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Mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi – Qonuni JT

Qonuni JT «Dar borai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi»

AMOJT s.2013, №8-9, mod.654) 

Qonuni mazkur munosibathoi jamiyatiro vobasta ba faoliyat dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi tanzim namuda, ba tamini aholi  bo mohi va mahsuloti on, afzoishi  mohi va hifzi muhiti zisti on ravona shudaast. 

mohi

BOBI 1. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

— mohiparvari – faoliyat oid ba parvarish, nigohdori, afzun gardonidan, hifz kardan va ba furush barovardani mohi va mahsuloti on;

— mohiparvarii istirohati – faoliyat oid ba nigohdori va parvarishi mohi bo maqsadi mohigirii havaskori va varzishi, nigoh doshtani mohi dar akvarium va shaklhoi digari parvarish;

— mohiparvarii moli – faoliyati sohibkori oid ba nigohdori va parvarishi mohi dar sharoiti tabii yo suni ofaridashudai zist bo maqsadi ba dast ovardani daromad;

— mohigiri – faoliyat oid ba saydi mohi inchunin korkard, intiqol, nigohdori, istehsol, furushi mohi va mahsuloti on;

— mohigirii havaskori – saydi mohi baroi istemoli shakhsi be maqsadi ba dast ovardani daromad;

— mohigirii varzishi – namudi istirohati faol vobasta ba doshta giriftani mohi az manbahoi ob bo maqsadi musobiqa yo istirohat bo istifodai vositahoi mohigirii varzishi;

— zakhirahoi mohi – sarvathoi mohie, ki dar obhavzahoi tabii mavjudand;

— mohii zoti – hamai fardhoi narina va modinai mohi, nasli on, nutfa va tukhmhoi bordorshudai (zigotai) doroi sertifikat yo shahodatnomai zoti;

— mohii moli – hamai namudhoi mohii dusola va sesola, ki baroi furush muvofiq ast;

— kvotai mohigiri – meyori imkonpaziri saydi mohie, ki bo maqsadi mohigiri ilman asosnok karda shudaast;

— boztavlidi zakhirahoi mohi – faoliyat oid ba nigohdori va parvarishi mohi dar sharoiti tabii yo suni bo maqsadi barqaror namudan va nigoh doshtani zakhirahoi mohi;

— Fehristi davlatii khojagihoi mohiparvari – majmui ba nizomdaromadai ittilooti hujjatguzorishuda dar borai zakhirahoi mohi, istifoda va hifzi onho;

— mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) mohi – faoliyat oid ba  havzhoi nav sar dodani selai mohii doroi ahamiyati istehsoli bo maqsadi ziyod kardani mahsuloti mohi;

— obekthoi mohigiri – obekthoi nigohdori va parvarishi mohi, az jumla parvarishi on dar sharoiti tabii yo suni;

— obekthoi obii doroi ahamiyati mohiparvari (minbad — obekthoi obi) – havzu obanborho, daryovu kanalho, inchunin qitahoi alohidai onho, ki muhiti zisti zakhirahoi mohi buda, baroi mohiparvari istifoda meshavand;

— mahsuloti mohi – mohii zinda va gayrizinda, mohii shur, mohii khushk, mohii dudkhurda, konservkardashuda, tukhmi mohi;

— vositahoi mohigiri – dastgoh va asbobu oloti mohidorie, ki baroi saydi mohi istifoda meshavand;

— monitoringi davlatii mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi – qismi tarkibii nizomi yagonai davlatii monitoringi ekologii Jumhurii              Tojikiston, ki  sistemai mushohidahoi muntazam oid ba sifat, boztavlid, miqdor, taqsimi zakhirahoi mohi, holati mohigiri, muhiti zist va hifzi  zakhirahoi mohiro dar bar megirad;

— maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi – maqomi ijroiyai markazii hokimiyati davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki siyosati davlatiro dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi amali menamoyad.

