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Meva va tukhmi rastani

Dar faslhoi tobistonu tiramoh mevahoi gunogunrangi pukhtarasidai rastanihoi dastparvaru khudruy diqqati kasro jalb mekunand. Sebhoi surkhu jilodor, nok, oluyu oluboluhoi sershira, shingilhoi purbori angur shokhi darakhtu buttahoro bo serbori kham mekunaid. Mevai biser rastanihoi sabzavoti: pomidor, bodiring, qalamfur, boimjon khushrangu botarovat meboshand.

mevai-tar-xush

Novobasta ba gunogunii shakl, rang, maza, buy va andozaashon aksari mevaho az guraki gul tashakkul meyoband. Devorai sabzidayu tagyiryoftai gurak – mevaparda nomida meshavad. Va on ta- shakkul yofta ba meva tabdil meyobad. Har meva dar dokhilash tukhm (yo dona) dorad.

Meva tar va khushk meshavad.

Gujummeva (yo buttameva) yak nav tarmevaest, ki magzi onro az berun pusti tunuk pushidaast. Dar daruni meva tukhmhoi bisyore mavjudand  Qot, nordonak, murdi jangali, pomidor va angur ba guruhi rastanihoi gujummeva dokhil meshavand.

Donakmeva yak nav tarmevaest, ki pusti tunuk doshta, magzash serob buda, donaki sakhti yakmagza 5 dorad. Olubolu (oluchabandak), olu, zardolu, shaftolu donakmeva dorand.

mevai-tar-xushk

Baraksi mevahoi tar, mevai khushki pukhta magzi sershira nadorad.  Don (yo dona) mevai khushkest, ki mevapardai tunuki on bo pusti tukhm ba monandi donai gandum  va juvorimakka ba ham sakht (mahkam) chaspidaand.

Kusakniz mevai khushk buda, dar vaqti kushodashaviash ba du palla judo meshavad. Pas az pukhtani kusak pallahoi khushkidai on tob mekhurand va donahoyashon merezand. Kusaki lubiyo, nakhud, boqilo va aqoqiyo hamin khel mepazad.

G ilofak monandi kusak du palla dorad, ammo dona yo tukhmhoi on chun kusak na dar khudi palla, balki dar sathi devorai darunii meva joy giriftaand. CHunin tarzi mevai khushk ba vazirak, karam, shalgamcha, shalgam, sarsonkaram, turb khos ast.

Magzakmeva ham mevai khushk ast. Mevapardai on agarchande tukhmashro pushonida boshad ham, ammo ba yakdigar chaspida narustaand. Doirai oftobparast hamin guna meva ast.

Guza dar zagir, pakhta, khoshkhosh (kuknor), bunafsha, tamoku va lola inkishof meyobad. Pas az pukhta rasidani meva az surokhii makhsus yo joi ka-fidai devorai guza (masalan, kuknor) 6 tukhmi bisyor ba berun merezad.

  1. Mevaho az rui kadom alomatho tar va khushk meshavand?
  2. Kadom mevahoi tarro medoned?
  3. Gujummeva az donakmeva bo chi farq mekunad?
  4. Rastanihoi khushkmevaro nombar kuned.
  5. Kusak az gilofak chi farq dorad?
  6. Rastanihoi gilofakmevaro nombar kuned.
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