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MUHOJIRAT

QONUNI  JUMHURII TOJIKISTON DAR BORAI MUHOJIRAT

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 1999, №12, mod. 320; soli  2002, № 4, qismi 1, mod. 248; soli  2005, №12, mod. 657; soli 2008, №12, qismi 2, mod.1004; soli 2010, №1, mod. )

 Hamin qonun munosibathoro dar sohai muhojirati aholi tanzim karda, asoshoi huquqi, iqtisodi va ijtimoii ravandhoi muhojirat, inchunin muhayyo sokhtani sharoiti zarurii hayotro dar mahalli nav baroi  shakhsi va oilahoe, ki ba Vatani ajdodii khud barmegardand, muayyan menamoyad. (QJT az 31.12.08s №470).

Surati muhojironi mehnati
Surati muhojironi mehnati

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi, ki dar hamin qonun istifoda megardand

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zayl istifoda megardand:

-muhojirat – joyivazkunii bebozgasht, muvaqqati, inchunin mavsimii shakhsi voqei az Jumhurii Tojikiston va ba Jumkhurii Tojikiston, inchunin vobasta ba tagyiri mahalli istiqomat, kor, kuchidani  shakhsi voqei dar dokhili Jumhurii Tojikiston;

-muhojirati dokhili – joyivazkunii bebozgasht, muvaqqati inchunin mavsimii  shakhsi voqei dar dokhili Jumhurii Tojikiston;

-muhojiri khoriji – shahrvandoni khoriji yo shakhsi beshahrvandi, ki ba Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi istiqomati muvaqqati yo doimi omadaand;

-muhojirati khoriji – hijrati shahrvandoni khoriji yo  shakhsi beshahrvandi ba Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi istiqomati muvaqqati yo doimi;

-muhojirati oilavii khorijiyon – hijrati guruhi kheshovandon ba Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi istiqomati muvaqqati yo doimi;

-muhochirati kollektivonai khorijiyon – mutashakkilona ba Jumhurii Tojikiston kuchida omadani shahrvandoni khoriji va  shakhsi beshahrvandi;

-muhojironi gayriqonunii khoriji – shahrvandoni khoriji yo shakhsi beshahrvandi, ki mustaqilona, be ijozati dakhldori maqomoti vakolatdor ba qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston omadaand yo onro bo rohi fireb giriftaand, inchunin ba qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar asosi ijozati dakhldor omada, vale onro badi guzashtani muhlati budubosh tark nakardaand; (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

-muhojirati mehnati ba khorija – safari ikhtiyorii qonunii shahrvandoni ba tavri doimi dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston  sukunatdoshta ba khoriji kishvar, inchunin safari shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvandi ba tavri doimi berun az hududi JumhuriiTojikiston   sukunatdoshta ba qalamravi on baroi mashgul shudan ba kori muzdnok tibqi shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnati;

-muhojirati mehnatii nazdisarhadi – safari harruza va yo haftae yak marotibai shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston ba qalamravi davlati hamsarhad va safari kharruza va yo haftae yak marotibai shahrvandoni davlati hamsarhad ba qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston bo maqsadi mashgul shudan ba kori muzdnok tibqi shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnati, bo sharti istiqomati doimi dar hududi davlati tark namudaashon;

-korgari muhojir – shakhse, ki dar davlati joi kor, ba tavri doimi istiqomat namekunad, shahrvandi on nameboshad, ba faoliyati mehnatii muzdnok mashgul bud, mashgul ast yo mashgul  meshavad;

-korgari nazdisarhadi – korgari muhojire, ki joi istiqomati muqarrarii khudro dar davlati hamsarhad nigoh medorad va har ruz yo yak marotiba dar yak hafta ba on jo barmegardad;

-davlati tarknamuda – davlate, ki korgari muhojir dar qalamravi on ba tavri doimi istiqomat dorad va baroi mashgul shudan ba kori muzdnok ba davlati digar safar mekunad;

-davlati joi kor – davlate, ki dar on korgari muhojir ba faoliyati mehnatii muzdnok mashgul bud, mashgul ast va yo mashgul meshavad;

-muhojiron –  shakhse, ki ikhtiyoran kishvari itiqomati doimii khudro tark karda, baroi istiqomati doimi ba qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston omadaand:

  1. bo maqsadi yakjoya shudan bo oilae, ki dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat mekunad;
  2. bo maqsadi bargashtan ba mahalli peshtarai istiqomat;
  3. bo maqsadi bargashtan ba vatani ajdodi (repatriantho);
  4. bo sababi bastani aqdi nikoh bo shakhse, ki shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad.

