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MUSHHOR

mushkhorMUSHHOR (Arctium tomentosum), param, patrun, ezorchaspak, giyohest dusola. Az 60 to 150 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash sershokhi surkhcha, bargash kalon, gulash bunafshi siyohtob, mevaash dorchinii khokistarrang yo bur. Iyun – avg. gul karda, mevaash avg. – sent. mepazad. Dar nishebii teppaho, zaminhoi partov, bog, joyhoi sernamu soya, qad – qadi juyborho, polizho, nazdikii manzilgoh, bazan dar kishtzor meruyad. Dar kuhhoi Mevagul, Zarafshon, Hisoru Darvoz va dig. nohiyahoi nabototi vomekhurad.
Dar tib reshai M.-ro kor mefarmoyand. Onro soli avval dar okhiri davrai nashv yo avvali bahor jamovari mekunand. Reshahoro pora karda dar joi shamolras mekhushkonand (to 5 sol nigoh doshtan mumkin).
Dar tibbi khalqi M. baroi muolijai bisyor bemoriho istifoda meshavad. Jushobi reshai onro chun davoi peshobronu araqron va hangomi kasalihoi obkhura, niqris, shirincha, diabeti qandi, dardi sangi gurda, qabziyathoi muzmin, gazak, saratoni bachadon va surkhruda, kasalihoi pust (haftpust, shukufa, ekzema, garmicha), bemorihoi oloti tanosul va g. istemol mekunand. Hangomi saratoni meda reshai khushki maydakardai M.-ro 7 – 10 ruz dar spirt yo ob nigoh doshta, yakchumchagi mekhurand. Sokinoni janubi jumhuri tukhmi biryonkardai M.-ro baroi tabobati churra, gazaki meda va dardi sanduqi sina (pesh az taom) mufid mehisoband. Tojikoni Qaroteginu Darvoz bargi M.-ro bug doda ba omos mebandand. Dar dehai Pongozi nohiyai Asht tukhmi M. va magzi chormagz yo zardoluro yakjoya kufta hangomi miyondard mekhurand, bargi taru tozai onro ravgan molida ba zonu va sar meguzorand. Bo jushobi M. shustani sar muyro baquvvat mekunad. «Ravgani mushkhor», ki dar natijai dar ravgani bodom, shaftolu yo zardolu tar karda mondani reshai M. tahiya mesozand, davoi behamtoi khalqi baroi nigohubini muy ast.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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