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MUSHOVARAI TIBBIYU GENETIKi

mushovaraMUSHOVARAI TIBBIYU GENETIKi, yake az namudhoi umuri tibbi, ki maqsad az on peshgirii bemorihoi irsi ast. Vazifai asosii M. tavassuti usulhoi genetiki tashkhis namudani bemori, muqarrar sokhtani darajai khavfi ba dunyo omadani kudaki giriftori bemorii irsi, peshomadi salomatii patsient va fahmondani khulosai tibbiyu genetiki meboshad. M.-ro, odatan, dar pajuhishgohho, kafedrai donishkadahoi tibbi, bemoristonho, darmongohho tashkil mekunand. Hangomi suhbat ba patsientho imkoniyathoi tibbi zamonavi dar bobati tashkhisu peshgirii bemorihoi irsi qayd karda meshavand; dar surati vujud doshtani khavfi tavalludi kudaki bemor ba onho maslihati mufid medihand.
Tasavvurot dar borai gayriimkon budani peshgirii bemorii irsi hamesha durust nest. Bemorii irsi metavonad dar tifli volidoni bilkul solim niz ba vujud oyad (agar onho homili nihonii hamon yak nuqsi genetiki boshand). Dar barobari in mumkin ast, ki az volidoni giriftori bemorii irsi tifli solim tavallud shavad. Bazan bemorihoe, ki onhoro omilhoi irsi paydo mekunand, az rui alomathoi bolini shabehi bemorihoi irsi meboshand. Mas., karii modarzod tabiati irsi dorad, vale on mumkin ast dar natijai bemorii surkhakon, ki zani homila az sar guzarondaast, paydo shuda boshad. Hamchunin tasavvurot dar borai on ki tifl dar batni modar az hama guna tasiroti zararovari berun dar amon ast, galat meboshad va bemorii modarzod, ki dar kudak oshkor shudaast, shart nest, ki tabiati irsi doshta boshad. Hatto dar bayni azoi yak oila dar chandin nasl oshkor shudani bemorii muayyan hanuz manoi onro nadorad, ki on hatman bemorii irsi ast.
Samari M. az tashkhisi durust va donistani sababhoi paydoishi bemori bisyor vobasta ast. Bahri in dukhturi genetik az usulhoi gunoguni tahqiq – kliniki, biokhimiyavi, sitogeni va g. istifoda mekunad.

R. A. Rahmonov.

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