Home / Ilm / MASH

MASH

mashMASH, massaj, majmui usulhoi mekhaniki (silakuni, soish, molish, fishurdan, larzonish), ki baroi rafi dard bo yorii dast yo oloti makhsus ba jo meorand. Tasiri M. ba organizm ba jarayonhoi murakkabi fiziologie, ki dar onho bisyor azoyu ajzo shirkat dorand, vobasta ast, vale maqomi asosiro sistemai asabho mebozad. Vobasta ba mahal, tarz, quvvat va davomoti tasiri M. vazi faoliyati magzi sar tagiyr meyobad, hayajonpazirii umumii asabho past yo baland meshavad. Dar mekhanizmi tasiri M. ba istiloh omili gumoravi (khilti) niz ahamiyati kalon dorad: tahti tasiri M. dar pust moddahoi faoli biologi, ki dar vokunishi khunragho, intiqoli impulshoi asab va g. ishtirok mekunand, hosil gardida, ba khun dokhil meshavand. M. dar joi tasiri bevositai khud ba boftaho tasiri mekhaniki (yozish, joyivazkuni, fishor) niz merasonad, ki dar natija gardishi limfa, khun va moei bayni boftaho surat megirad. Tahti tasiri omili mekhaniki khuni bozistoda ba harakat medaroyad, mubodilai moddaho va nafaskashi ba tavassuti pust tez meshavad. Pust tarang, muqovimati on ba tasiri omilhoi harorati va mekhaniki meafzoyad, faoliyati mushakho behtar, harakati bandu bugum ziyod megardad. M. kori dilro sabuk gardonda, khunraghoro tamrin medihad. Ba tufayli vase shudani muyrag (kapillyar)-ho harakati khun dar sharayon va varidho teztar meafzoyad. Badi anjomi yak davrai M. vazi umumii bemor behtar shuda, khastagi az bayn meravad. Baze navhoi M. ba on irtibote, ki qismathoi muayyani pust, charbi zeri pust va mushakho bo uzvhoi daruni dorand, asos yoftaast; az in sabab hangomi M. – i in joyho kori uzvhoi mutobiqi daruni tagyir meyobad (M.-i refleksi – segmenti).
M. umumi (tamomi badan tahti M. qaror megirad) va juzi (yak qismi badan – mas., panjai po, panjai dast va g.-ro M. mekunand) meshavad.
Molish usulest, ki bo on M.-ro sar karda anjom medihand; onro inchunin pas az anjomi har yak usuli navbati ba kor mebarand. Molish bo nugi angushton, kafi dast va pushti panja ba darozi yo ba bar (badan, dastu poy), pechdor (shikam, pusht, surin), morpech (shikam, bandu bugumho) ijro karda meshavad.
Soish amalest az molish zurtar; hangomi on pust bo boftahoi poyoni ba har su joygardon va yozonida meshavad. In amalro bo angushton, buni kaf, kanori kaf, bo mushtho ijro mekunand. Soishro az markaz ba atrof va baraksi on ohista –ohista anjom medihand. Soish boftahoro ba dig. navi M. – fishurdan omoda mesozad. Soishro payvasta bo molish ba jo meorand.
Mushtmol usuli az hama murakkabi M. meboshad. On nafaqat ba boftahoi sathi badan, balki ba mushakhoi amiqi on ham asar mekunad. In usul az dast giriftan, andak bolo bardoshtan, zer kardan va yo yozondani boftaho iborat ast. Mushtmol fosilador (kanda – kanda) va befosila (muttasil) meshavad. Onro bo angushtoni yak yo har du dast ba jo meorand.
Larzonish usulest, ki hangomi on pusti yagon joi badanro ba dast va yo oloti makhsusi M. melarzonand. Quvvat, basomad, surat va vusat (amplituda)-i larzish gunogun ast. Larzonish nomuttasil (tap-tap zadan, «qimakuni») va muttasil (takonidan, larzonidan va tela dodan) meshavad. Larzonishro bo yorii harakati navasonii angushton yo kafi dast ba amal meorand. Baroi larzonishi tamomi badan yo yagon qismati on dastgohi M. niz istifoda meshavad. Larzonishro avval kam-kam va ohista – ohista sar karda, bad surat va vusati onro tadrijan ziyod mekunand.
