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Mazmunu mundarijai sherhoi ba khunarmandon bakhshidai Sayido

Sayido makhsusan ba tabaqahoi hunarmandi jamiyat tavajjuhi makhsus dorad. Zero onhoro dar ashori lirikiash (gazaliyotu qitaho…), dar «SHahroshub» va inchunin ashori makhsusi ba in toira bakhshidaash vasfu tavsif kardaast. Albatta, dar tarikhi adabiyot fasli toza niz hast, ki dar shakli masnavi rui kor omadaand. Dilbastagii shoir ba in toifai mardum, shoyad az on jihat boshad, ki u khud az ahli hunar ast. Sayido dar ashori ba tabaqahoi hunarmandon bakhshidai khesh namoyadai hasht navi hunarro vasf kardaast, ki az jumlai onho: baqqol, shustagar, nonvo, naqqosh, najjor, shotir, tashtgar va qassob meboshand. In hasht sheri ba hunarmandon bakhshidai Sayido dar majmu doroi 290 bayt ast va onho manzumahoeand, ki az ibtido to intiho dar yak mavzu ejod shudaand. Muhim on ast, ki dar in manzumaho insoni sohibhunar va mehnatkashu zahmatqarin mavridi sitoishu vasf qaror giriftaast. CHunonchi, dar manzumai «Dar tarikhi najjor» meorad:

Buti najjori man sarvest yakto,

Zi sar to poy payvand az tamosho.

Sanvabar istoda bar dukonash,

Taroshash kheshro az bandagonash.

Ba bogi orzu sarvi tamanno,

Zanad peshi qadi u tesha bar po.

CHdhone khidmati u karda pesha,

Zanad har kas ba sui khesh tesha.

Zaboni teshaash shirintakallum,

Ba khuni Kuhkan khurda tarahhum,

Zi obi teshaash pur ustukhonam,

Ba zikri sarrash boshad zabonam.

CHi arra? CHun zaboni shula sarkash,

Fikanda oshiqonro dar kashokash.

CHi arra? Zerdastash sarbalndon,

Buvad more zi sar to poy dandon.

Hamesha shevai u dilkharshi

Ba khubon menamoyad nozposhi

Nigohi u kamandoso kashida,

Ki bshad gushai chashmash baranda.

CHi randa? Dorad az oina sina,

CHi sina?-Sof dil az mehru kinae

Zaboni u buvad bod il muvofiq,

Sare dorad ba hamvori chu oshiq.

Asosi khonahoro ust ustod,

Ba ahdi ust oshiq khonaobod.

Dukonash dar bar rui arsh basta

Dimogash dar sari kursi nishasta

Ba har manzil guzorad po hamon dam,

Kunad chun tesha sinji khona mahkam.

Safed az intizorash chashmi darho,

CHunon pechidai zanjir nazarho,

Buton bar surati u gashta hayron,

Hichil az butparasti butparaston,

Harobi maqdami u khonumonho,

Gul aftoda ba chashmi tobandonho.

Namebinam ba asri khesh bunyod,

Gami u khonumonam dod barbod.

Rukhash to rafta az koshonai man,

Siyah gardida rui khonai man.

Maro kay az dukonash bahramandist?

Zi jushi ishqbozon takhtabandist.

Ba man kay oshno az rui yorist?

Dilash dar oshiqi tahchubkorist.

Ba ahdi kheshtan ustod boshad,

Vafoyash lek bebunyod boshad,

Biyo, soqi, dare biksho ba ruyash,

Ba jomi boda bishkan orzuyam,

Maro chun Sayido mamur gardon.

Dilamro khonai purnur gardon.

Manzumai mazkur doroi 25 bayt buda, ba qasida harobat dorad. On dar shakli masnavi ejod gardida, peshai najjori va juziyoti on, lavozimote, ki baroi kasbi mazkur zarur ast va khudi najjor va gayr mavridi tasvir qaror doda meshavad.

Manzuma dar bahri Hazaji musaddasi mahzuf yo maqsur talif shudaast, ki afoli on chunin ast:

YAne: mafoilun, mafoilun, faulun.

Intihoi asar, dar hajmi du bayt murojiat ba soqiro dar bar megirad, ki mohiyati sufiyona dorad. Inchunin, dar bayti okhirin takhallusi shoir omadaast.

