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MASHMASHA

mashmashaMASHMASHA (Malleus), sap, bemorii siroyatii odamu hayvonot, ki hangomi on dar uzvu boftaho dumbalho paydo meshavand. Angezandai bemori bakteriyai chubchashakl (Pseudomonas mellei) ast. On dar joyhoi sernam va obu khok to 1 – 2 moh, dar tarashshuhi bemoronu jasadi hayvonoti favtida chand hafta zinda memonad; az tasiri gandzudoi (dezinfeksiya) zud nobud megardad.
M. asosan bemorii aspu khar, khachir va gurkharho buda, dar shakli muzmin (2 – 3 sol va ziyodtar), bazan bo paydoishi zakhmhoi rimnok dar luobpardai bini jarayon megirad. Odam hangomi bo hayvonot, khususan bo asp tamos doshtan, siroyat meyobad. Angezanda ba vositai pust va luobpardai zakhmdor ba organizm dokhil meshavad. Ba M. beshtar saison, dukhturoni hayvonot, galabonho, ohangaron va dig. duchor meoyand.
Az lahzai siroyat to padid omadani nishonahoi bemori 1 – 5 ruz (bazan 2 – 3 hafta) meguzarad. Jarayoni M. shadid va muzmin ast. Dar mavridi M.- i shadid odamro yakbora tablarza girifta, harorati badan khele baland mebaroyad, mushakho va bandu bugum dard va varam mekunand. Dar joi vurudi angezanda avval doghoi surkh, soni obilachai muhtaviash khunolud paydo meshavad. Badi 1 – 2 ruz obila mekafad. Paydoishi sulfa bo balgami khunolud va tarashshuhi khunu rimoludi sabzrang az bini ehtimol dorad. Dar mavridi M. – i muzmin davrahoi beh va bad shudani holati bemor ba mushohida merasand. Bemori az chand moh to 2 – 3 sol davom mekunad.
Marizro hatman dar bemoriston khobonda, az digaron judo mekunand. Hamai hayvonoti kasalro nest boyad kard. Kasalii onho ekhtimol noayon guzarad. Az in ru, baroi oshkor kardani chunin shakli kasali ozmoishi allergi bo mallein (moddae, ki az angezandai M. girifta, bezarar gardonda shudaast) yori medihad. Agar ozmoishi chashm bo daleli musbat boshad, asphoro dar khojagihoi alohida nigoh doshta, nazorat mekunand (hangomi ruy dodani alomathoi M. asphoro nobud mesozand). Sargin, khasu khoshoki zeri poy va boqimondai emu khoshokro mesuzonand. Bino va ashyoi nigohubini hayvonro dezinfeksiya mekunand. SHakhsoni bo chorpo sarukordoshta boyad chorahoi ba bemori duchor nashudani khudro rioya namoyand (pushidani libosi makhsus, dastpushak, niqobi dokagi, dar vaqti kor nakhurdani khurok va nakashidani nosu sigor, badi kor bo obi garm va sobun toza shustani dast). Baroi gandzudoi mahluli 10-foizai ohaki khlornok, mahluli 2-foizai kreolin yo asidi karbolatro ba kor mebarand. Odamoni bo hayvonoti kasal tamosdoshta boyad 15 ruz zeri nazorati tibbi boshand.

V. Ismoilov.

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