-muhojironi ijbori –  shakhse, ki shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston buda, binobar nisbat ba onho sodir gardidani zurovari va takib, yo vobasta ba nishonahoi mansubiyati najodi yo milli, etiqodi dini, zaboni, mavqei siyosi, mansubiyat ba guruhi muayyani ijtimoi vobasta ba khavfi tahdidi voqeii takib na tanho ba khudi onho, balki ba azoi oilai onho ijboran mahalli istiqomati doimii khudro tark karda, dar qalamravi kishvari khoriji meboshand. (QJT az 31.12.08s №470).

-mahalli istiqomati muvaqqatii muhojiron – mahalli aholinishini qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki az jonibi maqomi markazii ijroiya bo muvofiqai maqomoti  ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati va digar maqomoti salohiyatdor muayyan shudaast va dar on khonahoi istiqomatie mavjudand, ki baroi joygir kardan va istiqomati muvaqqatii repatriantho, reemigrantho, muhojironi ijbori va firoriyon muvofiqand;

-repatriatsiya – ba vatan bozgasht yo bargardonidani asironi harbi, shakhsi zuran kuchonidashuda, firoriyon va muhojiron;

-repatriantho –  shakhsi voqeie, ki vobasta ba repatriatsiya barmegardand;

-emigratsiya – hijrati bebozgasht yo muvaqqatii  shakhsi voqei az Jumhurii Tojikiston ba kishvari digar;

-reemigrantho – ba Vatan bargashtani  shakhsi dar emigratsiya buda;

-emigrantho –  shakhsi voqeie, ki emigratsiya mekunad;

-muhojiri ekologi –  shakhsi, ki manzili khudro bar asari ofathoi ekologi noiloj tark kardaand. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

– muhojirati ekologi – jarayoni majburii kuchidani shahrvandon dar hududi davlati khud vobasta ba vayron gardidani vazi muhiti zist yo falokathoi ekologi; (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

                     -subekthoi khojagidori – shakhsoni voqei yo huquqie, ki faoliyati khojagidoriro ba amal mebarorand va baroi faoliyati bo kor taminkunii shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston dar khoriji kishvar va jalb namudani quvvai korii khoriji ba Jumhurii Tojikiston ijozatnoma dorand. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591). 

Moddai 2. Prinsiphoi asosii tanzimi muhojirat

Muhojirat bo prinsiphoi zerin asos meyobad:

– tamini huquqii inson baroi intikhobi ozodii mahalli istiqomat, ozodii mehnat, intikhobi ozodi navi faoliyat va kasb, ozodii hijrat, ozodii raftuomad;

– noravoii hama guna mahdudkunii huquq az rui millat, najod, jins, zabon, etiqodi dini, mavqei siyosi, malumot, vazi huquqii ijtimoi va molu mulk; (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

– ishtiroki maqomoti dakhldori davlati dar tashkili ba nizom ovardani ravandhoi muhojirat;

– ishtiroki shakhsii muhojiron dar jobajokuni dar mahalli navi istiqomat bo dastgirii unvonii davlatii tashabbus va khudfaoliyati har yak shakhs, dar navbati avval onhoe, ki az mintaqahoi ofati ekologi va tabii kuchonida shudaand;

– mani badarga yo bargardonidani majburii muhojiron ba kishvare, ki onho az on omadand;

– hamkori bo digar kishvarho.

Moddai 3. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai muhojirat

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai muhojirat ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki  Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, iborat meboshad.

Moddai 4. Subekthoi muhojirat

1.Shakhsone, ki tibqi Qonuni mazkur baroi istiqomati doimi yo muvaqqati dar Jumhurii Tojikiston ijozat giriftaand,  vazi huquqii muhojironi khorijiro megirand. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

2.Shakhsone, ki dar asosi qonuni baroi istiqomati doimi   az Jumhurii Tojikiston ba digar kishvarho kuchidaand (gayr az khodimoni saforatho va namoyandagii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar kishvarhoi khoriji, shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki dar kishvarhoi khoriji muvaqqatan faoliyati mehnatiro anjom medihand, khizmatchiyoni harbie, ki vazifai homiyoni sulhro ijro mekunand, inchunin  shakhse, ki dar tahsil, tabobat, safarhoi turisti va khizmati meboshand)  vazi huquqii muhojironro megirand. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

3.Shakhsone, ki dar dokhili Jumhurii Tojikiston ijboran kuchidaand, vazi huquqii muhojironi dokhiliro megirand. (QJT az 31.12.08s №470). (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

4.Shakhsone, ki ba muqobili sulh, bashariyat jinoyat sodir kardaand, muhojiri khoriji va yo reemigrantho etirof karda nameshavand. (QJT az 31.12.08s №470). (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

Moddai 5. Tartibi amali namudani muhojirati dokhili va muhojirati ekologi

Tartibi amali namudani muhojirati dokhili va muhojirati ekologiro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad.

