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MORFIN

morfinMORFIN, alkaloid, vositai tabobati az guruhi doruhoi rafkunandai dard. M.-ro bori avval s. 1804 farmakologi nemis F. Sertyurner az tarkibi afyun judo karda, ba on nomi khudoi yunoniyoni qadim Morfey (pisari Gipnos)-ro dodaast. M. nakhustin alkaloide bud, ki dar shakli kholis ba dast ovarda shud. Istifodai on khususan badi ikhtiroi suzandoru (s. 1853) rivoj yoft. M. az shirai shakhgashtai guzai khashkhosh (kuknor) hosil karda meshavad. Dar amaliyai tib asosan gidrokhloridi on chun vositai tabobati (bo tavsiyai dukhtur) hangomi jarohat va bemorihoi gunogune, ki dardashon bisyor sakht ast, inchunin baroi ba jarrohi tayyor namudani bemoron va badi jarrohi, bazan dar vaqti tang shudani nafas istifoda meshavad. Hangomi muddati ziyod takroran istemol namudani M. nisbat ba on nashamandi (morfinizm) inkishof meyobad. Mansub ba doruhoi guruhi A. ast.

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