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Konuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, iborat meboshad.

Moddai 3. Vazifahoi Qonuni mazkur

Vazifahoi Qonuni mazkur inhoyand:

— tamini istifodai asosnok va oqilona, hifzi zakhirahoi mohi va muhiti zisti onho, tamini amniyati ozuqavori;

— peshgirii vayron namudani qoidahoi mohigiri va roh nadodani saydi gayriqonunii mohi;

— muqarrar namudani prinsip va mekhanizmhoi tatbiqi siyosati davlati va dastgirii davlati, ki ba nigohdorii zakhirahoi mohi, rushdi khojagihoi mohiparvari, mohigiri va ziyod kardani mahsuloti on ravona shudaand;

— peshgirii kamshavi, tamini nigohdori va boztavlidi zakhirahoi mohi;

— peshgiri, kam namudan va rafi iflosshavii muhiti zisti zakhirahoi mohi bo partovu moddahoi khatarnok va zararovar.

Moddai 4. Prinsiphoi tanzimi davlati dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi

Prinsiphoi tanzimi davlati dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi inhoyand:

— ba nazar giriftani mohiyati zakhirahoi mohi hamchun yake az asoshoi hayotu faoliyati inson;

— afzaliyati nigohdorii zakhirahoi mohi va istifodai oqilonai onho;

— peshgirii oqibathoi nomatlubi ekologi;

— ishtiroki jomea dar halli masalahoi marbut ba mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi;

— oshkorbayoni hangomi ba istifoda dodani obekthoi obii doroi ahamiyati mohiparvari va mohigiri. 

BOBI 2. IDORAKUNI DAR SOHAI MOHIPARVARI, MOHIGIRI VA HIFZI ZAHIRAHOI MOHI

Moddai 5. Salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi

Ba salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dokhil meshavand:

— amali namudani siyosati davlati dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi;

— tasdiq va amali namudani barnomahoi davlati;

—  tahiya va qabuli sanadhoi meyorii huquqi;

— muayyan namudani maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi

— amali namudani hamkorii baynalmilali;

— salohiyathoi digare, ki tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini shudaand.

Moddai 6. Vakolathoi maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi

Ba vakolathoi maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi (minbad — maqomi vakolatdori davlati) dokhil meshavand:

— tanzimi meyorii huquqi dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi;

— amali namudani tadqiqoti ilmi dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi, tashkil va mablagguzori dar in soha;

— tashkili nizomi makhsusi omuzishi zakhirahoi mohi dar havzahoi tabii, daryovu kanalhoi ahamiyati istehsolidoshta, tahiya va tasdiqi sanadhoi meyoriyu tekhniki va metodi;

— omodasozii tavsiyaho oid ba parvarish va istifodai zothoi behtarini mohi, behsozii sifati mahsulot va afzungardonii mahsulnokii sohai mohiparvari;

— tahiya va tasdiqi chorabiniho oid ba hifz va istifodai oqilona, omuzish va boztavlidi zakhirahoi mohi va muhiti zisti on;

— giriftani ittilooti zaruri az shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki dar in soha faoliyat menamoyand;

— andeshidani tadbirho oid ba peshgiri va kam kardani tasiri zararovar ba zakhirahoi mohi va muhiti zisti onho;

— nazoratbarii faoliyati shakhsoni voqei va huquqii dar  in soha faoliyatdoshta, holati zakhirahoi mohi va muhiti zisti onho;

— bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshgirii saydi gayriqonunii mohi;

— guzaronidani tahqiqoti ilmi-tekhniki va digar tahqiqot dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi mohi;

— tahiya va tasdiqi qoidahoi mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi;

— peshburdi Fehristi davlatii khojagihoi mohiparvari;

— vakolathoi digare, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini namudaast.