Moddai 6. Maqomoti vakolatdor oid ba idorai ravandhoi muhojirat dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

1.Idorai ravandhoi muhojiratro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston maqomoti davlatii az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston vakolatdorshuda (minbad – maqomoti vakolatdor) anjom medihad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

2.Nizomnomai maqomoti vakolatdor az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq karda meshavad.(Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591). 

Moddai 7. Vakolathoi maqomoti vakolatdor

  1. Maqomoti vakolatdor vakolathoi zaylro dorad: (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

1). dar Jumhurii Tojikiston korhoi vobasta ba masalahoi muhojiratro hamohang mesozad;

2). ba shahrvandoni khoriji va  shakhsi beshahrvandi baroi anjom dodani faoliyati mehnati, ijozati dakhldor medihad;

3). ravandhoi muhochiratro dar kishvar tahlil va peshgui namuda, az in khusus ba Jumhurii Tojikiston va maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati ijroiya ittilo medihad;

4). ba barrasii Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba tashakkuli kvotahoi muhojirati khoriji peshnihod manzur menamoyad;

5). dar doirai kvotahoi tasdiqgardida kuchonidan, qabul va jobajokunii repatriantho, reeimigrantho va  muhojironi ijboriro tashkil mekunad;

6). baqaydgiri, bahisobgirii repatriantho, reemigrantho va muhojironi ijboriro anjom medihad;

7). darkhosti khattii shakhsero, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston khohishi daryofti panohgohi siyosiro dorand, qabul mekunad va asnodi zaruriro ba rasmiyat medarorad;

                     8) baqaydgirii muhojirati shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston ba khorija va bozgasht az khorijaro amali menamoyad; (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

           9) baroi amali gardonidani faoliyati bo kor taminkunii shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston dar khoriji kishvar va jalb namudani quvvai korii khoriji ba  Jumhurii Tojikiston ijozatnoma  medihad va jihati tashkili faoliyat ba subekthoi khojagidori musoidat namuda, sanjishi faoliyati onhoro amali mekunad; (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

           10) muhojirati mehnatii gayriqonuniro peshgiri menamoyad, dar holati oshkor namudani vayronkunii qoidahoi istiqomat az jonibi shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvand baroi ba javobgarii mamuri va jinoyati kashidani onho mavod tahiya mekunad.  (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

  1. Maqomoti vakolatdor digar vakolathoe, ki hamin Qonun va qonunhoi digari Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyand, anjom medihad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591). 

Moddai 8. Firistodani korgaroni muhojir baroi kor ba khorija

  1. Davlat musoidat menamoyad, ki korgaroni muhojir – shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikistonro ba tavri mutashakkilona va bo rozigii onho tanho ba on kishvarhoe firistodashavand, ki dar on jo huquqhoyashon hifz karda meshavand.
  2. Kafolati hifzi huquqhoi korgaroni muhojir dar khorija baroi davlat holathoi zerin shuda metavonand:

-dar davlati joi kor mavjud budani qonunguzorii mehnati va ijtimoii huquqhoi korgaroni muhojirro hifzkunanda;

-ishtiroki davlati joi kor dar  sozishnomahoi baynalmilali, elomiyaho va qatnomahoe, ki ba hifzi huquqhoi korgaroni muhojir irtibot dorand;

-mavjud budani shartnomahoi dutarafa yo bisyortarafai davlati joi kor bo Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai hifzi huquqhoi korgaroni muhojir dar khorija;

-qabuli tadbirhoi amalii musbi oid ba hifzi huquqhoi korgaroni muhojir az tarafi davlati joi kor.

Moddai 81. Tartibi firistodan va jalb namudani quvvai kori

Az jonibi subekthoi khojagidorii Jumhurii Tojikiston anjom dodani faoliyati oid ba taminkunii shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston bo joi kor dar khorija va jalb namudani quvvai korii khoriji ba Jumhurii Tojikiston dar asosi ijozatnomai (litsenziya) az jonibi maqomoti vakolatdori Jumhurii Tojikiston dodashavanda, mutobiqi  Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston  «Dar borai ijozatnomadihi ba baze namudhoi faoliyat» surat megirad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

