoi kreditoron bo tartibi peshbininamudai moddai 55 Qonuni mazkur muqarrar karda meshavad.

Talabi har yak navbat badi komilan qone gardidani talabi navbati peshtara qone gardonida meshavad.

Mablaghoi pulii qarzdor hangomi nokifoya budanashon bayni kreditoroni navbati dakhldor mutanosiban ba hajmi mablaghoi talabkardashuda, ki boyad qone karda shavand, taqsim karda meshavand, agar Qonuni  mazkur tartibi  digarero  peshbini nakarda boshad.

Talabhoi kreditorone, ki badi bastani ruykhati talabhoi kreditoron izhor gardidaand, az jumla talabho oidi pardokhthoi hatmi, ki badi kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni ba vujud omadaand, az hisobi amvoli qarzdor badi qone gardonidani talabhoi kreditoroni dar muhlati muqarrarshuda murojiatkarda qone gardonida meshavand.

Talabhoi kreditoroni  navbati yakum va duyum, ki to  anjomdihii hisobbarobarkuni bo  hamai kreditoron, az  jumla badi bastani ruykhati talabhoi kreditoron izhor shudaand, vojibi qonegardoni meboshand.  To komilan qone gashtani talabhoi zikrshuda, qone gardonidani talabhoi kreditoroni navbati dakhldor bozdoshta meshavad. Bo hamin tartib talabhoi kreditoroni  navbathoi digar, ki dar muhlati muqarrarshuda murojiat namudaand, vale az tarafi mudiri ozmuni onho  etirof nashudaand va nisbati onho halnomai   sud dar borai qone gardonidanashon quvvai qonuni paydo namudaast, qone gardonida meshavand.

Talabhoi kreditorone, ki bo sababi nokifoyagii amvoli qarzdor qone nagardidaand, pardokhtshuda donista meshavand. Talabhoi kreditorone, ki mudiri ozmuni onhoro etirof nakardaast va kreditor  oidi onho ba sud bo davo murojiat nakardaast, inchunin talabhoe, ki  qone gardonidani onho bo halnomai sud rad karda  shudaast, hamchunin pardokhtshuda donista meshavand.

Mudiri ozmuni ba ruykhati talabhoi kreditoron dar borai pardokht shudanashon qaydho meguzorad.

Kreditorone, ki talabhoi onho dar jarayoni istehsoloti ozmuni ba tavri purra qone gardonida nashudaand, huquqi talabpeshnihodkuni ba shakhsoni seyum, ki amvoli  qarzdorro gayriqonuni giriftaand,  dorand. Badi pushida shudani parvandai muflisshavi chunin talabro bo tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihod namudan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 82. Nazorat  az boloi faoliyati mudiri ozmuni

Mudiri ozmuni na kam az yak marotiba dar yak moh ba kumitai kreditoron yo majlisi kreditoron hisobotro dar borai faoliyati khud, ittilootro dar borai vazi moliyavii qarzdor va amvoli vay to ruzi kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni va dar  jarayoni istehsoloti ozmuni, hamchunin digar ittilooti darkoriro peshnihod mekunad.

Mudiri ozmuni vazifador ast bo talabi sud hama guna malumoti ba istehsoloti ozmuni taalluqdoshtaro ba vay peshnihod namoyad.

 

Moddai 83. Az vazifa dur namudani mudiri  ozmuni

Sud mudiri ozmuniro dar holati ijro nakardan yo ijroi nomatlubi vazifahoi ba zimmaash guzoshtashuda bo iltimosnomai majlisi kreditoron yo kumitai kreditoron az vazifa dur namuda, mudiri navi ozmuniro tain mekunad.

 

Moddai 84. hisoboti mudiri ozmuni

Mudiri ozmuni badi ba okhir rasidani hisobbarobarkuni bo kreditoron vazifador ast, ki az natijahoi guzaronidani istehsoloti ozmuni ba sud hisobot dihad.

Ba hisoboti mudiri ozmuni zamimahoi  zerin ilova megardand:

hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai furushi amvoli qarzdor;

ruykhati talabhoi kreditoron bo nishon dodani hajmi pardokhtshudai talabhoi kreditoron;

hujjathoe, ki  pardokht shudani talabhoi kreditoronro tasdiq menamoyand.