Moddai 7. Monitoringi davlatii mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi

  1. Malumothoi dar natijai monitoringi davlatii mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi badastovardashuda ba maqsadhoi zerin istifoda burda meshavand:

— tahiyai Fehristi davlatii khojagihoi mohiparvari;

— omodasozii ittilooti harsola va istifodai on dar guzorishhoi davlati oid ba vazi sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi;

— oshkor va peshgui namudani ravandhoe, ki ba vazi zakhirahoi mohi va muhiti zisti onho tasir merasonand;

— tashkili istifodai oqilonai zakhirahoi mohi, az jumla bo tartibi muqarrargardida vorid namudani mahdudiyatho baroi mohigiri;

— tahiyai tadbirho oid ba hifzi zakhirahoi mohi va muhiti zisti onho, vorid namudani onho ba qoidahoi mohigiri;

— tamini ehtiyojoti davlat, shakhsoni voqei va huquqi ba ittilooti boetimod oid ba zakhirahoi mohi va muhiti zisti onho.

  1. Monitoringi davlatii mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati yakjoya bo muassisahoi ilmii tahqiqoti, bo jalbi tashkilothoi mohiparvari va mohigiri guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Tartibi amaligardonii monitoringi davlatii mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi va istifodai malumoti on ba maqsadhoi dar qismi 1 hamin modda peshbinishuda az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati muqarrar karda meshavad. Peshnihodi malumot oid ba monitoring ba maqomoti dakhldori davlati tibqi darkhosti onho, inchunin mubodilai in malumot bayni onho roygon meboshand.

Moddai 8. Fehristi davlatii khojagihoi mohiparvari

  1. Fehristi davlatii khojagihoi mohiparvari az ittilooti zerin iborat meboshad:

— khususiyathoi miqdori, sifati va iqtisodii zakhirahoi mohi;

— obekthoi obi;

— sohibkoroni infirodi va shakhsoni huquqie, ki ba mohiparvari mashguland;

— dar borai vositahoi saydi mohi;

— qarorhoi maqomi vakolatdori davlati, ki dar asosi onho huquqi saydi zakhirahoi mohi ba miyon meoyad;

— dar borai hajmi saydi harsolai mohi;

— ittilooti digari hujjatguzorishuda oid ba istifoda va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi.

  1. Ittilooti hujjatguzorishudai Fehristi davlatii khojagihoi mohiparvari ba ittilooti dastrasi umum mansub meboshad, ba istisnoi ittiloote, ki dastrasi ba on tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston mahdud karda shudaast.
  2. SHakhsoni voqei va huquqie, ki ba mohigiri mashguland (ba istisnoi mohigirii havaskori va varzishi), uhdadorand bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai maqomi vakolatdori davlati ittilootero, ki ba Fehristi davlatii khojagihoi mohiparvari vorid karda meshavand, peshnihod namoyand.
  3. Nomgui ittiloote, ki peshnihodi on hatmi meboshad, sharthoi peshnihod, inchunin tartibi peshburdi Fehristi davlatii khojagihoi mohiparvari az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati muqarrar karda meshavand.

BOBI 3. HUQUQ BA ZAHIRAHOI MOHI

Moddai 9. Huquqi molikiyat ba zakhirahoi mohi

  1. Zakhirahoi mohii obekthoi obii khususiyati tabiidoshta, molikiyati istisnoii davlat meboshand.
  2. Zakhirahoi mohii qitahoi alohidai obekthoi obi tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston metavonand dar molikiyati davlati yo khususi boshand.

Moddai 10. Mahdud va qat kardani huquqi saydi mohi

  1. Huquqi saydi zakhirahoi mohi dar holathoi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur mumkin ast, mahdud karda shavad.
  2. Huquqi saydi mohi dar holathoi zerin qat karda meshavad:

— ba okhir rasidani muhlati amali huquqi saydi mohi;

— tibqi shartnomai bayni maqomi vakolatdori davlati va shakhse, ki ba ikhtiyorash zakhirahoi mohi baroi istifoda doda shudaand;

— az huquqi saydi mohi dast kashidani shakhse, ki ba ikhtiyorash zakhirahoi mohii mazkur baroi istifoda doda shudaand;

— barham dodani shakhsi huquqi yo favti shakhsi voqei, ki ba ikhtiyori u zakhirahoi mohi baroi istifoda doda shuda budand;

— dar digar holathoi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojtikiston.

