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MIS

cuprumMIS (Cuprum), Cu, elementi khimiyavii guruhi I jadvali Mendeleev; raqami at. 29, massai at. 63,546. M.-i tabii az omekhtai du izotopi sobit – 63Cu va 65Cu iborat ast. M. ba insoniyat az zamonhoi qadim malum meboshad. On zohiran metalli surkh yo surkhi gulobii narm va yozanda ast. Zichiash 8960 kg/m3 (20°S), haror. gud. 1083°S, haror. jush. 2600°S. Jarayoni elektr va garmiro nagz meguzaronad. M. az jihati khimiyavi chandon faol nest.
M. mikroelementi bebadal meboshad; dar organizmi odami kalon 100 – 150 mg M. (dar holati payvast bo safedaho) vujud dorad. Az M. khususan boftahoi mayna, jigar, dil, gurdaho gani meboshand. Dar surati dar organizmi inson narasidani M., ki sababi on ikhtiloli mubodilai safedaho dar sinni kudaki, bemorihoi irsi va g. ast, mubodilai ohan, sintezi fosfolipidho tagyir meyobad. Dar mavridi distrofiyai gepatoserebrali, shizofreniya, mayzadagi va g. miqdori M. dar khun meafzoyad. Az payvasthoi M. dar amaliyai tib sulfati mis (Cupri sulfas) yo dahoni farang (Cuprum sulfuricum) kor farmuda meshavad.
Hangomi istifodai mavzeii sulfati mis dar natijai tasiri mutaqobili ionhoi M. bo safedahoi boftaho albuminatho hosil megardand. On hamchunin tasiri antiseptiki dorad. Az in sabab onro dar shakli qatra baroi tabobati konyunktivit(mahluli 0,25%), inchunin uretrit va vaginit (mahluli 0,5%) kor mefarmoyand. Dar asnoi bo voyai kam tain kardani sulfati mis (5 – 15 chakra mahluli 1% dar shir, ruze 2 – 3 marotiba dar vaqti istemoli gizo) ohan az rudaho jabbida meshavad. Onro inchunin ba sifati pozahr hangomi zahroludi az fosfori safed niz tain mekunand.

T. Idrisov.

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