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MUHOFIZATI OLAMI HAYVONOTI OBII Tojikiston

Masalahoi muhofizati tabiat ob, fazo, hayvonot, nabotot masalahoi jiddii ruz ba shumor meravand.

Havzhoi ob va mohihoi on ham sarvathoi tabiati jumhuri meboshand. Havzhoi obi jumhuri baroi hosil kardani quvvai arzoni barq, baroi obyori kardani zaminhoi pakhta va bogu tokzorho, baroi qone gardonidani talaboti ruzafzuni sanoat va aholii shahru dehot istifoda burda meshavand. Ba gayr az in havzhoi obi jumhuri bazai asosii zakhirai Mohi va tashkili khojagikhoi mohidory meboshand.

mohi

Obhoi loykaoludi daryokhoi Vakhsh va Panj, ki domanahoi kuhro shusta jori meshavad, hanuz az iflosii onho shakhodat namedihad va dar ayni holobi daryoi Dushanbero, ki taqriban tamomi fasli sol sof va zulol ast, obi toza nomidan dushvor ast. Havzhoi obi jumhuri pesh az hama, az tarafi harguna muassisakho, korkhonahoi istehsoli, korkhonahoi charm, konservabarori, kuhu madan, tabobatkhonaho va khojagihoi kommunali, ki obhoi mahsuloti sanoati khudro ba daryoyu kulho mepartoyand, iflos karda meshavand. Inguna havzhoro sarfi nazar az sofii obi onho toza namudan mushkil ast.

CHunin muassisaho ba pahn kardani harguna kasalihoi siroyagkunanda. zahrolud gardonidann havzho va obi nushokii akholi niz sabab megardand. Dar in guna havzho Mohi sharoiti khubi afzoishkuni paydo karda nametavonad va ohista-okhista nest meshavad.

Muassisahoi sanoati va kommunalii shahri Dushanbe dar yak shabonaruz to 100 hazor metri mukaab obi iflosi khudro ba daryoi Kofarnihon barovarda mepartoyand.

Kombinati kukhu madani Takob, lagerhoi istirohatii bachagon va digar muassisahoi darakhoi Varzob obhoi iflosi sanoati va khojagpi khudro be tozakunii peshaki ba daryoi Varzob merezand. Az hamin sabab gulmohi va shirmohi, ki to solkhoi 1955 dar daryoi Dushanbe bisyor bud, kholo tamoman vujud nadorad.

Hatto shustani moshinho dar labi juy yo daryo, partoftani partovho yo harguna zarfhoi konserva, shishai sharob va hokazo boisi iflosu vayron shudani tami ob megardand va ob tursh shuda, gazi karbonat dar on bisyor meshavad. Biduni sababkhoi boloi boz hodisahoi tabii niz hastand, ki boisi nestu nobud shudani Mohi megardand.

Dar havzhoi mohiparvari az kulu obanborhoi pastob, ki rastanihoi zeriobi bisyorand, dar fasli zimiston, Vaqte ki ob yakh mekunad, aloqai ob bo gazi oksigsni havo kanda meshavad va gazi oksigeni dar ob buda qisman baroi nafasgirii hayvonogu rastaniho va qisman baroi tozondani ravandi biokhimiki (pusidani organizmhoi murdai rastaniyu hayvonogi obi) sarf meshavad, dar natija gazi oksigen dar ob tamoman namemonad va mohiho, sadafakho, yakbora diqqi nafas shuda memirand, ki in hodisaro dar ilm «zamor» menomand. Zamor na tanho dar fasli zimiston, balki dar fasli tobiston ham ruy medihad, zero dar havzhoi obash kam, rastanihoi oby bisyor inkishof meyoband ba memirand va dar Vaqti nabudani shamol obi havz harakat namekunad va bo gazi dar oksigeni havo buda omekhta nameshavad. Hususan shabona, ki nuri oftob nest va rastaniho gazi oksigen judo namekunand. hodisai «zamor» («diqqi nafas») beshtar ruy medihad va sadho hazor mohi va digar organizmho yakbora memirand.

In guna hodisaho zimistoni soli 1969 dar Bulunkul va tobistoni soli 1972 dar havzahoi mohiparvarii nohiyai Kuybishev mushohida karda shuda budand. Korkunoni khochagihoi mohiparvari baroi peshgiri kardani in guna hodisaho chorabinikhoi darkori nameguzaronand.

Bahoron dar vaqti obkhezi daryo va kulho az ob labrez meshavand va harguna shokhobchaho va khaliju kulchaho ba vujud meoyand. Dar Tojikiston hamin davrai obkhezi bo davrai tukhmpartoii mohiho rost meoyad. Mohiho hazor-hazor ba shokhobchakhoyu kulchaho, ba pastobho (sokhilho)-i kulu daryoho nazdik shuda, dar on jo gizo mekunand va tukhm mepartoyand. Badi 1-2 hafta az tukhm mohibachaho mebaroyand va dar hamin joyhoi pas gayb miyoband. Lekin, Vaqte ki obkhezi ba okhir merasad, in shokhobchaho va kulchaho az havzai asosi kanda meshavand va khushk meshavand va dar in guna joyho niz hazorkho Mohi va mohibachaho memirand. Dar in mavridho korkunoni inspeksiyai muhofizati i Mohi bo ishtiroki vasei maktabbachagon boyad chorabinihoi zaruri guzaronand.

Dar fasli tobiston dar havzahoi mohiparvari, joyhoi pastobi kulho, bayni qamishzoru rastanihoi obi kaflesakho, morhoi obi paydo meshavand, ki tukhmi partoftai mohiho va moinbachahoi onhoro mekhurand.

Dar qonuni muhofizati tabiat va mohiyon, dar nizomnomai inspeksiyai muhofizati i mohi dar borai kadom fasli sol, dar kujo va bo chi guna asbobho shikor kardaii Mohi malumotho mavjudand. Lekin aksari odamon, hatto maktabbachagon, bar khilofi in qonunu qoida mohiro bo asbobhoi man kardashuda (turi mohigiri, sabatkho) dar davrai tukhmpartoin onho shikor mekunand. Hatto harguna moddakhoi tarkandaro istifoda burda, hazoron-hazor Mohi va mohibachahoro nobud mekunand. In guna odamonro baroi vayroi kardani qonunu koidahoi shikori Mohi va ba boigarii tabiatamon talafoti kalon ovardanashon ba javobgary mekashand.

Dar muhofizati havzahoi ob va sarvathoi tabiii on maktabbachagon. azoyoni guruhhoi makhsus niz boyad hissai khudro guzorand. CHunin otryadho boyad imruz ham dar tamomi maktabhoi shahru nohiyakhoi Tojikiston tasis yoband va amal kunand.

Barnomai faoliyati onho boyad chunin boshad: muayyan namudani havzahoi obi, ki muhofizati i on zarur ast, dar fasli bahor az marg najot dodani mohibachaho dar kulchaho va joyhoi pastob, toza nigoh doshtani kulu obanborho va dar havzahoi ob, muboriza ba muqobili vayronkunanda oni qoidahoi mohidori, dar bayni maktabbachagon va aholi guzaronidaii korhoi tashfiqoti va hokazo.

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