Moddai 11. Dodani obekthoi obi va qitahoi alohidai onho baroi istifoda bo maqsadhoi mohiparvari va mohigiri

  1. Obekthoi obi yo qitahoi alohidai onho tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston metavonand, bo maqsadhoi mohiparvari va mohigiri ba sohibkoroni infirodi va shakhsoni huquqi doda shavand.
  2. SHakhsoni voqei va huquqie, ki uhdadorihoi khudro muvofiqi shartnomahoi mohiparvari va mohigiri dar obekthoi obi yo qitahoi alohidai on purra ijro kardaand, baroi istifodai in obektho dar muhlati nav huquqi imtiyoznok dorand.
  3. Mohiparvari va mohigiri dar obekthoi obi yo qitahoi alohidai onho mahdud karda nameshavand, ba istisnoi:

— saydi namudhoi mohii kuchanda va digar namudhoi ba hifzi makhsus ehtiyojdoshta;

— holathoi mahdud namudani saydi mohi bo maqsadi hifzi onho tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

 

 

 

BOBI 4. NAMUDHOI FAOLIYAT DAR SOHAI MOHIPARVARI,

MOHIGIRI VA HIFZI ZAHIRAHOI MOHI

Moddai 12. Namudhoi faoliyat dar  sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi

  1. SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi metavonand namudhoi faoliyati zerinro dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi amali namoyand:

— boztavlidi sunii mohi;

— mohiparvarii moli;

— mohiparvarii istirohati.

  1. SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi metavonand bo yak yo yakchand namudi faoliyati sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi, ki dar qismi 1 hamin modda peshbini shudaand, mashgul shavand.

Moddai 13. Boztavlidi sunii zakhirahoi mohi

  1. Boztavlidi sunii zakhirahoi mohi dar obekthoi obi dar asosi tadbirhoi ilman asosnok anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Tadbirho oid ba boztavlidi sunii zakhirahoi mohi parvarish namudan va ba obekthoi obi sar dodani selai mohichaho, inchunin anjom dodani korho oid ba mutobiqkunoni (akklimatizatsiya) va melioratsiyai obekthoi obi, az jumla doshta giriftani fardhoi ahamiyati istehsolidoshtaro az havzahoi tabii dar bar megirand.
  3. Tadbirho oid ba boztavlidi sunii zakhirahoi mohi az jonibi muassisahoi makhsusgardonidashuda, inchunin az tarafi subekthoi digar az hisobi mablagi khudi onho dar asosi shartnomahoi bo maqomi vakolatdori davlati bastashuda guzaronida meshavand.

Moddai 14. Mohiparvarii moli

  1. Mohiparvarii moli dar havzho, obanborho, qafashoi suni, kulhoi mohiparvari, palhoi sholi, inchunin dar digar obekthoi obi yo qitahoi alohidai onho anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Mohiparvarii moli bo istifodai mohie, ki baroyash muhiti zisti suni faroham ovarda shudaast, ba roh monda meshavad.
  3. Mohii molie, ki dar sharoiti tabii va muhiti zisti suni parvarish meyobad, ba ikhtiyori shakhsoni voqei va huquqi bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi istifoda doda meshavad.
  4. Qoidahoi istifodai obekthoi obi yo qitahoi alohidai onho baroi mohiparvarii moli az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati muqarrar karda meshavand.

