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Maorif dar okhiri asri XIX – avvali asri XX

Taraqqiyoti quvvahoi istehsolkunanda dar okhiri asri XIX – avvali asri XX zarurati peshrafti maorifro taqozo mekard. Mamdakathoi peshqadami demokrati az hamin sabab baroi maorifi khalq mablaghoi kalon judo mekardand. Dar in mamlakatho aksariyati kudakonu navrason imkoniyat doshtand, ki dar maktabho bepul tahsil kunand.

Dar sohai maorif beshtari mamlakathoi Evropa va Amerikai SHimoli az mamlakathoi digari jahoi pesh meistodand. Dar Angliya, Faronsa, SHveytsariya, Germaniya, Italiya, Belgiya, Hollandiya, IMA, Rusiya, Kanada va baze mamlakathoi digar baroi tahsili nasli navras sharoiti behtar muhayyo karda shuda bud. Peshravii maorifi onho ba darajai taraqqiyoti iqtisodiyot va dastovardhoi siyosiyu ijtimoii jomea vobasta bud.

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Dar aksari mamlakathoi sohibistiqloli Osiyo, Afrika va Amerikai Lotini maorifi khalq kam pesh raft, chunki in davlatho hanuz imkoniyati zaruri nadoshtand, ki aholiro sarosar savodnok kunand. Dar khudi hamin qitaho va baze joyhoi digari kurai zamin davlathoe budand, ki maorifi khalqi onho dar zinai khele pasti taraqqiyot meistod. Ba in du chiz khalal merasond: darajai pasti quvvahoi istehsolkunanda va tobeiyati mustamlikavi. Bisyorii onho davrai foedaliro az cap meguzaronidand. Bazeashon hatto dar darajai az in ham pasttari taraqqiyot joy girifta budand.

Dar in va yo on zinai jamiyati budan rafti tabiii taraqqiyoti on davlatho buda, sistemai mustamlikadori ham ba peshrafti iqtisodi va ham ba maorif moneai suni ba vujud ovard. Vay in davlathoro, az on jumla, dar sohai maorif ba muddati duru daroz az gustarish bozdosht. Davlathoi sarmoyadori az mustamlikaho daromadi kalon girifta, gami marifati khalqhoi onhoro namekhurdand.

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