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MIKSEDEMAI PuST

miksedemai-pustMIKSEDEMAI PuST mukhotvaram, bemorie, ki dar natijai az kor baromadan yo nihoyat kam kor kardani gadudi siparshakl paydo meshavad.
M. nisbatan kam duchor omada, ba on beshtar kudakon, solkhurdagon va zanon (dar davrai klimaks) duchor meoyand. Dar mahalhoe, ki jogar pahn gardidaastu baroi peshgirii on chorae nadidaand, odamon ba M. beshtar giriftor meshavand. Sababhoi M. gunogunand. Dar inkishofi M. nabudan va yo nihoyat kam budani gormoni gadudi siparshakl roli asosi mebozad.
Alomathoi M. ba sinnu soli bemor vobastaand. Agar M. dar kudakoni khurdsol zohir gardad, onho az inkishof memonand, qad namekashand, der dandon mebarorand, azoi jinsii onho sust inkishof meyobad; bachagon faqat dar 4 – 5-solagi rohraviro meomuzand, der zabon mebarorand, shikam kalon, bini zinshakl, kori dil sust va harorati badan past meshavad. Bemor hayronu khomush, behol va zaif megardad. Dar organizm mubodilai safeda, karbogidratho, charb va obu namak ikhtilol meyobad, boftaho (makhsusan pust) obtalab shuda, ba khud obro bisyor mekashand (dar natija obvaram ba vujud meoyand), gizogirii muyho bad shuda, onho merezand, pustparda (epidermis) shukh basta, bradikardiya, gipotoniya, zafi rudaho ba vujud meoyand.
Bemori tadrijan inkishof meyobad. Mariz az bemadoriyu beholi, khastagi, past shudani qobiliyati kori, sustii quvvai hofiza, khoboludi va behavsalagi shikoyat mekunad; harakathoyash sustu kohilona, guftorash yakohang, ovozash past meshavad.
CHehrai bemor tadrijan namudi khosa megirad; ruyu pilkho varamida, rogi chashm tang, rangi ruy zardcha megardad. Varam ba gardan va boloi chanbari kitf pahn meshavad, az in ru, kalla misli ba kitfho fururafta menamoyad. Hangomi pakhsh kardani varam, joi angushtzada chuqur nameshavad. Pusti dastu poyho khunuk ast; baze joyhoi pust shukh mebandad va sabusak mekunad. Muyhoi badan bisyor nozuk shuda merezand, mui sar khushk va zudshikan, nokhunho nozuk, tunuk megardand, bemor farbeh meshavad. Nabzi bemor sust, fishori khun past buda, tapishi dil bo dushvori ba mushohida merasad. Qabziyat va varami shikam az ikhtiloli uzvhoi hozima guvohi medihad. Faoliyati ruhii bemor sust, gush vaznin, miqdori leykosithoi khun kam megardad.
Istemoli doruhoe, ki az gadudi siparshakl tayyor kardaand (asosan tireodin), khurokhoi sergizoyu khushsifat, parhezi taomhoe, ki dar tarkibashon kholesterin bisyor ast, ba bemor shifo mebakhshad. Muntazam ba jo ovardani tadbirhoi ziddi jogar M.-ro peshgiri mekunad.

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