Moddai 15. Mohiparvarii istirohati

  1. Mohiparvarii istirohati dar havzho, kulhoi mintaqahoi istirohati, inchunin dar obekthoi obi dar holathoi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur ba roh monda meshavad.
  2. Mohiparvarii istirohati az hisobi zakhirahoi mohie, ki dar sharoiti tabii va muhiti zisti suni parvarish meyobad, ba roh monda meshavad.
  3. Qoidahoi istifodai obekthoi obiro baroi mohiparvarii istirohati maqomi vakolatdori davlati muqarrar menamoyad.

Moddai 16. Istehsoli mahsuloti mohi

Istehsoli mahsuloti mohi, inchunin monitoring, nazorati sifat va bekhatarii hamlu naqli on muvofiqi meyorhoi tekhnologi va sharthoi tekhnikii peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavand.

Moddai 17. Selai mohii zoti va takmili

  1. Selai mohii zoti va takmili az fardhoi arzishmand, irsi (genetiki) va doroi ahamiyati khojagi bo maqsadi hifzi gunogunii biologi va muntazam giriftani nasl tashakkul doda meshavand.
  2. Selai mohii zoti va takmili muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston metavonand dar molikiyati davlati yo khususi qaror doshta boshand.
  3. Tartibi tashakkul va istifodai selai mohii zoti va takmili az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati muqarrar karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 5. MOHIGIRI

Moddai 18. Namudhoi mohigiri

  1. SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi (istifodabarandagon) metavonand namudhoi zerini mohigiriro amali namoyand:

— bo maqsadi ilmiyu tahqiqoti va nazorati;

— dar obekthoi obii hududhoi tabii makhsus muhofizatshavanda;

— bo maqsadi mohiparvari, boztavlid va mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) zakhirahoi mohi;

— havaskori;

— varzishi.

  1. Nomgui namudhoi mohigiri az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati tasdiq karda meshavad.

Moddai 19. Qoidahoi mohigiri

Qoidahoi mohigiri, hamchun sanadi tanzimkunanda, baroi amali namudani mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi, az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati tahiya va tasdiq karda meshavand.

Moddai 20. Mohigiri bo maqsadi ilmiyu tahqiqoti va nazorati

  1. Mohigiri bo maqsadi ilmiyu tahqiqoti va nazorati baroi omuzish va nigohdorii zakhirahoi mohi, inchunin muhiti zisti onho, guzaronidani monitoringi davlati, muayyan kardani saydi imkonpazir va tahiyai tadbirhoi nigohdorii onho amali meshavad.
  2. Mohigiri bo maqsadi ilmiyu tahqiqoti va nazorati dar asosi barnomahoi harsolai tahqiqot va monitoringi zakhirahoi mohi amali megardad. Barnomahoi tahqiqot va monitoringi zakhirahoi mohi az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati tasdiq karda meshavand.
  3. Saydi zakhirahoi mohi bo maqsadi ilmiyu tahqiqoti va nazorati dar hajmi zaruri guzaronidani tahqiqoti ilmi va nazorati amali meshavad.
  4. Tartibi saydi mohi bo maqsadi ilmiyu tahqiqoti va nazorati, az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati muqarrar karda meshavad.

Moddai 21. Mohigiri bo maqsadi mohiparvari, boztavlid va mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) zakhirahoi mohi

  1. Mohigiri bo maqsadi mohiparvari, boztavlid va mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) zakhirahoi mohi az jonibi istifodabarandagon muvofiqi qoidahoe, ki maqomi vakolatdori davlati tibqi Qonuni mazkur tasdiq kardaast, amali karda meshavad.
  2. Mohigiri bo maqsadi mohiparvari, boztavlid va mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) zakhirahoi mohi dar doirai kvotahoi judoshudai saydi mohi amali megardad.
  3. Mohigiri bo maqsadi parvarishi mohii moli baroi amalhoi zerin anjom doda meshavad:

— bunyod namudani sarshumori zarurii mohii nasldihandai zoti bo maqsadi boztavlid;

— tashakkuli selai mohii zoti  va takmili.