Moddai 82. Tartibi raftu omadi korgaroni muhojir

  1. Shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki baroi mashgul shudan ba kori muzdnok ba khorija safar mekunand, boyad bo khud shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnatii bo korfarmo bastashuda, shinosnomai khorijii tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida dar maqomoti korhoi dokhili ba rasmiyat darovardashuda va dar mavridi zaruri ravodidi namoyandagii diplomati yo idorai konsulgarii davlati joi kor dodashudaro doshta boshand.
  2. Tartibi jalbi korgaroni muhojir, talaboti sinnu soli va digar talabot nisbat ba onho tibqi qonunhoi davlati joi kor va shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavand.
  3. Korgaroni muhojir baroi kor ba Jumhurii Tojikiston tibqi ravodide, ki mutobiqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai namoyandagihoi diplomati yo muassisahoi konsulgarii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar khorija doda shudaand, safar menamoyand.
  4. Ravodid metavonad dar surati peshnihodi sanadhoi tasdiqqunandai sababhoi uzrnoki istifoda naburdani on (bemori, holathoi favqulodda va gayra) va nigoh doshtani joi kor, tibqi shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnatii bo korfarmo bastashuda az tarafi maqomoti vakolatdori Jumhurii Tojikiston daroz karda shavad. Tartibi daroz kardani ravodid az jonibi Vazorati korhoi khorijii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.
  5. Korgaroni  muhojiri ba Jumhurii   Tojikiston   omada, boyad tibqi   tartibi muqarrargardida dar maqomoti korhoi dokhili vobasta ba mahalli istiqomati muvaqqati dar asosi peshnihodi khattii  shakhsoni voqei yo huquqi ba qayd girifta shavand. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).
  6. Korgaroni muhojir va azoi oilai onho huquqi ozodona tark namudani Jumhurii Tojikiston va bozgasht ba onro dorand.
  7. Bo guzashti muhlati amali shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnati korgaroni muhojir va azoi oilai onho vazifadorand, ki davlati joi korro tark namoyand.

Moddai 83. Shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnati

  1. Munosibathoi mehnatii korgari muhojir bo korfarmo tavassuti shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnati ba rasmiyat darovarda shuda, boyad malumoti zaylro dar bar girad:

-muhlati amali on, khususiyat va joi kori muzdnok, sharoiti mehnat va tartibi dodani muzdi on, az jumla baroi kori shabona, kor dar ruzhoi istirohat va ruzhoi id;

-andozai mukofotpuli, ilovapuliho va nigoh doshtani mablag az muzdi mehnat;

-huquqho, uhdadoriho va masuliyati tarafho, tartib va sharoiti bekor kardan yo daroz kardani shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnati;

-tashkili tagyiri makon, taminot bo ozuqa, istiqomat, khizmatrasonii tibbii korgaroni muhojir va azoi oilai u;

-tartib va sharthoi sugurtai ijtimoii korgari  muhojir;

-tartibi jubroni zarari ba salomatii korgari muhojir dar jarayoni faoliyati mehnatii muzdnokash rasonidashuda va digar kafolathoi ijtimoi.

  1. Korfarmoi Jumhurii Tojikiston vazifador ast, shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnatii bastashudaro dar maqomoti mintaqavii muhojirat ba qayd guzorad.
  2. Yak nuskhai shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnati to safar namudan ba davlati joi kor ba korgari muhojir suporida meshavad.

Moddai 84. Dodani ijozat baroi kor dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

           Tartibi dodani ijozat baroi korro ba shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvande, ki dar   Jumhurii Tojikiston faoliyati mehnati anjom medihand, Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

Moddai 9. Muqarrar namudani kvotahoi muhojirati khoriji va jalbi quvvai korii khoriji

Kvotai muhojirati khoriji va jalbi quvvai korii khorijiro ba Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi har yak soli taqvimi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston tibqi peshnihodi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar menamoyad.

Moddai 91. Hisoboti omori va akhborot dar borai muhojirat

1.Tartibi peshnihodi hisoboti omori oid ba muhojirati mehnatii shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston ba khorija va bozgasht az khorija va oid ba jalb namudani shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvandro ba faoliyati mehnati dar Jumhurii Tojikiston Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

  1. Maqomoti vakolatdor be muzd bo maqomoti davlatii manfiatdor sanadhoi hisoboti va digar malumotero, ki baroi ijroi faoliyathoi onho zarur meboshand, mubodila mekunad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).
  2. Maqomoti vakolatdor nashri hisoboti omori va mavodhoi akhborotiro dar borai vaziyati muhojirati mehnati ba khorija va muhojirat, talabot va peshnihodi muhojirati mehnati ba khorija, imkoniyati bo kor taminkuni, tadbirhoi intikhobi kasbu hunarro tamin menamoyad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

Modda 92. Tahvili mablaghoi puli

Korgaroni muhojire, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston ba faoliyati mehnatii muzdnok mashguland, metavonand mablaghoi pulii badastovarda va pasandozashonro ba hududi davlati tark namudaashon tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston tahvil namoyand.

