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Mafhumhoi asosi

Moddai 1-i Kodeksi Mehnat. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Kodeksi mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

aznavtayyorkuni – shakli tahsili kasbii kormand, ki baroi az khud namudani kasb yo ikhtisosi digar imkoniyat medihad;

attestatsiyai kormand – tartibi muayyan namudani muvofiqati kormand ba vazifai (mansabi) ishgolnamudaash (kori ijro menamudaash) bo rohi arzyobii ijroi uhdadorihoi vazifavi, sathi donish, malaka va tayyorii kasbi;

attestatsiyai joyi kor oid ba sharoiti mehnat – nizomi bahisobgiri, tahlil va arzyobii majmuii bahodihi ba omilhoi muhiti istehsoli, ravandi mehnati vaznin va purshiddat marbut ba joyi kori muayyan, ki ba qobiliyati kori va salomatii kormand dar rafti faoliyati mehnati tasir merasonand;

bahsi mehnatii kollektivi – ba muvofiqa narasidani korfarmoyon (ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon) va kollektivi kormandon (namoyandagoni kormandon) oid ba masalahoi muqarrar namudan va tagyir dodani sharoiti mehnat dar tashkilot, bastan va ijroi sozishnoma va shartnomahoi kollektivi, inchunin tatbiqi muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, sozishnoma va shartnomahoi kollektivi;

bahsi mehnatii fardi – ba muvofiqa narasidani korfarmo va kormand oid ba masalahoi tatbiqi Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, sharoiti mehnati dar shartnomai mehnati, sozishnoma va shartnomahoi kollektivi peshbinishuda;

bekori – zuhuroti ijtimoiyu iqtisodie, ki ba nabudani talabot ba qismi muayyani quvvai kori dar bozori mehnat vobastagi dorad;

bemorii kasbi – bemorie, ki ba on kormand bar asari tasiri omilhoi khatarnok yo zararovari istehsoli giriftor shudaast;

bekhatarii mehnat – majmui chorabiniho, ki baroi tamini hifzi kormandon dar ravandi faoliyati mehnati ravona shuda, tasiri omilhoi khatarnok va zararovari istehsoliro istisno mekunand;

bozori mehnat – doirai tashakkuli talabot va peshnihod ba quvvai kori;

bron – band kardani joyhoi korii kholi baroi guruhi muayyani shakhson;

vazifa (mansab) – mavqei khizmatii kormand, ki ba doirai uhdadoriho, huquqhoi vazifavi va khususiyathoi masuliyati u vobastagi dorad;

vayron kardani intizomi mehnat – az tarafi kormand rioya nakardani talaboti Kodeksi mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba mehnat va qoidahoi tartiboti dokhilii tashkilot;

vaqti istirohat – vaqte, ki kormand dar davomi on mutobiqi Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston az ijroi uhdadorihoi mehnati ozod buda, onro muvofiqi khohishash baroi qone gardonidani manfiathoi shakhsi va barqaror namudani qobiliyati mehnatiash istifoda mebarad;

vaqti kori – vaqte, ki dar davomi on kormand tibqi qoidahoi tartiboti dokhili, rejai kori va yo sharthoi shartnomai mehnati uhdadorihoi mehnatii khudro boyad ijro namoyad;

vakhta – faoliyati mehnati berun az joyi istiqomati doimi, ki hangomi on bozgashti hamaruzai kormandon ba joyi istiqomati doimi tamin karda nameshavad;

vositahoi muhofizati infirodi va kollektivii kormandon – vositahoe, ki baroi peshgiri va kam kardani tasiri omilhoi khatarnok va zararovari istehsoli ba kormandon istifoda burda meshavand;

vohidho – korgoh, qita, brigada, shuba, idora va digar vohidhoi sokhtorii tashkilot;