Hangomi M. boyad joi mashshavandai badan barahna va mushakho nihoyat sust shuda boshand. SHakhsi mashgiranda daroz mekashad yo meshinad. Amaliyoti M. az kanor ba markaz ravona meshavad. Agar pust khushk va hassos yo joi zakhmi on durust karakhsh nabasta boshad, baroi muloim va sabuk shudani M. vazelini borat memoland; agar pust ravganin va seraraq boshad, talq meposhand.
Dar mavridi bamorihoi iltihobii shadid, amrozi khun, tromboflebit, illathoi rimnoki badan, damidani donachaho, zakhmini va ozurdagii pust, marhalai avji bemorii sil va omoshoi saratoni M. noravost. M.- i umumi darhol pas az istemoli taom nomatlub ast; fursati bayni istemoli taom va M. boyad kamash 1,5 – 2 soat boshad.
M.- ro massohoni mutakhassis ba jo meorand. Heshu aqraboi bemor faqat badi az kormandoni tib giriftani dasturamali makhsus va fardi M. karda metavonand.
M. az chunin navhoi asosi iborat ast: shifoi,varzishi, behdoshti, oroishi. M. – i shifoiro dukhtur hangomi muolijai kompleksii amroz va osebi jihozi takyavu harakat va bandu bugum, radikulit (ragi quyan), taranjidan va g. tain mekunad. In navi M.-ro inchunin hangomi baze amrozi dilu ragho, uzvhoi nafaskashi va sistemai asab, ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho (farbehi, niqris) va g. ba kor mebarand.
M. – i varzishi baroi chustu choloki, rafi khastagi, barqaror shudani quvva madad merasonad. On az M.-i muqaddamoti, tamrini va tajdidi iborat ast. M. – i muqaddamoti tanro bardam, mushakhoro garm, qobiliyati korii jismro baland mesozad. M. – i tajdidiro badi anjomi kori shadidi jismoni (mashqho yo musobiqaho) baroi rafi khastagi, furu nishondani iztirob ba kor mebarand.
M. – i behdoshti, odatan, ba mashqhoi jismoni va protsedurahoi obi, pesh az hama bo varzishi pagohi, yakjoya guzaronda meshavad. M. – i behdoshti qaddu qomati kasro zebo nigoh medorad, ba kas ruhi toza mebakhshad. YAke az shaklhoi on khudmashkuni ast, ki osonu dastras buda, tarz va meyori onro metavon muvofiqi hol tagyir dod. Hudmashkuni ba kas nerui toza bakhshida, qobiliyati kori va tobovarii mushakhoro ziyod megardonad, khastagiro raf karda, badi mashqhoi jismoni baroi teztar barqaror shudani quvva yori medihad. Hangomi khudmashkuni hamai qoidahoi asosii M. rioya karda meshavand. Daste, ki bo on mash mekunand, boyad az kanor ba markaz harakat kunad, mashi zeri bagal, khami orinj, khami zonu va digar joyhoe, ki gadudhoi limfa voqeand mumkin nest. Dar vaqti khudmashkuni vazi badan boyad barohat boshad, mushakho hattalimkon sust karda shavand, massoh ba dastash krem yo vazelini borat bimolad. Muddati khudmashkunii umumi 10 – 15 daq., qismhoi judogonai badan 5 – 10 daq. meboshad. Hudmashkuniro az panjai po sar karda, sipas bandi poy, zonu, ron, surin, qitai kamaru chorband, takhtapusht, gardan, qismi muydori sar, sina, shikam va bilokhir dastro memoland.
Mashi oroishiro, ki pizishki kosmetolog tain mekunad, baroi tasir rasondan ba joyhoi kushodai pust (asosan ruyu gardan), narekhtani mui sar va barham dodani nuqshoi gunogun ba kor mebarand. M. – i oroishi faqat dar kabinethoi pardozgari anjom doda meshavad.
Baroi ogoh shudan az M.-i kudakon nig. Navzod, SHirkhora.
Ad.: Akhabadze A.F., Arutyunov V.YA., Prakticheskoe posobie dlya medisinskikh setter kosmetichek-massajistok, L., 1986; Kunichev L.A., Lechebniy massaj, L., 1986; Gotovsev P. I. (va dig.), Lechebnaya fizicheskaya kultura i massaj, M., 1987.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

malpigi

MALPIGI

MALPIGI (Malpighi) Marchello (10. 03. 1628, Krevalkore – 30. 11. 1694, Rim), biolog va dukhturi …