  1. Mohigiri bo maqsadi boztavlid va gani gardonidani zakhirahoi mohi, bo rohi doshta giriftani fardhoi purarzishi mohiho az obekthoi obi amali karda meshavad.
  2. Mohigiri bo maqsadi mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) zakhirahoi mohi, bo rohi ba obekthoi obi intiqol dodani selai mohi va ustuvor namudani zakhirahoi purarzishi mohi anjom doda meshavad.
  3. Mohii bo maqsadi boztavlid saydshuda bad az anjom dodani korhoi dakhldor dar mintaqai zotparvarii khojagihoi mohiparvari bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai maqomi vakolatdori davlati istifoda meshavand.

Moddai 22. Mohigiri dar obekthoi obii hududhoi  tabii makhsus muhofizatshavanda

Sohibkoroni infirodi va shakhsoni huquqie, ki bo mohidorii istehsoli mashguland, metavonand dar obekthoi obii hududhoi tabiii makhsus muhofizatshavanda dar muvofiqa bo maqomoti dakhldori vakolatdori davlati mohi sayd kunand.

Moddai 23. Mohigirii havaskori va varzishi

  1. SHakhsoni voqei huquq dorand bo istifoda az vositahoi mohigiri dar obekthoi obi, mohigirii havaskori va varzishiro roygon anjom dihand, agar dar Qonuni mazkur tartibi digar peshbini nagardida boshad.
  2. Mohigirii havaskori bo maqsadi istemoli shakhsi va (yo) qone gardonidani ehtiyojot ba istirohati faol amali karda meshavad. Nazorati mohigirii havaskori az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati amali karda meshavad.
  3. Mohigirii varzishi metavonad bo sharti bargardonidani zakhirahoi mohii saydshuda ba muhiti zistashon va be chunin shart anjom doda shavad.
  4. Tartibi mohigirii havaskori va varzishi, inchunin nomgui vositahoi mohigirii istifodaashon bo in maqsadho ijozatdodashuda az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati muqarrar karda meshavand.
  5. Mohigirii havaskori va varzishi dar obekthoi obie, ki molikiyati shakhsoni voqei va huquqi meboshand, bo muvofiqai sohibmulkoni onho anjom doda meshavand.

Moddai 24. Mahdudiyat ba mohigiri

  1. Bo maqsadi tamini nigohdorii zakhirahoi mohi va istifodai oqilonai onho metavonand ba mohigiri mahdudiyathoi zerin muqarrar karda shavand:

— man kardani mohigiri dar hududhoi muayyan va (yo) nisbat ba  namudhoi alohidai zakhirahoi mohi;

— andoza yo vazni haddi aqalli saydi zakhirahoi mohi;

— namud va miqdori vositahoi ijozatshuda va usulhoi saydi zakhirahoi mohi;

— hajm va tarkibi zakhirahoi mohi;

— davrahoi mohigiri dar obekthoi obi.

  1. Mahdudiyati mohigiri az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati bo nazardoshti tavsiyahoi muassisahoi ilmiyu tahqiqoti muqarrar karda meshavand.

Moddai 25. Mahdudiyati saydi namudhoi nodir va zeri khatari  nobudshavi qarordoshtai zakhirahoi mohi

  1. Mahdudiyati saydi namudhoi nodir va zeri khatari nobudshavi qarordoshtai zakhirahoi mohi, ki ba Kitobi surkh dokhil karda shudaand, vobasta ba maqsadi saydi onho muayyan karda meshavad, ki dar natijai in naboyad ba zakhira va muhiti zisti onho zarar rasonida shavad.
  2. Hangomi saydi namudhoi nodir va zeri khatari nobudshavi qarordoshtai mohi, vositaho va usuli sayd boyad muvofiq buda, ba zakhirahoi mohi zarar narasonand.
  3. Dar khususi saydi gayriqonunii namudhoi nodir va zeri khatari nobudshavi qarordoshtai zakhirahoi mohi sanad tartib doda meshavad.

