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MOMISO

momisoMOMISO (Glaucium elegans), argomuni, kuknorgiyoh, rastaniest yaksola. Az 5 to 30 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash boriki sershokh. Barghoi dar bekhi poya rustaash dumchadori parmonand, barghoi poyaash bayzashakl, gulash zardi baland. Apr. – may gul karda, may – avg. tukhm mebandad.
M. dar vohai d. Sir, kuhi Mevagul, q.-kuhhoi Qurama, Turkiston, Zarafshon, nohiyahoi Tojikistoni Janubi va Pomiri Garbi vomekhurad. Dar nishebii kuhho, sohili daryo, alafzor, archazori sirak, zaminhoi partov (dar balandii 400 – 3000 m az s. b.) meruyad.
M. giyohi mamuli doruist. Disquridus (Dioskorid) va Jolinus bo shirai on bemorihoi chashmro tabobat mekardand. Abualii Sino M.-ro baroi muolijai iltihobi chashm, omos, khasmol, sardard tavsiya medod. Ravgani M. nuri chashmro quvvat mebakhshad. Tabiboni khalqi M.-ro baroi muolijai tarbod, iltihobi rohhoi nafas, hangomi surfa va chun davoi peshobron, balgamovar istifoda mebarand, bo shirai on guli chashmro meravonand. Ravgan va tukhmi biryoni onro ba zanho chun vositai nerubakhsh badi tavallud tavsiya medihand. Bargu poya va shirai M. zahrnok ast. Dar tarkibi M. 0,2 – 0,7% alkaloid (glauvin, glautsin, izoboldin, izokoridin, protopin va g.) mavjud ast. Glautsin biduni tasir ba nafaskashi faoliyati markazi surfaro bozmedorad. Onro baroi tabobati surfai binobar iltihob, bronkhit, plevrit, sil va dig. bemoriho paydoshuda tavsiya medihand. Glautsin hamchunin tasiri rafi tashannuj dorad, az in ru onro baroi muolijai bemorii gipertoniya (davrahoi I va II) va endarteriit kor mefarmoyand. Dar Bulgoriya dorui «glauvent» istehsol meshavad, ki 0,01 – 0,04 g glautsini khloridgidrogeni dorad.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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