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MURDAZOi

murdazoiMURDAZOi, favtidani tifl dar davrai homilagi (margi batnimodari) yo zodan (margi zoishi). Sababi asosii M. bemorihoi siroyatii modar (angezanda va zahri on ba vositai mashima ba janin tasir merasonad) va toksikozhoi homilagi (khususan nefropatiya va eklampsiya), ki boisi gipoksiyai kudak meshavand, ba shumor meravand. Hamchunin mumkin ast nuqsi dil, bemorii gipertoniya, nefrit, kamkhuni, gipovitaminozho, zahroludii shadid va muzmin (mas., az surb, fosfor, simob, sharob), zarbu lat niz boisi M. shavand. Bisyor vaqt nomuvofiqatii khuni modar va kudak az rui rezus-omil niz bo M. meanjomad. Dar davrai tavallud kudak az sababi norasoii shadidi oksigen (dar natijai barmahal kuchidani mashima rukh medihad), dar gardan pechidani bandi nof yo gireh zadani on, sust budani dardi zoish va g. mefavtad. Hamchunin omilhoi digare niz vujud dorand, ki dar mavridi onho tifl mumkin ast vafot yobad (mas., endometrit, omosho, nodurust joygir budani bachadon, pesh joygir budani mashima, daroz yo kutoh budani nof, bisyor yo kam budani ob va g.).
Alomathoi favti kudak dar davrai avvali homilagi kalon nagashtani bachadon va ba muhlati haml muvofiqat nakardani andozai on, sakht shudani pistonho va g. meboshand. Bazan sustiyu beholi, ehsosi garoni dar shikam ba mushohida merasand. Dar davrai duyumi homilagi dar barobari nishonahoi mazkur digar alomathoi khos niz padid meoyand, mas., hangomi auskultatsiya digar shunida nashudani sadoi kori dil va az harakat mondani kudak. Nishonai M. dar davrai tavallud qat shudani tappishi dili kudak ast.
Hangomi gumonbar shudan az favti tifl zani homilaro zud ba bemorkhona burdan lozim ast. Dar in jo tashkhisoti gunogun guzaronda, baroi berun ovardani tifli favtida tadbirho meandeshand.
Bo maqsadi peshgirii M. zanhoi homila boyad zeri nazorati dukhturoni mahalla va mashvaratgohi tibbii bonuvon boshand.

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