Moddai 26. Kvotahoi saydi mohi

  1. Saydi imkonpaziri mohi har sol az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar muvofiqa bo SHuroi ilmiyu istehsolii mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi nisbat ba kvotahoi zerin judo va tasdiq karda meshavad:

— mohigirii istehsoli;

— mohigiri bo maqsadi ilmiyu tahqiqoti va nazorati (kvotahoi ilmi);

— bo maqsadi boztavlid va mutobiqkunonii  (akklimatizatsiyai) zakhirahoi mohi;

— bo maqsadi tashkili mohigirii havaskori va varzishi.

  1. Kvotahoi saydi mohi muvofiqi darkhosti istifodabarandagon va natijai korhoi ilmiyu tadqiqoti oid ba namudhoi mohi bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai maqomi vakolatdori davlati va SHuroi ilmiyu istehsolii mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi tasdiq karda meshavand.
  2. Kvotaho tavassuti bastani shartnomaho bo istifodabarandagon ba muhlati yak sol tasdiq karda meshavand.
  3. Saydi imkonpaziri umumii mohi baroi har yak obekti obi bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai maqomi vakolatdori davlati tasdiq karda meshavad. Saydi imkonpaziri umumii mohi bo tonna, sentner va kilogramm hisob karda meshavad.
  4. Saydi imkonpaziri umumii mohi bo maqsadi ilmiyu tahqiqoti va nazorati (kvotahoi ilmi) bo kilogramm yo bo vohidhoi alohida (fardho) hisob karda meshavad.

Moddai 27. SHuroi ilmiyu istehsolii mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi

  1. SHuroi ilmiyu istehsolii mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi bo maqsadi tahiyai tavsiyaho oid ba istifodabari va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi, az jumla peshnihodho oid ba taqsimi kvotahoi saydi mohi tasis doda meshavad.
  2. Tartibi faoliyati SHuroi ilmiyu istehsolii mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi az tarafi maqomi vakolatdori davlati muqarrar karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 6. HIFZI ZAHIRAHOI MOHI VA MUHITI

ZISTI ONHO

Moddai 28. Melioratsiyai obekthoi obi

  1. Melioratsiyai obekthoi obi tadbirhoi behtar gardonidani nishondihandahoi holati gidrotekhniki, gidrologi, gidrogeokhimiyavi va ekologii obekthoi obiro bo maqsadi faroham ovardani sharoithoi munosib jihati hifz, boztavlid, zist va istifodai oqilonai zakhirahoi mohi dar bar megirad.
  2. Obekthoi melioratsiya metavonand obekthoi obi boshand.
  3. Tartibi guzaronidani melioratsiyai obekthoi obi va mohigiri az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati muqarrar karda meshavad.

Moddai 29. Mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) mohi

  1. Mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) mohi ba maqsadi ziyod kardani mahsulnoki va arzishi havzu obanborho, behtar namudani tarkib va namudhoi mohi, hifz va ziyod kardani miqdori namudhoi alohidai mohii khushzot amali megardad.
  2. Nazorat va tartibi amali namudani tadbirho oid ba mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) mohi az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati muayyan karda meshavad.
  3. Pesh az tadbirhoi mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) mohi asosnomai biologii guzaronidani chunin tadbirho boyad tahiya va tasdiq karda shavand. Asosnomai biologi az jonibi muassisahoi ilmiyu tahqiqoti tahiya gardida, boyad az ekspertizai davlatii ekologi guzarad va az tarafi maqomi vakolatdori davlati tasdiq karda shavad.
  4. Mushohidai natijai tadbirho oid ba mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) mohi az jonibi muassisahoi ilmiyu tahqiqoti yakjoya bo sokhtorhoi mahallii maqomi vakolatdori davlati tamin karda meshavad baroi:

— jamovari va tahlili malumoti purra dar borai natijai ba obekthoi obi ovarda sar dodani mohi;

— halli masalaho dar borai qat namudani mutobiqkunonii (akklimatizatsiyai) mohi ba obekthoi obi.