 

Moddai 85. Amvoli qarzdor, ki pas az pardokhti talabhoi  kreditoron boqi mondaast

Mudiri ozmuni dar borai amvoli qarzdor, ki ba furush peshnihod shuda bud, vale dar jarayoni istehsoloti ozmuni ba furush naraftaast va hangomi  mavjud nabudani  murojiati moliki amvoli qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi, muassisoni (ishtirokchiyoni) qarzdor –  shakhsi huquqi oidi huquqhoi amvoliashon ba in amvol ba  maqomoti vakolatdori dakhldor khabar merasonad.

Maqomoti  vakolatdor dar muhlati na dertar az  yak moh  badi giriftani khabarnomai  dakhldor amvoli dar qismi yakumi hamin modda zikrgashtaro ba balans va  kharojoti nigohdorii onro ba uhda megirad.

 

Moddai 86. Ba itmomrasonii istehsoloti ozmuni

Sud badi barrasii hisoboti mudiri ozmuni oidi natijahoi istehsoloti ozmuni dar  khususi ba itmom rasidani istehsoloti ozmuni tainot mebarorad.

Mudiri ozmuni boyad dar muhlati 5 ruzi kori az lahzai  barovardani tainoti sud oidi ba okhir rasidani istehsoloti ozmuni tainoti zikrgardidaro ba maqomote, ki baqaydgirii davlatii shakhsoni huquqiro anjom medihad, peshnihod namoyad. (QJT az 19.05.09, №509)

Tainoti sud oidi ba okhir rasidani istehsoloti ozmuni baroi dar ruykhati yagonai davlatii shakhsoni huquqi darovardani qaydi barhamkhurii qarzdor asos meshavad.

Az ruzi dar ruykhati yagonai davlatii shakhsoni huquqi darovardani qaydi barhamkhurii qarzdor vakolathoi mudiri ozmuni qat megardand, istehsoloti ozmuni ba itmom rasida va qarzdor barhamkhurda hisobida meshavad.

 

BOBI  VIII

SOZISHNOMAI MUSOLIHA

 

Moddai 87. Muqarraroti umumi

Qarzdor va kreditoron dar hama marhilahoi barrasii parvandai muflisshavi  huquq dorand sozishnomai musoliha bandand.

Qaror dar borai bastani sozishnomai musoliharo az nomi kreditoroni ozmuni majlisi kreditoron qabul menamoyad. Qarori majlisi kreditoron dar borai bastani sozishnomai musoliha bo aksariyati ovozho az  miqdori umumii  kreditoroni ozmuni qabul karda meshavad va dar holate qabulshuda hisob meshavad, agar ba tarafdorii on hamai kreditorone, ki  uhdadorihoyashon bo garavmonii amvolii qarzdor taminand, ovoz  doda boshand.

Qarori bastani sozishnomai musoliharo az tarafi qarzdor shahrvand – qarzdor yo rohbari qarzdor,  mudiri beruna yo mudiri ozmuni qabul menamoyand.

Dar sozishnomai musoliha ishtiroki shakhsoni seyum, ki huquq va uhdadorihoi dar  sozishnomai musoliha peshbinishudaro ba zimma megirand, ijozat doda meshavad.

Sozishnomai musoliharo boyad sud tasdiq  namoyad va dar in bora dar tainoti sudi oid ba  qat namudani parvandai muflisshavi takid karda shavad. Agar sozishnomai musoliha dar jarayoni istehsoloti ozmuni basta shavad, sud  dar borai tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha tainot mebarorad.

Sozishnomai musoliha baroi qarzdor va kreditoroni ozmuni, hamchunin  shakhsoni seyumi dar sozishnomai musoliha ishtirokkunanda az ruzi tasdiqi sud etibor dorad va  baroi qarzdor, kreditoroni ozmuni va shakhsoni seyumi dar sozishnomai musoliha  shirkatkunanda hatmi meboshad.

Sarkashii yaktarafa az ijroi sozishnomai musoliha, ki etibor paydo kardaast, ijozat doda nameshavad.

 

Moddai 88.  SHakli sozishnomai musoliha

Sozishnomai musoliha dar shakli  khatti basta meshavad.

Az tarafi qarzdor sozishnomai musoliharo sohibkori infirodi –  qarzdor yo rohbari qarzdor, mudiri  beruna yo mudiri ozmuni imzo mekunand.