dagalona vayron kardani intizomi mehnat – ba joyi kor dar holati masti bar asari istemoli mashruboti spirti, vositahoi nashador, moddahoi psikhotropi yo moddahoi digari madhushkunanda hozir shudan, be sababhoi uzrnok dar davomi ruzi kori ziyoda az 3 soat dar joyi kor nabudan, qasdan vayron namudan yo duzdidani molikiyati korfarmo, az tarafi kormand vayron kardani qoidahoi tekhnikai bekhatari, bekhatari az sukhtor, ki boisi oqibathoi vaznin, az on jumla marg yo jarohati inson, sadama yo sukhtor gardidaast;

darajai takhassus – sathi omodagii umumi va makhsusi kormand, ki dar asosi navi hujjathoi tibqi Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrargardida (attestat, diplom, shahodatnoma va digar hujjathoi dakhldor) tasdiq meshavad;

dar du (yakchand) joy kor kardan – tibqi shartnomai mehnati az tarafi kormand dar barobari kori asosi va yo berun az on ijro namudani kori digar yo ishgol namudani digar vazifai doimii muzdnok;

izofakori – kore, ki kormand bo amri korfarmo ziyoda az davomnokii vaqti korii harruzai baroi kormand muqarrargardida va yo ziyoda az miqdori muqarrarii soathoi korii davrai bahisobgiri ijro mekunad;

intizomi mehnat – rioyai talaboti Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba mehnat va qoidahoi tartiboti dokhilii tashkilot;

ittifoqi kasaba – tashkiloti jamiyatii ikhtiyorie, ki shahrvandonro vobasta ba manfiathoi umumi dar sohahoi faoliyati istehsoli va gayriistehsoli baroi hifzi huquqhoi mehnati, ijtimoiyu iqtisodi va digar huququ manfiathoyashon muttahid menamoyad;

ittihodiyai korfarmoyon – tashkiloti gayritijoratie, ki korfarmoyon ikhtiyorona baroi namoyandagi va hifzi manfiathoi azoi khud dar doirai sharikii ijtimoi tasis medihand;

ikhtisos – majmui donish, kordoni va malakai tavassuti omodagii makhsus va tajribai korii andukhtashudae, ki baroi ijroi navi muayyani faoliyati mehnati dar doirai kasbi mazkur zarur ast va bo hujjathoi dakhldor dar borai tahsilot tasdiq meshavad;

kasb – namudi faoliyati mehnatie, ki donishu malakai tavassuti omuzish va tajriba andukhtashudaro taqozo menamoyad;

kafolati huquqhoi kormandon ba hifzi mehnat – sharoit va vositahoe, ki ba kormand imkoniyati purrai istifoda burdani huquqhoi tibqi Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston, Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrargardidaro oid ba hifzi mehnat medihand;

kvota – hissai (qismi) joyhoi korie, ki tashkilot, novobasta ba shakli tashkiliyu huquqi, baroi bo kor tamin kardani shakhse, ki ba hifzi ijtimoi ehtiyoj dorad, peshnihod mekunad;

kori muvofiq – kore, ki onro shakhs ijro karda metavonad, ba jins, malumot, ikhtisos, tayyorii kasbi, sobiqai mehnati va tajribai kori, sharoithoi joyi kori okhirin (ba istisnoi korhoi jamiyatii muzdnok), vazi salomatii u muvofiq buda, az mahalli zisti shakhs nachandon dur (na ziyoda az yak soat dar roh) joygir shudaast va muzdi mehnat baroi on dar sathi na kamtar az muzdi mehnati haddi aqali rasman muqarrarshuda kafolat doda meshavad;

kori fosilavi (distansioni) – shakli makhsusi amali namudani ravandi mehnat berun az mahalli joygirshavii korfarmo bo istifodai tekhnologiyai ittilootiyu kommunikatsioni dar ravandi kor;

kormand (kormandi kiroya) – shakhse, ki bo korfarmo dar asosi shartnomai mehnatii bastashuda dar munosibathoi mehnati qaror dorad;

kormandi mavsimi – kormande, ki vobasta ba sharoiti tabiiyu iqlimi dar tamomi davrai soli taqvimi korro ijro karda nametavonad va onro dar davrai muayyani mavsim ijro mekunad;