Moddai 10. Huquq va vazifahoi muhojironi khoriji

Shakhse, ki muhojiri khoriji etirof shudaast va ijozat baroi istiqomat  dar Jumhurii Tojikiston  giriftaast, az huquq va ozodihoi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston istifoda mebarad, inchunin baroi uhdadorihoi peshbinikardai qonunho yo shartnomahoi  baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston vazifador ast. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

Moddai 11. Shakhse, ki muhochiri khoriji nameboshand

  1. Vazi huquqii muhojiri khoriji ba shahrvandoni khoriji yo shakhsi beshahrvandi, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshand doda nameshavand, agar onho: (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

– khizmati harbiro dar qismhoi harbie, ki dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston voqe gardidaand, ado namoyand;

– dar hayati namoyandagihoi diplomati va tashkilothoi baynalmilali boshand;

– dar Jumhurii Tojikiston tahsili ilm mekarda boshand yo khud dar istehsolot ba koromuzi mashgul boshand;

– tibqi shartnomahoi  baynalmilali faoliyati mehnatiro anjom medoda boshand;

– sayyoh (turist), dar safari khizmati, muhojironi mehnatii muvaqqati (az jumla varzishgaron, dastahoi varzishgaron, hunarpeshagon), ki ba tariqi tranzit meguzarand, tojiron yo amonatguzoron, sarmoyadoron boshand;

– namoyandagoni vositahoi akhbori ommavii khoriji, radio va televizion, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston akreditatsiya shudaand, boshand;

– dar ittihodiyahoi dinie, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston rasman qayd gardidaand, ba faoliyati kasbi mashgul boshand;

– ba Jumhurii Tojikiston bo maqsadi rasonidani kumaki khayriya va bashardustona omada boshand;

– azoi sarnishini kishtihoi bahrivu daryoi, naqliyoti havoi, rohi ohan va avtomobili boshand.

  1. Vazi huquqii shakhse, ki dar qismi yakumi hamin modda zikr shudaand, bo qonunho va shartnomahoi  baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavand.

Moddai 12. Tartibi murojiat va barrasii darkhosti shahrvandi khoriji yo shakhsi beshahrvand dar borai giriftani ijozat baroi istiqomati doimi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. Shahrvandoni khoriji yo shakhsoni beshahrvand metavonand dar Jumhurii Tojikiston doimi istiqomat kunand, agar onho ijozati dakhldori bo guvohnomai istiqomat dar Jumhurii Tojikiston ba rasmiyat darovardashudaro doshta boshand. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).
  2. Ariza oid ba dodani  ijozat baroi istiqomati doimi az jonibi shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvand, ki muvaqqatan dar Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror dorand, ba maqomoti vakolatdori   davlati oid ba muhojirati mehnatii mahalli zistashon va  shakhsoni dar khorija istiqomatkunanda boshand, ba namoyandagii diplomati yo muassisai konsulii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihod karda meshavad.  (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).  
  3. Qarorro oid ba darkhosti shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvand dar borai ba onho dodani ijozat baroi istiqomati doimi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba muhojirati mehnati qabul menamoyad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).
  4. Muhlati barrasii mavod dar borai dodani ijozat baroi   istiqomati doimi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston naboyad  az yak moh ziyod boshad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).
  5. Qaror dar borai dodani ijozat baroi istiqomati doimii shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvand dar Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi ba rasmiyat darovardan va ba onho dodani guvohnomai istiqomat asos shuda metavonad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).
  6. Qaror dar borai rad namudani istiqomati doimii shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvand dar Jumhurii Tojikiston dar muddati se ruz az ruzi qabuli qaror ba arizadihandagon ba tavri khatti khabar doda meshavad.  (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

Moddai 13. Huququ uhdadorihoi shakhse, ki baroi muhojiri khoriji va muhojir etirof kardanashon bo darkhost murojiat namudaand

1.Hangomi baqaydgirii darkhost dar borai muhojironi khoriji va muhojir etirof kardani  shakhse, ki darkhost dodaand va dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshand, onho ba mahalli istiqomati muvaqqatii muhojironi khoriji, muhojiron, az jumla ba joi mustaqilona intikhobnamudaashon, ki hatman bo khadamoti dakhldori maqomoti vakolatdor muvofiqa shudaast, rohkhat megirand. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

2.To hallu fasli masalai hamchun muhojiri khoriji yo muhojir etirof kardani shakhs, ki bo darkhost murojiat namudaast va dar davrai tahti barrasi qaror doshtani darkhost dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston az huquqhoi baroi shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvandi peshbinikardai qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston istifoda mebarad va doroi masuliyat meboshad.

  1. Dar mavridi etirof nashudani shakhs hamchun muhojiri khoriji va muhojir ba vay dar davomi si ruz az ruzi qabuli qaror ogohnomai khatti doda meshavad.
  2. Agar shakhsi mazkur berun az qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston boshad, ba vay ogohnomai khatti bo nishondodi sababhoi etirof nashudan hamchun muhojiri khoriji va muhojir va tartibi shikoyat az boloi qarori qabulshuda firistoda meshavad.
  3. Qaror dar bobati etirof nashudani shakhs hamchun muhojiri khoriji va muhojir az tarafi in shakhs dar maqomoti vakolatdori boloi yo bo tartibi sudi dar muhlati yak moh pas az giriftani ogohnoma metavonad mavridi barrasi qaror girad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).
  4. Qaror oidi etirof nagashtani shakhs hamchun muhojiri khoriji va muhojir inchunin ba maqomoti dakhldori umuri dokhili baroi tashkili baromada raftani shakhs az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston firistoda meshavad.

