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Mor va Zerqatori morho

Morho khazandahoi bepoyi pulakchadore meboshand, ki beshtar dar bayni nabototi zich, dar shokhi darakhtu buttaho va bayni sanglokhho zista, nisbat ba kaltakalosho serharakat meboshand.

To hol ziyoda az 2500 namudi morho malum ast, ki aksariyati namudi onho dar mintaqahoi garm va mutadil zindagi mekunand. Dar shimol morho dar qismi avrupoi to ba qismi khunuktar maskan giriftaand. Dar janub to ba nuqtai okhirini Amerikai Janubi pahn shuda, dar Zamini Otashin, Zelandiyai Nav dar jazirahoi Polineziya vomekhurand. Morho dar sathoi gunoguni kurai zamin zindagi mekupaid. Masalan, dar jangal, dasht, biyobon, kuhsor, dar boloi darakht, dar qabati zamin, dar dokhili ob hayot meguzaronand.

Surati Mor
Brightly coloured parrot snake

Mor az kaltakalos chi farq dorad? Bazeho kutohandeshona meguyand, ki mor poy nadorad, in durust ast. Vale in farqi asosi shuda nametavonad, chunki dar bayni kaltakalosho ham (dukshakl va bahtur) namudhoi bepoy hastand. Inchunin dar bayni morho mori pechon dar du pakhlui changolakhoyash nishonahoi poyi aqib dorad. YAke az alomathoi farqnoki mor on ast, ki shakli chashmonash payvast buda, misli shishai soat yo aynak shaffof buda, chashmashro pushida metavonad. Baroi hamin chashmash mija namezapad, az in ru, afsonae paydo shudaast, ki guyo morho khosiyati afsunkuni (gipnozkunanda) dorand. Har sol morho yak marotnba pust mepartoyand va pust az badanashon chun jurob yaklukht judo meshavad. Mor in pardai shohini pulakchadorashro az peshi dahonash yo ba zamin yo ba sang sakht molish doda, pas az on az surokhii tang bazuri lagjida meguzarad va pust mepartoyad. Dar badani yak mor az 200 to 450 muhra mavjud ast, ki hamai onho yakkhela buda, qaburgahoi ba ham narasidaro dar bar megirand. Sokhti mushakiyu muhrahoyashon chunon harakatnokand, ki badanro prujinvor fishurda cap medihad va khurokro yaklukht furu mebarad. Onro gadudhoi talkhayu meda va ruda khazm mekunand. Surkhrudai onho yozanda ast.

Morhoi bezahr gizoi zinda doshtaashonro pusonda ba halokat merasonand. Dar morhoi zakhrnok boshad, az jogi bolo yak dandoni pesh kalontar buda, barchastagi va juyaki zahrbaror dorad va dar bekhi on gadudi zakhrjudokuni hast.

Qismi rosti shushi morho nagz inkishof yofta, tarafi chapi on qarib barham khurdaast Dar morho puffaki peshob nest. Morho bo rohi tukhmguzori afzoish mekunand va hayoti darranlagi ba cap mebarand. Onho az bachai gavazn to khoyandahoi khurdu hasharotro zinda furu mebarand.

Morkhoro az jihati tasnifot ba yakchand oila judo kardan mumkin ast. Az jumla: kurmorho 150 namud doshta, bezarar meboshand. Onho beshtar dar qabati khoki qamishzor hayot meguzaronand. Ruypushi badanashon bo pulakchakhoi sufta pushida shudaast. CHashmashon dar zeri qavoqi pusty pushidaast. Kurmorho dar qismi tropikii Afrika, Osiyo, Avstraliya bisyor buda, yak namudi on dar Zakavkaze, dar janubii Turkmanistonu Uzbekiston va dar janubu sharkii Tojikiston pahn shudaast, ki onro dar bayni palakhoi tarbuz, kharbuza, kadu, bodiring, dar angurzoru kamishzor mebinem. Vay dar zeri sangu kulukhu giyohho istoda, khasharotro mekhurad. Darozii on qarib 30 sm ast.

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