kormandi khonagi – shakhse, ki korro (khizmatro) dar khojagii korfarmo – shakhsi voqei ijro menamoyad;

kormandi khonakor – shakhse, ki korro dar khonai khud yo joyi baroi ijroi kor muvofiq bo mehnati shakhsi anjom medihad;

korfarmo – shakhsi huquqi, filial va namoyandagihoi on, novobasta az shakli tashkiliyu huquqi va shakhsi voqei, ki tibqi Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston huquqi bo kormand bastan va qat namudani shartnomai mehnatiro dorand;

qoidahoi hifzi mehnat – sanadi meyorii huquqii doroi talabot oid ba hifzi mehnat, ki ijroi on baroi shakhsoni voqei va huquqi hangomi mashgul shudan ba namudi muayyani faoliyat, az jumla hangomi loihakashi, sokhtmon va istifodai inshoot, ikhtiroi moshin, mekhanizm va tajhizoti digar, tahiyai ravandhoi tekhnologi, tashkili istehsolot va mehnat hatmi meboshad;

maqomoti vakolatdori davlati dar sohai mehnat va shugli aholi – maqomoti davlatii idora va tanzimi shugli aholii qobili mehnatbuda, ki siyosati musoidat ba shugli aholi va ba shahrvandon tamin namudani kafolathoi davlatiro dar sohai mehnat va shugli aholi amali menamoyad;

mehnat – faoliyati inson, ki baroi ba vujud ovardani arzishhoi moddi, manavi va digar nematho ravona gardida, baroi hayot va qone namudani talaboti inson va jomea zarur ast;

meyorhoi mehnat – meyorhoi korkard, vaqt, khizmatrasoni, shumora, suporishhoi bameyorgiriftashuda baroi kormandon mutobiqi sathi dastovardhoi tekhniki, tekhnologiya, tashkili istehsolotu mehnat va baroi guruhi alohidai kormandon, bo nazardoshti omilhoi fiziologi, jinsi va sinnu sol;

muzdi mehnat – majmui podoshhoi bo vohidi puli hisobkardashudae, ki korfarmo uhdador ast onhoro ba kormandi kiroya baroi korhoi amalan ijroshuda, hamchunin baroi on muddate, ki ba vaqti kori dokhil meshavad, pardokht namoyad;

muzokiroti kollektivi – ravandi tibqi Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba tanzim darovardashudai guftushunidhoi kollektivi, ki munosibati bayni kormandon (namoyandagoni kormandon) va korfarmoyon (namoyandagoni korfarmoyon) – ro jihati tamini imkoniyati ishtiroki ozodona dar halli masalahoi tanzimi munosibathoi mehnati va sharikii ijtimoi, muhokimai onho, tayyor va bamuvofiqarasonii loihai sozishnoma va shartnomahoi kollektivi, ba imzo rasonidani onho tamin mekunad;

munosibathoi mehnati – munosibati bayni kormand va korfarmo, ki baroi amali namudani huquq va uhdadorihoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, shartnomai mehnati, sozishnoma va shartnomahoi kollektivi ba vujud meoyand;

muntazam vayron kardani intizomi mehnat – az tarafi kormand takroran vayron kardani uhdadorihoi mehnati dar davrai amali jazoi intizomii ba u tatbiqshuda;

mutakhassis – shakhsi doroi tahsiloti kasbi, ki doir ba nazariya va amaliyai samti ikhtisosash donish, malaka va mahorati kasbiro sohib shudaast, ki ba u imkoniyat medihad dar sohai muayyan faoliyati kasbi namoyad;

mutakhassisi javon – shakhse, ki ba tashkilot bad az khatmi shubai ruzonai muassisai talimii tahsiloti kasbi bo rohkhati muassisai mazkur ba kor qabul shudaast;

namoyandagoni kormandon dar tashkilotho (minbad – namoyandagoni kormandon) – shakhsone, ki az tarafi kollektivi kormandon tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi himoyai manfiathoi onho intikhob gardidaand;

