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MASTOIDIT

mastoiditMASTOIDIT (Mastoiditis; yun. mastoeides – monand ba piston), iltihobi shadidi rimdori hujrachahoi shokhai pistonakshakl. Bisyor vaqt chun orizai otiti shadidi rimdor ba vujud meoyad. Dar paydoishi M. basta shudani tarashshuhot az javfi gushi miyona maqomi khosa dorad.
Nishonai asosii M. shiddat yoftani dard dar mavzei shokhai pistonashakl bad az 3 – 4 haftai sar zadani otiti shadidi rimdori gush meboshad. Dard bisyor vaqt nogahon paydo shuda, bemorro sakht (khususan shabho) bezobita mekunad. Alomati muhimi M. tang shudani rohi beruni somea ast. Bemoron az sardard, bekhobi, beishtihoi shikoyat mekunand; harorati badan baland (38 – 39°) meshavad. Az gush obiyati gafsi zardobmonand meoyad. M.-ro bo usuli rentgenografiya tashkhis mekunand. Onro az puchaki rohi beruni somea boyad farq kard. Muolijai M. ba misli otiti shadid ast: garmii khushk, sollyuks, tabobat bo UVCH. Ba gush spirti borat mechakonand, az sulfanilamidho, antibiotikho istifoda mebarand. Dar surati natija nadodani tabobat bo doruho mastoidektomiya meguzaronand (chok kardani joi illati va berun ovardani ustukhoni tagyiryofta).

B. SHamsiddinov.

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