Az nomi kreditoron sozishnomai musoliharo shakhsi az  tarafi majlisi kreditoron vakolatdorshuda imzo mekunad.

Agar dar sozishnomai musoliha shakhsoni seyum ishtirok namoyand, sozishnomai musoliharo az tarafi onho hamin shakhsho yo namoyandai onho imzo mekunand.

 

Moddai 89. Mazmuni sozishnomai musoliha

Sozishnomai musoliha boyad muqarrarotro dar borai  hajm, tartib va muhlati ijroi uhdadorihoi qarzdor va (yo) dar borai qati uhdadorihoi qarzdor bo rohi guzasht namudan, aznavkunii  uhdadoriho, bakhshidani qarz yo rohhoi digar, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini namudaast, dar bar girad.

Sozishnomai musoliha metavonad  sharthoi zerinro dar bar girad:

dar bobati  daroz yo kutoh  namudani muhlati ijroi uhdadorihoi qarzdor;

dar borai guzasht kardani huquqi talabhoi qarzdor;

dar borai ijroi uhdadorihoi qarzdor az tarafi shakhsoni seyum;

dar borai kam kardani qarz;

dar borai ivaz namudani talabho ba sahmiyaho;

dar borai qone gardonidani talabhoi kreditoron bo digar  vositahoe, ki ba qonunho va digar sanadhoi huquqii Jumhurii  Tojikiston mukholif nestand.

SHarthoi sozishnomai musoliha baroi kreditoroni ozmuni, ki dar ovozdihi oidi masalai bastani sozishnomai musoliha ishtirok nakardaand va inchunin muqobili  bastani sozishnomai musoliha ovoz dodaand, naboyad az sharthoi kreditoroni ozmunii hamon navbat, ki ba tarafdorii  bastani on ovoz dodaand, badtar boshad.

 

Moddai 90.  SHarthoi tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha az tarafi sud

Qarzdor, mudiri beruna yo  mudiri ozmuni  boyad dar davomi panj ruz az vaqti bastani sozishnomai musoliha ba sud dar borai tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha  ariza peshnihod namoyand.

Ba ariza dar borai tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha ilovahoi  zerin peshnihod karda meshavand:

matni sozishnomai musoliha;

protokoli majlisi kreditoron, ki oidi bastani sozishnomai musoliha qaror qabul namudaast;

ruykhati hamai kreditoroni ozmuni bo nishon dodani surogahoi onho va mablagi qarzhoyashon;

etirozi khattii kreditoroni ozmuni, ki dar ovozdihi oidi bastani sozishnomai musoliha ishtirok nakardaand yo muqobili bastani sozishnomai musoliha ovoz dodaand.

Sud tarafhoi manfiatdorro oidi sanai barrasii  ariza dar borai tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha khabar medihad. Ishtirok nakardani shakhsoni khabardorshuda ba barrasii parvandai muflisshavi mone nameshavad.

 

Moddai 91. Oqibati tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha

Tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha  az tarafi sud dar jarayoni mushohida yo idorakunii  beruna baroi qat namudani parvandai muflisshavi asos  megardad.

Tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha az tarafi sud dar jarayoni idorakunii beruna baroi qat namudani  moratoriyai qone gardonidani talabhoi  kreditoron asos meshavad.

Dar holate, ki sozishnomai musoliha az tarafi sud dar  jarayoni istehsoloti ozmuni tasdiq shudaast, halnomai sud oid ba muflis etirof namudani qarzdor va kushodani istehsoloti ozmuni ijro  karda nameshavad.

Az lahzai tasdiqi sozishnomai  musoliha az tarafi sud vakolathoi mudiri muvaqqati, mudiri beruna, mudiri ozmuni ba okhir merasand.

Mudiri beruni,  mudiri ozmunii qarzdor – shakhsi huquqi vazifai rohbari qarzdorro to lahzai taini (intikhobi) rohbari qarzdor ijro mekunad.

Az ruzi tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha muvofiqan shahrvand –  qarzdor yo rohbari qarzdor, mudiri beruna yo mudiri ozmuni ba pardokhti qarzhoi kreditoron shuru mekunand.

