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MOHIHOI TOJIKISTON

Dar muhiti obhoi Tojikiston to hol ziyoda az 40 namudi mohiho malumand. Az onho bazeashon ahamiyati kalon dorand.

  1. SHirmohi dar obhoi shirin zindagi mekunad. Daroziash to 50 sm buda, vaznash 1-2 kg meshavad. Vay dar daryohoi khurdu kaloni serobu kamobi kukhiston beshtar vomekhurad, Bazan dar obhoi khunuki shaffof chunin mohiho duchor meshavand. Beshtar dar tagu bayni sangho gashta, ba muqobili jarayoni ob nagz harakat mekunand. Huroki shirmohi har guna kirmho, kharchanghoi khurd, kirminai hasharoti obi meboshand. Gayr az in obsabzhoro bo labi poyonash az boloi sanghoi zeriobi taroshida mekhurad.

SHirmokhi okhiri mohi may va ibtidoi iyun tukhm meguzorad. Okhirhoi tiramoh darozii mohichahoi shirmohi 7-10 sm shuda, vaznashon 8-12 gr meshavad.

riba-mohi-tajik-2

SHirmohi dar sinni 3-4-solagiash ba shikor muvofiq ast. Dar vaqti az shirmohi tayyor kardani taom tukhmash va pardai siyohi ruyi badanashro, ki baroi odam va hayvonoti khonagi zahrnok meboshad, girifta partoftan lozim ast.

  1. Hramulya bo shirmohi yakjoya zindagi mekunad, vale miqdori ziyodash dar daryohoi sustjorishavanda duchor meshavand. Hramulya dar bayni sanghoi daruni ob megardad, khurokash khar guna rastanihoi obi ast. Vay tukhmashro dar bayni sangchaho meguzorad. Darozii mohichahoi on dar soli yakum 6 sm va dar 5-solagiash 25-30 sm, vaznash qarib ba 1,2 kg merasad.

Dar vaqti az khramulya tayyor kardani taom onro misli shirmohi toza kardan lozim ast, chunki on kham tukhmu pardai siyohi zahrnok dorad.

  1. Zagoramohi dar obhoi sustjorishavanda yo orom zindagi karda, dar Vaqti obkhezi hamrohi ob ba havzu zaminhoi sholikorii nazdi sohil dokhil meshavad va ba obi shur nagz mutobiq meshavad. Zagoramohiro dar obhoi shuri nohiyai Jillikul bisyor didan mumkin ast. Onhoro dar havzhoi makhsus ham parvarish mekunand.

Zagoramohi az sinni 2-4-solagiash ba nasldihi cap mekunad. YAk zagoramohii kaloni modina dar yak mavsim 150 hazor tukhm meguzorad. Vay tukhmashro dar bayni rastanihoi obii sohil meguzorad. Pas az 5-7 ruz az tukhmho zagoramohichahoe mebaroyand, ki 5 mm darozi dorand. Ruzhoi avval beharakat buda, az hisobi zardii tukhm zindagi mekunand. Zagoramohi har guna chonvaroni bemuhrayu rastanihoi obiro mekhurad.

Zagoramohi yake az mohihoi asosii shikori meboshad. Holo 10 namudi navi in mohiro ba vujud ovarda, dar havzkhoi makhsusgardonida parvarish mekunand. Masalan, karpi pulakchador, karpi bulurin, karpi luchak zothoi navi zagoramohi meboshand.

  1. Laqqamohi dar obhoi havzu juyhoi obashon sust jorishavanda odat karda, dar kulhoyu obanborhoi vodii daryoi Vakhsh, Kofarnihon, Zarafshon beshtar duchor meshavad. Dar kulhoi vodii Vakhsh, dar obanborhoi sunii Farhod va Qayroqqum nagz parvarish meyobad. Vay beshtar dar tagilb istoda, loshai hayvonot inchunin jonvarhoi zindai khurdi kamharakatro mekhurad. Vobasta ba tarzi hayotash sari serbari pachaq, dahoni kalon, badani kalta, shikami gafs, dumi pachaq, muylabi daroz, pusti barakhyaai luhobdor va rangi khokistarii baland dorad.

Lakqamohihoi azimjussai daryohoi Tojikiston to 1,5 m darozi doshta, 60-70 kg vazn dorand. Onhoro bo tur yo changak shikor mekunand. Gushtash safedi muloimi khushlazzat ast.

  1. Lakkamoqii turkistoni dar daryohoi Osiyoi Miyona, az jumla dar Tojikiston zindagi karda, darozii badanash to 25 sm meshavad. Pusti badanash bepulakchai khokistarrang yo jigartob, sarash az bolo ba poyon pachaq, muylabhoyash avval serbaru okhirash borik ast. Vay dar daryochahoi kuhi zindagi karda, mohi iyun ba tukhmguzori cap mekunad. Tukhmhoyash to 2,6 mm buda, badi az tukhm baromadan mohichaho kirmakkhoi hasharoti obiro mekhurand.
  2. Gambuznya mohii khurdest, ki makoni asosiash sokhilhoi chanubu sharkii Amerikai SHimoli ast. Soli 1924 bo maqsadi nest kardani kirminayu zochai pashshahoi guzaronandai kasalii malyariya (varacha) ba Ittihodi SHuravi avval ba Kavkaz va pas ba Osiyoi Miyona, az jumla ba havzhoi beobdavi mahalhoi aholinishini Tojikiston ovarda budand, ki zud pahn gardid.

Gambuziya bisyor mohii purkhur buda, dar vaqti gurusna mondan hatto mohibachahoi khudashro kham mekhurad. Vale khudi onhoro okun va zagoramohiho mekhurand.

Gayr az in, gambuziyaro baroi zeboiash dar akvarium ham parvarish mekunand.

Savol va suporishho:

  1. Dar borai mohihoi Tojikiston dar misoli shirmohi, khramulya, zagoramohy, laqqamohi, gambuziya va gayraho malumot dihed.
  1. Rasmi mohihoro dar daftaraton kashed.
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