Moddai 14. Huququ uhdadorihoi shakhse, ki baroi repatriant, muhojironi ijbori va reemigrant etirof kardanashon bo darkhost murojiat namudaand

1.To hal shudani masalai hamchun repatriant, muhojiri ijbori va reemigrant etirof kardani shakhs, ki bo darkhost murojiat namudaast va dar davrai tahti barrasi qaror doshtani darkhost dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad az tamomi huququ uhdadorihoe, ki baroi shahrvandoni khoriji va  shakhsi beshahrvandi qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini kardaast istifoda mebarad.

2.Sharthoi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston dar mahalli istiqomati muvaqqatii muhojiron istiqomat kardani shakhse, ki dar borai repatriant, reemigrant, muhojironi ijbori etirof kardanashon bo darkhost murojiat namudaand, tartibi pardokhti kharojoti khizmati kommunali, yorii tibbii rasonidashavanda, faroham ovardani digar imtiyoz va jubronpuliho az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavand.

3.Shakhsi dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston buda, ki repatriant, muhojiri ijbori va reemigrant etirof shudanashro darkhost kardaast, vazifador ast:

– badi giriftani rohkhat ba mahalli muvaqqatii sukunati muhojiron dar davomi yak moh ba on jo hozir shavad va agar joi sukunatro mustaqilona intikhob karda boshad, baroi in rozigii umuri dakhldori maqomoti vakolatdor oid ba idorai ravandi muhojirat zarur ast; (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

– tartibi muqarrargardidai sukunatro dar mahalli zisti muvaqqatii muhojiron rioya namoyad;

– bo talabi maqomoti nigahdorii tandurusti muoinai tibbi guzarad, khudro em kunonad, tabobat yobad, hamchunin dasturhoi maqomoti nigahdorii tandurustiro ba jo ovarad;

– ba umuri dakhldori maqomoti vakolatdor oid ba idorai ravandi muhojirat malumot zaruriro baroi barrasii in darkhost khabar dihad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

Moddai 15. Tartibi repatriant, muhojironi ijbori, reemigrant etirof kardani ashkhos

1.Qarori repatriant, muhojiri ijbori, reemigrant etirof namudani shakhs az jonibi khadamoti dakhldori mintaqavii maqomoti vakolatdor dar davomi si ruzi badi baqaydgiri darkhost dar borai repatriant, muhojiri ijbori, reemigrant etirof namudani shakhs qabul karda meshavad.

2.Ba shakhse, ki repatriant, muhojiri ijbori, reemigrant etirof shudaast shahodatnomai dakhldor doda meshavad.

  1. Dar surati repatriant, muhojiri ijbori, reemigrant etirof nashudani shakhs u dar muhlati si ruzi badi qabuli qaror ba tavri khatti ogoh karda meshavad. Agar shakhsi zikrshuda berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston boshad, dar on holat ba u bo zikri sababi rad va tartibi shikoyat kardani qarori qabulgardida ba tavri khatti ogohnoma irsol karda meshavad.
  2. Oid ba qarori repatriant, muhojiri ijbori va reemigrant etirof nashudani shakhs metavonad dar tuli yak mohi badi giriftani ogohnomai khatti ba maqomoti vakolatdori boloi tibqi tartibi sudi shikoyat arz namoyad.
  3. Qarori dar borai repatriant, muhojiri ijbori, reemigrant etirof nashudani shakhs, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaast, hamchunin ba maqomoti dakhldori korhoi dokhili jihati tashkili az qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston barovardani shakhse, ki javobi rad giriftaast, firistoda meshavad.

Moddai 16. Muhojirati oilavii khorichiyon

1.Shakhse, ki oilai muhojiri khorijiro tashkil medihand – shavhar (zan),  padaru modari onho va farzandoni tahti taminoti shavhar (zan) qarordoshta, az jumla pisarkhondho (dukhtarkhondho), inchunin barodaronu khoharoni noboligi be padaru modar yo khud be vasi va digar kheshu tabori kornoshoyami tahti taminoti shavhar (zan) buda, ki baroi tamini onho dar mahalli peshtarai istiqomat uhdador budand, meboshand. (QJT az 31.12.08s, №470).

  1. Ba Jumhurii Tojikiston hijrat namudani kudakoni to sinni hajdakhsola bo rozigii  padaru modari va padarkhondi (modarkhond, vasiyon yo sarparastoroni) onho hal karda meshavad. Dar ayni zamon baroi kudakoni sinni az chordah to hajdahsola rozinomai ba tariqi notariali tasdiqshudai onho peshnihod karda meshavad. (QJT az 31.12.08s, №470).

