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Marokash dar asri XIX

Hanuz dar asri XVIII Faronsa va Ispaniya bo sultoni Marokash sozishnoma basta, huquqhoi tojiron  va namoyandagoni in davlathoro vase kardand. Dar qalamravi Marokash Avstro-Vengriya, Angliya, IMA, Niderlandiya, Belgiya va baze davlathoi digar niz khuquqhoi taslimkori giriftand. Pekin dar ishgol kardani Marokash Faronsa faoltar bud. Vay az soli 1870 cap karda mintaqahoi ba Aljazoir hamsarhadi Marokashro pasi ham zabt mekard. Vale ba amali shudani naqshai Marokashro zabt kardani Faronsa davlathoi abarqudrati digari Evropa muqobiliyat nishon medodand. Baroi hamin oid ba masalai Marokash soli 1880 dar Madrid konferensiyai baynalkhalqi barguzor gardid. Ishtirokchiyoni on “istiqloliyat”- i Marokashro kafolat dodand. Dar barobari in qaror karda shud, ki dar idorai in davlat be ijozati tarafhoi manfiatdor yagon tagyirote darovardan mumkin nest. In konferensiya qarordodi umumiero kor karda baromad, ki on rejimi taslimkuniro nisbat ba Marokash vase kard. Bo in qarordod huquqi ba dast darovardani zamin dar Marokash va dar in mamlakat doshtant molikiyati gayrimanqulro hamroh kardand. Hamin qismati qarordod nisbati hamai ishtirokchiyoni konferensiya pahn karda shud, az on jumla nisbati Germaniya, Portugaliya va Rusiya ham, Konferensiyai soli 1880-i Madrid dar amal maqomi nimmustamlikavii Marokashro tasdiq namud.

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Soli 1887 Angliya, Italiya, Avstro-Vengriya, Ispaniya va Germaniya Sozishnomai digarero ba imzo rasonidand, ki bar ziddi davohoi Faronsa nisbati Marokash ravon karda shuda bud. Dar navbati khud Faronsa ishgoli Marokashro vazifai nazdiktarini khud hisobida, okhirhoi asri XIX – ogozi asri XX baroi amali shudani in maqsad tayyorii faolonai diplomatiro ogoz namud.

Muborizai Faronsa baroi ba pushtibonii khud darovardani Marokash to soli 1912 idoma yoft. Hamon sol sultoni Marokash Mulai Hafid majbur shud ba shartnomae imzo guzorad, ki on pushtibonii Faronsaro bar Marokash muqarrar menamud.

Muqarrar namudani pushtibonii Faronsa Marokashro na tanho az istiqloliyat mahrum kard, balki yakporchagii onro niz az bayn burd. Muvofiqi Sozishnomai soli 1912-i Faronsa va Ispaniya mintaqai shimolii Marokash tahti pushtibonii Ispaniya qaror girift.

Vale khalqi Marokash ba rejimi mustamlikavii vatani khud tan nadoda, muborizai ozodikhohonaro davom medod. Ba imperialistoni Faronsa lozim omad, ki bar ziddi khalqi Marokash muddati duru daroz jangi khunkhorona barad, to ki in davlatro ba khud tobe kunonad.

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