Moddai 30. Meyorhoi sifati obekthoi obi, talabot nisbat ba nizomi in obektho

  1. Nigoh doshtani obekthoi obi va mohigiri dar holati javobguii talaboti dakhldori ekologi, inchunin talaboti hifzi zakhirahoi mohi va boztavlidi onho tavassuti muqarrar va rioya namudani meyorhoi sifati obekthoi ob tamin meshavad.
  2. Meyorhoi sifati ob dar obekthoi obi va mohigiri, az jumla haddi imkonpaziri moddahoi zararovar dar onho bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston tahiya va tasdiq karda meshavand.
  3. Ba obekthoi obi va mohigirii hududhoi tabiii makhsus muhofizatshavanda partoftani moddahoi zararovar, ki haddi imkonpaziri onho baroi obekti obii mazkur muqarrar nagardidaast, man meboshad.

Moddai 31. Obekthoi obi va mohigirii hududhoi tabiii makhsus muhofizatshavanda

  1. Bo maqsadi hifzi sharoiti boztavlidi zakhirahoi mohi hududhoi tabiii makhsus muhofizatshavanda muqarrar karda meshavand, ki dar hududi onho faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyat mahdud megardad.
  2. Obekthoi obi va mohigiri yo qitahoi alohidai onho, ki baroi hifzi zakhirahoi mohii namudhoi purarzish muhimand, metavonand hududhoi tabiii makhsus muhofizatshavandai doroi nizomi dakhldor elon karda shavand. Tartibi tasis, faoliyat, masohat va sarhadi chunin hududhoi tabii bo darnazardoshti mahsulnoki va tarkibi zakhirahoi mohi muayyan karda meshavand.
  3. Tartibi muayyan namudani hududhoi tabiii makhsus muhofizatshavanda, mahdud namudani faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyat, khususiyathoi jori namudani chunin mahdudiyatho dar in hududho tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavand.

Moddai 32. Talabot nisbat ba hifzi zakhirahoi mohi va muhiti zisti on hangomi joygir kardani obekthoi khojagidorii tarhrezishavanda va ijroi korho dar obekthoi obi

  1. Hangomi joygir kardani obekthoi khojagidorii tarhrezishavanda, jori namudani ravandhoi navi tekhnologi va ijroi digar korho dar obekthoi obi, mohigiri va hududhoi tabiii makhsus muhofizatshavanda tadbirho oid ba hifzi zakhirahoi mohi va muhiti zisti onho boyad peshbini karda shavand. Faoliyati mazkur tanho dar asosi khulosai musbii ekspertizai davlatii ekologi amali karda meshavad.
  2. Tadbirho oid ba hifzi zakhirahoi mohi va muhiti zisti on boyad to ogozi faoliyati banaqshagiriftashuda tatbiq karda shavand.
  3. Hangomi purra yo qisman peshgiri karda natavonistani tasiri faoliyati zikrshuda ba holati zakhirahoi mohi, metavonand tadbirhoi jubroni nigohdori va boztavlidi zakhirahoi mohi, inchunin barqaror namudani muhiti zisti onho peshbini shavand.

 

BOBI 7. MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

Moddai 33. Hamkorii baynalmilali dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi

Hamkorii baynalmilali dar sohai mohiparvari, mohigiri va hifzi zakhirahoi mohi dar asosi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, ba roh monda meshavad.

Moddai 34. Javobgari baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

Moddai 35. Dar borai az etibor soqit donistani Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai mohiparvari»

Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston az 22 dekabri soli 2006 «Dar borai mohiparvari» (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 2006, № 12, mod. 544) az etibor soqit donista shavad.

Moddai 36. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                  Emomali Rahmon

sh.Dushanbe, 19 sentyabri soli 2013,

№ 1021

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