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MUSHKBUYA

mushkbuyaMUSHKBUYA (Psoralea drupaceae), shirmolqurut, giyohest bisyorsola. Az 40 to 200 sm qad mekashad. Poyai rosti sershokh, bargi separra yo bayzashakl, guli bunafsh, bazan nofarmon dorad. Iyun – avg. gul karda, iyul – sent. tukhm mebandad. Dar joyhoi sersang, nishebii teppaho, bazan chun alafi begona dar pakhtazor, gandumzor, kanori roh va zaminhoi partov meruyad.
Dar tibbi khalqi bo bargi kuftai on puchak, haftpust va bo marhami samarash pesi (safedpusti)-ro muolija mekunand; jushobi reshai onro hangomi sili shush istifoda mebarand.
Dar sanoati tib az gilofaki M. dorui «psoralen» tahiya karda shudaast, ki baroi muolijai pesi (vitiligo) naf dorad. Onro mohhoi iyul – sent. zakhira menamoyand. «Psoralen» dar shakli qurs, hamchunin mahluli spirtii 1-foiza (700) istehsol karda meshavad. Qursi onro ruze 2 – 3 marotiba istemol karda, mahlulro ba joyhoi safedshudai pust memoland. Davri tabobat taqr. 3 moh ast. «Psoralen»-ro baroi barqarorsozii rangi pust (hangomi leykodermiya) niz istifoda mebarand. Az M. inchunin doruhoi «psoberan» va «bikuchiol» tahiya mesozand.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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