 

Moddai 92. Az tarafi sud rad namudani tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha

Sud dar holathoi zerin huquq dorad tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliharo rad namoyad:

vayron kardani tartibi bastani sozishnomai musoliha,  ki hamin Qonun muqarrar namudaast;

rioya nakardani shaklhoi sozishnomai musoliha;

vayron kardani huquqi shakhsoni seyum;

mukholifati sharthoi sozishnomai musoliha ba qonunho va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii  Jumhurii Tojikiston.

Sud dar borai rad namudani tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha tainot mebarorad, ki  az boloi on shikoyat kardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 93. Oqibathoi rad namudani tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha

Dar holati  baromadani tainoti sudi dar borai rad namudani tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha sozishnomai musoliha bastanashuda hisob karda meshavad.

Tainoti  barovardai sud dar borai rad namudani tasdiqi sozishnomai musoliha baroi bastani sozishnomai musolihai nav mone  shuda nametavonad.

 

Moddai 94. Beetibor donistani sozishnomai musoliha

Dar chunin holatho bo arizai qarzdor, kreditor yo prokuror sud metavonad sozishnomai musoliharo beetibor gardonad:

agar sozishnomai musoliha sharthoe doshta boshad, ki manfiati kreditoroni alohidaro himoya yo  manfiatho  va huquqhoi qonunii kreditoroni digarro poymol namoyad;

agar ijroi sozishnomai musoliha qarzdorro ba muflisshavi rasonad;

Hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi digari beetibor donistani ahdho, ki Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini  namudaast.

 

Moddai 95. Oqibathoi  beetibor donistani  sozishnomai musoliha

Beetibor donistani sozishnomai musoliha baroi az nav shuru namudani peshburdi parvandai muflisshavi asos megardad. Dar borai az nav shuru namudani peshburdi parvandai muflisshavi sud tainot  mebarorad, ki  az boloi on shikoyat kardan mumkin ast.

Dar holati beetibor  donistani sozishnomai musoliha talabhoi kreditorone, ki baroi  onho  muhlati pardokhtashon  ziyod  yo kam karda shuda bud,  mablagi haqdori yo mablagi kamkardashudai qarzhoi onho dar qismi qone nagardidaashon barqaror karda meshavand.

Dar qismate, ki hamin modda tanzim  nakardaast, oqibathoi beetiborii ahdho, ki Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini menamoyad, tatbiq  karda meshavad.

Dar holati beetibor  donistani  sozishnomai musoliha khabar  oidi az  nav   pesh burdani parvandai muflisshavii qarzdor az tarafi sud dar vositahoi akhbori  umum az  hisobi qarzdor  nashr karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 96. Bekorkunii  sozishnomai musoliha

Bekor kardani  sozishnomai musolihai tasdiqnamudai  sud bo maslihati  kreditoroni alohida va qarzdor ijozat doda nameshavad.

Bo halnomai sud bekor kardani sozishnomai musoliha nisbat ba kreditori alohida  boisi  qat  gardidani  sozishnomai  musoliha nisbati kreditoroni digar  namegardad.

Sozishnomai musoliharo bo halnomai sud dar holate  bekor  kardan  mumkin ast,  ki qarzdor sharthoi sozishro nisbati talabi na kam az se yak hissai kreditoron  ado nakarda boshad. Dar in holat oqibathoi peshbininamudai moddai 95 Qonuni mazkur tatbiq  karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 97. Oqibathoi ijro nakardani sozishnomai musoliha

Dar holati az tarafi qarzdor ijro nagardidani sozishnomai musoliha kreditoron huquq dorand, ki talabhoi khudro dar hajmi peshbininamudai sozishnomai musoliha peshnihod namoyand.

Dar holati ogoz namudani parvandai muflisshavi hajmi talabhoi kreditorone, ki nisbatashon sozishnomai musoliha  imzo shuda bud, az rui sharthoi muayyannamudai sozishnomai musoliha muayyan karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 98. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va  huquqie, ki muqarraroti Qonuni mazkurro vayron mekunand, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 99. Dar borai az etibor soqit donistani Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai muflisshavii korkhonaho”

Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai  muflisshavii korkhonaho” az 10 marti soli 1992 (Akhbori SHuroi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 1992, № 8, mod. 116; Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 1996, № 3, mod. 48; s. 1997, № 9, mod. 117; s. 1998, № 10. mod. 121) az etibor soqit donista shavad.

 

Moddai 100. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                      E. RAHMONOV

sh.Dushanbe  8 dekabri soli 2003

№ 46

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