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MIKOZI KAFI POY

mikozi-poyMIKOZI KAFI POY, yak nav bemorii zanburugist. Angezai M. ba pust va nokhuni poy oseb merasonad. Manbai siroyat odami bemor buda, angezandahoi bemori ba muhiti zist tavassuti pulakchahoi pust, rezahoi nokhun meguzarand. Odam ba M. aksar vaqt dar oila va khobgoh hangomi pushidani jurob, poyafzor, libosi tag, inchunin dar natijai istifodai tagorai poyshui, isfanj, qaychii nokhungiri va digar ashyoi shakhsi bemor giriftor meshavad. Inchunin, agar ba qoidahoi behdoshti shakhsi va jamiyati rioya karda nashavad, dar hammom, dushkhona va havz niz siroyat yoftan mumkin ast. Hodisahoe malumand, ki hangomi dezinfeksiya nakarda kor farmudani asbobhoi pedikyuri odamon ba M. giriftor shudaand. Seraraqii kafi poy , raftani pusti on, vase va shakhshul shudani siyohragi poy va g. boisi M. megardand.
Zanburug beshtar ba pusti bayni angushton va kafi poy tasir merasonad. Dar avval bemori bo raftani pusti in yo on joi kafi poy noayon jarayon megirad. Sipas donachahoi gunogun paydo meshavand, ki dar avval moei darunii har kadomash shaffof buda, sonitar rangi on khira megardad. Donachaho bo ham payvasta, mekafand va ba yak zakhmi gazakgiriftai namnok tabdil meyoband (on dard va khorish mekunad). Pusti kanorhoi angushton safed va narm gashta, qabat-qabat judo meshavad, chinhoi kafi poy kafida, dard mekunand va mekhorand. Sonitar in nishonaho nest shuda, pusti poy meravad. Vale in hanuz alomati shifo nest, zero zanburug dar qabati shokhii pust inkishof meyobad. Agar bemori sarivaqt muolija karda nashavad, on dar fasli garmi sol avj girifta, muzmin megardad. Nokhun khira gashta, dar rui on doghoi zard va rakhho paydo meshavand; nokhunho gafs va narm shuda, meshikanand. Dar rezahoi nokhun, inchunin dar pulakchahoi pusti rekhtai kafi poy va bayni angushtoni on torhoi mitseliy va sporai zanburug mavjud ast.
Bemoriro dukhtur tashkhis mekunad. Tadqiqi mikroskopii pulakchahoi pust va taroshi nokhunho baroi oshkor kardani zanburugho va dar muhiti gizoi parvaridani onho (baroi muayyan namudani shakli zanburug) imkon medihad. Agar bemoroni giriftori M. sarivaqt, makhsusan hangomi illat yoftani nokhun, muolija karda nashavand, tabobati bemori minbad khele dushvor gardida, tul mekashad. Az in sabab hangomi paydo shudani nishonahoi avvalini bemori hatman ba dukhtur murojiat kardan zarur ast. Hudmuolija oqibati khele noguvor dorad. CHunonchi, dar pusti bemoroni giriftori epidermofitiyai kafi poy donachahoi allergi mebaroyand, ki bo qubo monand buda, muolijaashon khele dushvor ast.
Ba chunin qoidahoi peshgiri rioya kuned: poyafzor va jurobi kasi digarro napushed, qaychii uro kor nafarmoed; dar hammom, dushkhona va havz poyfzori rezini pushed; kafi poy, makhsusan bayni angushtonro bo sachoqi alohida nagz pok kuned. Ahli oilai shakhsi bemor boyad az muoinai dispanseri bemorihoi pust guzarad. Rubuchin va tamyizi harruzai hammom, dushkhona, zalhoi sporti va asbobu anjomi onho, tamyizi asbobhoi pardozi, sartaroshkhonaho, muoinai tibbii muntazami kormandoni hammom, sartaroshho va g. dar kori peshgirii M. ahamiyati kalon dorand. Nig. niz Pust, Nokhun, Zanburughoi mikroskopi.
Ad.: Zoirov P. T., Bemorihoi pust, D., 1999; hamon muallif, CHastnaya dermatologiya i venerologiya, D., 2007.

A. A. Husaynov

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