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Misrro istilo kardani Angliya

Dar jangi yakumi (solhoi 3831 — 1833) ziddi Turkiya harchand Muhammad Ali galaba karda, istiqloliyati mamlakat va chandin mulki arabii Turkiyaro ba dast darovarda boshad ham, dar jangi duyum (solhoi 1839 – 1841) mamlakathoi Evropa bo sardorii Angliya az jonibi Turkiya ba jang daromada, ba on shikast dodand. Dar natijai in Muhammad Ali az tamomi mulkhoi zabtkardaash mahrum shud. Badi in jang tobeiyati Misr ba Turkiya bo nom vujud dosht.

Soli 1849 badi vafoti Muhammad Ali naberai u Abbosi I (1849 – 1854) ba sari qudrat meoyad. Hidevi nav sadoqati khudro ba imperiyai Turkiya ibroz doshta, soli 1851 baroi sokhtmoni rohi ohani Qohira-Iskandariya ba anglisho ijozatnoma dod, ki in dar Misr ijorai avvalini khorijiyon bud.

misr

Badi shikasti Harbii soli 1840 khidevi Misr majbur shud, ki ba mamlakathoi Evropa doiman guzasht kunad. Guzashtkunihoi Misrro mamlakathoi Evropa aknun ba tavassuti diplomatiya ba dast medarovardand. In kor ba uhdai konsulho voguzor karda shuda bud. Behuda nest, ki tarikhi davrai solhoi 1841 – 1876-i Misrro “davrai konsul” menomand.

Dar davrai hukmronin Said (solhoi 1854 – 1863) va Ismoil (solhoi 1863 – 1879) vazi mustamlikavii Misr tagyir nayoft. Baroi ba asorat giriftor kardani Misr sokhtmoni Kanali Suets maqomi muhim dosht. Soli 1854 sohibkori faronsavi Ferdinand Lesspes baroi sokhtmoni kanal va istifodai on az khidevi Misr baroi ijora ijozatnoma girift. 17 noyabri soli 1869 Kanali Suets ba istifoda doda shud. Harchand vazni asosii moliyaviyu mehnatii sokhtmoni kanal ba dushi Misr aftoda bud, lekin az on beshtar avrupoiho foida didand. Tanho 15 foizi daromadi Kanali Suets ba khazinai Misr medaromadu khalos. Az sababi vazninii ahvoli moliyavii mamlakat Ismoil majbur shud, ki hamon 15 foizi hissai Misrro bo narkhi nihoyat arzon – 22 mln frank ba shirkati Faronsa furushad. Badi in Misr az istifodai Kanali Suets yagon tin ham daromad namegirift, yane on purra az khorijiyon shud.

Soli 1876 vobastagin Misr ba davlathoi khoriji ba marhalai navi khud dokhil meshavad. Davlathoi Evropa ba korhoi dokhilii Misr ruirost dakholat mekardand. Misr az noiloji az davlathoi khoriji puli ziyod qarz megirift va onro sari vaqt pardokhta nametavonist. Baroi hamin bo talabi qarzdihandagoni khoriji 2 mayi soli 1876 Ismoil majbur shud, ki ba qonun dar borai tashkili Hazinai oshkoroi qarzi Misr imzo guzorad. Badi in faoliyati moliyavii Misr purra ba ikhtiyori mamlakathoi abarqudrati Evropa guzasht, chunki ba hayati in komissiya namoyandagoni karzdihandagon dokhil shudand. Mahz bo hamin sabab mohi avgusti soli 1878 kabineti vazironi Misr ba istefo rafta, kabineti navi vaziron tashkil gardid, ki ba on Nubarposhsho nom armani ba bonkhoi khoriji aloqador rohbari kard. Vaziri korhoi dokhili shakhsi irtijopesha Riyozposhshoi khizmatgori vafodori anglisho, Rivers Vilson (jonishini Ferdinand), vaziri moliya, namoyandai Faronsa – vaziri korhoi jamiyati, namoyandai Avstriya – noziri kull va namoyandai Italiya rafiqi vazir tayin karda shudand. Hudi hamin dalelho shahodati onand, ki Misr tobei khorijiyon shudaast.

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