YAne shoir ba in vosita mehnatro vasf mekunad, ahamiyatu mohiyati in yo on pesharo khele bo juziyot bayon menamoyad. Masalan, az peshai najjor muntaho khosa-makoni oshiqon bunyod meshavad, ki be on na tanho inson balki hama makhluqi jondor ehtiyoj ba khona dorad. Pas kasbi mazkur sazovori vasfu sitoish va baroi mardum avvalindaraja meboshad.

YO in ki dar manzumai digar oid ba peshai baqqoli sukhan meravad va on «Dar tarikhi Hoja mirzojoni baqqol» unvon doradu az 53 bayto iborat buda, bo chunin matla shuru meshavad:

Dilamro burda sarvi jomazebe, Bihishtitalate odamfirebe.

Manzumai mazkur dar bahri Hazaji musaddasi mahzuf insho shudaast va afoili on chunin ast:

^—GU—GU–

YAne: Mafoilun mafoilun, faulun.

Dar in manmuzma niz shakhsiyati baqqol hamchun donandai peshai khud, az har jihat: khislatu raftor, guftoru kirdor, munosibatu muomila va g. bo juziyoti mehnati baqqol, oroishi dukoni u, vositahoi mehnat va tarzi korgirii baqqoli sohibmarifatu donno va dar kori khud tavono, bo kuli nozukihoi koru faoliyatash sitoish karda meshavad. Bazan bayoni shoir ohangi hazlu shukhi va hatto goho kame janbai tamaskhur niz megirad. SHoyad dar chunin holat shukhchashmihoi mardumi bozor dar simoi chunin sohibhunaron mavridi tasvir qaror doda meshavand. CHunonchi:

Zi sanjidash dimogi lali khunbor,

Zi rangash surkh gashta rui bozor,

YO khud:

Ba jon parvarda uro zoli davron,

Nihoda nomi uro Mirzojon.

va g.

Ba hamin tariq, dar manzumahoi digari ba hunarvaronu sohibipeshagon bakhshidai Mirobid Sayidoi Nasafi, az jumla: «Dar tarifi Hoja Mirzomuhammadi SHustagar», «Dar tarifu tavsifi nonvo», «Dar tarifi Hoja SHafei naqqosh», «Dar tarifu tavsifi shotir», «Dar tarifi qassob» va nihoyat «Dar tarifi tashtgar» kasbho, peshaho, hunarho, hirfatho va sohiboni onho bo khislatu raftor, guftoru kirdor, muomilavu munosibat va asrori hunarii eshon va nazokati koru faoliyati onho ba tasvir girifta shudaast. Masalan, nazokati peshai naqqoshiro («Dar tarifi Hoja SHafei naqqosh») ki boisi zebu zinnat va oroishi har yak makon megardad, chunin ba mushohida megirad:

Guzorad poy bar har ostona,

Kunad on khonaro oinakhona,

Ba kilki khud namesozad sitamro, Kunad angushti u kori qalamro.

YO khud dar manzumai «Dar tarifi qassob» juziyoti peshai mazkurro az zaboni gusfand meorad, ki baroi zabh omadast va az on boke nadorad, ki baroi zabh omadast va az on boke nadorad, zero tumai haloli khalifai Jahonofarin shudan ormoni intihoni ust:

Ba dukonash ravam dar khun tapida,

Nayandesham zi sahroi burida.

Agar khunam birezand, motamam nest,

Zi poyam gar biyovezand, gamam nest.

YO in ki dar manzumai digari shoir, ki «Dar tarifu tavsifi nonvo»- nom dorad, hunari nonvoi va kuhantarikh budani on, qadrshinosi didani peshai mazkur miyoni nasli inson ba tasvir ovarda shudaast. SHoir makoni omodashavii non-tanurro bo usuli toza va baso obraznoku shevo ba mushohida megirad:

Tanurash surkhru az otashi gul,

Hasu khorash buvad mijgoni bulbul.

Umuman ashori ba hunarmandon bakhshidai Sayido chand jihati khosa dorad, ki onro takid namudan az ahamiyat kholi nest:

-Sayido ham dar ashori liriki, asari alohida va sherhoi judogona yane bo se roh ba in mavzu vasfi ahli hunar va peshai onho ru ovardaast.

-SHoir ananai adabi, sunnati ejodiro ba tavri vasetar ehyo namuda, dar hamin zamina baze tozakoriho kardaast.

-Adib ba in vosita ejodi badero ba ruzgori khalq, ba ahli mehnat boz ham nazdiktar namudaast.

-Tarkibi lugavii zaboni adabii tojikro dar asri XVII az hisobi kalimavu iborahoi sohavi nisbatan gani gardonidaast.

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