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MELANOZI PuST

melanozi-pustMELANOZI PuST (Melanosis cutis; yun. melas, melanos – siyoh), melanodermiya, melanopatiya, bemoriest, ki binobar dar tarkibi pust bisyor gun shudani pigment (asosan pigmenti melanin) rukh menamoyad. M. p., odatan, dar natijai tamosi bardavomi sanoati (bazan maishi) bo karbogidridho (mahsuli taqtiri neft, angishtsang, slanets va g.), ki hangomi nafas kashidani havoi iflos yo az rohi medayu rudaho va pust ba organizm vorid meshavand, padid meoyad. Ba inkishofi bemori zahroludii muzmin, ikhtiloli endokrini (gipokortisizm), baland budani hassosiyati pust ba tasiri nuri oftob va g. musoidat mekunand.
Dar ogozi bemori dar joyhoi kushodai pust (ruy, gardan, dast) andake surkhi, bad doghoi siyohtob paydo meshavand. Dogho tadrijan dig. qismathoi pustro niz faro megirand; onho hajman afzuda ba hamdigar omezish meyoband va lakkahoi kalonro ba vujud meorand. Bazan khorishu suzishi pust niz bemoronro bezobita mekunad. Pas az chand vaqt dar pusti khami bozu papulahoi khurdu sershumori nugashon tez, ki bo pulakcha faro girifta shudaand, padid meoyand. Pusti illati ba nazar misli kogazi regdor menamoyad. Hamin tavr, pust tadrijan tunuk shuda, ba kogazi gijimkardai papiros memonad; az tahti on shokhahoi raghoi khunguzarro baralo didan mumkin ast; rangi pust alo shuda, poykilodermiya inkishof meyobad.
Baroi muolijai M. p. qabl az hama tamos bo karbogidridho boyad qat karda shavad; az kortikosteroidho, vitaminhoi A, RR, V, kislotai askorbinat va marhamhoi gunogun istifoda mebarand. Dar surati sarivaqti ogoz kardani muolija peshomadi bemori khub ast.

H. J. Usmonova.

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