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MIKROSPORIYA

mikrosporiyaMIKROSPORIYA (Microsporia), yake az bemorihoi mamuli siroyatii zanburugii pust. Zanburughoi nihoyat khurd, ki angezandai M. meboshand, nafaqat ba pust, balki ba muy, bazan ba nokhun niz oseb merasonand. Alomathoi M. aksar vaqt ba alomathoi trikhofitiya monand buda, peshtar hardui onhoro «shukufai muychin» menomidand. Du navi zanburugho – angezandahoi M. mavjudand. YAke az onho faqat dar organizmi odam maskun ast; on bemorii nihoyat siroyatnok buda, asosan kudakon giriftor meshavand. Siroyat dar oila yo muassisahoi bachagona tavassuti ashyoe, ki mariz istifoda burdaast, ba vuqu mepayvandad. Navi digari zanburugho dar pustu mui gurbayu sagho paraziti mekunand; shakhs beshtar dar vaqti bo hayvoni kasal robita doshtan yo az ashyoe, ki bo mui onho oluda shudaand, siroyat meyobad; bazan khudi shakhsi bemor manbai siroyat shuda metavonad.
Dar pusti ruy, gardan, bozu, tan va poyho doghoi surkhi gazakgirifta va bad doghoi girda yo bayzashakli shakhshul paydo meshavand. Hangomi az gurba yo sag ba odami solim guzashtani zanburugi bemoriangez dar qismi muydori sar avval yak dogi girdayu shakhshul paydo meshavad; dertar hamin barin boz chand dogho ba vujud meoyand. Mavridi siroyat az zanburuge, ki faqat ba odam oseb merasonad, manbahoi M. dar sar khususiyati digar dorand (onho darhol pai ham paydo meshavand, bo hamdigar payvast megardand, hamai muyhoi zarardida murt nameshavand va onhoro dar bayni muyhoi solim farq kardan dushvor ast).
M.-ro dukhturi bemorihoi pust bo rohi tadqiqi muy dar zeri lampai lyuminessenti tashkhis mekunad. M. dar bemorkhona yo ambulatoriya muolija karda meshavad. Hudmuolija mumkin nest, zero on baroi aniq namudani bemori khalal merasonad.
Muassisahoi nazorati sanitariyu veterinari ba maqsadi peshgiri namudani M. bar ziddi gurbayu saghoi besohib muboriza mebarand. Kalonsolon boyad roh nadihand, ki kudakon hayvonhoi besohibro ba dast girand yo be muoinai dukhturi hayvonot onhoro ba khona orand. Boyad dar khotir dosht, ki M.-i gurbaho noayon ast, az in ru hayvonoti khonagi (alalkhusus agar mui onho rezad yo bo ham chaspad) – ro ba baytor nishon dodan zarur ast. Hayvoni kasalro hej goh az khona berun kardan mumkin nest (onro ba tabobatgohi veterinari burdan lozim). M. dar bayni kudakon mohhoi may – oktyabr avj megirad, chunki dar in davra gurbaho nasl meorand va dar tahkhonaho joy megirand. Ba muqobili M. dukhturoni pust, dukhturoni stansiyahoi sanitariyu epidemiologi va dukhturoni hayvonot yakjoya muboriza mebarand.
Peshgirii M. – e, ki faqat az odami bemor meguzarad, ba peshgiriii trikhofitiya monand ast: dezinfeksiyai khona va anjomi bemor; bistarigardonii bemor dar kasalkhonahoi makhsus; muoinai ahli oilai bemor va g.
Nig. niz. Zanburughoi mikroskopi, Bemorihoi zanburugii pust.
Ad.: Zoirov P. T., Bemorihoi pust, D., 1999; hamon muallif, CHastnaya dermatologiya i venerologiya, D., 2007.

M. S. Isoeva.

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