namoyandai vakolatdori korfarmo – rohbari (muovinoni u) tashkilot (vohidi tarkibi) yo kormandi digare, ki Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo korfarmo ba u huquqi qabuli qarorhoro, ki az munosibathoi mehnati va digar munosibathoi ba onho aloqamand barmeoyand, dodaast;

namoyandai ittifoqi kasaba – rohbari ittifoqi kasaba yo shakhsi digare, ki mutobiqi oinnoma (nizomnoma) yo bo qarori maqomi dakhldori ittifoqi kasaba baroi namoyandagi vakolatdor karda shudaast;

omili zararovari istehsoli – omili istehsolie, ki tasiri on metavonad boisi bemorshavii kormand gardad;

omili khatarnoki istehsoli – omili istehsolie, ki tasiri on ba kormand metavonad boisi giriftani jarohat gardad;

omilhoi istehsolii faoliyati mehnati – sharoithoi tekhniki, sanitariyu gigieni, istehsoliyu maishi va digar sharoithoe, ki Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan namudaand;

omilhoi ijtimoii faoliyati mehnati – andozai muzdi mehnat, davomnokii vaqti kori, rukhsati va digar sharthoe, ki Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sozishi tarafho muayyan namudaand;

rukhsati – vaqte, ki dar davomi on kormand tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo sharti nigoh doshtani joyi koru mansab az ijroi uhdadorihoi mehnati ozod buda, onro bo khohishi khud baroi farogat, barqaror namudani qobiliyati mehnati va qone gardonidani digar talabot istifoda menamoyad;

sanadhoi meyorii dokhili (lokali) – sanadhoi meyorii az tarafi maqomoti dakhldori idorakunii tashkilot bo rozigii maqomoti namoyandagii kormandon qabulnamudae, ki munosibathoi mehnati va digar munosibathoi ba onho aloqamandro tanzim namuda, dar hududi tashkilot amal mekunand;

safari khizmati – tibqi suporishi korfarmo ba muhlati muayyan ba mahalli digar baroi ijroi uhdadorihoi khizmati firistodani kormand;

sozishnoma – sanadi huquqi, ki munosibathoi ijtimoi – mehnatiro bayni kormandon va korfarmoyon ba tanzim medarorad va dar sathi jumhuriyavi, viloyati, shahri, nohiyavi va sohavi basta shudaast;

soli kori – fosilai vaqte, ki ba davomnokii soli taqvimi barobar buda, baroi har yak kormand alohida az ruzi qabul ba kor hisob karda meshavad;

tayyorkunii kasbi – shakli tayyorii kasbi, ki baroi inkishofi ilovagii shakhs va giriftani malakai nav baroi ijroi kori muayyan zarur ast;

takmili ikhtisos – shakli tahsiloti kasbi, ki baroi dastgiri kardan, vase namudan va tahkimu takmili donish, malakayu mahorati kasbii qablan giriftai kormand imkoniyat medihad;

tarafhoi shartnomai mehnati – korfarmo va kormand;

tajribaomuzi – namudi istifodai amalii donishhoi nazariyavi va paydo namudani mahoratu malakai kasbi bo rohi shinosshavi va ishtirok dar faoliyati tashkilot;

faoliyati istehsoli – majmui amalhoi kormand bo istifoda az oloti mehnate, ki baroi tabdil dodani zakhiraho ba mahsuloti tayyor zarur buda, az istehsol va korkardi namudhoi gunoguni ashyoi khom, sokhtmon, ijroi kor va namudhoi gunoguni khizmatrasoni tarkib meyobad;

khizmati grajdani – faoliyati kasbii khizmatchii grajdani oid ba ijroi vakolathoi mansabi, ki baroi ijroi vazifahoi maqomoti davlati va amali namudani khizmatrasonihoi tekhniki va tamini faoliyati maqomoti davlati ravona gardidaast;

khizmatchii grajdani – hayati tekhniki va khizmatrasoni maqomoti davlati, ki tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston mansabi vohidii muzdnokro dar maqomoti davlati baroi amali namudani vakolathoi mansabi bo maqsadi ijroi uhdadorihoi onho, amali namudani khizmatrasonihoi tekhniki va tamini faoliyati maqomoti davlati ishgol menamoyand;

