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Maymunho

Qatori maymunho (maymun perevod s tadjikskogo – russkogo)– hayvonhoi shirkhuri az hama oliyu tashakkulyoftaro dar bar megirad, ki ba on odam ham mansub ast. Magzi sari primatho kalon buda, nimkurai magzi pesh inkishof yofta, juyakjoi ziyode dorad. Panjahoi primatho qappanda ast, ba tarafi pesh mayl doshta, nokhun ham dorand. Dar onho pistonhoi shirdihanda yak juft buda, dar qismi qafasi peshi badan (qafasi sina) joygirand. Primathoi moda odatan yaktoy va bazan 2-3-toy tavallud mekunand. Primatho beshtar hayoti ruidarakhti guzaronda, rastanikhur meboshand. Aksariyati onho dar jangalhoi tropikii Afrika, Osiyo va Amerika zindagi mekunand. Primatho namudhoi bisyor dorand, ki ba yakchand zerqator judo meshavand:

maymunZerqatori maymunhoi darozbini nisbat ba digar maymunho qadima buda, dar Amerikai Janubiyu Markazi vomekhurand. Onho maymunhoi hajman khurd buda, dar ruyi darakhtoni jangali zindagi karda, hamakhur meboshand, dumi darozi andarmoishavanda, poyhoi daroz, sadopardai larzishnok dorand. YAk namudi on maymuni jahanda (prigunka) nom dorad.

Zerqagori maymunhoi kutohbin. Ba on martishka, pavian, makak, gibbon, orangutang, shimpanze va odam dokhil meshavad. Maymunhoi kutohbini bazeashon dum dorand va dar bazeashon dum takhfif shuda, dar qismi dumgoza izash boqi mondaast. Onho dar joyhoi garmi jangalhoi Afrika va Osiyoi Janubi zindagi mekunand. Masalan, martishka maymuni dumdori ruyi darakhti buda, dar jangalzorhoi tropikii Afrika zindagi karda, rastanikhur ast. Makak ham dar ruyi darakht va ham dar ruyi zamin megardad.

Gibbon maymuni darozdast buda, ba du poyi aqibash nishasta metavonad. Vay dum nadorad, maynai peshash inkishof yoftaast. Gibbonho dar janubu sharqii Hinduston va dar jazirahoi YAva, Sumatra, Kalimantan zindagi karda, bo dastoni darozashon ba shokhi darakht ovezon shuda, az yak shokh ba shokhi digar va yo az yak darakht ba darakhti digar yo az ruyi darakht ba ruyi zamin jahida, megardand. Huroki gibbonho meva va bargu navdahoi javon ast. Ba maymunhoi odamshakl maymunhoi nisbatan kaloni bedumu darozdast dokhil meshavand, ki bo du poy rost istoda yo roh rafta metavonand. Dar ayni zamon az zoti onho orangu gang, shimlanze va gorilla boqi mondaast.

Orangutang to 1.5 m qad dorad, panjakhoi dastu poyashon nagz vazifanok shuda, badanashon (ba gayr az panjaho, ruy, biniyu peshona) sermuy meboshad. Hayoti ruyi darakhti guzaronda, bazan ba ruyi zamin mefaroyad. Orangutanho beshtar dar jazirahoi Sumatra zindagi mekunand.

SHimpanze to 1.5 m qad doshta, ruyash bemuy. gushash kalon (ba gushi odam monand) ast, dastonash nisbat ba dasti orangutan kutoh ast. Vay dar jangalhoi tropikii Afrika hayotn ruyi darakhtiyu ruizamini meguzaronad. Hurokash rastani buda. oila-oila shuda zindagi mekunand.

Gorillaho to 2 metr qad doshta, dar ruyi zamin bo dastu poyhoyashon roh meravand, panjaho va saru ruyashon bemuy ast. Onho dar zamnnhoi jangalii mintakai ekvatorni Afrika zindagi mekunand. Hurokashon meva va reshameva meboshad.

Odamon dar qatori primatho — yak oilai makhsusi inkishof yoftai olitarin ba shumor meravand. Nimkurahoi kalonu serchuyaki magzi sari odam az maynai maymunhoi odamshakl se barobar ziyod ast. Dar odam ruypushi muydor barham khurdaast. Ba du poyashon takya karda rost meistand. Dasthoyashon az zamin kanda shuda, vazifakhoi murakkabro ado mekunand. Tabiatan tagyiryobanda odamro az maymunhoi odamshakl ba vujud ovardaast va dar in kor mehnat ahamiyati asosi dorad. Inkishofi shuurnokii inson holo ba darajae rasidaast, ki aknun ba tabiate, ki yak vaqtho az boloi odam hukmrony mekard khudash hukmron ast.

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