Moddai 17. Muhojirati kollektivonai khorijiyon

Muhojirati kollektivonai khorijiyon mutobiqi qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai mutashakkilona kuchonidani shakhse, ki khohishi ba tariqi kollektivona ba vatani ajdodiashon bargashtanro izhor kardaand, surat megirad.

Moddai 18. Tartibi hijrati muhojironi khoriji ba Jumhurii Tojikiston

Tartibi ba rasmiyat darovardani hijrati muhojironi khoriji ba qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan meshavad.

Moddai 19. Asoshoi ba shahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvandi rad kardani hijrat ba Jumhurii Tojikiston

Hijrati shahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvandi ba Jumhurii Tojikiston dar holathoi zerin ijozat doda nameshavad:

1) agar u ziddi sulh va amniyati bashar jinoyat sodir karda boshad;

2) agar u khusumati baynidavlati, baynalmilli va diniro barangezad;

3) agar u didavu donista muqobili sohibikhtiyori va istiqloliyati Jumhurii Tojikiston baromad kunad;

4) agar u baroi amali terroristi mahkum yo khud baroi jinoyati vaznin va makhsusan vaznini qablan sodirkardaash dogi sudi doshta boshad;

5) agar u hangomi peshnihodi darkhost dar khususi hijrat dar borai khud malumoti bardurug doda boshad yo hujjathoi zaruriro peshnihod nakarda boshad;

6) agar u qablan az Jumhurii Tojikiston ronda shuda boshad;

7) agar dar vaqti buduboshi qabli dar Jumhurii Tojikiston az jonibi u hodisahoi vayron kardani qonunguzori va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar gardida boshad;

8) agar in baroi hifzi huquq va manfiathoi qonunii shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston zarur boshad;

9) agar amalhoi u ba salomatii aholi va tartiboti jamiyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston tahdid namoyand; (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

10) agar amalhoi u ba amniyati milli va istiqloliyati iqtisodii Jumhurii Tojikiston khavf doshta boshand; (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

11) agar ba faoliyati terroristi yo digar namudi faoliyati ekstremisti, kharidu furushi odamon, yaroqu asliha va mavodi tarkanda, muomiloti gayriqonunii mavodi nashador, vositahoi psikhotropi va prekursorhoi onho, tashkili muhojirati gayriqonuni va digar kirdorhoi gayriqonuni, ki ba mudofiai davlat, amniyat yo tartiboti jamiyati zarar merasonand, irtibot doshta boshad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591). 

Moddai 20. Hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai huquqi istiqomati doimii shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvand dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

Ba shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvande, ki baroi istiqomati doimi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston ijozati maqomoti vakolatdorro giriftaand, az jonibi maqomoti korhoi dokhili  ijozat baroi istiqomat va ba shakhsoni beshahrvand boshad, shahodatnomai shakhsi beshahrvand doda meshavad, ki namunai onro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

Moddai 21. Asoshoi rad namudani dodani ijozat baroi istiqomat va shahodatnomai shakhsi beshahrvand (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

  1. Dodani ijozat baroi istiqomat va shahodatnomai shakhsi beshahrvand ba  shakhsi zerin rad shudanash mumkin ast: (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

1) ba muhojiri gayriqonunii khoriji;

2) ba  shakhse, ki az habs ozod shudandu mahalli istiqomati doimii onho to sodir kardani jinoyat berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston bud;

3) ba shakhse, ki ziddi insoniyat jinoyat sodir kardaand;

4) ba  shakhsi mubtaloi bemorie, ki on metavonad dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston boisi siroyat gardad;

5)  shakhse, ki qonunguzoriro dar borai holati huquqii shahrvandoni khoriji dar Jumhurii Tojikiston vayron mekunand, dar asosi qarori dakhldori maqomoti vakolatdor, maqomothoi korhoi dokhili va amniyati millii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo tartibe, ki Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar kardaast. (QJT az 31.12.08s, №470).

  1. Oid ba raddi dodani ijozat baroi istiqomat va shahodatnomai shakhsi beshahrvand ba maqomoti vakolatdori boloi yo sud shikoyat  kardan mumkin ast. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

Moddai 22. Shakhse, ki repatriant meboshad

  1. Vazi huquqii repatriant ba guruhi  shakhsi millati tahjoy, ki qurboni jazohoi ommavii siyosi meboshand, hamchunin ba kheshu avlodi onho doda meshavad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).
  2. Shakhsi zayl kheshu avlodi repatriantho donista meshavand:

– farzandon (az jumla pisarkhondho), shavhari (zani) repatriant;

– barodaron va khoharoni repatriant;

– nabera va aberagoni repatriant;

-oilahoe, ki farzandon, naberagon va aberagoni boligi repatriant bunyod kardaand. Qarori repatriant etirof namudani shakhsro maqomoti vakolatdor dar davomi si ruzi badi baqaydgiri darkhost dar borai repatriant etirof namudani shakhs qabul mekunad. (Q JT az 12.01.2010s, №591).