haddi aqali muzdi mehnat – mablagi pulii haddi aqali hatmii muqarrarshudae, ki korfarmo onro dar davomi yak moh baroi kor dar sharoiti mutadil, bo rioyai davomnokii vaqti korii muayyannamudai Kodeksi mazkur va baroi ijroi uhdadorihoi muayyan ba kormand pardokht menamoyad;

hifzi mehnat – nizomi chorabinihoi huquqi, ijtimoiyu iqtisodi, tashkiliyu tekhniki, sanitariyu gigieni, tabobatiyu peshgirikunanda va barqarorkuni, ki mutobiqi Kodeksi mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini gardida, bekhatari, hifzi salomati va qobiliyati korii shakhsro dar ravandi mehnat tamin mekunad;

joyi kor – joyi doimi yo muvaqqatii az tarafi korfarmo tasisdodashudae, ki kormand dar ravandi faoliyati mehnati uhdadorihoi mehnatiashro ijro menamoyad;

sharikii ijtimoihamkorii ishtirokchiyoni munosibathoi ijtimoiyu mehnatie, ki ba tamini mutobiqati manfiathoi kormandon, korfarmoyon va maqomoti ijroiyai hokimiyati davlati ravona gardidaand;

sharoiti bekhatari mehnat – sharoiti mehnate, ki dar on tasiri omilhoi khatarnok va zararovari istehsoli ba kormandon istisno karda shudaast yo darajai tasiri onho az meyorhoi muqarrargardida ziyod nameboshad;

sharoiti mehnat – sharthoi pardokhti muzdi mehnat, bameyordarorii mehnat, rejai vaqti kor va vaqti istirohat, tartibi jobajoguzorii kasb (vazifa), vasekunii hududi khizmatrasoni, ijroi vazifai kormandi muvaqqatan huzurnadoshta, bekhatari va hifzi mehnat, sharoiti tekhniki, omilhoi istehsoli – ijtimoi va digar sharthoi bo sozishi tarafho muvofiqashuda;

shartnomai kollektivi – sanadi huquqi, ki munosibathoi ijtimoi – mehnatiro dar tashkilot yo sohibkori infirodi ba tanzim medarorad va az jonibi namoyandagoni korfarmo va kormandon basta meshavad;

shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnati (minbad – shartnomai mehnati) – sozishi bayni korfarmo va kormand, ki tibqi on kormand uhdador ast korhoro az rui yak kasb, yakchand kasbi muayyan, ikhtisos yo vazifa (mansab) bo darajahoi dakhldor, bo rioyai qoidahoi tartiboti dokhilii mehnati ijro namoyad, korfarmo boshad, uhdador ast baroi hamin kor ba kormand purra va sari vaqt muzdi mehnat dihad va sharoiti mehnatero, ki Kodeksi mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sozishnomahoi tarafho muayyan namudaand, tamin kunad;

shartnomai tahsil – sozishi khatti bayni korfarmo va kormand oid ba sharthoi tahsil, guzashtani tajribaomuzi, tayyorkunii kasbi, aznavtayyorkuni va takmili ikhtisos;

sharthoi makhsusi kor – nizom va andozai pardokhti muzdi mehnat, imtiyozho, nizomi kor, muqarrar namudan va yo barham dodani vaqti nopurrai kori, yakjoyakunii ikhtisos, tagyir dodani daraja va nomguyi vazifaho;

shakhsoni doroi uhdadorihoi oilavi – zanoni homila va digar kormandone, ki dar tarbiya va nigohubiniashon kudaki to chordahsola, kudaki mayub va digar shakhsonero, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan kardaast, dorand;

shugl – hama guna faoliyati shahrvandoni qobili mehnat, ki ba sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston mukholif nabuda, ba qone gardonidani talaboti shakhsi va jamiyatiashon aloqamand meboshad va ba onho daromad (muzd) meorad.

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