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Mubodilai moddahoi gayriorganiki

Mubodilai ob va namakhoi minerali. Ob qarib az se du hissai vazni badanro tashkil medihad. Dar sitoplazma az yadroi hujayra nazar ba moddahoi digar ob bisyortar ast. Tagyiroti sershumori kimiyovii moddahoi hujayra tanho dar mahluli ob ba vujud meoyad.

Ob dar tarkibi khun, limfa va shirahoi hozima khele bisyor ast. Organizm muntazam obro talaf medihad. Ob az badani odam bo peshob, araqi badan, najosat va bugi nafas berun meravad. Binobar in miqdori obi organizmi odam boyad hamesha purra boshad. Odam be ob hamagi yakchand shabonaruz zindagi karda metavonad.

Sangkhoi talkhadon

Ba organizm inchunin namakhoi minerali zarurand. Tarkibi doimii muhiti dokhili ba tufayli onho nigoh doshta meshavad. Ishtiroki namakhoi kalsiy baroi lakhta shudani khun hatmist.

Qismi ziyodi moddai bayni hujayrahoi boftai ustukhon az namakhoi minerali iboratand. Qarib hamai namakhoi mineralii baroi organizm zarur buda, dar tarkibi khuroki muqarrari ba miqdori kofi mavjudand. Dar on faqat namaki khloridi natriy kami mekunad. Binobar in ba khurok namaki oshi ilova mekunand.

Vazifai gadudhoi tarashshuhi dokhili dar tanzimi mubodilai moddaho. Hamai gadudhoi tarashshuhi dokhili mubodilai moddahoro tanzim mekunand. Hormonhoi gadudi siparshakl ravandhoi oksidkunandaro tanzim karda, hamchunin ba afzoish va nashunamoi organizm tasir merasonand. Sust shudani faoliyati gadudi siparshakl yo girifta partoftani on boisi khele vayronshavii mubodilai moddaho (miksedema) megardad.

Dar boftahoi bemoroni miksedema ravandhoi oksidkunanda sust shuda, harorati badanashon past, nabzashon sust va khud farbeh meshavand, va angezishi sistemai asabashon kam megardad.

Agar bemoron muvofiqi farmoishi dukhtur har ruz doruhoi hormoniero, ki az gadudhoi siparshakli hayvonot tayyor karda meshavand, istemol kunand, bemori tabobat meyobad. Chunin muolijaro be tavaqquf tamomi umr davom dodan lozim ast. Past shudani faoliyati gadudhoi siparshakl sabzish va inkishofi kudakonro sust megardonad.

Hangomi afzoishi faoliyati gadudhoi siparshakl surati ravandhoi mubodila meafzoyad. Dar in hol dil tez-tez kashish khurda, fishori khun baland meshavad va hayajonpazirii sistemai asab meafzoyad. Odam asaboni gardida, zud monda meshavad. In

nishonahoi dardi Bazedov ast. Bemoroni dardi Bazedov doimo gurusna memonand, bisyor khurok mekhurand va dar barobari in khele logar meshavand. Gadudi siparshakli in qabil odamon kalon buda, chashmonashon az kosakhonaash mebaroyad.

Baroi tabobati dardi Bazedov doruhoero qabul mekunand, ki ba judoshavii hormonho mone meshavad. Bazan bo rohi jarrohi qismi gadudhoi siparshaklro girifta partoftan rost meoyad.

Gadudhoi boloi gurda yakchand hormonho hosil mekunand. Onho mubodilai karbogidrat, charb, safedaro nazorat karda, boisi ba karbogidrat tabdil yoftani safedaho meshavand va mubodilai namaku obro tanzim mekunand.

Vayron shudani tanzimi mubodilai moddaho boisi paydoishi bemorihoi gunogun, ba monandi paydoshavii sang dar talkhadon megardad.

Savolho:

  1. Ob, namakhoi minerali dar organizm chi naqsh mebozand?
  2. Gadudi siparshakl dar mubodilai moddaho chi naqsh mebozad?
  3. Tanzimi kadom namudi mubodilaho az gadudhoi boloi gurda vobasta ast?
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