Moddai 23. Imtiyozho va jubronpulihoe, ki ba repatriantho doda meshavand

Davlat baroi repatriatsiyai shakhsi voqei ba vatani ajdodi, jobajokuni, mutobiqshavii onho sharoiti imtiyoznok muhayyo mekunad va taminoti zaylro anjom medihad:

1) khudashon va amvoli onhoro bepul ba mahalli istiqomati muvaqqatii muhojiron yo mahalli istiqomati doimi merasonad;

2) hifzi davlatii intiqoli mablagi puliro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston va huquqi meros giriftani onro tamin menamoyad;

3) baroi ba kor tamin shudan, dar surati gayriimkon budani tamin bo kor, sarfi nazar az muhlati istiqomat vobasta ba bekori ba giriftani kumakpuli kumak merasonad;

4) pardokhti nafaqa va kumakpulihoro mutobiqi qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston tamin menamoyad;

5) pardokhti kumakpulihoi yakvaqta, judo namudani qitahoi zamin va qarzhoi imtiyoznoki darozmuddat baroi sokhtmoni manzil va tashkili khojagihoro tibqi tartibi az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrarshuda anjom medihad;

6) mutobiqi qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston digar imtiyozhoro faroham meorad.

Moddai 24. Tartibi ba rasmiyat darovardan va mablagguzorii hijrati emigrantho

  1. Tartibi ba rasmiyat darovardani hijrati emigrantho az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.
  2. Mablagguzorii kharojoti hijrati shahrvandon az Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi istiqomati doimi ba digar kishvarho az hisobi mablagi khudi emigrantho surat megirad va inchunin az hisobi digar manbaho niz anjom dodan mumkin ast agar on khilofi qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston naboshad.
  3. Shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki baroi istiqomati doimi ba digar davlatho baromada meravand, huquq dorand, ki az hisobi khesh amvoli khud va amvoli azoyoni oilaashonro muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston barand.
  4. Az jonibi shahrvandon az qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston barovardani ashyohoe, ki ahamiyati farhangi va tarikhi baroi davlat dorand, barovardani onho muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sozishnomahoi baynidavlati tanzim megardad.

Moddai 25. Asoshoi rad kardani hijrat az Jumhurii Tojikiston

Ba shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar holathoi zerin hijratro rad kardan mumkin ast, agar u:

1) az malumoti doroi sirri davlati yo digar navi sirri tibqi qonun hifzshavanda ogoh, boshad;

2) dar sodir kardani jinoyat hamchun gumonbar dastgir yo ba sifati aybdorshavanda jalb shuda boshad – to qabul namudani qaror vobasta ba parvanda yo etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukmi sud;

3) baroi sodir namudani chinoyat mahkum shuda boshad – to adoi muhlati jazo;

4) dar khizmati harbii hatmi boshad – to anjomi muhlati adoi in khizmat;

5) hangomi ba rasmiyat darovardani hujjatho jihati hijrat az Jumhurii Tojikiston didavu donista dar borai khud malumoti bardurug doda boshad – to az jonibi maqomote, ki chunin asnodro ba rasmiyat medarorad, hal gardidani in masala, vale na ziyoda az yak moh;

6) az ijroi uhdadorihoe, ki sud ba zimmai u guzoshtaast sarkashi kunad – to ijroi uhdadoriho;

7) nisbat ba u ba sud davoi shahrvandi peshnihod shuda boshad – to anjomi istehsoloti parvanda.

Moddai 26. Masuliyat baroi gayriqonuni daromadan ba hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston va gayri qonuni baromadan az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston

Masuliyat baroi gayriqonuni dokhil shudani khorijiyon va shakhsoni beshahrvandi ba hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston va yo gayriqonuni az Jumhurii Tojikiston baromadani shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston bo qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.

Moddai 27. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur

Shakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur  mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand. (QJT az 31.12.08s №470).

 

 

Prezidenti                                                                                                      E. RAHMONOV

Jumhurii Tojikiston

sh. Dushanbe,  11 dekabri soli 1999,

№881

 

QARORI MAJLISI OLII

JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 

Oidi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston

«Dar borai muhojirat»

 

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 1999, №12, mod.321)

 

Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror mekunad:

  1. Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai muhochirat» pas az intishori rasmiash mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.
  2. Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston:

– ba Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai muhochirat»  muvofiq kunondani qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston taklifho peshnihod namoyad;

– qarorhoi khudro ba Qonuni mazkur mutobiq namoyad.

 

 

Raisi Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                       S. RAJABOV

sh. Dushanbe, 11 dekabri soli 1999,

№ 882

 

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