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MELIOIDOZ

melioidozMELIOIDOZ (Melioidosis; yun. melis – manqagi, eidos – namud), psevdokholera, pnevmoenterit, yak nav bemorii siroyati, ki jarayoni vaznin doshta, bo ufunat va paydoishi dumbal dar uzvu boftahoi gunogun padid meoyad.
Angezandai M. – Pseudomonas pseudomallei qalamchamikrobi grammusbat buda, ba tasiri moddahoi gandzudo va haror. baland tob nameorad. Manbai angezandai bemori khoyandaho, sagu gurba, buzu gusfand, khuk, gov, asp meboshand. Odam asosan dar natijai tamos bo obu khoke, ki angezandahoi M. vujud dorand, siroyat meyobad. Davrai nihonii bemori az 4 ruz to chand moh ast. M.-i shadid bo tablarza, baland shudani harorat (ziyoda az 40°), dardi mushakho, sar va shikam, qay, ishol paydo meshavad; bisyor vaqt bemor mesurfad, balgami omekhta bo khunu zardob mepartoyad; jigar, sipurz, uqdahoi limfavii kanori (dar gardan va zeri kash) kalon meshavand. Mumkin ast dar pust eritemaho, pustullaho va obilachaho ba vujud oyand; minbad dar uzvu boftahoi gunogun (shush, gurda, jigar, peshobdon, luobpardaho, mushakho, pust va g.) dumbalho rushd menamoyand. Hangomi M.-i muzmin dumbalho dar yak yo chand uzv paydo meshavand.
M.-ro dar sharoiti bemorkhona bo antibiotikho muolija mekunand. M. nihoyat kam duchor meoyad.

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