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MIOTONIYA

miotoniyaMIOTONIYA (Myotonia; az mio… va yun. tonos – shiddat), bemorii irsie, ki hangomi on harakat ba tavri gunogun khalal meyobad. Dar ogozi harakati faol mushakho duchori tashannuj (spazm) megardand. Sust gashtani onho binobar taranjishi sakht dar ibtidoi harakat dushvor ast. Mushak chand soniya dar holati tashannuj istoda, bad ohista sust meshavad. Harakathoi minbada tadrijan osontar va tashannuj batamom raf megardad. Vale badi andake istirohat tashannuji tonusii mushakho boz bo nerui peshina khuruj meyobad. Tashannuj mushakhoi dastu poy, tan va ruyro faro girifta, hangomi hayajon va khunuk khurdan tezutund meshavad. Nishonahoi avvalini M. dar davrai kudaki yo javoni padid omada, tamomi umr boqi memonand. CHunin bemoron bisyor vaqt pahlavonsurat meboshand. M. atrofiyavi niz meshavad. Hangomi on dar barobari nishonahoi miotoniyavi ikhtiloli endokrini va distrofiyavi niz padid meoyand. Dar bemoron atrofiyai mushakhoi ruy, gardan, bozu, panja, inchunin kataraktai barmahal, kali, rekhtani dandonho, khushkidani pust, sustkamari ba mushohida merasand.
M.-ro bo doru, parhez, obzanho, mash, varzishi shifoi va g. tabobat mekunand.
Nig. niz Bemorihoi irsi.

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