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Muborizai Bobur Mirzo

Pas az zabti Hirot dar sarzamini pahnovari davlati SHayboniyon se sol sulhu osoish hukmfarmo gardid va ba in vosita hayoti khojagii mamlakat qadre ru ba behbudi nihod. Vale soli 1510 az du samt ba davlati SHayboniyon zarbai margovar rasonida shud. Az shimoli sharqi bodiyanishinoni qazoq, ki zamone az SHaybonikhon sakht ishkast khurda budand, bo mugulho yak shuda, dar nazdikii daryoi Sir ba SHaybonikhon zarbai halokatovar rasonidand. Dar hamin vaqt az tarafi garb shohi Eron Ismoili I, ki bo davlati SHayboniyon muborizai siyosi va mazhabi meburd, bo quvvai ziyode Marvro ihota namud. Dar natija SHaybonikhon lashkarashro talaf doda, khud dar maydoni jang kushta shud. SHohi Eron Ismoili Safeni az kosakhonai sari SHaybonikhon jomi sharob sokht.

Sobiq hokimi Fargona az avlodi Temuriyon Bobur Mirzo dar Kobul meistod. U khabarn halok gashtani SHaybonikhonro shunavida, qaror dod, ki mavridi muvofiqro istifoda namuda, baroi barqarornamudani hokimiyati Temuriyon dar Movarounnahr kushish namoyad. Bo in maqsad u ba Hisor harakat kard. Muhoribai avvalin va halkunanda dar Puli Sangini daryoi Vakhsh (nazdi Nirak) ba galabai Bobur anjom yoft. Badi in voqea sultonhoi sulolai shayboni ba vahm aftoda az muqovamat dast kashidand. Bobur Mirzo bori savvum Samarqandro ishgol namud.

Bad az in Bobur forigboli namuda, kasoni ziyodi nazdikonashro az khud ranjonid. U nafahmid, ki SHayboniyon dar in sarzamnn nufuzu quvvae doshtand. Az ishtibohhoi Bobur istifoda namuda, soli 1512 barodarzodai SHaybonikhon Ubaydullo Sulton ba Bukhoro hamla namuda, lashkari Boburro dar nazdi Kuli Malik shikast dod. Bobur boz ba Hisor aqibnishini namud.

Bobur baroi ishgoli chahorumi Samarqand quvvai kofi nadosht. U ba shohi Eron Ismoil murojiat namuda, yorii harbi talabid. Tiramohi soli 1512 lashkari 60 hazornafarai Eron bo sardorii Najmi Soni voridi Movarounnahr gardid. Onho ba kujoe, ki po meguzoshtaid, sokinonashro az dami teg meguzaronidand. Lashkari Eron dar Qarshi qatli om karda, 15 hazor aholii onro halok kard. Binobar in ittifoqi Bobur bo eroniyon boisi norizoiyati aholi gardida, nisbat ba u hissi nafrat paydo shud.

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Oromgohi Bobur Mirzo /1483-1530/ dar Kobul

Aholii mahalli va yak qismi ashrof dar atrofi SHayboniyon muttahid gardidand. Zadukhurd bayni khoni Bukhoro Ubaydullokhon va Boburu Najmi Soni dar nazdi Gijduvon surat girift. Bo vujudi afzaliyati quvvahoi ittifoqchiyon Bobur iikast khurd va Najmi Soni kushta shud. Bobur majbur meshavad, ki boz ba Hisor bargardad. Honi khonadoni SHayboni Kuchkunchikhon bar ziddi Bobur ba sui Hisor lashkar kashid. Honi gureza quvvai muqovimat nadosht. Binobar in u ba sui Qunduz firor namud.

Bobur Mirzo ba khoki Hinduston guzashta, badi janghoi ziyod galaba kard va davlati Temuriyoni Hindro poya guzosht. Bo vujudi in u dar fikri ishgoli Samarqand va barqaror namudani hokimiyati Temuriyon dar in mulk bud. Baroi ijroi in iqdom u soli 1528 pisaroni khudro safarbar namud. Vale tashvishhoi Bobur beoqibat mondand va khudi u bad az du soli in harakat dar sinni 47- solagi vafot kard.

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