Home / Ilm / MOHi

MOHi

mohiMOHi, yak guruhi hayvonoti muhradori obi. Haror. badani M. doimi nabuda, tagyir yofta meistad. Dar olam taqr. 25 haz. namudi M.-ho mavjudand. Dar obi bahru uqyonusho 20 haz. namudi M. sukunat dorad. Dar obanboru daryohoi Tojikiston 49 namudi M. zindagi mekunad. M. baroi odam gizoi purbahost. Bo tamu tarkibi khimiyavi az gusht mondani nadorad, bo khushhazmi boshad, az on afzaltar ast. Qismi khurdanbobi M. ba hisobi miyona az 15 – 22% safeda, 0,2 –30,8% ravgan va andake angishtob iborat ast. Safedai M. khushsifat buda, aminokislotahoi ba odam zarur dorad. Ravgani M. zud ob shuda, nagz hazm megardad. Dar tarkibi M.-hoi gunogun miqdori ravgan yak khel nest. Ba jinsi M.-hoi beravgan (to 2% ravgan) – ravganmohi, simmohi, sufmohi, khormohi, shurtan dokhil meshavand. M.-hoi kamravgan (2 – 5%) inhoand: shurmohi, zagoramohi, gulmohi, vobla, jumjumamohi, jerekh, karas, kefal, ozodmohi, laqqamohi. Ba jinsi M.-hoi ravgani (5 – 20% ravgan) tosmohiho, sigmohi, keta, gorbusha, chavicha, omul, ribes, skumbriya, stavrida mansuband. M.-hoi serravgan (beshtar az 20%) az ozodmohi, safedmohi, minoga, mormohi, shurmohi, shimmohi iboratand. Ravgani M. servitamin (alalkhusus vitaminhoi A va D) ast. Mahsuloti M. manbai zaruri namaki fosfor, kalsiy, magniy, natriy, kaliy, yod, mangan, ruh meboshad.
M. mahsuloti zudvayron ast va onro muddati ziyod naboyad nigoh doshtan. M.-i khushsifat boyad pusti tozai luobash sof doshta, pulakchahoyash zich chispida boshand; rangi galsamaash surkhi baland, chashmonash barjasta va sof, boftahoi mushakhoyash zich buda, az ustukhon bazur judo shavad
Baroi gunogunii tam va daroz kardani muhlati nigahdori tarzhoi zerini tahvili M.-ro istifoda mebarand: dar namak khobondan, khushk kardan, dud doda pukhtan, dar sirko khobondan. Hangomi dar namak khobondan M. yak miqdor safeda, moddahoi minerali va vitaminhoi tarkibi khudro gum mekunad. M.-hoi dar namaku sirko khobonda va duddodaro dar mavridi baze kasaliho istemol kardan man ast.
Hangomi istemoli M.-i khomi yakhbasta, M.-i ba qadri kofi namak nakhurda (kamnamaki dar khona tayyorshuda) va andak dudkhurda ba bemorihoi gelminti (difillobatrioz, opistorkhoz) giriftor shudan mumkin ast. Istemoli M.-i garm duddodai badsifat bemorii botulizmro ba miyon meorad.
M.-i tozaro dar yakhdon 2 shaboruz nigoh doshtan mumkin ast. Muhlati nigahdorii M.-i yakhin dar yakhdon 2 va dar sarddoni on to 15 shaboruz meboshad (ammo dar sharoiti mutadil az 1 shaboruz naboyad ziyod boshad). M.-ii garm duddodaro dar yakhdon 3 shaboruz nigoh doshtan mumkin ast, vale dar ruzhoi garm onro zudtar istemol boyad kard. M.-i vayron alomathoi zerin dorad: luobi pust va chashmon tira ast, shikam varam karda az surokhii galsama bui turshi va zah meoyad.
Ba aqidai tabiboni mardumi dar otash kabobkardai M. behtar az on ast, ki dar ravgan biryon karda boshand; on ba badan ob medavonad, farbeh mekunad, mani, shir va charbii gurdaro ziyod menamoyad, zakhmi shush, sil va bemorii logarkunandaro davo meshavad, surfai khushkro shifo mebakhshad. Agar M.-ro bo obi angurgura va tatum kabob karda bikhurand, isholi safrovi va khuniro man menamoyad. Mohishurboro biyoshomand baroi zahr davo meboshad. Bad az istemoli M. oshomidani obi khunuk bagoyat zararnok ast. Agar M.-ro bo shir yo tukhmi murg bikhurand ziyon meorad. Istemoli M.-i namakin balgamro mekanad, ba taom ishtiho paydo mekunad. M.-i namaksudai khushk badtarin qismi mohiyon va garonhazm ast. Agar onro bardavom bikhurand, ba illati shabkuri mubtalo megardonad. Tukhmi M.-ro bikhurand, baroi qavi gardondani boh purtasir ast, mani paydo mekunad, olati mardiro ba harakat meovarad, baroi surfa va ishol, ki az garmi boshand, davo meshavad.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

as

TASVIRI SATHI ZAMIN DAR HARITAHO. MIQYOSI BALANDI VA UMQ (CHUQURY)

Tarzhoi tasviri sathi zamin dar kharita Jadvali balandiho va chuquriho Hangomi tartib dodani kharitaho va …