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MONONUKLEOZI SIROYATi

mononukleozMONONUKLEOZI SIROYATi (Mononycleosis infectiosa), bemorii Filatov, limfoblastozi nekfarjom, kasalii shadidi siroyatiest, ki ba on angina, zahroludii umumi, tabi baland, kalon shudani uqdahoi limfavi, tagyiri khun khos ast. Angezandai on virusi epstayn – Barr meboshad. M. s.-ro chun bemorii siroyatii mustaqil s. 1885 N. F. Filatov tavsif kardaast («iltihobi khudzodi uqdahoi limfa»). Manbai siroyat az virusi M. s. odami bemor meboshad. Angezandai marizi ba tavassuti zarrahoi obi dahon intiqol meyobad. Ba siroyat yoftan anbuhi odamon, istifodai zarf, jogah va sachoqi umumi musoidat mekunand. Dar borai takroran bemor shudani shakhs malumot chandon ziyod nest. Ba M. s. beshtar kudakon va javonon giriftor meshavand. Inchunin dar oilaho va kollektivhoi kudakonu navrason avjgirii epidemii on joy dorad. Bemori beshtar tiramohu zimiston khuruj meyobad. Hangomi nazlai halqu bini va rohhoi boloi nafas hassosiyati organizm ba M. s. meafzoyad.
Davrai nihonii bemori az 4 to 28 shaboruz (aksar 7 – 10 shaboruz) ast. Alomathoi bemori: beholi, dardi sar, baland gashtani tab, kalon shudani uqdahoi limfavi, vaqti furu burdani obu gizo dard kardani gulu. Bazan bemor tabu tasf nakardanash ham mumkin ast. M. s. imkon dorad, ki orizahoi noguvor niz doshta boshad: stomatit, otit, pnevmoniya, sarsomi zardobi, endokardit, zardparvin (hangomi osebi jigar).
M. s.-ro dar asosi malumoti tadqiqi khun, natijai musbati vokunishi serologi va alomathoi khosi bemori tashkhis mekunand.
M. s.-ro dukhtur tabobat mekunad. Agar bemori sabuk boshad, marizro metavon dar khona tabobat kard. Bemoroni vazninro ba bemorkhona mekhobonand. Odatan, farjomi bemori khub ast. Bahri peshgirii M. s. sarivaqt oshkor va judo nigoh doshtani bemoron ahamiyati kalon dorad.

B. SHamsiddinov.

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